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*pi_vimball.txt* For Vim version 7.3. Last change: 2011 Sep 26
Vimball Archiver
Author: Charles E. Campbell, Jr. <NdrOchip@ScampbellPfamily.AbizM>
(remove NOSPAM from Campbell's email first)
Copyright: (c) 2004-2011 by Charles E. Campbell, Jr. *Vimball-copyright*
The VIM LICENSE applies to Vimball.vim, and Vimball.txt
(see |copyright|) except use "Vimball" instead of "Vim".
No warranty, express or implied.
Use At-Your-Own-Risk!
1. Contents *vba* *vimball* *vimball-contents*
1. Contents......................................: |vimball-contents|
2. Vimball Introduction..........................: |vimball-intro|
3. Vimball Manual................................: |vimball-manual|
MkVimball.....................................: |:MkVimball|
UseVimball....................................: |:UseVimball|
RmVimball.....................................: |:RmVimball|
4. Vimball History...............................: |vimball-history|
2. Vimball Introduction *vimball-intro*
Vimball is intended to make life simpler for users of plugins. All
a user needs to do with a vimball is: >
vim someplugin.vba
:so %
< and the plugin and all its components will be installed into their
appropriate directories. Note that one doesn't need to be in any
particular directory when one does this. Plus, any help for the
plugin will also be automatically installed.
If a user has decided to use the AsNeeded plugin, vimball is smart
enough to put scripts nominally intended for .vim/plugin/ into
.vim/AsNeeded/ instead.
Removing a plugin that was installed with vimball is really easy: >
:RmVimball someplugin
< This operation is not at all easy for zips and tarballs, for example.
Vimball examines the user's |'runtimepath'| to determine where to put
the scripts. The first directory mentioned on the runtimepath is
usually used if possible. Use >
:echo &rtp
< to see that directory.
3. Vimball Manual *vimball-manual*
:[range]MkVimball[!] filename [path]
The range is composed of lines holding paths to files to be included
in your new vimball, omitting the portion of the paths that is
normally specified by the runtimepath (|'rtp'|). As an example: >
< using >
:[range]MkVimball filename
on this range of lines will create a file called "filename.vba" which
can be used by Vimball.vim to re-create these files. If the
"filename.vba" file already exists, then MkVimball will issue a
warning and not create the file. Note that these paths are relative
to your .vim (vimfiles) directory, and the files should be in that
directory. The vimball plugin normally uses the first |'runtimepath'|
directory that exists as a prefix; don't use absolute paths, unless
the user has specified such a path.
If you use the exclamation point (!), then MkVimball will create the
"filename.vba" file, overwriting it if it already exists. This
behavior resembles that for |:w|.
If you wish to force slashes into the filename, that can also be done
by using the exclamation mark (ie. :MkVimball! path/filename).
The tip at
has a good idea on how to automate the production of vimballs using
First, the |mkdir()| command is tried (not all systems support it).
If it doesn't exist, then if g:vimball_mkdir doesn't exist, it is set
as follows: >
|g:netrw_local_mkdir|, if it exists
"mkdir" , if it is executable
"makedir" , if it is executable
Otherwise , it is undefined.
< One may explicitly specify the directory making command using
g:vimball_mkdir. This command is used to make directories that
are needed as indicated by the vimball.
You may override the use of the |'runtimepath'| by specifying a
variable, g:vimball_home.
vim filename.vba
Simply editing a Vimball will cause Vimball.vim to tell the user to
source the file to extract its contents.
Extraction will only proceed if the first line of a putative vimball
file holds the "Vimball Archiver by Charles E. Campbell, Jr., Ph.D."
This command will tell Vimball to list the files in the archive, along
with their lengths in lines.
:UseVimball [path]
This command is contained within the vimball itself; it invokes the
vimball#Vimball() routine which is responsible for unpacking the
vimball. One may choose to execute it by hand instead of sourcing
the vimball; one may also choose to specify a path for the
installation, thereby overriding the automatic choice of the first
existing directory on the |'runtimepath'|.
:RmVimball vimballfile [path]
This command removes all files generated by the specified vimball
(but not any directories it may have made). One may choose a path
for de-installation, too (see |'runtimepath'|); otherwise, the
default is the first existing directory on the |'runtimepath'|.
To implement this, a file (.VimballRecord) is made in that directory
containing a record of what files need to be removed for all vimballs
used thus far.
If for some reason you don't want to be able to extract plugins
using vimballs: you may prevent the loading of vimball.vim by
putting the following two variables in your <.vimrc>: >
let g:loaded_vimballPlugin= 1
let g:loaded_vimball = 1
WINDOWS *vimball-windows*
Many vimball files are compressed with gzip. Windows, unfortunately,
does not come provided with a tool to decompress gzip'ped files.
Fortunately, there are a number of tools available for Windows users
to un-gzip files:
Item Tool/Suite Free Website
---- ---------- ---- -------
7zip tool y
Winzip tool n
unxutils suite y
cygwin suite y
GnuWin32 suite y
MinGW suite y
4. Vimball History *vimball-history* {{{1
34 : Sep 22, 2011 * "UseVimball path" now supports a non-full path by
prepending the current directory to it.
33 : Apr 02, 2011 * Gave priority to *.vmb over *.vba
* Changed silent! to sil! (shorter)
* Safed |'swf'| setting (during vimball extraction,
its now turned off)
32 : May 19, 2010 * (Christian Brabrandt) :so someplugin.vba and
:so someplugin.vba.gz (and the other supported
compression types) now works
* (Jan Steffens) added support for xz compression
* fenc extraction was erroneously picking up the
end of the line number when no file encoding
was present. Fixed.
* By request, beginning the switchover from the vba
extension to vmb. Currently both are supported;
MkVimball, however, now will create *.vmb files.
Feb 11, 2011 * motoyakurotsu reported an error with vimball's
handling of zero-length files
30 : Dec 08, 2008 * fnameescape() inserted to protect error
messaging using corrupted filenames from
causing problems
* RmVimball supports filenames that would
otherwise be considered to have "magic"
characters (ie. Abc[1].vba)
Feb 18, 2009 * s:Escape(), g:vimball_shq, and g:netrw_shq
removed (shellescape() used directly)
Oct 05, 2009 * (Nikolai Weibull) suggested that MkVimball
be allowed to use slashes in the filename.
26 : May 27, 2008 * g:vimball_mkdir usage installed. Makes the
$HOME/.vim (or $HOME\vimfiles) directory if
May 30, 2008 * (tnx to Bill McCarthy) found and fixed a bug:
vimball wasn't updating plugins to AsNeeded/
when it should
25 : Mar 24, 2008 * changed vimball#Vimball() to recognize doc/*.??x
files as help files, too.
Apr 18, 2008 * RmVimball command is now protected by saving and
restoring settings -- in particular, acd was
causing problems as reported by Zhang Shuhan
24 : Nov 15, 2007 * g:vimball_path_escape used by s:Path() to
prevent certain characters from causing trouble
(defunct: |fnameescape()| and |shellescape()|
now used instead)
22 : Mar 21, 2007 * uses setlocal instead of set during BufEnter
21 : Nov 27, 2006 * (tnx to Bill McCarthy) vimball had a header
handling problem and it now changes \s to /s
20 : Nov 20, 2006 * substitute() calls have all had the 'e' flag
18 : Aug 01, 2006 * vimballs now use folding to easily display their
* if a user has AsNeeded/somefile, then vimball
will extract plugin/somefile to the AsNeeded/
17 : Jun 28, 2006 * changes all \s to /s internally for Windows
16 : Jun 15, 2006 * A. Mechelynck's idea to allow users to specify
installation root paths implemented for
UseVimball, MkVimball, and RmVimball.
* RmVimball implemented
15 : Jun 13, 2006 * bugfix
14 : May 26, 2006 * bugfixes
13 : May 01, 2006 * exists("&acd") used to determine if the acd
option exists
12 : May 01, 2006 * bugfix - the |'acd'| option is not always defined
11 : Apr 27, 2006 * VimballList would create missing subdirectories that
the vimball specified were needed. Fixed.
10 : Apr 27, 2006 * moved all setting saving/restoration to a pair of
functions. Included some more settings in them
which frequently cause trouble.
9 : Apr 26, 2006 * various changes to support Windows' predilection
for backslashes and spaces in file and directory
7 : Apr 25, 2006 * bypasses foldenable
* uses more exe and less norm! (:yank :put etc)
* does better at insuring a "Press ENTER" prompt
appears to keep its messages visible
4 : Mar 31, 2006 * BufReadPost seems to fire twice; BufReadEnter
only fires once, so the "Source this file..."
message is now issued only once.
3 : Mar 20, 2006 * removed query, now requires sourcing to be
extracted (:so %). Message to that effect
* :VimballList now shows files that would be
2 : Mar 20, 2006 * query, :UseVimball included
1 : Mar 20, 2006 * initial release
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