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Roaring Bitmaps for Redis


This project uses the CRoaring library to implement roaring bitmap commands for Redis. These commands can have the same performance as redis' native bitmaps for O(1) operations and be up to 8x faster for O(N) calls, according to microbenchmarks, while consuming less memory than their uncompressed counterparts (benchmark pending).

Pull requests are welcome.


  • CRoaring (bitmap compression library used by this redis module)
  • cmake (build tools needed for compiling the source code)
  • redis (server needed for integration tests)
  • hiredis (redis client library needed for performance tests)
Known limitations
  • This library only works with 32-bit integeres (e.g. counting numbers up to 4294967296)

Getting started

$ git clone
$ cd redis-roaring/
$ cd dist 
$ ./redis-server ./redis.conf  

then you can open another terminal and use ./redis-cli to connect to the redis server


It is also possible to run this project as a docker container.

docker run -p 6379:6379 aviggiano/redis-roaring:latest


Run the script for unit tests, integration tests and performance tests. The performance tests can take a while, since they run on a real dataset of integer values.


The following operations are supported

  • R.SETBIT (same as SETBIT)
  • R.GETBIT (same as GETBIT)
  • R.BITOP (same as BITOP)
  • R.BITCOUNT (same as BITCOUNT without start and end parameters)
  • R.BITPOS (same as BITPOS without start and end parameters)
  • R.SETINTARRAY (create a roaring bitmap from an integer array)
  • R.GETINTARRAY (get an integer array from a roaring bitmap)
  • R.SETBITARRAY (create a roaring bitmap from a bit array string)
  • R.GETBITARRAY (get a bit array string from a roaring bitmap)

Additional commands

  • R.APPENDINTARRAY (append integers to a roaring bitmap)
  • R.RANGEINTARRAY (get an integer array from a roaring bitmap with start and end, so can implements paging)
  • R.SETRANGE (set or append integer range to a roaring bitmap)
  • R.SETFULL (fill up a roaring bitmap in integer)
  • R.STAT (get statistical information of a roaring bitmap)
  • R.OPTIMIZE (optimize a roaring bitmap)
  • R.MIN (get minimal integer from a roaring bitmap, if key is not exists or bitmap is empty, return -1)
  • R.MAX (get maximal integer from a roaring bitmap, if key is not exists or bitmap is empty, return -1)
  • R.DIFF (get difference between two bitmaps)

Missing commands:

API Example

$ redis-cli
# create a roaring bitmap with numbers from 1 to 99> R.SETRANGE test 1 100

# get all the numbers as an integer array> R.GETINTARRAY test

# fill up the roaring bitmap 
# because you need 2^32*4 bytes memory and a very long time> R.SETFULL full

# use `R.RANGEINTARRAY` to get numbers from 100 to 1000> R.RANGEINTARRAY full 100 1000

# append numbers to an existing roaring bitmap> R.APPENDINTARRAY test 111 222 3333 456 999999999 9999990


Tested using CRoaring's census1881 dataset on the travis build 552223545:

OP TIME/OP (us) ST.DEV. (us)
R.SETBIT 31.83 71.85
SETBIT 30.52 74.83
R.GETBIT 30.29 46.99
GETBIT 29.30 38.39
R.BITCOUNT 30.38 0.04
BITCOUNT 169.46 0.95
R.BITPOS 30.62 0.08
BITPOS 55.06 0.77
R.BITOP NOT 103.90 1.71
BITOP NOT 328.14 5.81
R.BITOP AND 40.66 0.47
BITOP AND 433.52 7.98
R.BITOP OR 57.01 2.33
BITOP OR 425.10 7.68
R.BITOP XOR 60.50 2.77
BITOP XOR 415.21 7.51
R.MIN 27.16 0.08
MIN 24.57 0.18
R.MAX 24.62 0.04
MAX 25.85 0.03