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macOS Mojave on Dell XPS 9570.
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CLOVER Use WhateverGreen for DPCD link rate patching Apr 1, 2019
images Add notes on Wi-Fi / Bluetooth card swap Jan 26, 2019
kexts Use WhateverGreen for DPCD link rate patching Apr 1, 2019
tools Update info for power management Feb 12, 2019
.gitignore Update clover to "v2.4k r4701 RM-4963" and remove incomplete audio pa… Nov 29, 2018
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Overview

This repository contains a sample configuration to run macOS Mojave (10.14) on a Dell XPS 9570.

This guide is currently a work in progress, since the XPS 9570 isn’t perfectly supported yet. I will update this guide as I test new fixes or updates. If you find any errors or problems, please let me know. I’m hoping this will become the definitive guide for running macOS on the XPS 9570.

This repo and many pieces are based on the-darkvoid’s XPS9360-macOS repo, which is also a good guide for other kexts/patches/solutions/etc.

Tested hardware configuration

  • Dell XPS 9570
    • Intel i9-8950HK
    • 32GB RAM
    • 4K display
    • Toshiba SSD
    • Realtek ALC298 (ALC3266 according to Dell)
    • Goodix fingerprint reader
    • Wacom touchscreen
    • TODO: Touchpad manufacturer?
  • Software environment
    • BIOS: 1.8.1
    • Dual-booting Windows 10

Tested software configurations

  • macOS: 10.14.0, 10.14.1, 10.14.2, 10.14.3 and supp. update (18D109), 10.14.4
  • BIOS: 1.5.0, 1.7.0, 1.8.1 (BIOS update recommended: “fixes BIOS recovery function” according to Dell)

Hardware

Intel UHD 630 graphics

Intel graphics acceleration is handled by WhateverGreen, and configured in the PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x2,0x0) section of config.plist.

Choose a DPCD maximum link rate for your display, where 4K=0x14 (default) or 1080p=0x0a.

To determine if Intel GPU acceleration is working, check: About This Mac -> Intel UHD Graphics 630 1536 MB. A value less than 1536MB indicates a problem (e.g. 7MB or 31MB are common).

The default BIOS DVMT pre-alloc value of 64MB is sufficient and does not need to be changed.

Enabling acceleration

  • config.plist
    • Graphics/Inject/Intel=yes
    • Graphics/ig-platform-id=0x3e9b0000
    • Devices/Properties/PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x2,0x0)
      • AAPL,ig-platform-id = <00009b3e>
      • device-id = <9b3e0000>
      • dpcd-max-link-rate = <14000000> (or <0a000000> for 1080p)
      • enable-dpcd-max-link-rate-fix = <01000000>
      • framebuffer-patch-enable = <01000000>
  • Install Lilu kext
  • Install WhateverGreen kext

Enabling backlight control via slider in Sys. Prefs. -> Displays

Patched via kext and SSDT patch (discussion). Can use pre-built kext and SSDT-PNLF.aml, but is identical to SSDT-PNLF.aml compiled from SSDT-PNLF.dsl in OS-X-Clover-Laptop-Config.

Preventing black/dark screen 3 minutes after booting

This was a complex issue with a long thread to find a solution. This fix is possibly not perfect yet; if you do run into this problem despite the fix, open an issue in this repo and/or reply to the thread with the discussion.

  • SSDT-PNLFCFL.aml is already included in step above
  • Use Lilu 1.2.9 or higher
  • Use WhateverGreen 1.2.5 or higher
  • Remember to update kext cache whenever a kext is added or updated (note to self: stop forgetting that ugh)

If brightness controls still don’t work on boot, or the screen goes black periodically, try booting with WhateverGreen boot argument igfxcflbklt=1. This force-enables the Coffee Lake backlight fix.

Known problems/caveats

  • HDMI output does not work; inserting cable causes kernel panic

PS/2 Keyboard

The internal keyboard is a PS/2 device, but macOS does not support PS/2. This can be implemented with VoodooPS2Controller.

Installation

Debugging key codes

  • Install debug version of VoodooPS2Controller
  • Log key codes captured
    log stream | sed -n 's/.*\(ApplePS2Keyboard: sending key\)/\1/p'
        

Known problems/caveats

  • Can cause reboot on startup (intermittent)
  • Keyboard options like modifier key settings cause an erratic/disabled keyboard For key remapping, see SSDT-PS2-Keymap.dsl above. Key repeat speed and delay are ok to change.
  • Can’t wake up from sleep with internal keyboard
  • Enables poor quality touchpad by default

Wi-Fi/Bluetooth

Based on Broadcom Wi-Fi Bluetooth Guide, and see threads one and two.

One possible replacement card is the Dell DW1830, based on the Broadcom BCM943602BAED. I’ve used this card here (purchased on EBay), although it’s currently a bit expensive at around $50. Dell no longer offers this card directly.

This card has three antennas, while the XPS 9570 has only two antennas in the display. To get full Wi-Fi speed, a third antenna with a U.FL connector must be added. This antenna can be placed in a small gap next to the battery. It’s OK to leave J2 unconnected, however - modern network cards should recognize this and disable the 3rd port. Without the 3rd antenna, I’m able to get speeds up to about 800Mbps.

Connectors J0, J1, J2 should be connected as follows (see installation example):

  • J0: white antenna cable to display (primary)
  • J1: black antenna cable to display (Bluetooth/secondary)
  • J2: extra retrofitted antenna next to battery

The DW1830 Wi-Fi card is based on the Broadcom BCM943602BAED, using BCM43602 for Wi-Fi and BCM20703 for Bluetooth. While Wi-Fi works by default, it shows up as a “Third-Party Wireless Card” in System Information unless AirportBrcmFixup is installed, and Bluetooth requires kexts from OS-X-BrcmPatchRAM.

Installation

  • Include AirportBrcmFixup AirportBrcmFixup.kext for Wi-Fi
  • Include OS-X-BrcmPatchRAM BrcmPatchRAM2.kext and BrcmFirmwareRepo.kext for Bluetooth (for installation to /Library/Extensions)
  • After swapping out Wi-Fi card, reset Bluetooth info (e.g. to fix AirDrop)
    • Turn off Bluetooth
    • sudo rm -f /Library/Preferences/com.apple.Bluetooth.plist*
    • Reboot and turn on Bluetooth
  • Ensure that Wi-Fi adapter’s BSD name is en0
    • SysPrefs -> Click on Network dropdown -> BSD Device Name for Wi-Fi not en0? Continue below, otherwise skip.
    • sudo rm -f /Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration/NetworkInterfaces.plist
    • sudo rm -f /Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration/preferences.plist
    • Reboot

Testing Wi-Fi speed

By default, AirportBrcmFixup seems to limit Wi-Fi channel width for 802.11ac to 40MHz instead of 80MHz, even though the country code defaults to US. The workaround is to disable the country code setting with the boot flag brcmfx-country=#a (config.plist).

If you have an 802.11ac capable access point, place the XPS 9570 next to it and option-click on the Wi-Fi icon. After a few minutes, you should see a line like Channel: 165 (5 GHz, 80 MHz) with Tx Rate below it of 800 Mbps or higher. A congested Wi-Fi environment in an apartment building could reduce this rate.

Messages and FaceTime setup

The above installation steps prepare the way for Messages and FaceTime to work as well, but there are more in-depth guides to Messages here and here if needed.

If there are issues with continuity (switching calls between macOS and iPhone for example), BT4LEContiunityFixup.kext may help fix those, but seems to not be needed for the DW1830.

Remove stale Messages and FaceTime data:

rm -rf ~/Library/Caches/com.apple.Messages
rm -rf ~/Library/Caches/com.apple.imfoundation.IMRemoteURLConnectionAgent
rm -rf ~/Library/Caches/com.apple.iCloudHelper
rm -rf ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.iChat*
rm -rf ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.icloud*
rm -rf ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.ids.service*
rm -rf ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.imagent.plist
rm -rf ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.imessage*
rm -rf ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.imservice*

Known problems/caveats

  • Unlock with Apple Watch only works once after actviation, or only sporadically

Battery status

Only the ACPIBatteryManager kext is required on the XPS 9570, but the kext companion guide includes a good step-by-step tutorial on how to make DSDT edits with MaciASL if needed.

Audio

Audio on the XPS 9570 is based on the Realtek ALC298 audio codec, referred to by Dell as “ALC3266-CG with Waves MaxxAudio Pro”. The ALC298 is not supported on macOS by default, so we use AppleALC to enable it. Audio pipelines on laptops appear to have unique amplifier and gain setups, so we need to pass a layout-id to AppleALC compatible with the XPS 9570. The only ID that works well is layout-id=30.

HDMI audio output probably requires SSDT-HDEF and FakePCIID_Intel_HDMI_Audio.kext, but is not implemented yet since it depends on a graphics fix.

Installation

  • config.plist
    • ACPI/DSDT/Patches/Item n
      • Comment: Change HDAS to HDEF for audio device
      • Key=Find, Type=Data, Value=<48444153>
      • Key=Replace, Type=Data, Value=<48444546>
    • Devices/Properties/PciRoot(0)/Pci(0x1f,3)
      • Comment: AppleALC layout-id for ALC298 on XPS 9570
      • layout=id=30
  • Install AppleALC kext

Known problems/caveats

  • A bad layout-id causes constant CPU activity in a kernel_task process (30 should be ok)
  • Lack of an audio output device causes video playback problems, i.e. stalling when seeking
  • HDMI audio out not implemented since HDMI out causes kernel panic (dependent on graphics fix)

USB

The XPS 9570 DSDT table has a few incorrect USB properties, for example the right side type A port is marked as being internal, so an attached disk can’t be easily ejected. The correct properties are injected via USBInjectAll and in SSDT-UIAC.dsl.

Based on USB guide and companion guide.

Hardware config of the XPS 9570:

PortTypeUser Visible*Description
HS01/SS01Type AYesRight side
HS02/SS02Type AYesLeft side
HS04ProprietaryNoBluetooth
HS05Type CYesLeft side
HS07ProprietaryNoGoodix fingerprint reader
HS09ProprietaryNoNo longer used; touchscreen on prior model
HS12ProprietaryNoWebcam

(*) “Set if the device connection point can be seen by the user without disassembly” according to ACPI 6.2 A, 6.1.8, _PLD (Physical Location of Device)

Implementing USB port fixes and removing unused ports

Known issue: left side type C port only works in HS mode, not SS

Will likely work when USB type C and/or Thunderbolt fixes are added.

To-Do: Add USB power property injection

Touch ID / Goodix fingerprint sensor

It’s not possible to use fingerprint sensor for Touch ID according to RehabMan. Perhaps the integrated Goodix fingerprint sensor can be used, and enabled with PAM (TBD).

Since we’re using the MacBookPro15,1 SMBIOS, macOS is expecting Touch ID to be available, causing lag on password prompts. This can be disabled for now with the NoTouchID kext.

Power management

Note: There is some information in power management guides that only applies pre-Coffee Lake. See section below to avoid unnecessary changes.

Based on the laptop power management guide by RehabMan, as well as macOS native power management by toleda.

Set up power managemnt

  • Disable hibernation (suspend to disk or S4 sleep) macOS combines sleep and hibernation into one feature, where closing the lid initially sleeps the laptop, and eventually hibernates it. In any event, hibernation is not supported on hackintosh, and should be disabled/checked after updates.
    sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 0
    sudo rm -f /var/vm/sleepimage
    sudo mkdir /var/vm/sleepimage # try to prevent update from re-enabling
    sudo pmset -a standby 0
    sudo pmset -a autopoweroff 0
        
  • config.plist/ACPI/SSDT/Generate/PluginType=YES
  • Verify that X86PlatformPlugin is loaded (see testing section)
  • config.plist/KernelAndKextPatches/KernelPm=YES
  • Enable xcpm_idle patch to prevent reboot with HWP (hardare P-state coordination)
    • config.plist/KernelAndKextPatches/KernelToPatch/Item n
      • Key=Find, Type=Data, Value=<20b9e200 00000f30>
      • Key=Replace, Type=Data, Value=<20b9e200 00009090>

Items that are no longer relevant to Coffee Lake (DO NOT USE)

  • config.plist/KernelAndKextPatches/AppleIntelCPUPM=YES
  • ssdtPRgen.sh
  • HWPEnabler

Testing power management (WIP)

  • Use Intel Power Gadget to graph CPU power/frequency/temp over time
  • Verify X86PlatformPlugin is loading under PR00 in IORegistryExplorer
    • Root -> MacBookPro15,1 -> AppleACPIPlatformExpert -> PR00@0 -> AppleACPICPU -> X86PlatformPlugin
  • Testing Power Management Load AppleIntelInfo.kext (but don’t install it):
    sudo chown -R root:wheel AppleIntelInfo.kext
    sudo kextload AppleIntelInfo.kext
        

    Then use the system for a few minutes, perform some work, let it idle, etc. Finally, copy results file to where you want to save it:

    sudo kextunload AppleIntelInfo.kext
    sudo cp /tmp/AppleIntelInfo.dat ~/AppleIntelInfo.txt
    sudo chmod g+rw ~/AppleIntelInfo.txt
        

    AppleIntelInfo.txt should contain the line: IA32_PM_ENABLE...................(0x770) : 0x1 (HWP Supported and Enabled)

    However, there is little information on what everything in this report means. This could be improved.

FakeSMC/VirtualSMC

One of these is required to boot macOS.

VirtualSMC and FakeSMC

Windows compatibility

Real-time clock

macOS sets BIOS clock to UTC, but Windows sets clock to local time. The solution is to set Windows to use UTC as well, with regedit:

  • regedit -> HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\TimeZoneInformation
  • create new DWORD (32-bit) RealTimeIsUniversal with value ‘1’

Known problems/caveats

  • Drive encryption is disabled (haven’t tried)
  • Thunderbolt, USB3 on type-C port not working (haven’t tried; should be possible)
  • Suspend and resume not implemented properly - power button should wake however
  • Internal keyboard behaves strangely when Keyboard SysPrefs are changed - must use SSDT to configure VoodooPS2Controller
  • VoodooPS2Controller provides poor touchpad support (should be implemented with VoodooI2C probably, TODO)
  • Wi-Fi and Bluetooth require card swap, since there are no macOS drivers for OEM Killer Qualcomm card
  • Fingerprint reader does not work (see Touch ID / fingerprint reader section)
  • SD card reader not present
  • Black/dark screen 3 minutes after booting
  • Temporary hang whenever Touch ID is requested
  • Right-side USB port appears as an internal port, so devices attached to it can’t be ejected
  • Hang on boot with Apple logo intermittently
  • Graphics acceleration becomes poor after display goes to sleep
  • Constant CPU activity in kernel_task process
  • Messages does not work by default

ACPI DSDT/SSDT patching

Most of the ACPI patching info is based on the laptop DSDT/SSDT guide and hotpatching guide.

Many ACPI patches depend on starting out with a working set of ACPI tables (accomplished via patching if needed), so it’s useful to test if this is the case and fix any errors before attempting further changes.

To do this, we can look through the macOS boot logs for ACPI errors, dump the unmodified ACPI tables, and dump the ACPI tables as modified by Clover. Making changes as needed, rebooting, and re-inspecting system logs, we can iterate until there are no more ACPI problems as seen by macOS.

Note: this process wasn’t clear to me from reading the patching guides initially, but it may not be the best way to do it - caveat emptor.

  1. Inspect system logs for errors Immediately after bootup, dump system log for the last 10 minutes (adjust as needed): log show --predicate 'process = “kernel”’ –style syslog –source –debug –last 10m > sys_log.txt= Then search sys_log.txt for “ACPI Error” or “ACPI Exception”.
  2. Dump unmodified ACPI tables Press F4 on Clover boot screen (no output will show), then mount EFI partition and look for ACPI tables in CLOVER/ACPI/origin.
  3. Check unmodified tables for errors with iasl Disassembling all tables from a single namespace with the -da option should yield no errors: iasl -da -dl DSDT.aml SSDT-*.aml Although, some duplicate definitions with the error AE_ALREADY_EXISTS may not be a problem (TBD). If an error occurs, check the file DSDT.dsl for possible error output.
  4. Check modified tables as injected by Clover with patchmatic and iasl
    patchmatic -extract
    iasl -da -dl DSDT.aml SSDT-*.aml
        

    Again, this should yield no errors. If a duplicate definition is found with AE_ALREADY_EXISTS, try disassembling the tables without the -da option: iasl -dl DSDT.aml SSDT-*.aml If this still fails, there is likely a problem that needs to be fixed via Clover patching first.

Installation and system updates

Installation from scratch

Preparing the XPS 9570

This setup dual-boots Windows 10, which is nice to have for games, since we can actually use the NVIDIA GTX 1050, unlike in macOS.

Begin with the default Windows 10 installation (or install Windows 10 if using a new drive).

  • Update BIOS and other firmware using Dell SupportAssist in Windows
  • Toshiba SSD only
    • Update Toshiba SSD firmware (search for “toshiba”) Needed to fix 4k sector bug. Dell SupportAssist does not do this automatically!
    • Set SSD to use 4k sectors - this will WIPE the drive!
  • Enable Intel SpeedShift in BIOS
  • TODO: add more steps from original notes.org

Creating USB installation media (see guide for more details)

  • Download macOS install from App Store
  • Format USB drive and write installer to drive (assuming drive is /dev/disk100)
    diskutil partitionDisk /dev/disk100 1 GPT HFS+J "install_osx" R
    sudo "/Applications/Install macOS Mojave.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia" --volume  /Volumes/install_osx --nointeraction
    diskutil rename "Install macOS Mojave" install_osx
        
  • Install Clover on USB drive
    • Using RehabMan’s fork of Clover: source, binaries
    • Run installer
      • ‘Change Install Location’ -> Select install_osx volume
      • ‘Customize’, then apply the following changes
        • [X] Clover for UEFI booting only
        • [X] UEFI Drivers -> VBoxHfs-64
  • TODO: This isn’t enough to boot the installer - will need to provide config.plist. Re-visit when documenting full installation process. Installing updates is possible when injecting Intel graphics, with invalid platform id, e.g. 0x12345678, and disabling kext patches. Perhaps it makes sense to have a special macOS install CLOVER folder, that disables any brightness ‘fixes’ that cause the display to be dimmed. TBD.

Versions

  • Clover: v2.4k r4701 RM-4963

Miscellaneous Notes

Installing kexts

Kexts should be installed in /Library/Extensions.

Installation:

sudo cp -r <mydriver.kext> /Library/Extensions
sudo chown -R root:wheel /Library/Extensions/<mydriver.kext>
sudo kextcache -i / # update kext cache

Be sure to check output for errors!

Every custom kext should be listed with the line Kext with invalid signatured (-67062) allowed

Kext patching

Kexts can be patched on boot by Clover (see KernelAndKextPatches/KextsToPatch section in config.plist), but Clover has some limitations, e.g. it can only patch kexts that are in the kext cache. More complex cases can be handled by Lilu, used for “arbitrary kext and process patching”, which is itself installed as a kext. Excellent guide to using Lilu and commonly used plugins.

See also guide to installing 3rd party kexts.

Intel FB-Patcher

https://www.tonymacx86.com/threads/release-intel-fb-patcher-v1-6-8.254559/ Seems to be becoming a full-featured utility to fix various issues, not just Intel graphics related.

ACPI debugging

The OS-X-ACPI-Debug repo allows for “debug tracing from ACPI code (DSDT) to system.log”. Not currently installed and not tested, but should be useful if ACPI problems come up.

Links to tonymacx86.com guides, etc

Laptop Frequent Questions

Long, thorough guide. Good to refer back to for specific issues.

https://github.com/darkhandz/XPS15-9550-High-Sierra

KNNSpeed’s Dell XPS 15 9560 guide is a useful reference for a similar system

bozma88’s Dell XPS 15 9360 guide

https://github.com/the-darkvoid/XPS9360-macOS

https://github.com/darkhandz/XPS15-9550-Sierra

https://github.com/syscl/XPS9350-macOS

Change history

2019-03-26: Upgrade to 10.14.4

This update takes quite some time on initial install, so it may be necessary to wait more than 20 minutes before seeing a progress bar.

AppleIntelCFLGraphicsFramebuffer changed again, and this time the DPCD link rate patch needs to be updated. See changes in the Intel UHD 630 “enabling acceleration section”.

2019-04-01: Use WhateverGreen for DPCD link rate patching

@0xFireWolf has added DPCD link rate patching to WhateverGreen, which is available with commit ab43814f45, or with the next release (1.2.8 probably). A WhateverGreen kext with these changes is also included with this repo.

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