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Contributing to Leaf

We love, that you are interested in contributing to Leaf. There are many ways to contribute and we appreciate all of them. This document gives a rough overview of how you can contribute to Leaf.

If you have questions hop on the Leaf Chat, to the #rust-machine-learning IRC on irc.mozilla.org or reach out to {@MJ, @Max}.

Pull Requests

Preparation

Before you get started, please find the page of the project you're looking to improve. We encourage you to poke around in the code a little bit, familiarize yourself with their development styles, check the commit log to see who is contributing.

Before you start working, you might check out the Network tab on the project to see all the other forks other people have made. Somebody might be already working on the problem you would love to solve.

Making a PR

Pull requests are the primary mechanism we use to change Leaf repos. GitHub itself has some great documentation on using the Pull Request feature. We use the 'fork and pull' model described there.

Please make pull requests against the master branch.

All pull requests are reviewed by another person.

Highfive not yet integrated: We have a bot, @rust-highfive, that will automatically assign a random person to review your request.

If you want to request that a specific person reviews your pull request, you can add an r? to the message. For example, MJ usually reviews documentation changes. So if you were to make a documentation change, add

r? @MichaelHirn

to the end of the message, and @rust-highfive will assign @MichaelHirn instead of a random person. This is entirely optional.

After someone has reviewed your pull request, they will leave an annotation on the pull request with an r+. It will look something like this:

@homu: r+ 38fe8d2

This tells @homu, our lovable integration bot, that your pull request has been approved. The PR then enters the merge queue, where @homu will run all the tests on every platform we support. If it all works out, @homu will merge your code into master and close the pull request.

Bug Reports

While bugs are unfortunate, they're a reality in software. We can't fix what we don't know about, so please report liberally. If you're not sure if something is a bug or not, feel free to file a bug anyway.

If you have the chance, before reporting a bug, please search existing issues, as it's possible that someone else has already reported your error. This doesn't always work, and sometimes it's hard to know what to search for, so consider this extra credit. We won't mind if you accidentally file a duplicate report.

Opening an issue is easy Here's a template that you can use to file a bug, though it's not necessary to use it exactly:

<short summary of the bug>

I tried this code:

<code sample that causes the bug>

I expected to see this happen: <explanation>

Instead, this happened: <explanation>

## Meta

{Library, Rust, OS} versions

Backtrace:

All three components are important: what you did, what you expected, what happened instead. Please include information about what platform you're on, what version of Rust and library you're using, etc.

Sometimes, a backtrace is helpful, and so including that is nice. To get a backtrace, set the RUST_BACKTRACE environment variable. The easiest way to do this is to invoke rustc like this:

$ RUST_BACKTRACE=1 rustc ...

Feature Requests

To request a change to the way that one of the Leaf libraries work, please open an issue in the repository.

Appendix

Git Commit Guidelines

We have very precise rules over how git commit messages should be formatted. This leads to more readable messages that are easy to follow when looking through the project history. The commit guidelines help us to auto-generate the CHANGELOG. More information about it, can be found in the Guide to CHANGELOG in Rust post.

Commit Message Examples

Following some valid commit message examples. A syntax explanation can be found in the following section, Commit Message Format.

Example for a mature commit message.

docs/readme: add contact section to README.md

A lot of people have asked about contact details, so I decided it would be a good idea to include our contact details in the README.md

REFERENCE: #4, #63
CLOSE: #52

Another example on how you would make the commit on the command line.

git commit -m 'feat/solver: add Adagrad as SGD-based solver

Some more context and explanation about the commit, PR.

CLOSE: #42'

Commit Message Format

Each commit message consists of a header, a body and a footer. The header has a special format that includes a type, a scope and a subject:

<type>/<scope>: <subject>
\n
<body>
\n
<footer>

Any line of the commit message cannot be longer 100 characters! This allows the message to be easier to read on GitHub as well as in various git tools.

<type>:

Must be one of the following:

  • feat: A new feature
  • fix: A bug fix
  • docs: Documentation only changes
  • style: Changes that do not affect the meaning of the code (white-space, formatting, missing semi-colons, etc)
  • refactor: A code change that neither fixes a bug nor adds a feature
  • perf: A code change that improves performance
  • test: Adding missing tests
  • chore: Changes to the build process or auxiliary tools and libraries such as documentation generation

<scope>:

The scope could be anything that specifies the place of the commit change, e.g. solver, [filename], tests, lib, ... we are not very restrictive on the scope. The scope should just be lowercase and if possible contain of a single word, this makes the CHANGELOG generation easier.

<subject>:

The subject contains succinct description of the change:

  • use the imperative, present tense: "change" not "changed" nor "changes"
  • don't capitalize first letter
  • no dot (.) at the end

<body>:

The body should include the motivation for the change, contrast this with previous behaviour and overall information about, why that commit matters.

  • Just as in the subject, use the imperative, present tense

<footer>:

The footer should contain any information about Breaking Changes and is also the place to reference GitHub issues that this commit closes. For Example:

BREAKING CHANGE: [specify what is breaking]

{ REFERENCE, CLOSE, FIX } #Issue

Revert

If the commit reverts a previous commit, it should begin with revert:, followed by the header of the reverted commit. In the body it should say: This reverts commit <hash>., where the hash is the SHA of the commit being reverted.

Documentation Guidelines

We created an extensive Documentation Guide for you, which outlines an easy and efficient communication Framework for providing developers and users with helpful Documentation about the Deep Learning Framework.

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