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/***************************************************************************
* _ _ ____ _
* Project ___| | | | _ \| |
* / __| | | | |_) | |
* | (__| |_| | _ <| |___
* \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
*
* Copyright (C) 1998 - 2012, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
*
* This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
* you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
* are also available at http://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
*
* You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
*
* This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied.
*
***************************************************************************/
#include "setup.h"
#ifndef CURL_DISABLE_TFTP
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_NETINET_IN_H
#include <netinet/in.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_NETDB_H
#include <netdb.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ARPA_INET_H
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_NET_IF_H
#include <net/if.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_IOCTL_H
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
#include <sys/param.h>
#endif
#include "urldata.h"
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include "transfer.h"
#include "sendf.h"
#include "tftp.h"
#include "progress.h"
#include "connect.h"
#include "strerror.h"
#include "sockaddr.h" /* required for Curl_sockaddr_storage */
#include "multiif.h"
#include "url.h"
#include "rawstr.h"
#define _MPRINTF_REPLACE /* use our functions only */
#include <curl/mprintf.h>
#include "curl_memory.h"
#include "select.h"
/* The last #include file should be: */
#include "memdebug.h"
/* RFC2348 allows the block size to be negotiated */
#define TFTP_BLKSIZE_DEFAULT 512
#define TFTP_BLKSIZE_MIN 8
#define TFTP_BLKSIZE_MAX 65464
#define TFTP_OPTION_BLKSIZE "blksize"
/* from RFC2349: */
#define TFTP_OPTION_TSIZE "tsize"
#define TFTP_OPTION_INTERVAL "timeout"
typedef enum {
TFTP_MODE_NETASCII=0,
TFTP_MODE_OCTET
} tftp_mode_t;
typedef enum {
TFTP_STATE_START=0,
TFTP_STATE_RX,
TFTP_STATE_TX,
TFTP_STATE_FIN
} tftp_state_t;
typedef enum {
TFTP_EVENT_NONE = -1,
TFTP_EVENT_INIT = 0,
TFTP_EVENT_RRQ = 1,
TFTP_EVENT_WRQ = 2,
TFTP_EVENT_DATA = 3,
TFTP_EVENT_ACK = 4,
TFTP_EVENT_ERROR = 5,
TFTP_EVENT_OACK = 6,
TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT
} tftp_event_t;
typedef enum {
TFTP_ERR_UNDEF=0,
TFTP_ERR_NOTFOUND,
TFTP_ERR_PERM,
TFTP_ERR_DISKFULL,
TFTP_ERR_ILLEGAL,
TFTP_ERR_UNKNOWNID,
TFTP_ERR_EXISTS,
TFTP_ERR_NOSUCHUSER, /* This will never be triggered by this code */
/* The remaining error codes are internal to curl */
TFTP_ERR_NONE = -100,
TFTP_ERR_TIMEOUT,
TFTP_ERR_NORESPONSE
} tftp_error_t;
typedef struct tftp_packet {
unsigned char *data;
} tftp_packet_t;
typedef struct tftp_state_data {
tftp_state_t state;
tftp_mode_t mode;
tftp_error_t error;
tftp_event_t event;
struct connectdata *conn;
curl_socket_t sockfd;
int retries;
int retry_time;
int retry_max;
time_t start_time;
time_t max_time;
time_t rx_time;
unsigned short block;
struct Curl_sockaddr_storage local_addr;
struct Curl_sockaddr_storage remote_addr;
curl_socklen_t remote_addrlen;
int rbytes;
int sbytes;
int blksize;
int requested_blksize;
tftp_packet_t rpacket;
tftp_packet_t spacket;
} tftp_state_data_t;
/* Forward declarations */
static CURLcode tftp_rx(tftp_state_data_t *state, tftp_event_t event) ;
static CURLcode tftp_tx(tftp_state_data_t *state, tftp_event_t event) ;
static CURLcode tftp_connect(struct connectdata *conn, bool *done);
static CURLcode tftp_disconnect(struct connectdata *conn,
bool dead_connection);
static CURLcode tftp_do(struct connectdata *conn, bool *done);
static CURLcode tftp_done(struct connectdata *conn,
CURLcode, bool premature);
static CURLcode tftp_setup_connection(struct connectdata * conn);
static CURLcode tftp_multi_statemach(struct connectdata *conn, bool *done);
static CURLcode tftp_doing(struct connectdata *conn, bool *dophase_done);
static int tftp_getsock(struct connectdata *conn, curl_socket_t *socks,
int numsocks);
static CURLcode tftp_translate_code(tftp_error_t error);
/*
* TFTP protocol handler.
*/
const struct Curl_handler Curl_handler_tftp = {
"TFTP", /* scheme */
tftp_setup_connection, /* setup_connection */
tftp_do, /* do_it */
tftp_done, /* done */
ZERO_NULL, /* do_more */
tftp_connect, /* connect_it */
tftp_multi_statemach, /* connecting */
tftp_doing, /* doing */
tftp_getsock, /* proto_getsock */
tftp_getsock, /* doing_getsock */
ZERO_NULL, /* domore_getsock */
ZERO_NULL, /* perform_getsock */
tftp_disconnect, /* disconnect */
ZERO_NULL, /* readwrite */
PORT_TFTP, /* defport */
CURLPROTO_TFTP, /* protocol */
PROTOPT_NONE | PROTOPT_NOURLQUERY /* flags */
};
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_set_timeouts -
*
* Set timeouts based on state machine state.
* Use user provided connect timeouts until DATA or ACK
* packet is received, then use user-provided transfer timeouts
*
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_set_timeouts(tftp_state_data_t *state)
{
time_t maxtime, timeout;
long timeout_ms;
bool start = (state->state == TFTP_STATE_START) ? TRUE : FALSE;
time(&state->start_time);
/* Compute drop-dead time */
timeout_ms = Curl_timeleft(state->conn->data, NULL, start);
if(timeout_ms < 0) {
/* time-out, bail out, go home */
failf(state->conn->data, "Connection time-out");
return CURLE_OPERATION_TIMEDOUT;
}
if(start) {
maxtime = (time_t)(timeout_ms + 500) / 1000;
state->max_time = state->start_time+maxtime;
/* Set per-block timeout to total */
timeout = maxtime ;
/* Average restart after 5 seconds */
state->retry_max = (int)timeout/5;
if(state->retry_max < 1)
/* avoid division by zero below */
state->retry_max = 1;
/* Compute the re-start interval to suit the timeout */
state->retry_time = (int)timeout/state->retry_max;
if(state->retry_time<1)
state->retry_time=1;
}
else {
if(timeout_ms > 0)
maxtime = (time_t)(timeout_ms + 500) / 1000;
else
maxtime = 3600;
state->max_time = state->start_time+maxtime;
/* Set per-block timeout to total */
timeout = maxtime;
/* Average reposting an ACK after 5 seconds */
state->retry_max = (int)timeout/5;
}
/* But bound the total number */
if(state->retry_max<3)
state->retry_max=3;
if(state->retry_max>50)
state->retry_max=50;
/* Compute the re-ACK interval to suit the timeout */
state->retry_time = (int)(timeout/state->retry_max);
if(state->retry_time<1)
state->retry_time=1;
infof(state->conn->data,
"set timeouts for state %d; Total %ld, retry %d maxtry %d\n",
(int)state->state, (long)(state->max_time-state->start_time),
state->retry_time, state->retry_max);
/* init RX time */
time(&state->rx_time);
return CURLE_OK;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_set_send_first
*
* Event handler for the START state
*
**********************************************************/
static void setpacketevent(tftp_packet_t *packet, unsigned short num)
{
packet->data[0] = (unsigned char)(num >> 8);
packet->data[1] = (unsigned char)(num & 0xff);
}
static void setpacketblock(tftp_packet_t *packet, unsigned short num)
{
packet->data[2] = (unsigned char)(num >> 8);
packet->data[3] = (unsigned char)(num & 0xff);
}
static unsigned short getrpacketevent(const tftp_packet_t *packet)
{
return (unsigned short)((packet->data[0] << 8) | packet->data[1]);
}
static unsigned short getrpacketblock(const tftp_packet_t *packet)
{
return (unsigned short)((packet->data[2] << 8) | packet->data[3]);
}
static size_t Curl_strnlen(const char *string, size_t maxlen)
{
const char *end = memchr (string, '\0', maxlen);
return end ? (size_t) (end - string) : maxlen;
}
static const char *tftp_option_get(const char *buf, size_t len,
const char **option, const char **value)
{
size_t loc;
loc = Curl_strnlen( buf, len );
loc++; /* NULL term */
if(loc >= len)
return NULL;
*option = buf;
loc += Curl_strnlen( buf+loc, len-loc );
loc++; /* NULL term */
if(loc > len)
return NULL;
*value = &buf[strlen(*option) + 1];
return &buf[loc];
}
static CURLcode tftp_parse_option_ack(tftp_state_data_t *state,
const char *ptr, int len)
{
const char *tmp = ptr;
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
/* if OACK doesn't contain blksize option, the default (512) must be used */
state->blksize = TFTP_BLKSIZE_DEFAULT;
while(tmp < ptr + len) {
const char *option, *value;
tmp = tftp_option_get(tmp, ptr + len - tmp, &option, &value);
if(tmp == NULL) {
failf(data, "Malformed ACK packet, rejecting");
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
infof(data, "got option=(%s) value=(%s)\n", option, value);
if(checkprefix(option, TFTP_OPTION_BLKSIZE)) {
long blksize;
blksize = strtol( value, NULL, 10 );
if(!blksize) {
failf(data, "invalid blocksize value in OACK packet");
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
else if(blksize > TFTP_BLKSIZE_MAX) {
failf(data, "%s (%d)", "blksize is larger than max supported",
TFTP_BLKSIZE_MAX);
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
else if(blksize < TFTP_BLKSIZE_MIN) {
failf(data, "%s (%d)", "blksize is smaller than min supported",
TFTP_BLKSIZE_MIN);
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
else if(blksize > state->requested_blksize) {
/* could realloc pkt buffers here, but the spec doesn't call out
* support for the server requesting a bigger blksize than the client
* requests */
failf(data, "%s (%ld)",
"server requested blksize larger than allocated", blksize);
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
state->blksize = (int)blksize;
infof(data, "%s (%d) %s (%d)\n", "blksize parsed from OACK",
state->blksize, "requested", state->requested_blksize);
}
else if(checkprefix(option, TFTP_OPTION_TSIZE)) {
long tsize = 0;
tsize = strtol( value, NULL, 10 );
infof(data, "%s (%ld)\n", "tsize parsed from OACK", tsize);
/* tsize should be ignored on upload: Who cares about the size of the
remote file? */
if(!data->set.upload) {
if(!tsize) {
failf(data, "invalid tsize -:%s:- value in OACK packet", value);
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
Curl_pgrsSetDownloadSize(data, tsize);
}
}
}
return CURLE_OK;
}
static size_t tftp_option_add(tftp_state_data_t *state, size_t csize,
char *buf, const char *option)
{
if(( strlen(option) + csize + 1 ) > (size_t)state->blksize)
return 0;
strcpy(buf, option);
return( strlen(option) + 1 );
}
static CURLcode tftp_connect_for_tx(tftp_state_data_t *state,
tftp_event_t event)
{
CURLcode res;
#ifndef CURL_DISABLE_VERBOSE_STRINGS
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
infof(data, "%s\n", "Connected for transmit");
#endif
state->state = TFTP_STATE_TX;
res = tftp_set_timeouts(state);
if(res != CURLE_OK)
return(res);
return tftp_tx(state, event);
}
static CURLcode tftp_connect_for_rx(tftp_state_data_t *state,
tftp_event_t event)
{
CURLcode res;
#ifndef CURL_DISABLE_VERBOSE_STRINGS
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
infof(data, "%s\n", "Connected for receive");
#endif
state->state = TFTP_STATE_RX;
res = tftp_set_timeouts(state);
if(res != CURLE_OK)
return(res);
return tftp_rx(state, event);
}
static CURLcode tftp_send_first(tftp_state_data_t *state, tftp_event_t event)
{
size_t sbytes;
ssize_t senddata;
const char *mode = "octet";
char *filename;
char buf[64];
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
CURLcode res = CURLE_OK;
/* Set ascii mode if -B flag was used */
if(data->set.prefer_ascii)
mode = "netascii";
switch(event) {
case TFTP_EVENT_INIT: /* Send the first packet out */
case TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT: /* Resend the first packet out */
/* Increment the retry counter, quit if over the limit */
state->retries++;
if(state->retries>state->retry_max) {
state->error = TFTP_ERR_NORESPONSE;
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
return res;
}
if(data->set.upload) {
/* If we are uploading, send an WRQ */
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_WRQ);
state->conn->data->req.upload_fromhere =
(char *)state->spacket.data+4;
if(data->set.infilesize != -1)
Curl_pgrsSetUploadSize(data, data->set.infilesize);
}
else {
/* If we are downloading, send an RRQ */
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_RRQ);
}
/* As RFC3617 describes the separator slash is not actually part of the
file name so we skip the always-present first letter of the path
string. */
filename = curl_easy_unescape(data, &state->conn->data->state.path[1], 0,
NULL);
if(!filename)
return CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
snprintf((char *)state->spacket.data+2,
state->blksize,
"%s%c%s%c", filename, '\0', mode, '\0');
sbytes = 4 + strlen(filename) + strlen(mode);
/* add tsize option */
if(data->set.upload && (data->set.infilesize != -1))
snprintf( buf, sizeof(buf), "%" FORMAT_OFF_T, data->set.infilesize );
else
strcpy(buf, "0"); /* the destination is large enough */
sbytes += tftp_option_add(state, sbytes,
(char *)state->spacket.data+sbytes,
TFTP_OPTION_TSIZE);
sbytes += tftp_option_add(state, sbytes,
(char *)state->spacket.data+sbytes, buf);
/* add blksize option */
snprintf( buf, sizeof(buf), "%d", state->requested_blksize );
sbytes += tftp_option_add(state, sbytes,
(char *)state->spacket.data+sbytes,
TFTP_OPTION_BLKSIZE);
sbytes += tftp_option_add(state, sbytes,
(char *)state->spacket.data+sbytes, buf );
/* add timeout option */
snprintf( buf, sizeof(buf), "%d", state->retry_time);
sbytes += tftp_option_add(state, sbytes,
(char *)state->spacket.data+sbytes,
TFTP_OPTION_INTERVAL);
sbytes += tftp_option_add(state, sbytes,
(char *)state->spacket.data+sbytes, buf );
/* the typecase for the 3rd argument is mostly for systems that do
not have a size_t argument, like older unixes that want an 'int' */
senddata = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
(SEND_TYPE_ARG3)sbytes, 0,
state->conn->ip_addr->ai_addr,
state->conn->ip_addr->ai_addrlen);
if(senddata != (ssize_t)sbytes) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
}
Curl_safefree(filename);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_OACK:
if(data->set.upload) {
res = tftp_connect_for_tx(state, event);
}
else {
res = tftp_connect_for_rx(state, event);
}
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_ACK: /* Connected for transmit */
res = tftp_connect_for_tx(state, event);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_DATA: /* Connected for receive */
res = tftp_connect_for_rx(state, event);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_ERROR:
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
break;
default:
failf(state->conn->data, "tftp_send_first: internal error");
break;
}
return res;
}
/* the next blocknum is x + 1 but it needs to wrap at an unsigned 16bit
boundary */
#define NEXT_BLOCKNUM(x) (((x)+1)&0xffff)
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_rx
*
* Event handler for the RX state
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_rx(tftp_state_data_t *state, tftp_event_t event)
{
ssize_t sbytes;
int rblock;
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
switch(event) {
case TFTP_EVENT_DATA:
/* Is this the block we expect? */
rblock = getrpacketblock(&state->rpacket);
if(NEXT_BLOCKNUM(state->block) != rblock) {
/* No, log it */
infof(data,
"Received unexpected DATA packet block %d, expecting block %d\n",
rblock, NEXT_BLOCKNUM(state->block));
break;
}
/* This is the expected block. Reset counters and ACK it. */
state->block = (unsigned short)rblock;
state->retries = 0;
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_ACK);
setpacketblock(&state->spacket, state->block);
sbytes = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
if(sbytes < 0) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
return CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
/* Check if completed (That is, a less than full packet is received) */
if(state->rbytes < (ssize_t)state->blksize+4) {
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
}
else {
state->state = TFTP_STATE_RX;
}
time(&state->rx_time);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_OACK:
/* ACK option acknowledgement so we can move on to data */
state->block = 0;
state->retries = 0;
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_ACK);
setpacketblock(&state->spacket, state->block);
sbytes = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
if(sbytes < 0) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
return CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
/* we're ready to RX data */
state->state = TFTP_STATE_RX;
time(&state->rx_time);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT:
/* Increment the retry count and fail if over the limit */
state->retries++;
infof(data,
"Timeout waiting for block %d ACK. Retries = %d\n",
NEXT_BLOCKNUM(state->block), state->retries);
if(state->retries > state->retry_max) {
state->error = TFTP_ERR_TIMEOUT;
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
}
else {
/* Resend the previous ACK */
sbytes = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
if(sbytes<0) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
return CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
}
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_ERROR:
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_ERROR);
setpacketblock(&state->spacket, state->block);
(void)sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
/* don't bother with the return code, but if the socket is still up we
* should be a good TFTP client and let the server know we're done */
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
break;
default:
failf(data, "%s", "tftp_rx: internal error");
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL; /* not really the perfect return code for
this */
}
return CURLE_OK;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_tx
*
* Event handler for the TX state
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_tx(tftp_state_data_t *state, tftp_event_t event)
{
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
ssize_t sbytes;
int rblock;
CURLcode res = CURLE_OK;
struct SingleRequest *k = &data->req;
switch(event) {
case TFTP_EVENT_ACK:
case TFTP_EVENT_OACK:
if(event == TFTP_EVENT_ACK) {
/* Ack the packet */
rblock = getrpacketblock(&state->rpacket);
if(rblock != state->block &&
/* There's a bug in tftpd-hpa that causes it to send us an ack for
* 65535 when the block number wraps to 0. So when we're expecting
* 0, also accept 65535. See
* http://syslinux.zytor.com/archives/2010-September/015253.html
* */
!(state->block == 0 && rblock == 65535)) {
/* This isn't the expected block. Log it and up the retry counter */
infof(data, "Received ACK for block %d, expecting %d\n",
rblock, state->block);
state->retries++;
/* Bail out if over the maximum */
if(state->retries>state->retry_max) {
failf(data, "tftp_tx: giving up waiting for block %d ack",
state->block);
res = CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
else {
/* Re-send the data packet */
sbytes = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4+state->sbytes, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
/* Check all sbytes were sent */
if(sbytes<0) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
res = CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
}
return res;
}
/* This is the expected packet. Reset the counters and send the next
block */
time(&state->rx_time);
state->block++;
}
else
state->block = 1; /* first data block is 1 when using OACK */
state->retries = 0;
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_DATA);
setpacketblock(&state->spacket, state->block);
if(state->block > 1 && state->sbytes < (int)state->blksize) {
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
return CURLE_OK;
}
res = Curl_fillreadbuffer(state->conn, state->blksize, &state->sbytes);
if(res)
return res;
sbytes = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4+state->sbytes, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
/* Check all sbytes were sent */
if(sbytes<0) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
return CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
/* Update the progress meter */
k->writebytecount += state->sbytes;
Curl_pgrsSetUploadCounter(data, k->writebytecount);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT:
/* Increment the retry counter and log the timeout */
state->retries++;
infof(data, "Timeout waiting for block %d ACK. "
" Retries = %d\n", NEXT_BLOCKNUM(state->block), state->retries);
/* Decide if we've had enough */
if(state->retries > state->retry_max) {
state->error = TFTP_ERR_TIMEOUT;
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
}
else {
/* Re-send the data packet */
sbytes = sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data,
4+state->sbytes, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
/* Check all sbytes were sent */
if(sbytes<0) {
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(state->conn, SOCKERRNO));
return CURLE_SEND_ERROR;
}
/* since this was a re-send, we remain at the still byte position */
Curl_pgrsSetUploadCounter(data, k->writebytecount);
}
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_ERROR:
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
setpacketevent(&state->spacket, TFTP_EVENT_ERROR);
setpacketblock(&state->spacket, state->block);
(void)sendto(state->sockfd, (void *)state->spacket.data, 4, SEND_4TH_ARG,
(struct sockaddr *)&state->remote_addr,
state->remote_addrlen);
/* don't bother with the return code, but if the socket is still up we
* should be a good TFTP client and let the server know we're done */
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
break;
default:
failf(data, "tftp_tx: internal error, event: %i", (int)(event));
break;
}
return res;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_translate_code
*
* Translate internal error codes to CURL error codes
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_translate_code(tftp_error_t error)
{
CURLcode code = CURLE_OK;
if(error != TFTP_ERR_NONE) {
switch(error) {
case TFTP_ERR_NOTFOUND:
code = CURLE_TFTP_NOTFOUND;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_PERM:
code = CURLE_TFTP_PERM;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_DISKFULL:
code = CURLE_REMOTE_DISK_FULL;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_UNDEF:
case TFTP_ERR_ILLEGAL:
code = CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_UNKNOWNID:
code = CURLE_TFTP_UNKNOWNID;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_EXISTS:
code = CURLE_REMOTE_FILE_EXISTS;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_NOSUCHUSER:
code = CURLE_TFTP_NOSUCHUSER;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_TIMEOUT:
code = CURLE_OPERATION_TIMEDOUT;
break;
case TFTP_ERR_NORESPONSE:
code = CURLE_COULDNT_CONNECT;
break;
default:
code= CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK;
break;
}
}
else {
code = CURLE_OK;
}
return(code);
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_state_machine
*
* The tftp state machine event dispatcher
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_state_machine(tftp_state_data_t *state,
tftp_event_t event)
{
CURLcode res = CURLE_OK;
struct SessionHandle *data = state->conn->data;
switch(state->state) {
case TFTP_STATE_START:
DEBUGF(infof(data, "TFTP_STATE_START\n"));
res = tftp_send_first(state, event);
break;
case TFTP_STATE_RX:
DEBUGF(infof(data, "TFTP_STATE_RX\n"));
res = tftp_rx(state, event);
break;
case TFTP_STATE_TX:
DEBUGF(infof(data, "TFTP_STATE_TX\n"));
res = tftp_tx(state, event);
break;
case TFTP_STATE_FIN:
infof(data, "%s\n", "TFTP finished");
break;
default:
DEBUGF(infof(data, "STATE: %d\n", state->state));
failf(data, "%s", "Internal state machine error");
res = CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
break;
}
return res;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_disconnect
*
* The disconnect callback
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_disconnect(struct connectdata *conn, bool dead_connection)
{
tftp_state_data_t *state = conn->proto.tftpc;
(void) dead_connection;
/* done, free dynamically allocated pkt buffers */
if(state) {
Curl_safefree(state->rpacket.data);
Curl_safefree(state->spacket.data);
free(state);
}
return CURLE_OK;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_connect
*
* The connect callback
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_connect(struct connectdata *conn, bool *done)
{
CURLcode code;
tftp_state_data_t *state;
int blksize, rc;
blksize = TFTP_BLKSIZE_DEFAULT;
/* If there already is a protocol-specific struct allocated for this
sessionhandle, deal with it */
Curl_reset_reqproto(conn);
state = conn->proto.tftpc = calloc(1, sizeof(tftp_state_data_t));
if(!state)
return CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
/* alloc pkt buffers based on specified blksize */
if(conn->data->set.tftp_blksize) {
blksize = (int)conn->data->set.tftp_blksize;
if(blksize > TFTP_BLKSIZE_MAX || blksize < TFTP_BLKSIZE_MIN )
return CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL;
}
if(!state->rpacket.data) {
state->rpacket.data = calloc(1, blksize + 2 + 2);
if(!state->rpacket.data)
return CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
}
if(!state->spacket.data) {
state->spacket.data = calloc(1, blksize + 2 + 2);
if(!state->spacket.data)
return CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
}
conn->bits.close = TRUE; /* we don't keep TFTP connections up bascially
because there's none or very little gain for UDP
*/
state->conn = conn;
state->sockfd = state->conn->sock[FIRSTSOCKET];
state->state = TFTP_STATE_START;
state->error = TFTP_ERR_NONE;
state->blksize = TFTP_BLKSIZE_DEFAULT;
state->requested_blksize = blksize;
((struct sockaddr *)&state->local_addr)->sa_family =
(unsigned short)(conn->ip_addr->ai_family);
tftp_set_timeouts(state);
if(!conn->bits.bound) {
/* If not already bound, bind to any interface, random UDP port. If it is
* reused or a custom local port was desired, this has already been done!
*
* We once used the size of the local_addr struct as the third argument
* for bind() to better work with IPv6 or whatever size the struct could
* have, but we learned that at least Tru64, AIX and IRIX *requires* the
* size of that argument to match the exact size of a 'sockaddr_in' struct
* when running IPv4-only.
*
* Therefore we use the size from the address we connected to, which we
* assume uses the same IP version and thus hopefully this works for both
* IPv4 and IPv6...
*/
rc = bind(state->sockfd, (struct sockaddr *)&state->local_addr,
conn->ip_addr->ai_addrlen);
if(rc) {
failf(conn->data, "bind() failed; %s",
Curl_strerror(conn, SOCKERRNO));
return CURLE_COULDNT_CONNECT;
}
conn->bits.bound = TRUE;
}
Curl_pgrsStartNow(conn->data);
*done = TRUE;
code = CURLE_OK;
return(code);
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_done
*
* The done callback
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_done(struct connectdata *conn, CURLcode status,
bool premature)
{
CURLcode code = CURLE_OK;
tftp_state_data_t *state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
(void)status; /* unused */
(void)premature; /* not used */
if(Curl_pgrsDone(conn))
return CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK;
/* If we have encountered an error */
code = tftp_translate_code(state->error);
return code;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_getsock
*
* The getsock callback
*
**********************************************************/
static int tftp_getsock(struct connectdata *conn, curl_socket_t *socks,
int numsocks)
{
if(!numsocks)
return GETSOCK_BLANK;
socks[0] = conn->sock[FIRSTSOCKET];
return GETSOCK_READSOCK(0);
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_receive_packet
*
* Called once select fires and data is ready on the socket
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_receive_packet(struct connectdata *conn)
{
struct Curl_sockaddr_storage fromaddr;
curl_socklen_t fromlen;
CURLcode result = CURLE_OK;
struct SessionHandle *data = conn->data;
tftp_state_data_t *state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
struct SingleRequest *k = &data->req;
/* Receive the packet */
fromlen = sizeof(fromaddr);
state->rbytes = (int)recvfrom(state->sockfd,
(void *)state->rpacket.data,
state->blksize+4,
0,
(struct sockaddr *)&fromaddr,
&fromlen);
if(state->remote_addrlen==0) {
memcpy(&state->remote_addr, &fromaddr, fromlen);
state->remote_addrlen = fromlen;
}
/* Sanity check packet length */
if(state->rbytes < 4) {
failf(data, "Received too short packet");
/* Not a timeout, but how best to handle it? */
state->event = TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT;
}
else {
/* The event is given by the TFTP packet time */
state->event = (tftp_event_t)getrpacketevent(&state->rpacket);
switch(state->event) {
case TFTP_EVENT_DATA:
/* Don't pass to the client empty or retransmitted packets */
if(state->rbytes > 4 &&
(NEXT_BLOCKNUM(state->block) == getrpacketblock(&state->rpacket))) {
result = Curl_client_write(conn, CLIENTWRITE_BODY,
(char *)state->rpacket.data+4,
state->rbytes-4);
if(result) {
tftp_state_machine(state, TFTP_EVENT_ERROR);
return result;
}
k->bytecount += state->rbytes-4;
Curl_pgrsSetDownloadCounter(data, (curl_off_t) k->bytecount);
}
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_ERROR:
state->error = (tftp_error_t)getrpacketblock(&state->rpacket);
infof(data, "%s\n", (const char *)state->rpacket.data+4);
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_ACK:
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_OACK:
result = tftp_parse_option_ack(state,
(const char *)state->rpacket.data+2,
state->rbytes-2);
if(result)
return result;
break;
case TFTP_EVENT_RRQ:
case TFTP_EVENT_WRQ:
default:
failf(data, "%s", "Internal error: Unexpected packet");
break;
}
/* Update the progress meter */
if(Curl_pgrsUpdate(conn)) {
tftp_state_machine(state, TFTP_EVENT_ERROR);
return CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK;
}
}
return result;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_state_timeout
*
* Check if timeouts have been reached
*
**********************************************************/
static long tftp_state_timeout(struct connectdata *conn, tftp_event_t *event)
{
time_t current;
tftp_state_data_t *state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
if(event)
*event = TFTP_EVENT_NONE;
time(&current);
if(current > state->max_time) {
DEBUGF(infof(conn->data, "timeout: %ld > %ld\n",
(long)current, (long)state->max_time));
state->error = TFTP_ERR_TIMEOUT;
state->state = TFTP_STATE_FIN;
return 0;
}
else if(current > state->rx_time+state->retry_time) {
if(event)
*event = TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT;
time(&state->rx_time); /* update even though we received nothing */
}
/* there's a typecast below here since 'time_t' may in fact be larger than
'long', but we estimate that a 'long' will still be able to hold number
of seconds even if "only" 32 bit */
return (long)(state->max_time - current);
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_easy_statemach
*
* Handle easy request until completion
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_easy_statemach(struct connectdata *conn)
{
int rc;
int check_time = 0;
CURLcode result = CURLE_OK;
struct SessionHandle *data = conn->data;
tftp_state_data_t *state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
curl_socket_t fd_read;
long timeout_ms;
struct SingleRequest *k = &data->req;
struct timeval transaction_start = Curl_tvnow();
k->start = transaction_start;
k->now = transaction_start;
/* Run the TFTP State Machine */
for(; (state->state != TFTP_STATE_FIN) && (result == CURLE_OK); ) {
timeout_ms = state->retry_time * 1000;
if(data->set.upload) {
if(data->set.max_send_speed &&
(data->progress.ulspeed > data->set.max_send_speed)) {
fd_read = CURL_SOCKET_BAD;
timeout_ms = Curl_sleep_time(data->set.max_send_speed,
data->progress.ulspeed, state->blksize);
}
else {
fd_read = state->sockfd;
}
}
else {
if(data->set.max_recv_speed &&
(data->progress.dlspeed > data->set.max_recv_speed)) {
fd_read = CURL_SOCKET_BAD;
timeout_ms = Curl_sleep_time(data->set.max_recv_speed,
data->progress.dlspeed, state->blksize);
}
else
fd_read = state->sockfd;
}
if(data->set.timeout) {
timeout_ms = data->set.timeout - Curl_tvdiff(k->now, k->start);
if(timeout_ms > state->retry_time * 1000)
timeout_ms = state->retry_time * 1000;
else if(timeout_ms < 0)
timeout_ms = 0;
}
/* Wait until ready to read or timeout occurs */
rc = Curl_socket_ready(fd_read, CURL_SOCKET_BAD, timeout_ms);
k->now = Curl_tvnow();
/* Force a progress callback if it's been too long */
if(Curl_tvdiff(k->now, k->start) >= data->set.timeout) {
if(Curl_pgrsUpdate(conn)) {
tftp_state_machine(state, TFTP_EVENT_ERROR);
return CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK;
}
k->start = k->now;
}
if(rc == -1) {
/* bail out */
int error = SOCKERRNO;
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(conn, error));
state->event = TFTP_EVENT_ERROR;
}
else {
if(rc==0) {
/* A timeout occurred, but our timeout is variable, so maybe
just continue? */
long rtms = state->retry_time * 1000;
if(Curl_tvdiff(k->now, transaction_start) > rtms) {
state->event = TFTP_EVENT_TIMEOUT;
/* Force a look at transfer timeouts */
check_time = 1;
}
else {
continue; /* skip state machine */
}
}
else {
result = tftp_receive_packet(conn);
if(result == CURLE_OK)
transaction_start = Curl_tvnow();
if(k->bytecountp)
*k->bytecountp = k->bytecount; /* read count */
if(k->writebytecountp)
*k->writebytecountp = k->writebytecount; /* write count */
}
}
if(check_time) {
tftp_state_timeout(conn, NULL);
check_time = 0;
}
if(result)
return(result);
result = tftp_state_machine(state, state->event);
}
/* Tell curl we're done */
Curl_setup_transfer(conn, -1, -1, FALSE, NULL, -1, NULL);
return(result);
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_multi_statemach
*
* Handle single RX socket event and return
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_multi_statemach(struct connectdata *conn, bool *done)
{
int rc;
tftp_event_t event;
CURLcode result = CURLE_OK;
struct SessionHandle *data = conn->data;
tftp_state_data_t *state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
long timeout_ms = tftp_state_timeout(conn, &event);
*done = FALSE;
if(timeout_ms <= 0) {
failf(data, "TFTP response timeout");
return CURLE_OPERATION_TIMEDOUT;
}
else if(event != TFTP_EVENT_NONE) {
result = tftp_state_machine(state, event);
if(result != CURLE_OK)
return(result);
*done = (state->state == TFTP_STATE_FIN) ? TRUE : FALSE;
if(*done)
/* Tell curl we're done */
Curl_setup_transfer(conn, -1, -1, FALSE, NULL, -1, NULL);
}
else {
/* no timeouts to handle, check our socket */
rc = Curl_socket_ready(state->sockfd, CURL_SOCKET_BAD, 0);
if(rc == -1) {
/* bail out */
int error = SOCKERRNO;
failf(data, "%s", Curl_strerror(conn, error));
state->event = TFTP_EVENT_ERROR;
}
else if(rc != 0) {
result = tftp_receive_packet(conn);
if(result != CURLE_OK)
return(result);
result = tftp_state_machine(state, state->event);
if(result != CURLE_OK)
return(result);
*done = (state->state == TFTP_STATE_FIN) ? TRUE : FALSE;
if(*done)
/* Tell curl we're done */
Curl_setup_transfer(conn, -1, -1, FALSE, NULL, -1, NULL);
}
/* if rc == 0, then select() timed out */
}
return result;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_doing
*
* Called from multi.c while DOing
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_doing(struct connectdata *conn, bool *dophase_done)
{
CURLcode result;
result = tftp_multi_statemach(conn, dophase_done);
if(*dophase_done) {
DEBUGF(infof(conn->data, "DO phase is complete\n"));
}
return result;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_peform
*
* Entry point for transfer from tftp_do, sarts state mach
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_perform(struct connectdata *conn, bool *dophase_done)
{
CURLcode result = CURLE_OK;
tftp_state_data_t *state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
*dophase_done = FALSE;
result = tftp_state_machine(state, TFTP_EVENT_INIT);
if(state->state == TFTP_STATE_FIN || result != CURLE_OK)
return(result);
if(conn->data->state.used_interface == Curl_if_multi)
tftp_multi_statemach(conn, dophase_done);
else {
result = tftp_easy_statemach(conn);
*dophase_done = TRUE; /* with the easy interface we are done here */
}
if(*dophase_done)
DEBUGF(infof(conn->data, "DO phase is complete\n"));
return result;
}
/**********************************************************
*
* tftp_do
*
* The do callback
*
* This callback initiates the TFTP transfer
*
**********************************************************/
static CURLcode tftp_do(struct connectdata *conn, bool *done)
{
tftp_state_data_t *state;
CURLcode code;
*done = FALSE;
/*
Since connections can be re-used between SessionHandles, this might be a
connection already existing but on a fresh SessionHandle struct so we must
make sure we have a good 'struct TFTP' to play with. For new connections,
the struct TFTP is allocated and setup in the tftp_connect() function.
*/
Curl_reset_reqproto(conn);
if(!conn->proto.tftpc) {
code = tftp_connect(conn, done);
if(code)
return code;
}
state = (tftp_state_data_t *)conn->proto.tftpc;
code = tftp_perform(conn, done);
/* If tftp_perform() returned an error, use that for return code. If it
was OK, see if tftp_translate_code() has an error. */
if(code == CURLE_OK)
/* If we have encountered an internal tftp error, translate it. */
code = tftp_translate_code(state->error);
return code;
}
static CURLcode tftp_setup_connection(struct connectdata * conn)
{
struct SessionHandle *data = conn->data;
char * type;
char command;
conn->socktype = SOCK_DGRAM; /* UDP datagram based */
/* TFTP URLs support an extension like ";mode=<typecode>" that
* we'll try to get now! */
type = strstr(data->state.path, ";mode=");
if(!type)
type = strstr(conn->host.rawalloc, ";mode=");
if(type) {
*type = 0; /* it was in the middle of the hostname */
command = Curl_raw_toupper(type[6]);
switch (command) {
case 'A': /* ASCII mode */
case 'N': /* NETASCII mode */
data->set.prefer_ascii = TRUE;
break;
case 'O': /* octet mode */
case 'I': /* binary mode */
default:
/* switch off ASCII */
data->set.prefer_ascii = FALSE;
break;
}
}
return CURLE_OK;
}
#endif
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