Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
branch: master
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

232 lines (178 sloc) 8.14 kb

ndns -- dns client/server library for nodejs

Synposis

An example DNS server written with node which responds 'Hello World':

var ndns = require('ndns');

ndns.createServer('udp4', function (req, res) {
        res.setHeader(req.header);
        res.header.qr = 1;
    res.header.aa = 1;
    res.header.rd = 0;
    res.header.ra = 0;
    res.header.ancount = 0;
    for (var i = 0; i < req.q.length; i++) {
  res.q.add(req.q[i]);
  res.addRR(req.q[i].name, 3600, ndns.ns_t.txt, "hello, world");
  res.header.ancount++;
    }
    res.send();
}).bind(5300);

console.log("Server running at 0.0.0.0:5300")

To run the server, put the code into a file called example.js and execute it with the node program:

\> node example.js
Server running at 0.0.0.0:5300

All of the examples in the documentation can be run similarly.

ndns

To use the ndns server and client one must require('ndns').

DNS request messages are represented by an object like this:

{ header:
  { id: 39545
    , qr: 0
    , opcode: 0
    , aa: 0
    , tc: 0
    , rd: 1
    , ra: 0
    , z: 0
    , ad: 0
    , cd: 0
    , rcode: 0
    , qdcount: 1
    , ancount: 0
    , nscount: 0
    , arcount: 0
  }
  , q: 
  { '0': 
    { name: 'example.com'
      , type: 1
      , class: 1
    }
    , length: 1
  }
  , rr: 
  { '0': 
    { name: 'example.com'
      , ttl: 3600
      , class: 1
      , type: 1
      , rdata: '127.0.0.1'
    }
    '1': 
    { name: 'example.com'
      , ttl: 3600
      , class: 1
      , type: 1
      , rdata: '127.0.0.2'
    }
    , length: 2
  }
}

ndns.Server

This is a dgram.Socket with the following events:

Event: 'request'

function (request, response) {}

request is an instance of ndns.ServerRequest and response is an instance of ndns.ServerResponse

ndns.createServer(type, requestListener)

Return a new dns server object

The requestListener is a function which is automatially added to the 'request' event.

For documentation on dgram.Socket, see http://nodejs.org/api.html#dgram-267

ndns.ServerRequest

This object is created internally by a DNS-server, not by the user, and passed as the first argument to a 'request' listener

ndns.ServerResponse

This object is created internally by a DNS-server, not by the user. It is passed as the second argument to the 'request' event.

response.setHeader(headers)

Sets the response header to the request.

Example #1: response.setHeader(request.header); response.header.qr = 1; response.header.qa = 1;

Example #2: response.setHeader({ id: 0, qr: 0, rd: 1, qdcount: 1});

Valid keys id, qr, opcode, aa, tc, rd, ra, z, ad, cd, rcode, qdcount, ancount, nscount and arcount.

This method can be called any number of times and must be called before response.send() is called;

response.addQuestion(name, class, type)

Sets the question on the response

Load Balancing

ndns-nameserver.js

This is a file containing an implementation of a basic DNS nameserver which listens on port 53 and replies to DNS queries with DNS responses following the DNS protocol specification. It also runs an instance of ndns.poller.server and ndns.poller.client on localhost

Zone files

Zone files are presently hardcoded into the ndns-nameserver.js file in a variable called 'zone'.v The Zone files are implemented using a tree structure and can be written to using addToTree(tree, branch, records ). All RR records are stored as an array under a * key in the final leaf of the domain tree.

Example #1:

addToTree(zone, ["in","aiesec"],
    { '*' : [
    { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'SOA', ttl: '86400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'ns1.bluehost.com. root.box481.bluehost.com. 2011031102 86400 7200 3600000 300'},
    { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'TXT', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'v=spf1 a mx ptr include:bluehost.com ?all' },
    { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'NS', ttl: '86400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'ns1.bluehost.com.' },
    { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'NS', ttl: '86400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'ns2.bluehost.com.' },
    { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'MX', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '0 aiesec.in' },
    { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '74.220.219.81' },
    { name: 'ns1.bluehost.com.', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '127.0.0.1' },
    { name: 'ns2.bluehost.com.', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '127.0.0.2' },
    ] } );

Round Robin Load Balancing

Round Robin load balancing is achieved by adding the index = 0 and balance = 'rr' keys to the A record in a domain. The value key should store an array of IPs among which the load will be balanced. The name key can also be a array to facilitate round robin load balancing between nameservers.

Example #1 - Load balancing A records with a constant name:

addToTree(zone, ["ac","in","lnmiit","proxy"],
    { '*' : [
    { name: 'proxy.lnmiit.ac.in', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN' value: ['172.22.2.211', '172.22.2.212'], index: 0, balance: 'rr' }
    ]});

Example #2 - Load balancing NS records with different names:

addToTree(zone, ["com","google"],
    { '*' : [
    { name: ['ns1.google.com',
    'ns2.google.com',
    'ns3.google.com',
    'ns4.google.com'], rr: 'NS', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: ['216.239.32.10',
                                                                     '216.239.34.10',
                                                                     '216.239.36.10',
                                                                     '216.239.38.10'], index: 0, balance: 'rr' }]});

Dynamic Load Balancing

Dynamic load balancing is achieved by adding the balance = 'dyn' key to the A record in a domain. The value key should store an array of IPs among which the load will be balanced.

Note : The servers whose IPs are mentioned should be running an instance of ndns.poller.client or the load balancing will default to round robin.

Example #1:

addToTree(zone, ["in","aiesec"],
              { '*' : [
                        { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'SOA', ttl: '86400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'ns1.bluehost.com. root.box481.bluehost.com. 2011031102 86400 7200 3600000 300'},
                        { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'TXT', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'v=spf1 a mx ptr include:bluehost.com ?all' },
                        { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'NS', ttl: '86400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'ns1.bluehost.com.' },
                        { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'NS', ttl: '86400', dclass: 'IN', value: 'ns2.bluehost.com.' },
                        { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'MX', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '0 aiesec.in' },
                        { name: 'aiesec.in', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: ['74.220.219.81', 
                                                                                          '74.220.219.82',
                                                                                          '127.0.0.1',
                                                                                          '127.0.0.2'] , balance: 'dyn' }, // Dynamic Load Balancingi
                        { name: 'ns1.bluehost.com.', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '127.0.0.1' },
                        { name: 'ns2.bluehost.com.', rr: 'A', ttl: '14400', dclass: 'IN', value: '127.0.0.2' },
                      ] } );

ndns.poller.server.createServer ( POLL_PORT )

This function creates a server which listens on a port (default 5000) for UDP packets from ndns.poller.client. It maintains a list of the IP addresses of the fastest webservers within a particular domain.

Example #1:

var ndns = require('../lib/ndns');
ndns.poller.server.createServer (5000);

ndns.poller.client.startPoller ( server_host, server_port, domain_name)

This function create a client which sends UDP packet updates to ndns.poller.server.

Example #1:

var ndns = require('../lib/ndns');
ndns.poller.client.startPoller ( '127.0.0.1', 5000, 'google.com' );
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.