PhalconPHP Http Package to simply the way to create RESTful API
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Baka Http

PhalconPHP package to create fast RESTful API's providing a simple way to create fast CRUD's

Table of Contents

  1. Testing
    1. Controller Configuration
  3. QueryParser
  4. QueryParser Extended


codecept run

Routes Configuration

To avoid having to create Controller for CRUD api we provide the \Baka\Http\Rest\CrudController

Add to your routes.php

 * Need to understand if using this can be a performance disadvantage in the future
$defaultCrudRoutes = [
    'customFields' => 'custom-fields',
    'productType' => 'product-type',

$router = new RouterCollection($application);

foreach ($defaultCrudRoutes as $key => $route) {

    //set the controller name
    $name = is_int($key) ? $route : $key;
    $controllerName = ucfirst($name) . 'Controller';

    $router->get('/v1/' . $route, [
      'Gewaer\Controllers\\' . $controllerName,

    $router->post('/v1/' . $route, [
      'Gewaer\Controllers\\' . $controllerName,

    $router->get('/v1/' . $route . '/{id}', [
      'Gewaer\Controllers\\' . $controllerName,

    $router->put('/v1/' . $route . '/{id}', [
      'Gewaer\Controllers\\' . $controllerName,

    $router->delete('/v1/' . $route . '/{id}', [
      'Gewaer\Controllers\\' . $controllerName,

    * Mounting routes

You can also pass params to the routes to disable JWT and in the future assigne a middleware


$router->get('/', [
    'options' => [
        'jwt' => false,

Controller configuration



class AnyController extends Baka\Http\Rest\CrudController

 * set objects
 * @return void
public function onConstruct()
    $this->model = new Clients();
    $this->customModel = new ClientsCustomFields();


Parse GET request for a API , giving the user the correct phalcon model params to perform a search

//search by fieds and specify the list of fields
GET - /v1/?q=(searchField1:value1,searchField2:value2)&fields=id_pct,alias,latitude,longitude,category,chofer,phone,coords,last_report&limit=1&page=2&sort=id_pct|desc

//filter by relationships
GET - /v1/?q=(searchField1:value1,searchField2:value2)&with=vehicles_media[seriesField:value] 

//add to the array a relationship of this model
GET - /v1/?q=(searchField1:value1,searchField2:value2)&with=vehicles_media[seriesField:value]&relationships=direccione

$parse = new QueryParser($this->request->getQuery());

[conditions] => 1 = 1 AND searchField1 = ?1 AND searchField2 = ?2
[bind] => Array
        [1] => value1
        [2] => value2

[columns] => Array
        [0] => id_pct
        [1] => alias
        [2] => latitude
        [3] => longitude
        [4] => category
        [5] => chofer
        [6] => phone
        [7] => coords
        [8] => last_report

[order] => id_pct desc
[limit] => 10
[offset] => 10

QueryParser CustomFields (DEPRECATED)

Parse GET request for a API , given the same params as before but with cq (for custom domains) , this give out a normal SQL statement for a raw query

GET - /v1/?q=(searchField1:value1,searchField2:value2)&cq=(member_id:1)&q=(leads_status_id:1) relationship of this model


$request = $this->request->getQuery();
$parse = new QueryParserCustomFields($request, $this->model);
$params = $parse->request();
$newRecordList = [];

$recordList = (new SimpleRecords(null, $this->model, $this->model->getReadConnection()->query($params['sql'], $params['bind'])));

//navigate los records
$newResult = [];
foreach ($recordList as $key => $record) {

    //field the object
    foreach ($record->getAllCustomFields() as $key => $value) {
        $record->{$key} = $value;

    $newResult[] = $record->toFullArray();


QueryParser Extended

The extended query parser allows you to append search parameters directly via the controller without having to rewrite the function code.

Features include the ability to search within a model, within a model's custom fields and within a model's descendant relationships.

Parameters are passed in the format field operator value. Valid operators are :, >, <.

Multiple fields can be search by separating them with a ,. You can search a field by several values by separating said values with | (equivalent to SQL's OR).

Query the Model

GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:value1,field2:value2|value3)

Query the Custom Fields

GET - /v1/model?cq=(field1>value1)

Query related Models

Querying related models demands a slightly different structure. Each related model that we want queried must be passed as they are named in the system, _ is used to separate camel cases.

GET - /v1/model?rq[model_name]=(field1<value1|value2)


While between is strictly not supported at this time, you can produce the same result following this procedure:

GET - /v1/model?q=(field1>value1,field1<value2)

Like, Empty or Not

There is another nice feature that you can use to query the model.


  • GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:%value)
  • GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:value%)
  • GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:%value%)


You can tell the query parser to make sure a field is empty. In the case of integer properties, the query parser will ask the model if the default value for a property is 0. If it is, it will include 0 as an empty value.

GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:%%)


This is the opposite of the above Empty.

GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:$$)

One for all, and all for One

You can use all the above described feature together in one query.

GET - /v1/model?q=(field1:value1|value2,field2>value3,field2<value4,field3:$$)&cq=(field4:value5)&rq[model_name]=(field5>value6)

Just remember to escape any special character you want to send through a query string to avoid unwanted results.


In order to access the extended query parser features your controller has to extend from CrudExtendedController.


class ExampleController extends \Baka\Http\Rest\CrudExtendedController

To append additional search parameters you simply do this:


public function index($id = null): Response
    $this->additionalSearchFields = [
        ['field', ':', 'value'],

    return parent::index();

This method uses the operators that are passed to the query parser via the URL query. Valid operators are (with their SQL equivalents):


$operators = [
    ':' => '=',
    '>' => '>=',
    '<' => '<=',

API Custom Fields CRUD

The CRUD handles the default behavior:

  • GET /v1/leads -> get all
  • GET /v1/leads/1 -> get one
  • POST /v1/leads -> create
  • PUT /v1/leads/1 -> update
  • DELETE /v1/leads/1 -> delete

In other to use the custom fields you need to extend you controller from CrudCustomFieldsController and define the method onConstruct() on this method you define the model of the custom field and the model of the value of this custom fields

public function onConstruct()
    $this->model = new Leads();
    $this->customModel = new LeadsCustomFields();

Thats it, your controller now manages the custom fields as if they wher properties of the main class


Just extend your API controller from CrudController and you will have the following functions:

The CRUD handles the default behaviero:

  • GET /v1/leads -> get all
  • GET /v1/leads/1 -> get one
  • POST /v1/leads -> create
  • PUT /v1/leads/1 -> update
  • DELETE /v1/leads/1 -> delete

createFields and updateFields are needed to be define in other to create the field