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<?php
/**
* CodeIgniter
*
* An open source application development framework for PHP
*
* This content is released under the MIT License (MIT)
*
* Copyright (c) 2014 - 2015, British Columbia Institute of Technology
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*
* @package CodeIgniter
* @author EllisLab Dev Team
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2008 - 2014, EllisLab, Inc. (http://ellislab.com/)
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2014 - 2015, British Columbia Institute of Technology (http://bcit.ca/)
* @license http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT MIT License
* @link http://codeigniter.com
* @since Version 1.0.0
* @filesource
*/
defined('BASEPATH') OR exit('No direct script access allowed');
/**
* Router Class
*
* Parses URIs and determines routing
*
* @package CodeIgniter
* @subpackage Libraries
* @category Libraries
* @author EllisLab Dev Team
* @link http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/general/routing.html
*/
class CI_Router {
/**
* CI_Config class object
*
* @var object
*/
public $config;
/**
* List of routes
*
* @var array
*/
public $routes = array();
/**
* Current class name
*
* @var string
*/
public $class = '';
/**
* Current method name
*
* @var string
*/
public $method = 'index';
/**
* Sub-directory that contains the requested controller class
*
* @var string
*/
public $directory;
/**
* Default controller (and method if specific)
*
* @var string
*/
public $default_controller;
/**
* Translate URI dashes
*
* Determines whether dashes in controller & method segments
* should be automatically replaced by underscores.
*
* @var bool
*/
public $translate_uri_dashes = FALSE;
/**
* Enable query strings flag
*
* Determines whether to use GET parameters or segment URIs
*
* @var bool
*/
public $enable_query_strings = FALSE;
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Class constructor
*
* Runs the route mapping function.
*
* @return void
*/
public function __construct($routing = NULL)
{
$this->config =& load_class('Config', 'core');
$this->uri =& load_class('URI', 'core');
$this->enable_query_strings = ( ! is_cli() && $this->config->item('enable_query_strings') === TRUE);
// If a directory override is configured, it has to be set before any dynamic routing logic
is_array($routing) && isset($routing['directory']) && $this->set_directory($routing['directory']);
$this->_set_routing();
// Set any routing overrides that may exist in the main index file
if (is_array($routing))
{
empty($routing['controller']) OR $this->set_class($routing['controller']);
empty($routing['function']) OR $this->set_method($routing['function']);
}
log_message('info', 'Router Class Initialized');
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Set route mapping
*
* Determines what should be served based on the URI request,
* as well as any "routes" that have been set in the routing config file.
*
* @return void
*/
protected function _set_routing()
{
// Are query strings enabled in the config file? Normally CI doesn't utilize query strings
// since URI segments are more search-engine friendly, but they can optionally be used.
// If this feature is enabled, we will gather the directory/class/method a little differently
if ($this->enable_query_strings)
{
// If the directory is set at this time, it means an override exists, so skip the checks
if ( ! isset($this->directory))
{
$_d = $this->config->item('directory_trigger');
$_d = isset($_GET[$_d]) ? trim($_GET[$_d], " \t\n\r\0\x0B/") : '';
if ($_d !== '')
{
$this->uri->filter_uri($_d);
$this->set_directory($_d);
}
}
$_c = trim($this->config->item('controller_trigger'));
if ( ! empty($_GET[$_c]))
{
$this->uri->filter_uri($_GET[$_c]);
$this->set_class($_GET[$_c]);
$_f = trim($this->config->item('function_trigger'));
if ( ! empty($_GET[$_f]))
{
$this->uri->filter_uri($_GET[$_f]);
$this->set_method($_GET[$_f]);
}
$this->uri->rsegments = array(
1 => $this->class,
2 => $this->method
);
}
else
{
$this->_set_default_controller();
}
// Routing rules don't apply to query strings and we don't need to detect
// directories, so we're done here
return;
}
// Load the routes.php file.
if (file_exists(APPPATH.'config/routes.php'))
{
include(APPPATH.'config/routes.php');
}
if (file_exists(APPPATH.'config/'.ENVIRONMENT.'/routes.php'))
{
include(APPPATH.'config/'.ENVIRONMENT.'/routes.php');
}
// Validate & get reserved routes
if (isset($route) && is_array($route))
{
isset($route['default_controller']) && $this->default_controller = $route['default_controller'];
isset($route['translate_uri_dashes']) && $this->translate_uri_dashes = $route['translate_uri_dashes'];
unset($route['default_controller'], $route['translate_uri_dashes']);
$this->routes = $route;
}
// Is there anything to parse?
if ($this->uri->uri_string !== '')
{
$this->_parse_routes();
}
else
{
$this->_set_default_controller();
}
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Set request route
*
* Takes an array of URI segments as input and sets the class/method
* to be called.
*
* @used-by CI_Router::_parse_routes()
* @param array $segments URI segments
* @return void
*/
protected function _set_request($segments = array())
{
$segments = $this->_validate_request($segments);
// If we don't have any segments left - try the default controller;
// WARNING: Directories get shifted out of the segments array!
if (empty($segments))
{
$this->_set_default_controller();
return;
}
if ($this->translate_uri_dashes === TRUE)
{
$segments[0] = str_replace('-', '_', $segments[0]);
if (isset($segments[1]))
{
$segments[1] = str_replace('-', '_', $segments[1]);
}
}
$this->set_class($segments[0]);
if (isset($segments[1]))
{
$this->set_method($segments[1]);
}
else
{
$segments[1] = 'index';
}
array_unshift($segments, NULL);
unset($segments[0]);
$this->uri->rsegments = $segments;
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Set default controller
*
* @return void
*/
protected function _set_default_controller()
{
if (empty($this->default_controller))
{
show_error('Unable to determine what should be displayed. A default route has not been specified in the routing file.');
}
// Is the method being specified?
if (sscanf($this->default_controller, '%[^/]/%s', $class, $method) !== 2)
{
$method = 'index';
}
if ( ! file_exists(APPPATH.'controllers/'.$this->directory.ucfirst($class).'.php'))
{
// This will trigger 404 later
return;
}
$this->set_class($class);
$this->set_method($method);
// Assign routed segments, index starting from 1
$this->uri->rsegments = array(
1 => $class,
2 => $method
);
log_message('debug', 'No URI present. Default controller set.');
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Validate request
*
* Attempts validate the URI request and determine the controller path.
*
* @used-by CI_Router::_set_request()
* @param array $segments URI segments
* @return mixed URI segments
*/
protected function _validate_request($segments)
{
$c = count($segments);
$directory_override = isset($this->directory);
// Loop through our segments and return as soon as a controller
// is found or when such a directory doesn't exist
while ($c-- > 0)
{
$test = $this->directory
.ucfirst($this->translate_uri_dashes === TRUE ? str_replace('-', '_', $segments[0]) : $segments[0]);
if ( ! file_exists(APPPATH.'controllers/'.$test.'.php')
&& $directory_override === FALSE
&& is_dir(APPPATH.'controllers/'.$this->directory.$segments[0])
)
{
$this->set_directory(array_shift($segments), TRUE);
continue;
}
return $segments;
}
// This means that all segments were actually directories
return $segments;
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Parse Routes
*
* Matches any routes that may exist in the config/routes.php file
* against the URI to determine if the class/method need to be remapped.
*
* @return void
*/
protected function _parse_routes()
{
// Turn the segment array into a URI string
$uri = implode('/', $this->uri->segments);
// Get HTTP verb
$http_verb = isset($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']) ? strtolower($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']) : 'cli';
// Loop through the route array looking for wildcards
foreach ($this->routes as $key => $val)
{
// Check if route format is using HTTP verbs
if (is_array($val))
{
$val = array_change_key_case($val, CASE_LOWER);
if (isset($val[$http_verb]))
{
$val = $val[$http_verb];
}
else
{
continue;
}
}
// Convert wildcards to RegEx
$key = str_replace(array(':any', ':num'), array('[^/]+', '[0-9]+'), $key);
// Does the RegEx match?
if (preg_match('#^'.$key.'$#', $uri, $matches))
{
// Are we using callbacks to process back-references?
if ( ! is_string($val) && is_callable($val))
{
// Remove the original string from the matches array.
array_shift($matches);
// Execute the callback using the values in matches as its parameters.
$val = call_user_func_array($val, $matches);
}
// Are we using the default routing method for back-references?
elseif (strpos($val, '$') !== FALSE && strpos($key, '(') !== FALSE)
{
$val = preg_replace('#^'.$key.'$#', $val, $uri);
}
$this->_set_request(explode('/', $val));
return;
}
}
// If we got this far it means we didn't encounter a
// matching route so we'll set the site default route
$this->_set_request(array_values($this->uri->segments));
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Set class name
*
* @param string $class Class name
* @return void
*/
public function set_class($class)
{
$this->class = str_replace(array('/', '.'), '', $class);
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Fetch the current class
*
* @deprecated 3.0.0 Read the 'class' property instead
* @return string
*/
public function fetch_class()
{
return $this->class;
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Set method name
*
* @param string $method Method name
* @return void
*/
public function set_method($method)
{
$this->method = $method;
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Fetch the current method
*
* @deprecated 3.0.0 Read the 'method' property instead
* @return string
*/
public function fetch_method()
{
return $this->method;
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Set directory name
*
* @param string $dir Directory name
* @param bool $append Whether we're appending rather than setting the full value
* @return void
*/
public function set_directory($dir, $append = FALSE)
{
if ($append !== TRUE OR empty($this->directory))
{
$this->directory = str_replace('.', '', trim($dir, '/')).'/';
}
else
{
$this->directory .= str_replace('.', '', trim($dir, '/')).'/';
}
}
// --------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Fetch directory
*
* Feches the sub-directory (if any) that contains the requested
* controller class.
*
* @deprecated 3.0.0 Read the 'directory' property instead
* @return string
*/
public function fetch_directory()
{
return $this->directory;
}
}
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