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CPAN Testers Database generation and maintenance code
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perl v5.10.0 2010-02-23 CPAN::Testers::Data::Generator(3) NAME CPAN::Testers::Data::Generator - Download and summarize CPAN Testers data SYNOPSIS % cpanstats # ... wait patiently, very patiently # ... then use cpanstats.db, an SQLite database # ... or the MySQL database DESCRIPTION This distribution was originally written by Leon Brocard to download and summarize CPAN Testers data. However, all of the original code has been rewritten to use the CPAN Testers Statistics database generation code. This now means that all the CPAN Testers sites including the Reports site, the Statistics site and the CPAN Dependencies site, can use the same database. This module downloads articles from the cpan-testers newsgroup, generating or updating an SQLite database containing all the most important information. You can then query this database, or use CPAN::WWW::Testers to present it over the web. A good example query for Acme-Colour would be: SELECT version, status, count(*) FROM cpanstats WHERE distribution = "Acme-Colour" group by version, state; To create a database from scratch can take several days, as there are now over 2 million articles in the newgroup. As such updating from a known copy of the database is much more advisable. If you don’t want to generate the database yourself, you can obtain the latest official copy (compressed with gzip) at http://devel.cpantesters.org/cpanstats.db.gz With over 6 million articles in the archive, if you do plan to run this software to generate the databases it is recommended you utilise a high-end processor machine. Even with a reasonable processor it can take a week! SQLite DATABASE SCHEMA The cpanstats database schema is very straightforward, one main table with several index tables to speed up searches. The main table is as below: +--------------------------------+ | cpanstats | +----------+---------------------+ | id | INTEGER PRIMARY KEY | | state | TEXT | | postdate | TEXT | | tester | TEXT | | dist | TEXT | | version | TEXT | | platform | TEXT | | perl | TEXT | | osname | TEXT | | osvers | TEXT | | date | TEXT | | guid | TEXT | | type | INTEGER | +----------+---------------------+ It should be noted that ’postdate’ refers to the YYYYMM formatted date, whereas the ’date’ field refers to the YYYYMMDDhhmm formatted date and time. The articles database schema is again very straightforward, and consists of one table, as below: +--------------------------------+ | articles | +----------+---------------------+ | id | INTEGER PRIMARY KEY | | article | TEXT | +----------+---------------------+ SIGNIFICANT CHANGES v0.31 CHANGES With the release of v0.31, a number of changes to the codebase were made as a further move towards CPAN Testers 2.0. The first change is the name for this distribution. Now titled ’CPAN-Testers-Data-Generator’, this now fits more appropriately within the CPAN-Testers namespace on CPAN. The second significant change is to now reference a MySQL cpanstats database. The SQLite version is still updated as before, as a number of other websites and toolsets still rely on that database file format. However, in order to make the CPAN Testers Reports website more dynamic, an SQLite database is not really appropriate for a high demand website. The database creation code is now available as a standalone program, in the examples directory, and all the database communication is now handled by the new distribution CPAN-Testers-Common-DBUtils. v0.41 CHANGES In the next stage of development of CPAN Testers 2.0, the id field used within the database schema above for the cpanstats table no longer matches the NNTP ID value, although the id in the articles does still reference the NNTP ID. In order to correctly reference the id in the articles table, you will need to use the function guid_to_nntp() with CPAN::Testers::Common::Utils, using the new guid field in the cpanstats table. As of this release the cpanstats id field is a unique auto incrementing field. The next release of this distribution will be focused on generation of stats using the Metabase storage API. INTERFACE The Constructor · new Instatiates the object CPAN::Testers::Data::Generator. Accepts a hash containing values to prepare the object. These are described as: my $obj = CPAN::Testers::Data::Generator->new( logfile => './here/logfile', config => './here/config.ini' ); Where ’logfile’ is the location to write log messages. Log messages are only written if a logfile entry is specified, and will always append to any existing file. The ’config’ should contain the path to the configuration file, used to define the database access and general operation settings. In addition the binary keys of ’ignore’ and ’nostore’ are available. ’ignore’ is used to ignore NNTP entries which return no article and continue processing articles, while ’nostore’ will delete all articles, except the last one received, thus reducing space in the SQL database. Public Methods · generate Starting from the last recorded article, retrieves all the more recent articles from the NNTP server, parsing each and recording the articles that either upload announcements or reports. · rebuild In the event that the cpanstats database needs regenerating, either in part or for the whole database, this method allow you to do so. You may supply parameters as to the ’start’ and ’end’ values (inclusive), where all records are assumed by default. Note that the ’nostore’ option is ignored and no records are deleted from the articles database. · reparse Rather than a complete rebuild the option to selective reparse selected entries is useful if there are posts which have since been identified as valid and now have supporting parsing code within the codebase. In addition there is the option to exclude fields from parsing checks, where they may be corrupted, and can be later amended using the ’cpanstats-update’ tool. Private Methods · cleanup In the event that you do not wish to store all the articles permanently in the articles database, this method removes all but the most recent entry, which is kept to ensure that subsequent runs will start from the correct article. To enable this feature, specify ’nostore’ within the has passed to new(). · commit To speed up the transaction process, a commit is performed every 50 inserts. This method is used as part of the clean up process to ensure all transactions are completed. · nntp_connect Sets up the connection to the NNTP server. · parse_article Parses an article extracting the metadata required for the stats database. · insert_article Inserts an article into the articles database. · insert_stats Inserts the components of a parsed article into the statistics database. HISTORY The CPAN testers was conceived back in May 1998 by Graham Barr and Chris Nandor as a way to provide multi-platform testing for modules. Today there are over 2 million tester reports and more than 100 testers each month giving valuable feedback for users and authors alike. BECOME A TESTER Whether you have a common platform or a very unusual one, you can help by testing modules you install and submitting reports. There are plenty of module authors who could use test reports and helpful feedback on their modules and distributions. If you’d like to get involved, please take a look at the CPAN Testers Wiki, where you can learn how to install and configure one of the recommended smoke tools. For further help and advice, please subscribe to the the CPAN Testers discussion mailing list. CPAN Testers Wiki - http://wiki.cpantesters.org CPAN Testers Discuss mailing list - http://lists.cpan.org/showlist.cgi?name=cpan-testers-discuss BUGS, PATCHES & FIXES There are no known bugs at the time of this release. However, if you spot a bug or are experiencing difficulties, that is not explained within the POD documentation, please send bug reports and patches to the RT Queue (see below). Fixes are dependant upon their severity and my availablity. Should a fix not be forthcoming, please feel free to (politely) remind me. RT Queue - http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=CPAN-Testers-Data-Generator SEE ALSO CPAN::Testers::WWW::Statistics http://www.cpantesters.org/, http://stats.cpantesters.org/, http://wiki.cpantesters.org/ AUTHOR It should be noted that the original code for this distribution began life under another name. The original distribution generated data for the original CPAN Testers website. However, in 2008 the code was reworked to generate data in the format for the statistics data analysis, which in turn was reworked to drive the redesign of the all the CPAN Testers websites. To reflect the code changes, a new name was given to the distribution. CPAN-WWW-Testers-Generator Original author: Leon Brocard <firstname.lastname@example.org> (C) 2002-2008 Current maintainer: Barbie <email@example.com> (C) 2008-2010 CPAN-Testers-Data-Generator Original author: Barbie <firstname.lastname@example.org> (C) 2008-2010 LICENSE This code is distributed under the Artistic License 2.0. perl v5.10.0 2010-02-23 CPAN::Testers::Data::Generator(3)