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Rate Limiting

Overview

Twitter imposes rate limiting based either on user tokens or application tokens. Please see: API Rate Limits for a more detailed explanation of Twitter's policies. What follows will be a summary of how Python-Twitter attempts to deal with rate limits and how you should expect those limits to be respected (or not).

Python-Twitter tries to abstract away the details of Twitter's rate limiting by allowing you to globally respect those limits or ignore them. If you wish to have the application sleep when it hits a rate limit, you should instantiate the API with sleep_on_rate_limit=True like so:

import twitter
api = twitter.Api(consumer_key=[consumer key],
                  consumer_secret=[consumer secret],
                  access_token_key=[access token],
                  access_token_secret=[access token secret],
                  sleep_on_rate_limit=True)

By default, python-twitter will raise a hard error for rate limits

Effectively, when the API determines that the next call to an endpoint will result in a rate limit error being thrown by Twitter, it will sleep until you are able to safely make that call. For most API methods, the headers in the response from Twitter will contain the following information:

x-rate-limit-limit: The number of times you can request the given endpoint within a certain number of minutes (otherwise known as a window).

x-rate-limit-remaining: The number of times you have left for a given endpoint within a window.

x-rate-limit-reset: The number of seconds left until the window resets.

For most endpoints, this is 15 requests per 15 minutes. So if you have set the global sleep_on_rate_limit to True, the process looks something like this:

api.GetListMembersPaged()
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=-1
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=2
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=3
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=4
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=5
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=6
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=7
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=8
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=9
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=10
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=11
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=12
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=13
# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=14

# This last GET request returns a response where x-rate-limit-remaining
# is equal to 0, so the API sleeps for 15 minutes

# GET /list/{id}/members.json?cursor=15

# ... etc ...

If you would rather not have your API instance sleep when hitting, then do not pass sleep_on_rate_limit=True to your API instance. This will cause the API to raise a hard error when attempting to make call #15 above.

Technical

The twitter/ratelimit.py file contains the code that handles storing and checking rate limits for endpoints. Since Twitter does not send any information regarding the endpoint that you are requesting with the x-rate-limit-* headers, the endpoint is determined by some regex using the URL.

The twitter.Api instance contains an Api.rate_limit object that you can inspect to see the current limits for any URL and exposes a number of methods for querying and setting rate limits on a per-resource (i.e., endpoint) basis. See :py:func:`twitter.ratelimit.RateLimit` for more information.