Multidimensional replica exchange interface to LAMMPS
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.

LAMMPS Ensembles


Adrian W. Lange

Luke Westby

Mladen Rasic


LAMMPS Ensembles (LE) is a multidimensional replica exchange interface to LAMMPS.

LE creates multiple instances of LAMMPS classes on a set of MPI subcommunicators. Each subcom starts up its own LAMMPS instance and runs molecular dynamics. After so many molecular dynamics time steps, exchanges are attempted between replicas according to Boltzmann statistics probability (Metropolis criteria).


LE can run:

  • Parallel tempering replica exchange.
  • Replica exchange umbrella sampling for MS-EVB and some applications with the colvars LAMMPS library.
  • Hamiltonian exchange with off-diagonal scalar for MS-EVB.
  • Multidimensional REUS with any combination of the above.
  • Dimensions which are linear or circular, thereby supporting many possible topologies (e.g. 3-D torus).