Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
branch: master
Fetching contributors…

Octocat-spinner-32-eaf2f5

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

executable file 540 lines (498 sloc) 19.067 kb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539
/*
* Copyright 2001-2004 Unicode, Inc.
*
* Disclaimer
*
* This source code is provided as is by Unicode, Inc. No claims are
* made as to fitness for any particular purpose. No warranties of any
* kind are expressed or implied. The recipient agrees to determine
* applicability of information provided. If this file has been
* purchased on magnetic or optical media from Unicode, Inc., the
* sole remedy for any claim will be exchange of defective media
* within 90 days of receipt.
*
* Limitations on Rights to Redistribute This Code
*
* Unicode, Inc. hereby grants the right to freely use the information
* supplied in this file in the creation of products supporting the
* Unicode Standard, and to make copies of this file in any form
* for internal or external distribution as long as this notice
* remains attached.
*/

/* ---------------------------------------------------------------------

Conversions between UTF32, UTF-16, and UTF-8. Source code file.
Author: Mark E. Davis, 1994.
Rev History: Rick McGowan, fixes & updates May 2001.
Sept 2001: fixed const & error conditions per
mods suggested by S. Parent & A. Lillich.
June 2002: Tim Dodd added detection and handling of incomplete
source sequences, enhanced error detection, added casts
to eliminate compiler warnings.
July 2003: slight mods to back out aggressive FFFE detection.
Jan 2004: updated switches in from-UTF8 conversions.
Oct 2004: updated to use UNI_MAX_LEGAL_UTF32 in UTF-32 conversions.

See the header file "ConvertUTF.h" for complete documentation.

------------------------------------------------------------------------ */


#include "ConvertUTF.h"
#ifdef CVTUTF_DEBUG
#include <stdio.h>
#endif

static const int halfShift = 10; /* used for shifting by 10 bits */

static const UTF32 halfBase = 0x0010000UL;
static const UTF32 halfMask = 0x3FFUL;

#define UNI_SUR_HIGH_START (UTF32)0xD800
#define UNI_SUR_HIGH_END (UTF32)0xDBFF
#define UNI_SUR_LOW_START (UTF32)0xDC00
#define UNI_SUR_LOW_END (UTF32)0xDFFF
#define false 0
#define true 1

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

ConversionResult ConvertUTF32toUTF16 (
const UTF32** sourceStart, const UTF32* sourceEnd,
UTF16** targetStart, UTF16* targetEnd, ConversionFlags flags) {
    ConversionResult result = conversionOK;
    const UTF32* source = *sourceStart;
    UTF16* target = *targetStart;
    while (source < sourceEnd) {
UTF32 ch;
if (target >= targetEnd) {
result = targetExhausted; break;
}
ch = *source++;
if (ch <= UNI_MAX_BMP) { /* Target is a character <= 0xFFFF */
/* UTF-16 surrogate values are illegal in UTF-32; 0xffff or 0xfffe are both reserved values */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_HIGH_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
if (flags == strictConversion) {
--source; /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
} else {
*target++ = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}
} else {
*target++ = (UTF16)ch; /* normal case */
}
} else if (ch > UNI_MAX_LEGAL_UTF32) {
if (flags == strictConversion) {
result = sourceIllegal;
} else {
*target++ = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}
} else {
/* target is a character in range 0xFFFF - 0x10FFFF. */
if (target + 1 >= targetEnd) {
--source; /* Back up source pointer! */
result = targetExhausted; break;
}
ch -= halfBase;
*target++ = (UTF16)((ch >> halfShift) + UNI_SUR_HIGH_START);
*target++ = (UTF16)((ch & halfMask) + UNI_SUR_LOW_START);
}
    }
    *sourceStart = source;
    *targetStart = target;
    return result;
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

ConversionResult ConvertUTF16toUTF32 (
const UTF16** sourceStart, const UTF16* sourceEnd,
UTF32** targetStart, UTF32* targetEnd, ConversionFlags flags) {
    ConversionResult result = conversionOK;
    const UTF16* source = *sourceStart;
    UTF32* target = *targetStart;
    UTF32 ch, ch2;
    while (source < sourceEnd) {
const UTF16* oldSource = source; /* In case we have to back up because of target overflow. */
ch = *source++;
/* If we have a surrogate pair, convert to UTF32 first. */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_HIGH_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_HIGH_END) {
/* If the 16 bits following the high surrogate are in the source buffer... */
if (source < sourceEnd) {
ch2 = *source;
/* If it's a low surrogate, convert to UTF32. */
if (ch2 >= UNI_SUR_LOW_START && ch2 <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
ch = ((ch - UNI_SUR_HIGH_START) << halfShift)
+ (ch2 - UNI_SUR_LOW_START) + halfBase;
++source;
} else if (flags == strictConversion) { /* it's an unpaired high surrogate */
--source; /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
} else { /* We don't have the 16 bits following the high surrogate. */
--source; /* return to the high surrogate */
result = sourceExhausted;
break;
}
} else if (flags == strictConversion) {
/* UTF-16 surrogate values are illegal in UTF-32 */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_LOW_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
--source; /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
}
if (target >= targetEnd) {
source = oldSource; /* Back up source pointer! */
result = targetExhausted; break;
}
*target++ = ch;
    }
    *sourceStart = source;
    *targetStart = target;
#ifdef CVTUTF_DEBUG
if (result == sourceIllegal) {
    fprintf(stderr, "ConvertUTF16toUTF32 illegal seq 0x%04x,%04x\n", ch, ch2);
    fflush(stderr);
}
#endif
    return result;
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
* Index into the table below with the first byte of a UTF-8 sequence to
* get the number of trailing bytes that are supposed to follow it.
* Note that *legal* UTF-8 values can't have 4 or 5-bytes. The table is
* left as-is for anyone who may want to do such conversion, which was
* allowed in earlier algorithms.
*/
static const char trailingBytesForUTF8[256] = {
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
    1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1, 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,
    2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2, 3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,4,4,4,4,5,5,5,5
};

/*
* Magic values subtracted from a buffer value during UTF8 conversion.
* This table contains as many values as there might be trailing bytes
* in a UTF-8 sequence.
*/
static const UTF32 offsetsFromUTF8[6] = { 0x00000000UL, 0x00003080UL, 0x000E2080UL,
0x03C82080UL, 0xFA082080UL, 0x82082080UL };

/*
* Once the bits are split out into bytes of UTF-8, this is a mask OR-ed
* into the first byte, depending on how many bytes follow. There are
* as many entries in this table as there are UTF-8 sequence types.
* (I.e., one byte sequence, two byte... etc.). Remember that sequencs
* for *legal* UTF-8 will be 4 or fewer bytes total.
*/
static const UTF8 firstByteMark[7] = { 0x00, 0x00, 0xC0, 0xE0, 0xF0, 0xF8, 0xFC };

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* The interface converts a whole buffer to avoid function-call overhead.
* Constants have been gathered. Loops & conditionals have been removed as
* much as possible for efficiency, in favor of drop-through switches.
* (See "Note A" at the bottom of the file for equivalent code.)
* If your compiler supports it, the "isLegalUTF8" call can be turned
* into an inline function.
*/

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

ConversionResult ConvertUTF16toUTF8 (
const UTF16** sourceStart, const UTF16* sourceEnd,
UTF8** targetStart, UTF8* targetEnd, ConversionFlags flags) {
    ConversionResult result = conversionOK;
    const UTF16* source = *sourceStart;
    UTF8* target = *targetStart;
    while (source < sourceEnd) {
UTF32 ch;
unsigned short bytesToWrite = 0;
const UTF32 byteMask = 0xBF;
const UTF32 byteMark = 0x80;
const UTF16* oldSource = source; /* In case we have to back up because of target overflow. */
ch = *source++;
/* If we have a surrogate pair, convert to UTF32 first. */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_HIGH_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_HIGH_END) {
/* If the 16 bits following the high surrogate are in the source buffer... */
if (source < sourceEnd) {
UTF32 ch2 = *source;
/* If it's a low surrogate, convert to UTF32. */
if (ch2 >= UNI_SUR_LOW_START && ch2 <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
ch = ((ch - UNI_SUR_HIGH_START) << halfShift)
+ (ch2 - UNI_SUR_LOW_START) + halfBase;
++source;
} else if (flags == strictConversion) { /* it's an unpaired high surrogate */
--source; /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
} else { /* We don't have the 16 bits following the high surrogate. */
--source; /* return to the high surrogate */
result = sourceExhausted;
break;
}
} else if (flags == strictConversion) {
/* UTF-16 surrogate values are illegal in UTF-32 */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_LOW_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
--source; /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
}
/* Figure out how many bytes the result will require */
if (ch < (UTF32)0x80) { bytesToWrite = 1;
} else if (ch < (UTF32)0x800) { bytesToWrite = 2;
} else if (ch < (UTF32)0x10000) { bytesToWrite = 3;
} else if (ch < (UTF32)0x110000) { bytesToWrite = 4;
} else { bytesToWrite = 3;
ch = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}

target += bytesToWrite;
if (target > targetEnd) {
source = oldSource; /* Back up source pointer! */
target -= bytesToWrite; result = targetExhausted; break;
}
switch (bytesToWrite) { /* note: everything falls through. */
case 4: *--target = (UTF8)((ch | byteMark) & byteMask); ch >>= 6;
case 3: *--target = (UTF8)((ch | byteMark) & byteMask); ch >>= 6;
case 2: *--target = (UTF8)((ch | byteMark) & byteMask); ch >>= 6;
case 1: *--target = (UTF8)(ch | firstByteMark[bytesToWrite]);
}
target += bytesToWrite;
    }
    *sourceStart = source;
    *targetStart = target;
    return result;
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
* Utility routine to tell whether a sequence of bytes is legal UTF-8.
* This must be called with the length pre-determined by the first byte.
* If not calling this from ConvertUTF8to*, then the length can be set by:
* length = trailingBytesForUTF8[*source]+1;
* and the sequence is illegal right away if there aren't that many bytes
* available.
* If presented with a length > 4, this returns false. The Unicode
* definition of UTF-8 goes up to 4-byte sequences.
*/

static Boolean isLegalUTF8(const UTF8 *source, int length) {
    UTF8 a;
    const UTF8 *srcptr = source+length;
    switch (length) {
    default: return false;
/* Everything else falls through when "true"... */
    case 4: if ((a = (*--srcptr)) < 0x80 || a > 0xBF) return false;
    case 3: if ((a = (*--srcptr)) < 0x80 || a > 0xBF) return false;
    case 2: if ((a = (*--srcptr)) > 0xBF) return false;

switch (*source) {
/* no fall-through in this inner switch */
case 0xE0: if (a < 0xA0) return false; break;
case 0xED: if (a > 0x9F) return false; break;
case 0xF0: if (a < 0x90) return false; break;
case 0xF4: if (a > 0x8F) return false; break;
default: if (a < 0x80) return false;
}

    case 1: if (*source >= 0x80 && *source < 0xC2) return false;
    }
    if (*source > 0xF4) return false;
    return true;
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
* Exported function to return whether a UTF-8 sequence is legal or not.
* This is not used here; it's just exported.
*/
Boolean isLegalUTF8Sequence(const UTF8 *source, const UTF8 *sourceEnd) {
    int length = trailingBytesForUTF8[*source]+1;
    if (source+length > sourceEnd) {
return false;
    }
    return isLegalUTF8(source, length);
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

ConversionResult ConvertUTF8toUTF16 (
const UTF8** sourceStart, const UTF8* sourceEnd,
UTF16** targetStart, UTF16* targetEnd, ConversionFlags flags) {
    ConversionResult result = conversionOK;
    const UTF8* source = *sourceStart;
    UTF16* target = *targetStart;
    while (source < sourceEnd) {
UTF32 ch = 0;
unsigned short extraBytesToRead = trailingBytesForUTF8[*source];
if (source + extraBytesToRead >= sourceEnd) {
result = sourceExhausted; break;
}
/* Do this check whether lenient or strict */
if (! isLegalUTF8(source, extraBytesToRead+1)) {
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
/*
* The cases all fall through. See "Note A" below.
*/
switch (extraBytesToRead) {
case 5: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6; /* remember, illegal UTF-8 */
case 4: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6; /* remember, illegal UTF-8 */
case 3: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 2: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 1: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 0: ch += *source++;
}
ch -= offsetsFromUTF8[extraBytesToRead];

if (target >= targetEnd) {
source -= (extraBytesToRead+1); /* Back up source pointer! */
result = targetExhausted; break;
}
if (ch <= UNI_MAX_BMP) { /* Target is a character <= 0xFFFF */
/* UTF-16 surrogate values are illegal in UTF-32 */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_HIGH_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
if (flags == strictConversion) {
source -= (extraBytesToRead+1); /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
} else {
*target++ = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}
} else {
*target++ = (UTF16)ch; /* normal case */
}
} else if (ch > UNI_MAX_UTF16) {
if (flags == strictConversion) {
result = sourceIllegal;
source -= (extraBytesToRead+1); /* return to the start */
break; /* Bail out; shouldn't continue */
} else {
*target++ = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}
} else {
/* target is a character in range 0xFFFF - 0x10FFFF. */
if (target + 1 >= targetEnd) {
source -= (extraBytesToRead+1); /* Back up source pointer! */
result = targetExhausted; break;
}
ch -= halfBase;
*target++ = (UTF16)((ch >> halfShift) + UNI_SUR_HIGH_START);
*target++ = (UTF16)((ch & halfMask) + UNI_SUR_LOW_START);
}
    }
    *sourceStart = source;
    *targetStart = target;
    return result;
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

ConversionResult ConvertUTF32toUTF8 (
const UTF32** sourceStart, const UTF32* sourceEnd,
UTF8** targetStart, UTF8* targetEnd, ConversionFlags flags) {
    ConversionResult result = conversionOK;
    const UTF32* source = *sourceStart;
    UTF8* target = *targetStart;
    while (source < sourceEnd) {
UTF32 ch;
unsigned short bytesToWrite = 0;
const UTF32 byteMask = 0xBF;
const UTF32 byteMark = 0x80;
ch = *source++;
if (flags == strictConversion ) {
/* UTF-16 surrogate values are illegal in UTF-32 */
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_HIGH_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
--source; /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
}
/*
* Figure out how many bytes the result will require. Turn any
* illegally large UTF32 things (> Plane 17) into replacement chars.
*/
if (ch < (UTF32)0x80) { bytesToWrite = 1;
} else if (ch < (UTF32)0x800) { bytesToWrite = 2;
} else if (ch < (UTF32)0x10000) { bytesToWrite = 3;
} else if (ch <= UNI_MAX_LEGAL_UTF32) { bytesToWrite = 4;
} else { bytesToWrite = 3;
ch = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
result = sourceIllegal;
}

target += bytesToWrite;
if (target > targetEnd) {
--source; /* Back up source pointer! */
target -= bytesToWrite; result = targetExhausted; break;
}
switch (bytesToWrite) { /* note: everything falls through. */
case 4: *--target = (UTF8)((ch | byteMark) & byteMask); ch >>= 6;
case 3: *--target = (UTF8)((ch | byteMark) & byteMask); ch >>= 6;
case 2: *--target = (UTF8)((ch | byteMark) & byteMask); ch >>= 6;
case 1: *--target = (UTF8) (ch | firstByteMark[bytesToWrite]);
}
target += bytesToWrite;
    }
    *sourceStart = source;
    *targetStart = target;
    return result;
}

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------- */

ConversionResult ConvertUTF8toUTF32 (
const UTF8** sourceStart, const UTF8* sourceEnd,
UTF32** targetStart, UTF32* targetEnd, ConversionFlags flags) {
    ConversionResult result = conversionOK;
    const UTF8* source = *sourceStart;
    UTF32* target = *targetStart;
    while (source < sourceEnd) {
UTF32 ch = 0;
unsigned short extraBytesToRead = trailingBytesForUTF8[*source];
if (source + extraBytesToRead >= sourceEnd) {
result = sourceExhausted; break;
}
/* Do this check whether lenient or strict */
if (! isLegalUTF8(source, extraBytesToRead+1)) {
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
}
/*
* The cases all fall through. See "Note A" below.
*/
switch (extraBytesToRead) {
case 5: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 4: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 3: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 2: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 1: ch += *source++; ch <<= 6;
case 0: ch += *source++;
}
ch -= offsetsFromUTF8[extraBytesToRead];

if (target >= targetEnd) {
source -= (extraBytesToRead+1); /* Back up the source pointer! */
result = targetExhausted; break;
}
if (ch <= UNI_MAX_LEGAL_UTF32) {
/*
* UTF-16 surrogate values are illegal in UTF-32, and anything
* over Plane 17 (> 0x10FFFF) is illegal.
*/
if (ch >= UNI_SUR_HIGH_START && ch <= UNI_SUR_LOW_END) {
if (flags == strictConversion) {
source -= (extraBytesToRead+1); /* return to the illegal value itself */
result = sourceIllegal;
break;
} else {
*target++ = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}
} else {
*target++ = ch;
}
} else { /* i.e., ch > UNI_MAX_LEGAL_UTF32 */
result = sourceIllegal;
*target++ = UNI_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
}
    }
    *sourceStart = source;
    *targetStart = target;
    return result;
}

/* ---------------------------------------------------------------------

Note A.
The fall-through switches in UTF-8 reading code save a
temp variable, some decrements & conditionals. The switches
are equivalent to the following loop:
{
int tmpBytesToRead = extraBytesToRead+1;
do {
ch += *source++;
--tmpBytesToRead;
if (tmpBytesToRead) ch <<= 6;
} while (tmpBytesToRead > 0);
}
In UTF-8 writing code, the switches on "bytesToWrite" are
similarly unrolled loops.

--------------------------------------------------------------------- */
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.