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Use AWS RoboMaker and demonstrate the use of Amazon Rekognition to recognize people's faces and Amazon Polly to synthesize speech.
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juanrh Depend on release-v2 branch of kinesisvideo-common
Signed-off-by: Juan Rodriguez Hortala <hortala@amazon.com>
Latest commit d4dc573 Jul 10, 2019

README.md

AWS RoboMaker Sample Application - Navigation and Person Detection

This application demonstrates the use of Amazon Rekognition to recognize people's faces and Amazon Polly to synthesize speech.

RoboMaker sample applications include third-party software licensed under open-source licenses and is provided for demonstration purposes only. Incorporation or use of RoboMaker sample applications in connection with your production workloads or a commercial products or devices may affect your legal rights or obligations under the applicable open-source licenses. Source code information can be found here.

Usage

Requirements

  • ROS Kinetic / ROS Melodic - Other versions may work, however they have not been tested
  • Colcon - Used for building and bundling the application.

AWS Account Setup

Resources

This sample application uses Amazon Kinesis and Amazon Rekognition to recognize faces. See here for details. The easiest method is to reuse the resources create by the AWS RoboMaker sample application. To do that follow these steps:

  1. Sign in to the AWS RoboMaker console at https://us-west-2.console.aws.amazon.com/robomaker/home/.
  2. In the AWS RoboMaker console, expand Resources on the left and then select Sample applications.
  3. In the Try RoboMaker sample applications page, select Navigation and person recognition and then select Launch.
  4. There will be a banner at the top of the page listing the number of resources that have been created. When all of the resources have been created it will open the simulation job detail page. At this point cancel the simulation job. This will not delete any of the resources.
  5. Open the AWS CloudFormation console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/cloudformation/ and find the stack with AWSRoboMakerPersonDetection in the name.
  6. Expand the Parameters tab and find the LaunchId Key.
  7. In the runtime environment for the robot application set the LAUNCH_ID environmental variable to the LaunchId value from CloudFormation. In AWS RoboMaker the environmental variable can be set as an option when running a simulation job. In a Linux environment this can be accomplisehd with export LAUNCH_ID=<value>
  8. When the robot application is run the launch files will use the LAUNCH_ID to connect to the correct Kinesis data stream and Kinesis video stream.

When setting up resources using the above method new faces can be added to Rekognition with the following steps:

  1. Open the AWS CloudFormation console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/cloudformation/ and find the stack with AWSRoboMakerPersonDetection in the name.
  2. Expand the Resources tab and find the Physical ID of the Amazon S3 bucket with the Logical ID BundlesBucket.
  3. Copy the image into the photos folder of the bucket with the following command
aws s3 cp path/to/image s3://<physical_id>/photos/persons_name.png

If you'd like more detailed control over the resources follow the instructions here: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/rekognition/latest/dg/recognize-faces-in-a-video-stream.html. Make sure that the names of the Kinesis video stream and data stream match those in src/person_detection_robot/launch/kinesis.launch.

Permissions

To publish to Amazon CloudWatch Metrics and Logs the IAM user configured in the environment in which the node is running will need the following permissions:

  logs:PutLogEvents
  logs:DescribeLogStreams 
  logs:CreateLogStream 
  logs:CreateLogGroup

For more information about the CloudWatch Metrics node see here: https://github.com/aws-robotics/cloudwatchmetrics-ros1

For more information about the CloudWatch Logs node see here: https://github.com/aws-robotics/cloudwatchlogs-ros1

To use the Kinesis node you will need an IAM user with the following permissions:

 kinesisvideo:CreateStream
 kinesisvideo:TagStream
 kinesisvideo:DescribeStream
 kinesisvideo:GetDataEndpoint
 kinesisvideo:PutMedia
 kinesis:ListShards
 kinesis:GetShardIterator
 kinesis:GetRecords

For more information on the Amazon Kinesis node see here: https://github.com/aws-robotics/kinesisvideo-ros1

To use the Polly node you will need an IAM user with the following permissions:

  polly:SynthesizeSpeech

For more information on the Amazon Polly node see here https://github.com/aws-robotics/tts-ros1

Information about attaching permissions to an IAM user can be found here: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/IAM/latest/UserGuide/id_users_change-permissions.html

Information about configuring AWS credentials can be found here: https://docs-aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/cli-chap-getting-started.html#cli-multiple-profiles

Build

Pre-build commands

sudo apt-get update
rosdep update

Robot

cd robot_ws
rosws update
rosdep install --from-paths src --ignore-src -r -y
colcon build

Simulation

cd simulation_ws
rosws update
rosdep install --from-paths src --ignore-src -r -y
colcon build

Run

Launch the application with the following commands:

  • Running Robot Application on a Robot

    Once the bundle has been created, it can be deployed using RoboMaker. For information about deploying using RoboMaker, see this documentation. You can follow those instructions to cross-compile the sample application for the ARMHF architecture supported by the Raspberry PI, using a RoboMaker Development environment.

    You must also complete the Raspberry Pi camera setup for the TurtleBot WafflePi, outlined here.

    You must run the following command before running the Robot Application on the robot.

    sudo chmod 777 /dev/video0

    You may also upload and run the bundle manually. Once the bundle has been manually uploaded to the target TurtleBot WafflePi, ssh into the TurtleBot and run

    tar xvf robot_ws_armhf_bundle.tar
    mkdir dependencies && tar xvzf dependencies.tar.gz -C dependencies
    mkdir workspace && tar xvzf workspace.tar.gz -C workspace
    export LAUNCH_ID=YOUR_LAUNCH_ID
    BUNDLE_CURRENT_PREFIX=$(pwd)/dependencies source $(pwd)/dependencies/setup.sh
    BUNDLE_CURRENT_PREFIX=$(pwd)/workspace source $(pwd)/workspace/setup.sh
    roslaunch person_detection_robot deploy_person_detection.launch

    See the colcon-bundle documentation for more details.

    Finally, note the width and height parameters for the node raspicam_node on deploy_person_detection.launch might require some adjustment depending on the resolution of the specific robot camera.

  • Running Robot Application Elsewhere

    source robot_ws/install/local_setup.sh
    roslaunch person_detection_robot person_detection.launch
  • Running Simulation Application

    source simulation_ws/install/local_setup.sh
    TURTLEBOT3_MODEL=waffle_pi roslaunch person_detection_simulation [command]

    There are two simulation launch commands:

    • small_house.launch - A world with a kitchen, bedroom and living areas. The Turtlebot3 spawned is stationary waiting commands.
    • small_house_turtlebot_navigation.launch - A small house with TB3 autonomously navigating to goal points on a route.

Using this sample with RoboMaker

You first need to install colcon-ros-bundle. Python 3.5 or above is required.

pip3 install colcon-ros-bundle

After colcon-ros-bundle is installed you need to build your robot or simulation, then you can bundle with:

# Bundling Robot Application
cd robot_ws
source install/local_setup.sh
colcon bundle

# Bundling Simulation Application
cd simulation_ws
source install/local_setup.sh
colcon bundle

This produces the artifacts robot_ws/bundle/output.tar and simulation_ws/bundle/output.tar respectively.

You'll need to upload these to an s3 bucket, then you can use these files to create a robot application,
create a simulation application, and create a simulation job in RoboMaker.

Architecture Details

ArchitectureDiagram

AWS ROS Packages used by this Sample

  • RoboMakerUtils-Common
  • RobomakerUtils-ROS1
  • CloudWatch-Common
  • CloudWatchLogs-ROS1
  • CloudWatchMetrics-ROS1
  • HealthMetricsCollector-ROS1
  • KinesisVideo-Common
  • KinesisVideo-ROS1
  • KinesisVideoEncoder-Common
  • KinesisVideoEncoder-ROS1
  • MonitoringMessages-ROS1
  • TTS-ROS1

License

MIT-0 - See LICENSE.txt for further information

How to Contribute

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