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README.md

Bazel watcher

Build status

Note: This is not an official Google product.

A source file watcher for Bazel projects

Ever wanted to save a file and have your tests automatically run? How about restart your webserver when one of the source files change? Look no further.

Install ibazel using one of the 3 methods described below. Then:

$ ibazel build //path/to/my:target

Hack hack hack. Save and your target will be rebuilt.

Right now this repo supports build, test, and run.

Installation

There are several ways to install iBazel, documented below.

Mac (Homebrew)

If you run a mac you can install it from homebrew.

$ brew tap bazelbuild/tap
$ brew install bazelbuild/tap/ibazel

NPM

If you're a JS developer you can install it as a devDependency or by calling npm install directly in your project

$ npm install @bazel/ibazel

Linux

Packages are available for the following distributions:

Compiling yourself

You can, of course, build iBazel using Bazel.

$ git clone git@github.com:bazelbuild/bazel-watcher
$ cd bazel-watcher
$ bazel build //ibazel

Now copy the generated binary onto your path:

$ export PATH=$PATH:$PWD/bazel-bin/ibazel/$GOOS_$GOARCH_pure_stripped

where $GOOS and $GOARCH are your host OS (e.g., darwin or linux) and architecture (e.g., amd64).

Running a target

By default, a target started with ibazel run will be terminated and restarted whenever it's notified of source changes. Alternatively, if the build rule for your target contains ibazel_notify_changes in its tags attribute, then the command will stay alive and will receive a notification of the source changes on stdin.

Output Runner

iBazel is capable of producing and running commands from the output of Bazel commands. If iBazel is run with the flag --run_output then it will check for a %WORKSPACE%/.bazel_fix_commands.json and if present run any commands that match the provided regular expressions. For example the commands defined by the following file will match buildozer commands found in the output and provide a prompt to run the command as well as invoke bazel run //:gazelle if it detects a missing import for your go code.

[
  {
    "regex": "^Check that imports in Go sources match importpath attributes in deps.$",
    "command": "bazel",
    "args": [ "run", "//:gazelle" ]
  },
  {
    "regex": "^buildozer '(.*)'\\s+(.*)$",
    "command": "buildozer",
    "args": [ "$1", "$2" ]
  }
]

Adding the flag --run_output_interactive=false will automatically run the command without prompting for confirmation. The fields in .bazel_fix_commands.json are:

  • regex: a regular expression that will be matched against every line of output.
    • backslash \ characters will need to be escaped once for the regex to be parsed properly.
  • command: a command that will be run from the workspace root.
  • args: a list of arguments to provide to the command, with $1 being the first match group of regex, $2 being the second and so on.

You can disable this feature by adding flag --run_output=false or you can create a .bazel_fix_commands.json that contains an empty json array, []. This will additionally disable the notification providing usage instructions on the first invocation of iBazel.

Profiling

iBazel has a --profile_dev flag which turns on a generated profile output file about the build process and timing. To use it include this flag in the command line. For example,

ibazel --profile_dev=profile.json run devserver

The profile outfile is in concatenated JSON format. Events are outputted one per line.

Profiler events

Event Description Attributes (* optional)
IBAZEL_START Emitted when iBazel is started as part of the first iteration type, iteration, time, iBazelVersion, bazelVersion, maxHeapSize, committedHeapSize
SOURCE_CHANGE A source file change was detected type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, change
GRAPH_CHANGE A build file change was detected type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
RELOAD_TRIGGERED A livereload was triggered to any listening browsers type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
RUN_START A run operation started type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
RUN_FAILED A run operation failed type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
RUN_DONE A run operation completed successfully type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
BUILD_START A build operation started type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
BUILD_FAILED A build operation failed type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
BUILD_DONE A build operation completed successfully type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
TEST_START A test operation started type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
TEST_FAILED A test operation failed type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
TEST_DONE A test operation completed successfully type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, changes*
REMOTE_EVENT A remote event was received from the browser type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, remoteType, remoteTime, remoteElapsed, remoteData
REMOTE_EVENT / PAGE_LOAD A remote event emitted by the profiler client-side script on the browser's load event. remoteType is PAGE_LOAD. type, iteration, time, targets, elapsed, remoteType, remoteTime, remoteElapsed, remoteData

Event attributes

Attribute Type Description
type string Event type.
iteration string Unique build iteration key.
time integer Time of event.
targets string[] List of targets that are being built (Note: this is a complete list and includes targets that were already built prior to an iteration).
elapsed integer Elapsed time in ms since the start of the iteration.
change string The file changed on a SOURCE_CHANGE or GRAPH_CHANGE event.
changes string[] A cumulative list of files changed during a build iteration.
iBazelVersion string Version of iBazel that generated this event.
bazelVersion string Version of bazel in use.
maxHeapSize string Max heap size as reported by Bazel.
committedHeapSize string Committed heap size as reported by Bazel.
remoteType string Sub-type for REMOTE_EVENT type.
remoteTime number Browser time for REMOTE_EVENT type.
remoteElapsed number Elapsed time in browser since navigationStart for REMOTE_EVENT type.
remoteData string Data sent from browser for REMOTE_EVENT type. This may be in escaped JSON format for some remote events.

Example profile output file

You can find an example profile output JSON file here. Below is the file in pretty print JSON format:

{
  "type": "IBAZEL_START",
  "iteration": "4214114686684e0f",
  "time": 1513706108351,
  "iBazelVersion": "v0.2.0-dirty",
  "bazelVersion": "release 0.8.1-homebrew",
  "maxHeapSize": "3817MB",
  "committedHeapSize": "1372MB"
}
{
  "type": "RUN_START",
  "iteration": "4214114686684e0f",
  "time": 1513706109329,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 978
}
{
  "type": "RELOAD_TRIGGERED",
  "iteration": "4214114686684e0f",
  "time": 1513706114595,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 6244
}
{
  "type": "RUN_DONE",
  "iteration": "4214114686684e0f",
  "time": 1513706114595,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 6244
}
{
  "type": "SOURCE_CHANGE",
  "iteration": "7e6f8e150e9a8367",
  "time": 1513706129384,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "change": "/Users/greg/google/gregmagolan/angular-bazel-example/src/hello-world/hello-world.component.ts"
}
{
  "type": "RUN_START",
  "iteration": "7e6f8e150e9a8367",
  "time": 1513706129484,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 100,
  "changes": [
    "/Users/greg/google/gregmagolan/angular-bazel-example/src/hello-world/hello-world.component.ts"
  ]
}
{
  "type": "RELOAD_TRIGGERED",
  "iteration": "7e6f8e150e9a8367",
  "time": 1513706133947,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 4563,
  "changes": [
    "/Users/greg/google/gregmagolan/angular-bazel-example/src/hello-world/hello-world.component.ts"
  ]
}
{
  "type": "RUN_DONE",
  "iteration": "7e6f8e150e9a8367",
  "time": 1513706133947,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 4563,
  "changes": [
    "/Users/greg/google/gregmagolan/angular-bazel-example/src/hello-world/hello-world.component.ts"
  ]
}
{
  "type": "REMOTE_EVENT",
  "iteration": "7e6f8e150e9a8367",
  "time": 1513706134297,
  "targets": [
    "//src:devserver"
  ],
  "elapsed": 4913,
  "remoteType": "PAGE_LOAD",
  "remoteTime": 1513706134294,
  "remoteElapsed": 346,
  "remoteData": "{\"pageLoadTime\":344,\"fetchTime\":9,\"connectTime\":0,\"requestTime\":6,\"responseTime\":6,\"renderTime\":325,\"navigationStart\":1513706133948,\"unloadEventStart\":1513706133962,\"unloadEventEnd\":1513706133962,\"redirectStart\":0,\"redirectEnd\":0,\"fetchStart\":1513706133952,\"domainLookupStart\":1513706133952,\"domainLookupEnd\":1513706133952,\"connectStart\":1513706133952,\"connectEnd\":1513706133952,\"secureConnectionStart\":0,\"requestStart\":1513706133955,\"responseStart\":1513706133955,\"responseEnd\":1513706133961,\"domLoading\":1513706133967,\"domInteractive\":1513706134222,\"domContentLoadedEventStart\":1513706134222,\"domContentLoadedEventEnd\":1513706134222,\"domComplete\":1513706134292,\"loadEventStart\":1513706134292}"
}

Remote events

Remote events require the client-side profiling script. If you are using the ts_devserver bazel rule, this script will automatically be included in the development bundle so you don't have to worry about including it. If you're not using ts_devserver for development mode, you can include the following script tag to pull in the client-side profiling script:

<script src="http://localhost:30000/profiler.js"></script>

The script is served by iBazel on port 30000 by default. If port 30000 is not available, iBazel will attempt to find another available port between 30001 and 30099.

Remote events in the profiler script are sent using the Beacon API. This API is available in Chrome 39, Firefox 31, Edge and Opera 26. It is not available in Internet Explorer or Safari. Browser compatability can be checked here.

If your browser does not support the Beacon API, you will see the following error in the console when including the profiler script: iBazel profiler disabled because Beacon API is not available.

Custom remote events

When the profiler script is loaded, a window.IBazelProfileEvent(eventType, data) public API is made available for generating custom remote events. This function sends a custom REMOTE_EVENT to the iBazel profiler log.

Param Type Description
eventType string The event type that ends up in the 'remoteType' attribute of the REMOTE_EVENT.
data any Optional data associated with the event. This is converted to a string. If it is an object it will be converted to escaped JSON in the profiler log.

Additional notes

Termination

SIGINT has to be sent twice to kill ibazel: once to terminate the subprocess, and the second time for ibazel itself. Also, ibazel will exit on its own when a bazel query fails, but it will stay alive when a build, test, or run fails. We use an exit code of 3 for a signal termination, and 4 for a query failure. These codes are not an API and may change at any point.

What about the --watchfs flag?

Bazel has a flag called --watchfs which, according to the bazel command-line help does:

If true, Bazel tries to use the operating system's file watch service for local changes instead of scanning every file for a change

Unfortunately, this option does not rebuild the project on save like the Bazel watcher does, but instead queries the file system for a list of files that have been invalidated since last build and will require reinspection by the Bazel server.

Big thanks

  • Google for cross-platform build/test CI instances.
  • Sauce Labs for cross-browser testing.

Copyright 2017 The Bazel Authors. All right reserved.

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