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/***************************************************************************
* _ _ ____ _
* Project ___| | | | _ \| |
* / __| | | | |_) | |
* | (__| |_| | _ <| |___
* \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
*
* Copyright (C) 1998 - 2011, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
*
* This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
* you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
* are also available at http://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
*
* You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
*
* This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied.
*
***************************************************************************/
/* A multi-threaded example that uses pthreads and fetches 4 remote files at
* once over HTTPS. The lock callbacks and stuff assume OpenSSL or GnuTLS
* (libgcrypt) so far.
*
* OpenSSL docs for this:
* http://www.openssl.org/docs/crypto/threads.html
* gcrypt docs for this:
* http://gnupg.org/documentation/manuals/gcrypt/Multi_002dThreading.html
*/
#define USE_OPENSSL /* or USE_GNUTLS accordingly */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
#define NUMT 4
/* we have this global to let the callback get easy access to it */
static pthread_mutex_t *lockarray;
#ifdef USE_OPENSSL
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
static void lock_callback(int mode, int type, char *file, int line)
{
(void)file;
(void)line;
if (mode & CRYPTO_LOCK) {
pthread_mutex_lock(&(lockarray[type]));
}
else {
pthread_mutex_unlock(&(lockarray[type]));
}
}
static unsigned long thread_id(void)
{
unsigned long ret;
ret=(unsigned long)pthread_self();
return(ret);
}
static void init_locks(void)
{
int i;
lockarray=(pthread_mutex_t *)OPENSSL_malloc(CRYPTO_num_locks() *
sizeof(pthread_mutex_t));
for (i=0; i<CRYPTO_num_locks(); i++) {
pthread_mutex_init(&(lockarray[i]),NULL);
}
CRYPTO_set_id_callback((unsigned long (*)())thread_id);
CRYPTO_set_locking_callback((void (*)())lock_callback);
}
static void kill_locks(void)
{
int i;
CRYPTO_set_locking_callback(NULL);
for (i=0; i<CRYPTO_num_locks(); i++)
pthread_mutex_destroy(&(lockarray[i]));
OPENSSL_free(lockarray);
}
#endif
#ifdef USE_GNUTLS
#include <gcrypt.h>
#include <errno.h>
GCRY_THREAD_OPTION_PTHREAD_IMPL;
void init_locks(void)
{
gcry_control(GCRYCTL_SET_THREAD_CBS);
}
#define kill_locks()
#endif
/* List of URLs to fetch.*/
const char * const urls[]= {
"https://www.example.com/",
"https://www2.example.com/",
"https://www3.example.com/",
"https://www4.example.com/",
};
static void *pull_one_url(void *url)
{
CURL *curl;
curl = curl_easy_init();
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
/* this example doesn't verify the server's certificate, which means we
might be downloading stuff from an impostor */
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, 0L);
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 0L);
curl_easy_perform(curl); /* ignores error */
curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
return NULL;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
pthread_t tid[NUMT];
int i;
int error;
(void)argc; /* we don't use any arguments in this example */
(void)argv;
/* Must initialize libcurl before any threads are started */
curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);
init_locks();
for(i=0; i< NUMT; i++) {
error = pthread_create(&tid[i],
NULL, /* default attributes please */
pull_one_url,
(void *)urls[i]);
if(0 != error)
fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't run thread number %d, errno %d\n", i, error);
else
fprintf(stderr, "Thread %d, gets %s\n", i, urls[i]);
}
/* now wait for all threads to terminate */
for(i=0; i< NUMT; i++) {
error = pthread_join(tid[i], NULL);
fprintf(stderr, "Thread %d terminated\n", i);
}
kill_locks();
return 0;
}
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