DuReader is a new large-scale real-world and human sourced MRC dataset in Chinese. DuReader focuses on real-world open-domain question answering. The advantages of DuReader over existing datasets are concluded as follows:
- Real question
- Real article
- Real answer
- Real application scenario
- Rich annotation
DuReader Baseline Systems
How to Run
Download the Dataset
To Download DuReader dataset:
cd data && bash download.sh
For more details about DuReader dataset please refer to DuReader Homepage.
Download Thirdparty Dependencies
We use Bleu and Rouge as evaluation metrics, the calculation of these metrics relies on the scoring scripts under "https://github.com/tylin/coco-caption", to download them, run:
cd utils && bash download_thirdparty.sh
Preprocess the Data
After the dataset is downloaded, there is still some work to do to run the baseline systems. DuReader dataset offers rich amount of documents for every user question, the documents are too long for popular RC models to cope with. In our baseline models, we preprocess the train set and development set data by selecting the paragraph that is most related to the answer string, while for inferring(no available golden answer), we select the paragraph that is most related to the question string. The preprocessing strategy is implemented in
utils/preprocess.py. To preprocess the raw data, you should first segment 'question', 'title', 'paragraphs' and then store the segemented result into 'segmented_question', 'segmented_title', 'segmented_paragraphs' like the downloaded preprocessed data, then run:
cat data/raw/trainset/search.train.json | python utils/preprocess.py > data/preprocessed/trainset/search.train.json
The preprocessed data can be automatically downloaded by
data/download.sh, and is stored in
data/preprocessed, the raw data before preprocessing is under
We implement a BiDAF model with PaddlePaddle. Note that we have an update on the PaddlePaddle baseline (Feb 25, 2019). The major updates have been noted in
paddle/UPDATES.md. On the dataset of DuReader, the PaddlePaddle baseline has better performance than our Tensorflow baseline. Multi-gpu training is also supported in the PaddlePaddle baseline.
The PaddlePaddle baseline includes the following procedures: paragraph extraction, vocabulary preparation, training, evaluation and inference. All these procedures have been wrapped in
paddle/run.sh. You can start one procedure by running run.sh with specific arguments. The basic usage is:
sh run.sh --PROCESS_NAME --OTHER_ARGS
PROCESS_NAME can be one of
predict (see the below detailed description for each procedure). OTHER_ARGS are the specific arguments, which can be found in
In the examples below (except for 'Paragraph Extraction'), we use the demo dataset (under
data/demo) by default to demonstrate the usages of
Please note that we only tested the baseline on PaddlePaddle v1.2 (Fluid) with Python 2.7.13. To install PaddlePaddle, please see PaddlePaddle Homepage for more information.
We incorporate a new strategy of paragraph extraction to improve the model performance. The details have been noted in
paddle/UPDATES.md. Please run the following command to apply the new strategy of paragraph extraction on each document:
sh run.sh --para_extraction
Note that the full preprocessed dataset should be ready before running this command (see the "Preprocess the Data" section above). The results of paragraph extraction will be saved in
data/extracted/. This procedure is only required befor running the full dataset, if you just want to try vocabulary preparation/training/evaluating/inference with demo data, you can sikp this one.
Before training the model, you need to prepare the vocabulary for the dataset and create the folders that will be used for storing the models and the results. You can run the following command for the preparation:
sh run.sh --prepare
The above command uses the data in
data/demo/ by default. To change the data folder, you need to specify the following arguments:
sh run.sh --prepare --trainset ../data/extracted/trainset/zhidao.train.json ../data/extracted/trainset/search.train.json --devset ../data/extracted/devset/zhidao.dev.json ../data/extracted/devset/search.dev.json --testset ../data/extracted/testset/zhidao.test.json ../data/extracted/testset/search.test.json
To train a model (on the demo trainset), please run the following command:
sh run.sh --train --pass_num 5
This will start the training process with 5 epochs. The trained model will be evaluated automatically after each epoch, and a folder named by the epoch ID will be created under the folder
data/models, in which the model parameters are saved. If you need to change the default hyper-parameters, e.g. initial learning rate and hidden size, please run the commands with the specific arguments.
sh run.sh --train --pass_num 5 --learning_rate 0.00001 --hidden_size 100
More arguments can be found in
To evaluate a specific model (on the demo devset), please run the following command:
sh run.sh --evaluate --load_dir YOUR_MODEL_DIR
The model under
../data/models/1) will be loaded and evaluated.
To do inference (on the demo testset) by using a trained model, please run:
sh run.sh --predict --load_dir YOUR_MODEL_DIR
The predicted answers will be saved in the folder
The performance of PaddlePaddle Baseline on DuReader 2.0
|Model||Dev ROUGE-L||Test ROUGE-L|
The results in the above table are obtained by using 4 P40 GPU cards with batch size = 4*32. If using a single card with a smaller batch size (e.g. 32), the performance might be slightly lower, but should be higher than ROUGE-L=47 on the devset.
Note: for convinience, we also provide the trained model parameters which can be used for inference directly. To reproduce the resutls in the table, please download the model parameters and vocabulary files first, and follow the steps in the "Paragraph Extraction", "Evaluate" and "Inference" section above.
Submit the test results
Once you train a model that is tuned on the dev set, we highly recommend you submit the predictions on test set to the site of DuReader for evaluation purpose. To get inference file on test set:
- make sure the training is over.
- select the best model under
data/modelsaccording to the training log.
- predict the results on test set.
- submit the prediction result file.
We also implements the BIDAF and Match-LSTM models based on Tensorflow 1.0. You can refer to the official guide for the installation of Tensorflow. The complete options for running our Tensorflow program can be accessed by using
python run.py -h. Here we demonstrate a typical workflow as follows:
Before training the model, we have to make sure that the data is ready. For preparation, we will check the data files, make directories and extract a vocabulary for later use. You can run the following command to do this with a specified task name:
python run.py --prepare
You can specify the files for train/dev/test by setting the
test_files. By default, we use the data in
To train the reading comprehension model, you can specify the model type by using
--algo [BIDAF|MLSTM] and you can also set the hyper-parameters such as the learning rate by using
--learning_rate NUM. For example, to train a BIDAF model for 10 epochs, you can run:
python run.py --train --algo BIDAF --epochs 10
The training process includes an evaluation on the dev set after each training epoch. By default, the model with the least Bleu-4 score on the dev set will be saved.
To conduct a single evaluation on the dev set with the the model already trained, you can run the following command:
python run.py --evaluate --algo BIDAF
You can also predict answers for the samples in some files using the following command:
python run.py --predict --algo BIDAF --test_files ../data/demo/devset/search.dev.json
By default, the results are saved at
../data/results/ folder. You can change this by specifying
Run baseline systems on multilingual datasets
To help evaluate the system performance on multilingual datasets, we provide scripts to convert MS MARCO V2 data from its format to DuReader format.
MS MARCO (Microsoft Machine Reading Comprehension) is an English dataset focused on machine reading comprehension and question answering. The design of MS MARCO and DuReader is similar. It is worthwhile examining the MRC systems on both Chinese (DuReader) and English (MS MARCO) datasets.
You can download MS MARCO V2 data, and run the following scripts to convert the data from MS MARCO V2 format to DuReader format. Then, you can run and evaluate our DuReader baselines or your DuReader systems on MS MARCO data.
./run_marco2dureader_preprocess.sh ../data/marco/train_v2.1.json ../data/marco/train_v2.1_dureaderformat.json ./run_marco2dureader_preprocess.sh ../data/marco/dev_v2.1.json ../data/marco/dev_v2.1_dureaderformat.json
Copyright and License
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