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/***************************************************************************
* _ _ ____ _
* Project ___| | | | _ \| |
* / __| | | | |_) | |
* | (__| |_| | _ <| |___
* \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
*
* Copyright (C) 1998 - 2012, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
*
* This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
* you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
* are also available at http://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
*
* You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
*
* This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied.
*
***************************************************************************/

#include "setup.h"

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_NETINET_IN_H
#include <netinet/in.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_NETDB_H
#include <netdb.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ARPA_INET_H
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h> /* for the close() proto */
#endif
#ifdef __VMS
#include <in.h>
#include <inet.h>
#endif

#if defined(USE_THREADS_POSIX)
# ifdef HAVE_PTHREAD_H
# include <pthread.h>
# endif
#elif defined(USE_THREADS_WIN32)
# ifdef HAVE_PROCESS_H
# include <process.h>
# endif
#endif

#if (defined(NETWARE) && defined(__NOVELL_LIBC__))
#undef in_addr_t
#define in_addr_t unsigned long
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_GETADDRINFO
# define RESOLVER_ENOMEM EAI_MEMORY
#else
# define RESOLVER_ENOMEM ENOMEM
#endif

#include "urldata.h"
#include "sendf.h"
#include "hostip.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "share.h"
#include "strerror.h"
#include "url.h"
#include "multiif.h"
#include "inet_pton.h"
#include "inet_ntop.h"
#include "curl_threads.h"

#define _MPRINTF_REPLACE /* use our functions only */
#include <curl/mprintf.h>

#include "curl_memory.h"
/* The last #include file should be: */
#include "memdebug.h"

/***********************************************************************
* Only for threaded name resolves builds
**********************************************************************/
#ifdef CURLRES_THREADED

/*
* Curl_resolver_global_init()
* Called from curl_global_init() to initialize global resolver environment.
* Does nothing here.
*/
int Curl_resolver_global_init(void)
{
  return CURLE_OK;
}

/*
* Curl_resolver_global_cleanup()
* Called from curl_global_cleanup() to destroy global resolver environment.
* Does nothing here.
*/
void Curl_resolver_global_cleanup(void)
{
}

/*
* Curl_resolver_init()
* Called from curl_easy_init() -> Curl_open() to initialize resolver
* URL-state specific environment ('resolver' member of the UrlState
* structure). Does nothing here.
*/
CURLcode Curl_resolver_init(void **resolver)
{
  (void)resolver;
  return CURLE_OK;
}

/*
* Curl_resolver_cleanup()
* Called from curl_easy_cleanup() -> Curl_close() to cleanup resolver
* URL-state specific environment ('resolver' member of the UrlState
* structure). Does nothing here.
*/
void Curl_resolver_cleanup(void *resolver)
{
  (void)resolver;
}

/*
* Curl_resolver_duphandle()
* Called from curl_easy_duphandle() to duplicate resolver URL state-specific
* environment ('resolver' member of the UrlState structure). Does nothing
* here.
*/
int Curl_resolver_duphandle(void **to, void *from)
{
  (void)to;
  (void)from;
  return CURLE_OK;
}

static void destroy_async_data(struct Curl_async *);

/*
* Cancel all possibly still on-going resolves for this connection.
*/
void Curl_resolver_cancel(struct connectdata *conn)
{
  destroy_async_data(&conn->async);
}

/* This function is used to init a threaded resolve */
static bool init_resolve_thread(struct connectdata *conn,
                                const char *hostname, int port,
                                const struct addrinfo *hints);


/* Data for synchronization between resolver thread and its parent */
struct thread_sync_data {
  curl_mutex_t * mtx;
  int done;

  char * hostname; /* hostname to resolve, Curl_async.hostname
duplicate */
  int port;
  int sock_error;
  Curl_addrinfo *res;
#ifdef HAVE_GETADDRINFO
  struct addrinfo hints;
#endif
};

struct thread_data {
  curl_thread_t thread_hnd;
  unsigned int poll_interval;
  int interval_end;
  struct thread_sync_data tsd;
};

static struct thread_sync_data *conn_thread_sync_data(struct connectdata *conn)
{
  return &(((struct thread_data *)conn->async.os_specific)->tsd);
}

#define CONN_THREAD_SYNC_DATA(conn) &(((conn)->async.os_specific)->tsd);

/* Destroy resolver thread synchronization data */
static
void destroy_thread_sync_data(struct thread_sync_data * tsd)
{
  if(tsd->mtx) {
    Curl_mutex_destroy(tsd->mtx);
    free(tsd->mtx);
  }

  if(tsd->hostname)
    free(tsd->hostname);

  if(tsd->res)
    Curl_freeaddrinfo(tsd->res);

  memset(tsd,0,sizeof(*tsd));
}

/* Initialize resolver thread synchronization data */
static
int init_thread_sync_data(struct thread_sync_data * tsd,
                           const char * hostname,
                           int port,
                           const struct addrinfo *hints)
{
  memset(tsd, 0, sizeof(*tsd));

  tsd->port = port;
#ifdef CURLRES_IPV6
  DEBUGASSERT(hints);
  tsd->hints = *hints;
#else
  (void) hints;
#endif

  tsd->mtx = malloc(sizeof(curl_mutex_t));
  if(tsd->mtx == NULL)
    goto err_exit;

  Curl_mutex_init(tsd->mtx);

  tsd->sock_error = CURL_ASYNC_SUCCESS;

  /* Copying hostname string because original can be destroyed by parent
* thread during gethostbyname execution.
*/
  tsd->hostname = strdup(hostname);
  if(!tsd->hostname)
    goto err_exit;

  return 1;

 err_exit:
  /* Memory allocation failed */
  destroy_thread_sync_data(tsd);
  return 0;
}

static int getaddrinfo_complete(struct connectdata *conn)
{
  struct thread_sync_data *tsd = conn_thread_sync_data(conn);
  int rc;

  rc = Curl_addrinfo_callback(conn, tsd->sock_error, tsd->res);
  /* The tsd->res structure has been copied to async.dns and perhaps the DNS
cache. Set our copy to NULL so destroy_thread_sync_data doesn't free it.
*/
  tsd->res = NULL;

  return rc;
}


#ifdef HAVE_GETADDRINFO

/*
* getaddrinfo_thread() resolves a name and then exits.
*
* For builds without ARES, but with ENABLE_IPV6, create a resolver thread
* and wait on it.
*/
static unsigned int CURL_STDCALL getaddrinfo_thread (void *arg)
{
  struct thread_sync_data *tsd = (struct thread_sync_data*)arg;
  char service [NI_MAXSERV];
  int rc;

  snprintf(service, sizeof(service), "%d", tsd->port);

  rc = Curl_getaddrinfo_ex(tsd->hostname, service, &tsd->hints, &tsd->res);

  if(rc != 0) {
    tsd->sock_error = SOCKERRNO?SOCKERRNO:rc;
    if(tsd->sock_error == 0)
      tsd->sock_error = RESOLVER_ENOMEM;
  }

  Curl_mutex_acquire(tsd->mtx);
  tsd->done = 1;
  Curl_mutex_release(tsd->mtx);

  return 0;
}

#else /* HAVE_GETADDRINFO */

/*
* gethostbyname_thread() resolves a name and then exits.
*/
static unsigned int CURL_STDCALL gethostbyname_thread (void *arg)
{
  struct thread_sync_data *tsd = (struct thread_sync_data *)arg;

  tsd->res = Curl_ipv4_resolve_r(tsd->hostname, tsd->port);

  if(!tsd->res) {
    tsd->sock_error = SOCKERRNO;
    if(tsd->sock_error == 0)
      tsd->sock_error = RESOLVER_ENOMEM;
  }

  Curl_mutex_acquire(tsd->mtx);
  tsd->done = 1;
  Curl_mutex_release(tsd->mtx);

  return 0;
}

#endif /* HAVE_GETADDRINFO */

/*
* destroy_async_data() cleans up async resolver data and thread handle.
*/
static void destroy_async_data (struct Curl_async *async)
{
  if(async->hostname)
    free(async->hostname);

  if(async->os_specific) {
    struct thread_data *td = (struct thread_data*) async->os_specific;

    if(td->thread_hnd != curl_thread_t_null)
      Curl_thread_join(&td->thread_hnd);

    destroy_thread_sync_data(&td->tsd);

    free(async->os_specific);
  }
  async->hostname = NULL;
  async->os_specific = NULL;
}

/*
* init_resolve_thread() starts a new thread that performs the actual
* resolve. This function returns before the resolve is done.
*
* Returns FALSE in case of failure, otherwise TRUE.
*/
static bool init_resolve_thread (struct connectdata *conn,
                                 const char *hostname, int port,
                                 const struct addrinfo *hints)
{
  struct thread_data *td = calloc(1, sizeof(struct thread_data));
  int err = RESOLVER_ENOMEM;

  conn->async.os_specific = (void*) td;
  if(!td)
    goto err_exit;

  conn->async.port = port;
  conn->async.done = FALSE;
  conn->async.status = 0;
  conn->async.dns = NULL;
  td->thread_hnd = curl_thread_t_null;

  if(!init_thread_sync_data(&td->tsd, hostname, port, hints))
    goto err_exit;

  Curl_safefree(conn->async.hostname);
  conn->async.hostname = strdup(hostname);
  if(!conn->async.hostname)
    goto err_exit;

#ifdef HAVE_GETADDRINFO
  td->thread_hnd = Curl_thread_create(getaddrinfo_thread, &td->tsd);
#else
  td->thread_hnd = Curl_thread_create(gethostbyname_thread, &td->tsd);
#endif

  if(!td->thread_hnd) {
#ifndef _WIN32_WCE
    err = errno;
#endif
    goto err_exit;
  }

  return TRUE;

 err_exit:
  destroy_async_data(&conn->async);

  SET_ERRNO(err);

  return FALSE;
}

#if defined(HAVE_GETADDRINFO) && !defined(HAVE_GAI_STRERROR) && !defined(WIN32)
/* NetWare has getaddrinfo but lacks gai_strerror.
Windows has a gai_strerror but it is bad (not thread-safe) and the generic
socket error string function can be used for this pupose. */
static const char *gai_strerror(int ecode)
{
  switch (ecode) {
  case EAI_AGAIN:
    return "The name could not be resolved at this time";
  case EAI_BADFLAGS:
    return "The flags parameter had an invalid value";
  case EAI_FAIL:
    return "A non-recoverable error occurred when attempting to "
      "resolve the name";
  case EAI_FAMILY:
    return "The address family was not recognized";
  case EAI_MEMORY:
    return "Out of memory";
  case EAI_NONAME:
    return "The name does not resolve for the supplied parameters";
  case EAI_SERVICE:
    return "The service passed was not recognized for the "
      "specified socket type"
  case EAI_SOCKTYPE:
    return "The intended socket type was not recognized"
  case EAI_SYSTEM:
    return "A system error occurred";
  case EAI_OVERFLOW:
    return "An argument buffer overflowed";
  default:
    return "Unknown error";

/* define this now as this is a private implementation of said function */
#define HAVE_GAI_STRERROR
}
#endif


/*
* resolver_error() calls failf() with the appropriate message after a resolve
* error
*/

static void resolver_error(struct connectdata *conn, const char *host_or_proxy)
{
  failf(conn->data, "Could not resolve %s: %s; %s", host_or_proxy,
        conn->async.hostname,
#ifdef HAVE_GAI_STRERROR
        /* NetWare doesn't have gai_strerror and on Windows it isn't deemed
thread-safe */
        gai_strerror(conn->async.status)
#else
        Curl_strerror(conn, conn->async.status)
#endif
    );
}

/*
* Curl_resolver_wait_resolv()
*
* waits for a resolve to finish. This function should be avoided since using
* this risk getting the multi interface to "hang".
*
* If 'entry' is non-NULL, make it point to the resolved dns entry
*
* This is the version for resolves-in-a-thread.
*/
CURLcode Curl_resolver_wait_resolv(struct connectdata *conn,
                                   struct Curl_dns_entry **entry)
{
  struct thread_data *td = (struct thread_data*) conn->async.os_specific;
  CURLcode rc = CURLE_OK;

  DEBUGASSERT(conn && td);

  /* wait for the thread to resolve the name */
  if(Curl_thread_join(&td->thread_hnd))
    rc = getaddrinfo_complete(conn);
  else
    DEBUGASSERT(0);

  conn->async.done = TRUE;

  if(entry)
    *entry = conn->async.dns;

  if(!conn->async.dns) {
    /* a name was not resolved */
    if(conn->bits.httpproxy) {
      resolver_error(conn, "proxy");
      rc = CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_PROXY;
    }
    else {
      resolver_error(conn, "host");
      rc = CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_HOST;
    }
  }

  destroy_async_data(&conn->async);

  if(!conn->async.dns)
    conn->bits.close = TRUE;

  return (rc);
}

/*
* Curl_resolver_is_resolved() is called repeatedly to check if a previous
* name resolve request has completed. It should also make sure to time-out if
* the operation seems to take too long.
*/
CURLcode Curl_resolver_is_resolved(struct connectdata *conn,
                                   struct Curl_dns_entry **entry)
{
  struct SessionHandle *data = conn->data;
  struct thread_data *td = (struct thread_data*) conn->async.os_specific;
  int done = 0;

  *entry = NULL;

  if(!td) {
    DEBUGASSERT(td);
    return CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_HOST;
  }

  Curl_mutex_acquire(td->tsd.mtx);
  done = td->tsd.done;
  Curl_mutex_release(td->tsd.mtx);

  if(done) {
    getaddrinfo_complete(conn);
    destroy_async_data(&conn->async);

    if(!conn->async.dns) {
      resolver_error(conn, "host");
      return CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_HOST;
    }
    *entry = conn->async.dns;
  }
  else {
    /* poll for name lookup done with exponential backoff up to 250ms */
    int elapsed = Curl_tvdiff(Curl_tvnow(), data->progress.t_startsingle);
    if(elapsed < 0)
      elapsed = 0;

    if(td->poll_interval == 0)
      /* Start at 1ms poll interval */
      td->poll_interval = 1;
    else if(elapsed >= td->interval_end)
      /* Back-off exponentially if last interval expired */
      td->poll_interval *= 2;

    if(td->poll_interval > 250)
      td->poll_interval = 250;

    td->interval_end = elapsed + td->poll_interval;
    Curl_expire(conn->data, td->poll_interval);
  }

  return CURLE_OK;
}

int Curl_resolver_getsock(struct connectdata *conn,
                          curl_socket_t *socks,
                          int numsocks)
{
  (void)conn;
  (void)socks;
  (void)numsocks;
  return 0;
}

#ifndef HAVE_GETADDRINFO
/*
* Curl_getaddrinfo() - for platforms without getaddrinfo
*/
Curl_addrinfo *Curl_resolver_getaddrinfo(struct connectdata *conn,
                                         const char *hostname,
                                         int port,
                                         int *waitp)
{
  struct in_addr in;

  *waitp = 0; /* default to synchronous response */

  if(Curl_inet_pton(AF_INET, hostname, &in) > 0)
    /* This is a dotted IP address 123.123.123.123-style */
    return Curl_ip2addr(AF_INET, &in, hostname, port);

  /* fire up a new resolver thread! */
  if(init_resolve_thread(conn, hostname, port, NULL)) {
    *waitp = 1; /* expect asynchronous response */
    return NULL;
  }

  /* fall-back to blocking version */
  return Curl_ipv4_resolve_r(hostname, port);
}

#else /* !HAVE_GETADDRINFO */

/*
* Curl_resolver_getaddrinfo() - for getaddrinfo
*/
Curl_addrinfo *Curl_resolver_getaddrinfo(struct connectdata *conn,
                                         const char *hostname,
                                         int port,
                                         int *waitp)
{
  struct addrinfo hints;
  struct in_addr in;
  Curl_addrinfo *res;
  int error;
  char sbuf[NI_MAXSERV];
  int pf = PF_INET;
#ifdef CURLRES_IPV6
  struct in6_addr in6;
#endif /* CURLRES_IPV6 */

  *waitp = 0; /* default to synchronous response */

  /* First check if this is an IPv4 address string */
  if(Curl_inet_pton(AF_INET, hostname, &in) > 0)
    /* This is a dotted IP address 123.123.123.123-style */
    return Curl_ip2addr(AF_INET, &in, hostname, port);

#ifdef CURLRES_IPV6
  /* check if this is an IPv6 address string */
  if(Curl_inet_pton (AF_INET6, hostname, &in6) > 0)
    /* This is an IPv6 address literal */
    return Curl_ip2addr(AF_INET6, &in6, hostname, port);

  /*
* Check if a limited name resolve has been requested.
*/
  switch(conn->ip_version) {
  case CURL_IPRESOLVE_V4:
    pf = PF_INET;
    break;
  case CURL_IPRESOLVE_V6:
    pf = PF_INET6;
    break;
  default:
    pf = PF_UNSPEC;
    break;
  }

  if((pf != PF_INET) && !Curl_ipv6works())
    /* the stack seems to be a non-ipv6 one */
    pf = PF_INET;

#endif /* CURLRES_IPV6 */

  memset(&hints, 0, sizeof(hints));
  hints.ai_family = pf;
  hints.ai_socktype = conn->socktype;

  snprintf(sbuf, sizeof(sbuf), "%d", port);

  /* fire up a new resolver thread! */
  if(init_resolve_thread(conn, hostname, port, &hints)) {
    *waitp = 1; /* expect asynchronous response */
    return NULL;
  }

  /* fall-back to blocking version */
  infof(conn->data, "init_resolve_thread() failed for %s; %s\n",
        hostname, Curl_strerror(conn, ERRNO));

  error = Curl_getaddrinfo_ex(hostname, sbuf, &hints, &res);
  if(error) {
    infof(conn->data, "getaddrinfo() failed for %s:%d; %s\n",
          hostname, port, Curl_strerror(conn, SOCKERRNO));
    return NULL;
  }
  return res;
}

#endif /* !HAVE_GETADDRINFO */

CURLcode Curl_set_dns_servers(struct SessionHandle *data,
                              char *servers)
{
  (void)data;
  (void)servers;
  return CURLE_NOT_BUILT_IN;

}

#endif /* CURLRES_THREADED */
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