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" Vim syntax file
" Language: awk, nawk, gawk, mawk
" Maintainer: Antonio Colombo <>
" Last Change: 2012 May 18
" AWK ref. is: Alfred V. Aho, Brian W. Kernighan, Peter J. Weinberger
" The AWK Programming Language, Addison-Wesley, 1988
" GAWK ref. is: Arnold D. Robbins
" Effective AWK Programming, Third Edition, O'Reilly, 2001
" MAWK is a "new awk" meaning it implements AWK ref.
" mawk conforms to the Posix 1003.2 (draft 11.3)
" definition of the AWK language which contains a few features
" not described in the AWK book, and mawk provides a small number of extensions.
" Dig into the commented out syntax expressions below.
" For version 5.x: Clear all syntax items
" For version 6.x: Quit when a syntax file was already loaded
if version < 600
syn clear
elseif exists("b:current_syntax")
let s:cpo_save = &cpo
set cpo&vim
" A bunch of useful Awk keywords
" AWK ref. p. 188
syn keyword awkStatement break continue delete exit
syn keyword awkStatement function getline next
syn keyword awkStatement print printf return
" GAWK ref. p. 117
syn keyword awkStatement nextfile
" AWK ref. p. 42, GAWK ref. p. 142-166
syn keyword awkFunction atan2 close cos exp fflush int log rand sin sqrt srand
syn keyword awkFunction gsub index length match split sprintf sub
syn keyword awkFunction substr system
" GAWK ref. p. 142-166
syn keyword awkFunction asort gensub mktime strftime strtonum systime
syn keyword awkFunction tolower toupper
syn keyword awkFunction and or xor compl lshift rshift
syn keyword awkFunction dcgettext bindtextdomain
syn keyword awkConditional if else
syn keyword awkRepeat while for
syn keyword awkTodo contained TODO
syn keyword awkPatterns BEGIN END
" AWK ref. p. 36
syn keyword awkVariables ARGC ARGV FILENAME FNR FS NF NR
" GAWK ref. p. 120-126
syn keyword awkVariables RT RLENGTH TEXTDOMAIN
syn keyword awkRepeat do
" Octal format character.
syn match awkSpecialCharacter display contained "\\[0-7]\{1,3\}"
syn keyword awkStatement func nextfile
" Hex format character.
syn match awkSpecialCharacter display contained "\\x[0-9A-Fa-f]\+"
syn match awkFieldVars "\$\d\+"
"catch errors caused by wrong parenthesis
syn region awkParen transparent start="(" end=")" contains=ALLBUT,awkParenError,awkSpecialCharacter,awkArrayElement,awkArrayArray,awkTodo,awkRegExp,awkBrktRegExp,awkBrackets,awkCharClass
syn match awkParenError display ")"
syn match awkInParen display contained "[{}]"
" 64 lines for complex &&'s, and ||'s in a big "if"
syn sync ccomment awkParen maxlines=64
" Search strings & Regular Expressions therein.
syn region awkSearch oneline start="^[ \t]*/"ms=e start="\(,\|!\=\~\)[ \t]*/"ms=e skip="\\\\\|\\/" end="/" contains=awkBrackets,awkRegExp,awkSpecialCharacter
syn region awkBrackets contained start="\[\^\]\="ms=s+2 start="\[[^\^]"ms=s+1 end="\]"me=e-1 contains=awkBrktRegExp,awkCharClass
syn region awkSearch oneline start="[ \t]*/"hs=e skip="\\\\\|\\/" end="/" contains=awkBrackets,awkRegExp,awkSpecialCharacter
syn match awkCharClass contained "\[:[^:\]]*:\]"
syn match awkBrktRegExp contained "\\.\|.\-[^]]"
syn match awkRegExp contained "/\^"ms=s+1
syn match awkRegExp contained "\$/"me=e-1
syn match awkRegExp contained "[?.*{}|+]"
" String and Character constants
" Highlight special characters (those which have a backslash) differently
syn region awkString start=+"+ skip=+\\\\\|\\"+ end=+"+ contains=@Spell,awkSpecialCharacter,awkSpecialPrintf
syn match awkSpecialCharacter contained "\\."
" Some of these combinations may seem weird, but they work.
syn match awkSpecialPrintf contained "%[-+ #]*\d*\.\=\d*[cdefgiosuxEGX%]"
" Numbers, allowing signs (both -, and +)
" Integer number.
syn match awkNumber display "[+-]\=\<\d\+\>"
" Floating point number.
syn match awkFloat display "[+-]\=\<\d\+\.\d+\>"
" Floating point number, starting with a dot.
syn match awkFloat display "[+-]\=\<.\d+\>"
syn case ignore
"floating point number, with dot, optional exponent
syn match awkFloat display "\<\d\+\.\d*\(e[-+]\=\d\+\)\=\>"
"floating point number, starting with a dot, optional exponent
syn match awkFloat display "\.\d\+\(e[-+]\=\d\+\)\=\>"
"floating point number, without dot, with exponent
syn match awkFloat display "\<\d\+e[-+]\=\d\+\>"
syn case match
"syn match awkIdentifier "\<[a-zA-Z_][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\>"
" Arithmetic operators: +, and - take care of ++, and --
"syn match awkOperator "+\|-\|\*\|/\|%\|="
"syn match awkOperator "+=\|-=\|\*=\|/=\|%="
"syn match awkOperator "^\|^="
" Comparison expressions.
"syn match awkExpression "==\|>=\|=>\|<=\|=<\|\!="
"syn match awkExpression "\~\|\!\~"
"syn match awkExpression "?\|:"
"syn keyword awkExpression in
" Boolean Logic (OR, AND, NOT)
"syn match awkBoolLogic "||\|&&\|\!"
" This is overridden by less-than & greater-than.
" Put this above those to override them.
" Put this in a 'match "\<printf\=\>.*;\="' to make it not override
" less/greater than (most of the time), but it won't work yet because
" keywords always have precedence over match & region.
" File I/O: (print foo, bar > "filename") & for nawk (getline < "filename")
"syn match awkFileIO contained ">"
"syn match awkFileIO contained "<"
" Expression separators: ';' and ','
syn match awkSemicolon ";"
syn match awkComma ","
syn match awkComment "#.*" contains=@Spell,awkTodo
syn match awkLineSkip "\\$"
" Highlight array element's (recursive arrays allowed).
" Keeps nested array names' separate from normal array elements.
" Keeps numbers separate from normal array elements (variables).
syn match awkArrayArray contained "[^][, \t]\+\["me=e-1
syn match awkArrayElement contained "[^][, \t]\+"
syn region awkArray transparent start="\[" end="\]" contains=awkArray,awkArrayElement,awkArrayArray,awkNumber,awkFloat
" 10 should be enough.
" (for the few instances where it would be more than "oneline")
syn sync ccomment awkArray maxlines=10
" define the default highlighting
" For version 5.7 and earlier: only when not done already
" For version 5.8 and later: only when an item doesn't have highlighting yet
if version >= 508 || !exists("did_awk_syn_inits")
if version < 508
let did_awk_syn_inits = 1
command -nargs=+ HiLink hi link <args>
command -nargs=+ HiLink hi def link <args>
HiLink awkConditional Conditional
HiLink awkFunction Function
HiLink awkRepeat Repeat
HiLink awkStatement Statement
HiLink awkString String
HiLink awkSpecialPrintf Special
HiLink awkSpecialCharacter Special
HiLink awkSearch String
HiLink awkBrackets awkRegExp
HiLink awkBrktRegExp awkNestRegExp
HiLink awkCharClass awkNestRegExp
HiLink awkNestRegExp Keyword
HiLink awkRegExp Special
HiLink awkNumber Number
HiLink awkFloat Float
HiLink awkFileIO Special
"HiLink awkOperator Special
"HiLink awkExpression Special
HiLink awkBoolLogic Special
HiLink awkPatterns Special
HiLink awkVariables Special
HiLink awkFieldVars Special
HiLink awkLineSkip Special
HiLink awkSemicolon Special
HiLink awkComma Special
"HiLink awkIdentifier Identifier
HiLink awkComment Comment
HiLink awkTodo Todo
" Change this if you want nested array names to be highlighted.
HiLink awkArrayArray awkArray
HiLink awkArrayElement Special
HiLink awkParenError awkError
HiLink awkInParen awkError
HiLink awkError Error
delcommand HiLink
let b:current_syntax = "awk"
let &cpo = s:cpo_save
unlet s:cpo_save
" vim: ts=8