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.NET Libraries for integrating Amazon CloudWatch Logs with popular .NET logging libraries
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normj Merge pull request #108 from snakefoot/nlogdocs
Updated NLog config example to work on NetCore
Latest commit 0132a00 Nov 7, 2019

README.md

AWS Logging .NET

This repository contains plugins for popular .NET logging frameworks that integrate with Amazon Web Services. The plugins use the Amazon CloudWatch Logs service to write log data to a configured log group. The logs can be viewed and searched using the AWS CloudWatch Console.

For a history of releases view the release change log

AWS Lambda

These packages batch logging messages in a queue and send messages to CloudWatch Logs using a background thread. The use of the background thread means that the messages are not guaranteed to be delivered when used in AWS Lambda. The reason is because the background thread will be frozen once a Lambda event is processed and may not ever be unfrozen if more Lambda events are not received for some time.

When using Lambda it is recommended to use either the ILambdaContext.Logger.LogLine or the Amazon.Lambda.Logging.AspNetCore package.

Supported Logging Frameworks

  1. NLog
  2. Apache log4net
  3. ASP.NET Core Logging
  4. Serilog

NLog

NLog uses targets that can be configured to receive log messages. Targets can be configured either through a config file or through code. The default config file that NLog will automatically search for is NLog.config. Here is an example config file that configures the AWS Region and the CloudWatch Logs log group.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<nlog xmlns="http://www.nlog-project.org/schemas/NLog.xsd"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	  throwConfigExceptions="true">
  <extensions>
    <add assembly="NLog.AWS.Logger" />
  </extensions>
  <targets>
    <target name="aws" type="AWSTarget" logGroup="NLog.ConfigExample" region="us-east-1"/>
  </targets>
  <rules>
    <logger name="*" minlevel="Info" writeTo="aws" />
  </rules>
</nlog>

The AWS credentials will be found using the standard AWS SDK for .NET credentials search path. In this case it will look for a profile named default, search for environment variables or search for an instance profile on an EC2 instance. To use a specific AWS credential profile use the profile attribute on the target.

Here is an example of performing the same configuration via code.

var config = new LoggingConfiguration();

var awsTarget = new AWSTarget()
{
    LogGroup = "NLog.ProgrammaticConfigurationExample",
    Region = "us-east-1"
};
config.AddTarget("aws", awsTarget);

config.LoggingRules.Add(new LoggingRule("*", LogLevel.Debug, awsTarget));

LogManager.Configuration = config;

Checkout the NLog samples for examples on how you can use AWS and NLog together.

Apache log4net

Log4net configures appenders to receive log messages. Appenders can be configured either through a config file or through code. To use a config file add a file to your project. The file can be named anything but for this example call it log4net.config. Make sure that Copy to Output Directory is set to copy. Here is an example config file setting the CloudWatch Log log group and the AWS Region.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<log4net>
  <appender name="AWS" type="AWS.Logger.Log4net.AWSAppender,AWS.Logger.Log4net">

    <LogGroup>Log4net.ConfigExample</LogGroup>
    <Region>us-east-1</Region>
    
    <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
      <conversionPattern value="%-4timestamp [%thread] %-5level %logger %ndc - %message%newline" />
    </layout>
  </appender>

  <root>
    <level value="DEBUG" />
    <appender-ref ref="AWS" />
  </root>
</log4net>

The AWS credentials will be found using the standard AWS SDK for .NET credentials search path. In this case it will look for a profile named default, search for environment variables or search for an instance profile on an EC2 instance. To use a specific AWS credential profile add a Profile under the appender node.

Add the following code during the startup of the application to have log4net read the configuration file.

// log4net is configured in the log4net.config file which adds the AWS appender.
XmlConfigurator.Configure(new System.IO.FileInfo("log4net.config"));

Here is an example of performing the same configuration via code.

static void ConfigureLog4net()
{
    Hierarchy hierarchy = (Hierarchy)LogManager.GetRepository();
    PatternLayout patternLayout = new PatternLayout();

    patternLayout.ConversionPattern = "%-4timestamp [%thread] %-5level %logger %ndc - %message%newline";
    patternLayout.ActivateOptions();

    AWSAppender appender = new AWSAppender();
    appender.Layout = patternLayout;

    // Set log group and region. Assume credentials will be found using the default profile or IAM credentials.
    appender.LogGroup = "Log4net.ProgrammaticConfigurationExample";
    appender.Region = "us-east-1";

    appender.ActivateOptions();
    hierarchy.Root.AddAppender(appender);

    hierarchy.Root.Level = Level.All;
    hierarchy.Configured = true;
}

Checkout the Log4net samples for examples of how you can use AWS and log4net together.

ASP.NET Core Logging

ASP.NET Core introduced a new logging framework that has providers configured to send logs to destinations. The AWS.Logger.AspNetCore NuGet package provides a log provider which adds CloudWatch Logs as a destination for the logs.

Note: Starting with version 2.0.0 of AWS.Logger.AspNetCore this library targets netstandard2.0 and the dependencies have been upgraded to the ASP.NET Core 2.1 versions. For older versions of .NET Core, which Microsoft has made end of life, use versions before 2.0.0.

The WebSample in this repository demonstrates how to configure this provider.

The configuration is setup in the appsettings.json file. In versions before 2.0.0 the AWS.Logging was used as the configuration section root. Starting with 2.0.0 the library has switched to use the standard Logging configuration section root. For backwards compatibility if the Logging section does not contain a LogGroup then the library will fallback to AWS.Logging.

"Logging": {
  "Region": "us-east-1",
  "LogGroup": "AspNetCore.WebSample",
  "IncludeLogLevel": true,
  "IncludeCategory": true,
  "IncludeNewline": true,
  "IncludeException": true,
  "IncludeEventId": false,
  "IncludeScopes": false,
  "LogLevel": {
    "Default": "Debug",
    "System": "Information",
    "Microsoft": "Information"
  }
}

In a typical ASP.NET Core application the Program.cs file contains a CreateWebHostBuilder method. To include AWS.Logger.AspNetCore add a call to ConfigureLogging and in the Action<ILoggingBuilder> passed into ConfigureLogging call AddAWSProvider. This will look up the configuration information from the IConfiguration added to the dependency injection system.

public static IWebHostBuilder CreateWebHostBuilder(string[] args) =>
    WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
        .ConfigureLogging(logging =>
        {
            logging.AddAWSProvider();

            // When you need logging below set the minimum level. Otherwise the logging framework will default to Informational for external providers.
            logging.SetMinimumLevel(LogLevel.Debug);
        })
        .UseStartup<Startup>();

Serilog

Serilog can be configured with sinks to receive log messages either through a config file or through code. To use a config file with Serilog, follow the instructions here to install the necessary extensions and NuGet packages. In the json file, make sure AWS.Logger.SeriLog is in the Using array. Set the LogGroup and Region under the Serilog node, and add AWSSeriLog as a sink under the WriteTo node. Here is an example.

{
  "Serilog": {
    "Using": [
      "AWS.Logger.SeriLog"
    ],
    "LogGroup": "Serilog.ConfigExample",
    "Region": "us-east-1",
    "MinimumLevel": "Information",
    "WriteTo": [
      {
        "Name": "AWSSeriLog"
      }
    ]
  }
}

Add the following code to configure the logger to read from the json file.

var configuration = new ConfigurationBuilder()
.AddJsonFile("appsettings.json")
.Build();

var logger = new LoggerConfiguration()
.ReadFrom.Configuration(configuration)
.CreateLogger();

The AWS Credentials will be found using the standard .NET credentials search path. It will search for a profile named default, environment variables, or an instance profile on an EC2 instance. In order to use a profile other than default, add a Profile under the Serilog node.

Below is an example of doing the same configuration as above via code. The AWS sink can be added to the logger by using the WriteTo method.

AWSLoggerConfig configuration = new AWSLoggerConfig("Serilog.ConfigExample");
configuration.Region = "us-east-1";

var logger = new LoggerConfiguration()
.WriteTo.AWSSeriLog(configuration)
.CreateLogger();

Checkout the Serilog samples for examples of how you can use AWS and Serilog together.

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