Ruby Readability is a tool for extracting the primary readable content of a webpage. It is a Ruby port of arc90's readability project.
(sudo) gem install ruby-readability
gem "ruby-readability", :require => 'readability'
require 'rubygems' require 'readability' require 'open-uri' source = open('http://lab.arc90.com/experiments/readability/').read puts Readability::Document.new(source).content
You may provide options to Readability::Document.new, including:
:tags - the base whitelist of tags to sanitize, defaults to %w[div p] :remove_empty_nodes - remove <p> tags that have no text content; also removes p tags that contain only images :attributes - whitelist of allowed attributes :debug - provide debugging output, defaults false :encoding - if the page is of a known encoding, you can specify it; if left unspecified, the encoding will be guessed (only in Ruby 1.9.x). If you wish to disable guessing, supply :do_not_guess_encoding => true. :html_headers - in Ruby 1.9.x these will be passed to the guess_html_encoding gem to aid with guessing the HTML encoding :ignore_image_format - for use with .images. For example: :ignore_image_format => ["gif", "png"] :min_image_height - set a minimum image height for .images :min_image_width - set a minimum image width for .images
Command Line Tool
Readability comes with a command-line tool for experimentation in bin/readability.
Usage: readability [options] URL -d, --debug Show debug output -i, --images Keep images and links -h, --help Show this message
You can get a list of images in the content area with
.images. This feature requires that the
fastimage gem be installed
rbody = Readability::Document.new(body, :tags => %w[div p img a], :attributes => %w[src href], :remove_empty_nodes => false) rbody.images
If you're on a Mac and are getting segmentation faults, see the discussion at https://github.com/sparklemotion/nokogiri/issues/404 and consider updating your version of libxml2. Version 2.7.8 of libxml2, installed with
brew, worked for me:
gem install nokogiri -- --with-xml2-include=/usr/local/Cellar/libxml2/2.7.8/include/libxml2 --with-xml2-lib=/usr/local/Cellar/libxml2/2.7.8/lib --with-xslt-dir=/usr/local/Cellar/libxslt/1.1.26
Or if you're using bundler and Rails 3, you can run this command to make bundler always globally build
nokogiri this way
bundle config build.nokogiri -- --with-xml2-include=/usr/local/Cellar/libxml2/2.7.8/include/libxml2 --with-xml2-lib=/usr/local/Cellar/libxml2/2.7.8/lib --with-xslt-dir=/usr/local/Cellar/libxslt/1.1.26
- Version 0.5.1, released 3/13/2012 - The
ignore_image_formatoption now defaults to an empty array, no longer excluding gif files by default. MiniMagic fetches are no longer attempted on local images.
This code is under the Apache License 2.0. http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Ruby port by starrhorne, libc, and iterationlabs. Special thanks to fizx and marcosinger.