Get index of each capture.
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match-index Build Status

Get index of each capture.

Why?

You want to match a regex like /(a.)(b)(c.)d/ with "aabccde", and get the following information back:

"aa" at index = 0
"b" at index = 2
"cc" at index = 3

But, it is difficult to write.

match-index provide matchCaptureGroupAll function that easy to get this information!

const text = "aabccde";
const regExp = /(a.)(b)(c.)d/;
const captureGroups = matchCaptureGroupAll(text, regExp);
// array of `MatchCaptureGroup`
assert.equal(captureGroups.length, 3);
const [a, b, c]= captureGroups;
assert.equal(a.text, "aa");
assert.equal(a.index, 0);
assert.equal(b.text, "b");
assert.equal(b.index, 2);
assert.equal(c.text, "cc");
assert.equal(c.index, 3);

Installation

npm install match-index

Usage

match-index provide two functions

matchCaptureGroupAll(text, regExp): MatchCaptureGroup

Retrieves the captured matches when matching a string against a regular expression.

Example of matchCaptureGroupAll()

// get "ABC" and "EFC that are captured by ( and )
const captureGroups = matchCaptureGroupAll("ABC EFG", /(ABC).*?(EFG)/);
// captureGroups is array of MatchAllGroup
/**
 * @typedef {Object} MatchAllGroup
 * @property {Array} all
 * @property {string} input
 * @property {number} index
 * @property {MatchCaptureGroup[]} captureGroups
 */
assert(captureGroups.length, 2);
const [x, y] = captureGroups;
assert.equal(x.text, "ABC");
assert.equal(x.index, 0);
assert.equal(y.text, "EFG");
assert.equal(y.index, 4);

matchCaptureGroupAll use matchAll in internal.

matchAll(text, regExp): MatchAllGroup

Retrieves the matches all when matching a string against a regular expression.

Example of matchAll()

const text = 'test1test2';
const regexp = /t(e)(st(\d?))/g;
const captureGroups = matchAll(text, regexp);
// captureGroups is array of `MatchAllGroup`
/**
 * @typedef {Object} MatchAllGroup
 * @property {Array} all
 * @property {string} input
 * @property {number} index
 * @property {MatchCaptureGroup[]} captureGroups
 */

assert.equal(captureGroups.length, 2);
const [test1, test2] = captureGroups;
assert.equal(test1.index, 0);
assert.equal(test1.input, text);
assert.deepEqual(test1.all, ['test1', 'e', 'st1', '1']);
assert.deepEqual(test1.captureGroups, [
    {
        index: 1,
        text: 'e'
    }, {
        index: 2,
        text: 'st1'
    }, {
        index: -1,// Limitation of capture nest
        text: '1'
    }
]);
assert.equal(test2.index, 5);
assert.equal(test2.input, text);
assert.deepEqual(test2.all, ['test2', 'e', 'st2', '2']);
assert.deepEqual(test2.captureGroups, [
    {
        index: 6,
        text: 'e'
    }, {
        index: 7,
        text: 'st2'
    }, {
        index: -1, // Limitation
        text: '2'
    }
]);

Notes

Limitation ⚠️

matchAll and matchCaptureGroupAll doesn't support nest capture.

e.g.) last captureGroups item's index is wrong result.

(st(\d?)) is nest capture.

const text = 'test1test2';
const regexp = /t(e)(st(\d?))/g;
const captureGroups = matchAll(text, regexp);
// captureGroups is array of `MatchAllGroup`
/**
 * @typedef {Object} MatchAllGroup
 * @property {Array} all
 * @property {string} input
 * @property {number} index
 * @property {MatchCaptureGroup[]} captureGroups
 */

assert.equal(captureGroups.length, 2);
const [test1, test2] = captureGroups;
assert.equal(test1.index, 0);
assert.equal(test1.input, text);
assert.deepEqual(test1.all, ['test1', 'e', 'st1', '1']);
assert.deepEqual(test1.captureGroups, [
    {
        index: 1,
        text: 'e'
    }, {
        index: 2,
        text: 'st1'
    }, {
        index: -1,// Limitation of capture nest
        text: '1'
    }
]);

Welcome to pull request to fix this limitation :)

Tests

npm test

Contributing

  1. Fork it!
  2. Create your feature branch: git checkout -b my-new-feature
  3. Commit your changes: git commit -am 'Add some feature'
  4. Push to the branch: git push origin my-new-feature
  5. Submit a pull request :D

License

MIT