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WebSocket API session management

This repository is a part of the blog post. Check it out for more information.

This project creates a sample app for demonstrating how to keep anonymous user context when using WebSocket APIs.

The goal is to demonstrate how to handle reconnects without losing user context.


Project structure

This project contains Backend, which you can deploy with AWS SAM template.yml, located in the root of the repository. handlers directory contains all AWS Lambda functions' source code. ws-sessions-frontend directory contains React-based Frontend, which is optional for deployment.


Deployment instructions

The project contains Backend and Frontend. You can deploy Backend only. The deployment of Frontend is optional. You can use a hosted Frontend for testing application here-INSERT_THE_LINK and refer to the code in ws-sessions-frontend to understand how it works under the hood. Alternatively, you can deploy the React-based Frontend locally or to AWS.


  1. Open a terminal and create a new directory, which you will use to clone the repository from GitHub.

  2. Clone GitHub repository:

    git clone
  3. Change directory to the cloned repository:

    cd websocket-sessions-management
  4. Make sure that your terminal can access AWS resources. Use AWS SAM to deploy the backend resources:

    sam build && sam deploy --guided
  5. When prompted:

    • Specify a stack name
    • Choose AWS Region
    • Allow SAM CLI to create IAM roles with the required permissions.

    Once you have finished the setup, SAM CLI will save the specified settings in configuration file samconfig.toml so you can use sam deploy for quicker deployments.

  6. Note the WebSocketURL value in the output of sam deploy --guided command. You will need this value for the Frontend later.


Option 1: Use hosted Frontend

AWS provides you with hosted React-based Frontend. Simply open this link.

Option 2: Deploy frontend Frontend locally

To test Frontend on your local machine, you can deploy the React app locally. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Make sure you have npm installed:
    npm -v
  2. Navigate to ws-sessions-frontend directory:
    cd ws-sessions-frontend
  3. Start the Frontend:
    npm start
    The command will open React app in your default browser. If it does not happen automatically, navigate to http://localhost:3000/ manually.

How it works


  1. Notice that the app has generated a random user ID for you on startup. The app shows the user ID above in the header.

  2. Paste the WebSocket URL into the text field. You can find the URL in the console output after you have successfully deployed your SAM template. Alternatively, you can navigate to AWS Management Console (make sure you are in the right region), select the API you have recently deployed, go to Stages, select the deployed stage and copy the WebSocket URL value.

  3. Press Connect button. The app opens WebSocket connection.

  4. Press Tele-read to start receiving the Wikipedia article character by character. New characters will appear in the second half of the screen as they arrive.

  5. Press Disconnect button to close WebSocket connection. Reconnect again and press Tele-read button. Your session resumes from where you stopped.

  6. Press Reset Identity button. The app closes the WebSocket connection and changes the user ID. Press Connect button and Tele-read button again and your character feed starts from the beginning.


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