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JMX (Java Management Extensions) is an industry-standard technology for monitoring and managing Java applications. Java applications instrumented with JMX expose a set of resources called MBeans (Management Beans) with attributes and methods that can be queried and invoked programmatically.

The JMX job in Axibase Collector provides a way to query MBean attribute values from remote Java applications and transmit them to the Axibase Time Series Database for alerting and long-term retention. MBean attribute values can be stored as properties or series in case of numeric attributes.

The JMX job can have one or multiple JMX configurations each describing connection parameters and MBean queries. It is common for configurations in a given job to connect to the same Java application.

JMX Configuration

Connection Parameters

Field Description
Name Job configuration name.
Host Hostname or IP address of the remote server running Java application with JMX service.
Port JMX service port.
User Name JMX username.
Password JMX password.
Service Name JMX service username. The default service name is jmxrmi.

Connection parameters should correspond to the settings specified by the target Java application.

   -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=NURSWGVML011 \${ACTIVEMQ_BASE}/conf/jmx.password \${ACTIVEMQ_BASE}/conf/jmx.access"

To verify connectivity with the remote host, click the [Test] or [Viewer] buttons.

Add hostname to the /etc/hosts file directory on the collector machine in case of UnknownHostException.

Failed to retrieve RMIServer stub: javax.naming.ConfigurationException [Root exception is java.rmi.UnknownHostException: Unknown host: NURSWGVML011; nested exception is: NURSWGVML011]

Query Parameters

Field Description
Entity Entity name under which the data will be stored.
Command Type Insert command type: SERIES, PROPERTY or BOTH.
Metric Prefix Common prefix added to metric names, for example jmx.activemq.
Property Type Prefix Prefix added to property type, for example jmx.activemq.
Property type is set to MBean type attribute by default.
Excluded Property Attributes List of attribute names excluded from property commands.
Excluded Series Attributes List of attribute names excluded from series commands.
Series Tags Pre-defined tags added to series commands.

Excluded Property and Series Attributes support '' wildcards, for example: `DynamicDestinationProducers_, QueueProducers_*`.

Entity Name

If not specified, the entity name is set to the value of the Host field. You can override it, for example, if the Host field contains a DNS hostname, whereas you need to collect data under a short hostname of the server where the Java application is running.

In addition, the entity name can be retrieved dynamically by specifying the MBean Object Name followed by > and the attribute name (mbean>attribute). For example:


If the entity name query fails to provide a value or if the bean or attribute is not found, the entity name will be set to the Host field. If the composite expression retrieves a value successfully, it will be stored in the Axibase Collector database and will be re-used in case of subsequent connection errors.


Configuration includes a list of MBean queries consisting of two parts:

The list of queries can be entered manually or by opening Viewer, expanding MBean hierarchy, and choosing attributes of interest.

org.apache.activemq:brokerName=localhost,type=Broker   -->     TotalProducerCount, TotalMessageCount

Object Name pattern matches all MBean instances of specified type and name.

The Attribute Name list selects attributes whose values will be retrieved and sent to the database. The Attribute Name list can include specific names as well as name patterns.

Both parts of the query support wildcards:

  • Asterisk * replaces any number (including zero) of characters.
  • Question mark ? replaces any one character.
Object Name Pattern Examples
  • *:type=Foo,name=Bar: matches names in any domain whose exact set of keys is type=Foo,name=Bar.
  • d:type=Foo,name=Bar,*: matches names in the domain d that have the keys type=Foo,name=Bar plus zero or more other keys.
  • *:type=Foo,name=Bar,*: matches names in any domain that has the keys type=Foo,name=Bar plus zero or more other keys.
  • d:type=F?o,name=Bar: matches for example d:type=Foo,name=Bar and d:type=Fro,name=Bar.
  • d:type=F*o,name=Bar: matches for example d:type=Fo,name=Bar and d:type=Frodo,name=Bar.
  • d:type=Foo,name="B*": matches for example d:type=Foo,name="Bling". Wildcards are recognized inside quotes and can be escaped with \.
Attribute Name Pattern Examples

You can specify the list of collected attributes by replacing specific attribute names with wildcards. For example, to collect all numeric attributes from MBean java.lang:*,type=GarbageCollector, specify * in the corresponding attribute selector field.

Object Name Pattern Attribute Name List
java.lang:*,type=GarbageCollector CollectionCount, CollectionTime
java.lang:*,type=GarbageCollector CollectionCount, LastGcInfo.*
java.lang:type=Memory HeapMemoryUsage*

Special processing for PROPERTY command:

  • Attribute Name list is ignored for property commands since property commands collect all attributes of the matched beans.
  • The default value for property type field is set to MBean type, for instance, to Broker in the example above. To override the default type, enter a custom value in property_type column.


JMX Configuration Example


Click 'Viewer' to open a tree-based MBean navigator displaying available Management Beans and their attributes.

Select a checkbox next to an attribute name to add to the list of collected attributes. Modify the expression by replacing the specific Object Name fields with wildcards, if necessary.

JMX Viewer

Ignored MBean Attributes

The following MBean attributes are ignored from Viewer and commands:

  • Attribute value cannot be obtained due to a processing error:
    - UnsupportedOperationException
    - UnmarshalException
    - ReflectionException
    - RuntimeOperationsException
    - InstanceNotFoundException
  • Attribute value is NaN (Not a Number) for numeric attributes in case of a series command.
    NaN can occur, for example, on division by zero.

Attribute Error Debugging

To view attributes ignored due to processing errors, enable debugging for the MBeansInfoExtractor class:

<logger name="com.axibase.collector.model.jmx.MBeansInfoExtractor" level="DEBUG">
    <appender-ref ref="logRoller"/>

Restart Axibase Collector process, execute the JMX job, or open the Viewer to review the log:

tail -f ./axibase-collector/logs/axibase-collector.log