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scripts: add Linux .cocciconfig for coccinelle

Coccinelle supports reading .cocciconfig, the order of precedence for
variables for .cocciconfig is as follows:

 o Your current user's home directory is processed first
 o Your directory from which spatch is called is processed next
 o The directory provided with the --dir option is processed last, if used

Since coccicheck runs through make, it naturally runs from the kernel
proper dir, as such the second rule above would be implied for picking up a
.cocciconfig when using 'make coccicheck'.

'make coccicheck' also supports using M= targets.If you do not supply
any M= target, it is assumed you want to target the entire kernel.
The kernel coccicheck script has:

    if [ "$KBUILD_EXTMOD" = "" ] ; then
        OPTIONS="--dir $srctree $COCCIINCLUDE"
    else
        OPTIONS="--dir $KBUILD_EXTMOD $COCCIINCLUDE"
    fi

KBUILD_EXTMOD is set when an explicit target with M= is used. For both cases
the spatch --dir argument is used, as such third rule applies when
whether M= is used or not, and when M= is used the target directory can
have its own .cocciconfig file. When M= is not passed as an argument to
coccicheck the target directory is the same as the directory from where
spatch was called.

If not using the kernel's coccicheck target, keep the above precedence order
logic of .cocciconfig reading. If using the kernel's coccicheck target,
override any of the kernel's .coccicheck's settings using SPFLAGS.

We help Coccinelle when used against Linux with a set of sensible defaults
options for Linux with our own Linux .cocciconfig. This hints to coccinelle
git can be used for 'git grep' queries over coccigrep. A timeout of 200
seconds should suffice for now.

The options picked up by coccinelle when reading a .cocciconfig do not appear
as arguments to spatch processes running on your system, to confirm what
options will be used by Coccinelle run:

  spatch --print-options-only

You can override with your own preferred index option by using SPFLAGS.
Coccinelle supports both glimpse and idutils. Glimpse had historically
provided the best performance, however recent benchmarks reveal idutils
is performing just as well. Due to some recent fixes however you however
will need at least coccinelle >= 1.0.6 if using idutils.

Coccinelle carries a script scripts/idutils_index.sh which creates the
idutils database with as follows:

    mkid -i C --output .id-utils.index

If using just "--use-idutils" coccinelle expects your idutils database to be
on the top level of the kernel as a file named ".id-utils.index". If you do
not use this you can symlink your database file to it, or you can specify the
database file following the "--use-idutils" argument. Examples:

    make SPFLAGS=--use-idutils coccicheck

This assumes you have $srctree/.id-utils.index, where $srctree is
the top level of the kernel.

    make SPFLAGS="--use-idutils /full-path/to/ID" coccicheck

Here you specify the full path of the idutils ID database. Using
.cocciconfig is possible, however given the order of precedence followed
by Coccinelle, and since the kernel now carries its own .cocciconfig,
you will need to use SPFLAGS to use idutils if desired.

v4:

o Recommend upgrade for using idutils with coccinelle due to some
  recent fixes.

o Refer to using --print-options-only for testing what options are
  picked up by .cocciconfig reading.

o Expand commit log considerably explaining *why* .cocconfig from
  two precedence rules are used when using coccicheck, and how to
  properly override these if needed.

o Expand Documentation/coccinelle.txt

v3: Expand commit log a bit more

Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@lip6.fr>
Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
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Luis R. Rodriguez Michal Marek
Luis R. Rodriguez authored and Michal Marek committed Jun 29, 2016
1 parent 5c384db commit dd951fc1b67b6511d6c8f0449f3d451df374ebce
Showing with 74 additions and 0 deletions.
  1. +3 −0 .cocciconfig
  2. +1 −0 .gitignore
  3. +70 −0 Documentation/coccinelle.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
[spatch]
options = --timeout 200
options = --use-gitgrep
@@ -66,6 +66,7 @@ Module.symvers
#
!.gitignore
!.mailmap
!.cocciconfig
#
# Generated include files
@@ -189,6 +189,60 @@ work.
DEBUG_FILE support is only supported when using coccinelle >= 1.2.
.cocciconfig support
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Coccinelle supports reading .cocciconfig for default Coccinelle options that
should be used every time spatch is spawned, the order of precedence for
variables for .cocciconfig is as follows:
o Your current user's home directory is processed first
o Your directory from which spatch is called is processed next
o The directory provided with the --dir option is processed last, if used
Since coccicheck runs through make, it naturally runs from the kernel
proper dir, as such the second rule above would be implied for picking up a
.cocciconfig when using 'make coccicheck'.
'make coccicheck' also supports using M= targets.If you do not supply
any M= target, it is assumed you want to target the entire kernel.
The kernel coccicheck script has:
if [ "$KBUILD_EXTMOD" = "" ] ; then
OPTIONS="--dir $srctree $COCCIINCLUDE"
else
OPTIONS="--dir $KBUILD_EXTMOD $COCCIINCLUDE"
fi
KBUILD_EXTMOD is set when an explicit target with M= is used. For both cases
the spatch --dir argument is used, as such third rule applies when whether M=
is used or not, and when M= is used the target directory can have its own
.cocciconfig file. When M= is not passed as an argument to coccicheck the
target directory is the same as the directory from where spatch was called.
If not using the kernel's coccicheck target, keep the above precedence
order logic of .cocciconfig reading. If using the kernel's coccicheck target,
override any of the kernel's .coccicheck's settings using SPFLAGS.
We help Coccinelle when used against Linux with a set of sensible defaults
options for Linux with our own Linux .cocciconfig. This hints to coccinelle
git can be used for 'git grep' queries over coccigrep. A timeout of 200
seconds should suffice for now.
The options picked up by coccinelle when reading a .cocciconfig do not appear
as arguments to spatch processes running on your system, to confirm what
options will be used by Coccinelle run:
spatch --print-options-only
You can override with your own preferred index option by using SPFLAGS. Take
note that when there are conflicting options Coccinelle takes precedence for
the last options passed. Using .cocciconfig is possible to use idutils, however
given the order of precedence followed by Coccinelle, since the kernel now
carries its own .cocciconfig, you will need to use SPFLAGS to use idutils if
desired. See below section "Additional flags" for more details on how to use
idutils.
Additional flags
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -197,8 +251,24 @@ variable. This works as Coccinelle respects the last flags
given to it when options are in conflict.
make SPFLAGS=--use-glimpse coccicheck
Coccinelle supports idutils as well but requires coccinelle >= 1.0.6.
When no ID file is specified coccinelle assumes your ID database file
is in the file .id-utils.index on the top level of the kernel, coccinelle
carries a script scripts/idutils_index.sh which creates the database with
mkid -i C --output .id-utils.index
If you have another database filename you can also just symlink with this
name.
make SPFLAGS=--use-idutils coccicheck
Alternatively you can specify the database filename explicitly, for
instance:
make SPFLAGS="--use-idutils /full-path/to/ID" coccicheck
See spatch --help to learn more about spatch options.
Note that the '--use-glimpse' and '--use-idutils' options

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