Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

A simple wrapper for the standard ruby OpenSSL library

branch: master
README.md

Encryptor Build Status

A simple wrapper for the standard Ruby OpenSSL library

Intended to be used by a future version of http://github.com/shuber/attr_encrypted to easily encrypt/decrypt attributes in any Ruby class or model.

Installation

gem install encryptor

Usage

Basic

Encryptor uses the AES-256-CBC algorithm by default to encrypt strings securely. You are strongly advised to use both an initialization vector (via the :iv option) and a salt (via the :salt option) to perform this encryption as securely as possible. Specifying only an :iv option without :salt is not recommended but is supported as part of a "compatibility mode" to support clients built using older versions of this gem.

The best example is:

salt = Time.now.to_i.to_s
secret_key = 'secret'
iv = OpenSSL::Cipher::Cipher.new('aes-256-cbc').random_iv
encrypted_value = Encryptor.encrypt('some string to encrypt', :key => secret_key, :iv => iv, :salt => salt)
decrypted_value = Encryptor.decrypt(encrypted_value, :key => secret_key, :iv => iv, :salt => salt)

The value to encrypt or decrypt may also be passed as the :value option if you'd prefer.

encrypted_value = Encryptor.encrypt(:value => 'some string to encrypt', :key => secret_key, :iv => iv, :salt => salt)
decrypted_value = Encryptor.decrypt(:value => encrypted_value, :key => secret_key, :iv => iv, :salt => salt)

You may also skip the salt and the IV if you like. Do so at your own risk!

encrypted_value = Encryptor.encrypt(:value => 'some string to encrypt', :key => 'secret')
decrypted_value = Encryptor.decrypt(:value => encrypted_value, :key => 'secret')

You may also pass an :algorithm option, though this is not required.

Encryptor.default_options.merge!(:algorithm => 'aes-128-cbc', :key => 'some default secret key', :iv => iv, :salt => salt)

Strings

Encryptor adds encrypt and decrypt methods to String objects for your convenience. These two methods accept the same arguments as the associated ones in the Encryptor module. They're nice when you set the default options in the Encryptor.default_options attribute. For example:

Encryptor.default_options.merge!(:key => 'some default secret key', :iv => iv, :salt => salt)
credit_card = 'xxxx xxxx xxxx 1234'
encrypted_credit_card = credit_card.encrypt

There's also encrypt! and decrypt! methods that replace the contents of a string with the encrypted or decrypted version of itself.

Algorithms

Run openssl list-cipher-commands in your terminal to view a list of all cipher algorithms that are supported on your platform. Typically, this will include the following:

aes-128-cbc
aes-128-ecb
aes-192-cbc
aes-192-ecb
aes-256-cbc
aes-256-ecb
bf
bf-cbc
bf-cfb
bf-ecb
bf-ofb
cast
cast-cbc
cast5-cbc
cast5-cfb
cast5-ecb
cast5-ofb
des
des-cbc
des-cfb
des-ecb
des-ede
des-ede-cbc
des-ede-cfb
des-ede-ofb
des-ede3
des-ede3-cbc
des-ede3-cfb
des-ede3-ofb
des-ofb
des3
desx
idea
idea-cbc
idea-cfb
idea-ecb
idea-ofb
rc2
rc2-40-cbc
rc2-64-cbc
rc2-cbc
rc2-cfb
rc2-ecb
rc2-ofb
rc4
rc4-40

Note that some ciphers may not be supported by Ruby.

Notes on patches/pull requests

  • Fork the project.
  • Make your feature addition or bug fix.
  • Add tests for it: this is important so I don't break it in a future version unintentionally.
  • Commit, do not mess with Rakefile, version, or history: if you want to have your own version, that is fine but bump version in a commit by itself I can ignore when I pull).
  • Send me a pull request: bonus points for topic branches.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.