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cypress-svelte-unit-test CI circle image

renovate-app badge cypress version @bahmutov/cy-rollup version

Component testing for Svelte apps using the open source Cypress.io E2E test runner v4.5.0+

Keypad pin spec

Videos

I have recorded a series of short (3-4 minutes) videos showing Cypress + cypress-svelte-unit-test in action. See the playlist

Install

Requires Node version 8 or above and Cypress v4.5.0+

# Install this plugin and test spec preprocessor
npm install --save-dev cypress-svelte-unit-test
# if Cypress is not installed already
npx install --save-dev cypress
  1. Tell Cypress to use your rollup.config.js to bundle specs using cypress/plugins/index.js:
module.exports = (on) => {
  // @bahmutov/cy-rollup is already a dependency of cypress-svelte-unit-test
  const filePreprocessor = require('@bahmutov/cy-rollup')
  on('file:preprocessor', filePreprocessor())
}
  1. ⚠️ Turn the experimental component support on in your cypress.json. You can also specify where component spec files are located. For example, to have them located in src folder use:
{
  "experimentalComponentTesting": true,
  "componentFolder": "src",
  "testFiles": "**/*spec.js"
}

See cypress.json in this project.

  1. Write a test!
import HelloWorld from './HelloWorld.svelte'
import { mount } from 'cypress-svelte-unit-test'
it('shows greeting', () => {
  mount(HelloWorld, {
    props: {
      name: 'World',
    },
  })
  cy.contains('h1', 'Hello World!')
})

Watch Writing the first component test

Known issues

  • need to load images differently to transform relative paths

Code coverage

Instrument your code

See rollup.config.js how you can instrument source files. In short:

// npm i -D rollup-plugin-istanbul
import istanbul from 'rollup-plugin-istanbul'
plugins: [
  istanbul({
    include: ['cypress/components/**'],
    exclude: ['**/*spec.js'],
  }),
]

In Cypress iframe you should see the code coverage object under window.__coverage__.

Window coverage object

Coverage report

To merge coverage and generate reports we need to use @cypress/code-coverage plugin.

npm i -D @cypress/code-coverage

Add it to your cypress/support/index.js file

import '@cypress/code-coverage/support'

Add the plugin to your cypress/plugins/index.js file

module.exports = (on, config) => {
  const filePreprocessor = require('@bahmutov/cy-rollup')
  on('file:preprocessor', filePreprocessor())

  require('@cypress/code-coverage/task')(on, config)
  // IMPORTANT to return the config object
  // with the any changed environment variables
  return config
}

After the tests finish, you should see messages in the Command Log

Coverage messages

And find generated reports in coverage folder. For example, to open the HTML report

open coverage/lcov-report/index.html

Coverage report

Warning: I am not sure the coverage numbers are making 100% sense for Svelte files.

Svelte v3

This component adaptor is meant for Svelte v3. If you need Svelte v2 support, check out branch svelte-v2

Use

Import your Svelte component and mount using the provided function. Pass component options and global document options (like a global CSS)

Props

/// <reference types="cypress" />
import App from '../components/ChainedBalls.svelte'
import { mount } from 'cypress-svelte-unit-test'

describe('SVG animation', () => {
  it('shows chained balls', () => {
    cy.viewport(960, 500)
    const style = `
      line {
        stroke: gray;
        stroke-width: 2px;
      }
    `
    mount(
      App,
      {
        props: {
          width: 960,
          height: 500,
        },
      },
      { style },
    )
    cy.get('circle').should('have.length', 50)
  })
})

Watch Pass props to the component

Styles

You can use local styles, local CSS file path (relative to the the Cypress project root) or external stylesheets. See styles example. You can surround the component with HTML and mount the component into the element with ID "here", see cypress/components/mount-html

const props = {...}
mount(HelloWorld, props, {
  html: `
    <div class="test-page">
      this is a test
      <div id="here"></div>
      this is after component
    </div>
  `,
  style: `
    body {
      background: pink
    }
    .test-page {
      background: cyan
    }
    #here {
      background: yellow
    }
  `,
})

Mount HTML example

Watch Style component during testing

Callbacks

You can listen for messages from the component by supplying an object of callbacks.

mount(TodoItem, {
  props: {
    id: 'todo-id',
    text: 'write a test',
    complete: false,
  },
  callbacks: {
    remove: cy.stub().as('remove'),
    toggle: cy.stub().as('toggle'),
    'inner-message': cy.stub().as('inner-message'),
  },
})

See cypress/components/callbacks.

Watch Testing message dispatch

Examples

Basic examples

Svelte components copied from https://svelte.dev/examples

All components and tests are in cypress/components folder

Test Description
animation Chained balls SVG animation
callbacks Listen for messages dispatched from the component
global-handlers Attaches event listeners to document and window
hello Hello, component testing!
image Loading Rick-Roll image
named-exports Nice Audio player test
nested Checking nested components and local styles
pin Keypad pin test
reactive Svelte reactive props, declarations and statements
rx Fetching GitHub users as a reactive stream
styles Shows inline, CSS and external stylesheet styles in spec
tutorial A few components and tests from Svelte tutorial
mocking-fetch Mocking window.fetch before mounting the component
mocking-network Polyfills window.fetch automatically and tests the component

External examples

You can find larger Svelte example application with component tests under GitHub topic cypress-svelte-unit-test-example

Name Description
svelte-ts-example Writing Svelte components and tests using TypeScript

Related tools

Same feature for unit testing components from other framesworks using Cypress

Small print

Author: Gleb Bahmutov <gleb.bahmutov@gmail.com> © 2018

License: MIT - do anything with the code, but don't blame me if it does not work.

Support: if you find any problems with this module, email / tweet / open issue on Github

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2018 Gleb Bahmutov <gleb.bahmutov@gmail.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.