Miscellaneous PowerShell goodies
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Miscellaneous PowerShell goodies

Table of Contents

How to use Functions\Scripts

The best way to use provided functions is a dot-sourcing.

Dot-sourcing runs a script file in the current scope so that any functions, aliases, and variables that the script file creates are added to the current scope.

In PowerShell console\PowerShell ISE script pane

Note the space between first dot and path!

. c:\scripts\Get-TerminologyTranslation.ps1

Or, navigate to the folder, where you downloaded script file

cd c:\scripts

And then type:

. .\Get-TerminologyTranslation.ps1

To verify, that script file is loaded, try to view help for the loaded function. The function name is usually the same as script file name (without extension), if not stated otherwise in readme.

Get-Help -Name Get-TerminologyTranslation -Full

Congratulations, you can now make use of newly added function!

'Windows Update' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'ru-ru' -Source Terms

In your own script

Note the space between first dot and path!

Dot-source from arbitrary location before calling the function:

. c:\scripts\Get-TerminologyTranslation.ps1
'Windows Update' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'ru-ru' -Source Terms

Or put it alongside with your script, get path to the script folder programmatically, and then dot-source:

$ScriptDir = Split-Path $script:MyInvocation.MyCommand.Path
. (Join-Path -Path $ScriptDir -ChildPath 'Get-TerminologyTranslation.ps1')
'Windows Update' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'ru-ru' -Source Terms

Functions

Get-TerminologyTranslation

Enables user to look up terminology translations and user-interface translations from actual Microsoft products via Microsoft Terminology Service API. For details see Terminology Service API SDK PDF.

Features

  • Any-to-any language translation searches, e.g. Japanese to/from French or any other language combination.
  • Filter searches with string case and hotkey sensitivity.
  • Filter searches by product name and version.
  • Get list of languages supported by the Terminology Service API.
  • Get list of products supported by the Terminology Service API.
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Ever wonder how Cherokee spell Start menu?
'Start menu' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'chr-cher-us' -Source Both

ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᏑᏰᏍᏗᎢ
  • What is Control panel in French?
'Control panel' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'fr-fr' -Source Both

Panneau de configuration
  • How about Fatal Error in German?
'Fatal error' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'de-de' -Source Both

Schwerwiegender Fehler
  • You've got a cyrillic SharePoint installation and wonder where the hell is Application Management in SharePoint Central Administration?
'Application Management' | Get-TerminologyTranslation -From 'en-us' -To 'ru-ru' -Source 'UiStrings' -Name 'SharePoint Server'

Управление приложениями

Split-CommandLine

PowerShell version of EchoArgs. This is the Cmdlet version of the code from the article PowerShell and external commands done right. It can parse command-line arguments using Win32 API function CommandLineToArgvW and echo command line arguments back out to the console for your review.

Features

  • Parse arbitrary command-line, or if none specified, the command-line of the current PowerShell host.
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Parse user-specified command-line
'"c:\windows\notepad.exe" test.txt' | Split-CommandLine

c:\windows\notepad.exe
test.txt
  • Parse command-line of the live process
Get-WmiObject Win32_Process -Filter "Name='notepad.exe'" | Split-CommandLine

c:\windows\notepad.exe
test.txt

Import-Component

Bulk-import from folder any component, supported by PowerShell (script, module, source code, .Net assembly).

Features

  • Supported components:
    • Script (.ps1) - imported using Dot-Sourcing.
    • Module - imported using Import-Module cmdlet This function will only try to import well-formed modules. A "well-formed" module is a module that is stored in a directory that has the same name as the base name of at least one file in the module directory. If a module is not well-formed, Windows PowerShell does not recognize it as a module. More info
    • Source code (.cs, .vb, .js) - imported using Add-Type cmdlet
    • .Net assembly (.dll) - imported using Add-Type cmdlet
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

WARNING: To import .PS1 scripts this function itself has to be dot-sourced! Example:

Note the space between first dot and function name!

. Import-Component 'C:\PsLib'

Usage examples

  • Import all supported components (.ps1, module, .cs, .vb, .js, .dll), recurse into subdirectories. Include only files with names without extension that match wildcards MyScript* and *MyLib*. Exclude files with names without extension that match *_backup* and *_old* wildcards.
. Import-Component 'C:\PsLib' -Recurse -Include 'MyScript*','*MyLib*' -Exclude '*_backup*','*_old*'

New-DynamicParameter

Helper function to simplify creating dynamic parameters. Example use cases:

  • Include parameters only if your environment dictates it
  • Include parameters depending on the value of a user-specified parameter
  • Provide tab completion and intellisense for parameters, depending on the environment

Credits to Justin Rich (blog, GitHub) and Warren F. (blog, GitHub) for their initial code and inspiration:

Credit to BM for alias and type parameters and their handling.

Features

  • Create dynamic parameters for your functions on the fly.
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Create one dynamic parameter. This example illustrates the use of New-DynamicParameter to create a single dynamic parameter. The Drive's parameter ValidateSet is populated with all available volumes on the computer for handy tab completion / intellisense.
function Get-FreeSpace
{
	[CmdletBinding()]
	Param()
	DynamicParam
	{
		# Get drive names for ValidateSet attribute
		$DriveList = ([System.IO.DriveInfo]::GetDrives()).Name

		# Create new dynamic parameter
		New-DynamicParameter -Name Drive -ValidateSet $DriveList -Type ([array]) -Position 0 -Mandatory
	}

	Process
	{
		# Dynamic parameters don't have corresponding variables created,
		# you need to call New-DynamicParameter with CreateVariables switch to fix that.
		New-DynamicParameter -CreateVariables -BoundParameters $PSBoundParameters

		$DriveInfo = [System.IO.DriveInfo]::GetDrives() | Where-Object {$Drive -contains $_.Name}
		$DriveInfo |
			ForEach-Object {
				if(!$_.TotalFreeSpace)
				{
					$FreePct = 0
				}
				else
				{
					$FreePct = [System.Math]::Round(($_.TotalSize / $_.TotalFreeSpace), 2)
				}
				New-Object -TypeName psobject -Property @{
					Drive = $_.Name
					DriveType = $_.DriveType
					'Free(%)' = $FreePct
				}
			}
	}
}

Get-SvnAuthor

Get list of unique commit authors in one or more SVN repositories. Requires Subversion binaries. Can be used to create authors file for SVN to Git migrations.

Features

  • Get list of unique commit authors in one or more SVN repositories.
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Get list of unique commit authors for SVN repository http://svnserver/svn/project
'http://svnserver/svn/project' | Get-SvnAuthor

John Doe
Jane Doe

Step-Dictionary

Recursively walk through each item in a dictionary and execute scriptblock against lowest level keys. You can modify and remove lowest level keys while iterating over dictionary.

Features

  • Recursively walk through each item in a dictionary and execute scriptblock against lowest level keys.
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

$Dictionary = @{
	Alfa = @{
		Bravo = @{
			Charlie = 'FooBar'
			Delta = 'BarFoo'
			Echo = 'FarBoo'
		}
	}
}

# Search for lowest level keys with name 'Charlie' and output their values
Step-Dictionary -Dictionary $Dictionary -ScriptBlock {$Dictionary[$key]} -Include 'Charlie'

# Search for all lowest level keys except 'Charlie' and output their values
Step-Dictionary -Dictionary $Dictionary -ScriptBlock {$Dictionary[$key]} -Exclude 'Charlie'

# Print each lowest level key name and value
Step-Dictionary -Dictionary $Dictionary -ScriptBlock {"${key}: $($Dictionary[$key])" | Write-Host}

# Set each lowest level key to random value
Step-Dictionary -Dictionary $Dictionary -ScriptBlock {$Dictionary[$key] = Get-Random}

# Remove every lowest level key
Step-Dictionary -Dictionary $Dictionary -ScriptBlock {$Dictionary.Remove($key)}

Get-SpecialFolderPath

Gets the path to the system special folder that is identified by the specified enumeration. On pre .NET 4.0 systems tries to map unknown KNOWNFOLDERID to CSIDLs. This, for example allows to query for ProgramFilesx86 directory when PowerShell is running in .Net 3.5, where SpecialFolder enumeration contains only KNOWNFOLDERID for ProgramFiles.

Features

  • Gets the path to the system special folder that is identified by the specified enumeration (CSIDL, KNOWNFOLDERID or best match).
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Get folder paths for 'Favorites' and Desktop folders using both CSIDL and KNOWNFOLDERID
'Favorites', 'CSIDL_DESKTOP' | Get-SpecialFolderPath
Get-SpecialFolderPath -Name 'Favorites', 'CSIDL_DESKTOP'
  • Get folder path for Desktop folder by CSIDL
Get-SpecialFolderPath -Csidl 'CSIDL_DESKTOP'
  • Get folder path for 'Favorites' folder by KNOWNFOLDERID
Get-SpecialFolderPath -KnownFolderId 'Favorites'
  • Get folder path for NetHood KNOWNFOLDERID.
Get-SpecialFolderPath -Name 'NetHood'

On my system, there is no NetHood KNOWNFOLDERID in SpecialFolder enumeration, so the function will fallback to CSIDL mapping. Example of verbose output in this situation:

VERBOSE: Checking if [System.Environment]::GetFolderPath available
VERBOSE: Result: True
VERBOSE: No KnownFolderId for: 'NetHood', trying to map to CSIDL
VERBOSE: KnownFolderId 'NetHood' is mapped to CSIDL(s): CSIDL_NETHOOD
VERBOSE: Registering type: Shell32.Tools
VERBOSE: Processing CSIDL(s): CSIDL_NETHOOD
C:\Users\beatcracker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Network Shortcuts

Start-ConsoleProcess

This function will start console executable, pipe any user-specified strings to it and capture StandardOutput/StandardError streams and exit code.

Features

  • Returns object with following properties:
    • StdOut - array of strings captured from StandardOutput
    • StdErr - array of strings captured from StandardError
    • ExitCode - exit code set by executable
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Start find.exe and capture its output. Because no arguments specified, find.exe prints error to StandardError stream, which is captured by the function.
Start-ConsoleProcess -FilePath find

StdOut StdErr                               ExitCode
------ ------                               --------
{}     {FIND: Parameter format not correct}        2
  • Start robocopy.exe with arguments and capture its output. Robocopy.exe will mirror contents of the C:\Src folder to C:\Dst and print log to StandardOutput stream, which is captured by the function.
$Result = Start-ConsoleProcess -FilePath robocopy -ArgumentList 'C:\Src', 'C:\Dst', '/mir'
$Result.StdOut

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   ROBOCOPY     ::     Robust File Copy for Windows
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Started : 01 January 2016 y. 00:00:01
   Source : C:\Src\
     Dest : C:\Dst\

    Files : *.*

  Options : *.* /S /E /DCOPY:DA /COPY:DAT /PURGE /MIR /R:1000000 /W:30

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       1	C:\Src\
        New File  		       6	Readme.txt
  0%
100%

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Total    Copied   Skipped  Mismatch    FAILED    Extras
    Dirs :         1         0         0         0         0         0
   Files :         1         1         0         0         0         0
   Bytes :         6         6         0         0         0         0
   Times :   0:00:00   0:00:00                       0:00:00   0:00:00


   Speed :                 103 Bytes/sec.
   Speed :               0.005 MegaBytes/min.
   Ended : 01 January 2016 y. 00:00:01
  • Start diskpart.exe, pipe strings to its StandardInput and capture its output. Diskpart.exe will accept piped strings as if they were typed in the interactive session and list all disks and volumes on the PC.

Note that running diskpart requires already elevated PowerShell console. Otherwise, you will recieve elevation request and diskpart will run, however, no strings would be piped to it.

$Result = 'list disk', 'list volume' | Start-ConsoleProcess -FilePath diskpart
$Result.StdOut

Microsoft DiskPart version 6.3.9600

Copyright (C) 1999-2013 Microsoft Corporation.
On computer: HAL9000

DISKPART>
  Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn  Gpt
  --------  -------------  -------  -------  ---  ---
  Disk 0    Online          298 GB      0 B

DISKPART>
  Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
  ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
  Volume 0     E                       DVD-ROM         0 B  No Media
  Volume 1     C   System       NTFS   Partition    100 GB  Healthy    System
  Volume 2     D   Storage      NTFS   Partition    198 GB  Healthy

DISKPART>

Remove-ComObject

Release COM object and remove associated variable. COM object is released using Marshal.FinalReleaseComObject method call. Optionally you can force garbage collection.

Features

  • Release COM object and remove associated variable.
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Removes COM object stored in variable $Ie and variable itself.
# Create Internet Explorer COM object
$Ie = New-Object -ComObject InternetExplorer.Application

# ... do stuff ...

# Remove Internet Explorer COM object
Remove-ComObject -Name Ie

Use-ServiceAccount

Wrapper around Win32 API functions for managing (Group) Managed Service Accounts. Allows to test/add/remove (G)MSAs.

See this post for more details: Using Group Managed Service Accounts without Active Directory module

Unlike it's counterparts in the 'Active Directory' module, which require CredSSP to be configured when used over PSRemoting, this function works with resource-based Kerberos constrained delegation.

Features

  • Test/Add/Remove (Group) Managed Service Accounts
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Test whether the specified standalone managed service account (sMSA) or group managed service account (gMSA) exists in the Netlogon store on the this server.
'GMSA_Acount' | Use-ServiceAccount -Test
  • Install Group Managed Service Account with SAM account name 'GMSA_Account' on the computer on which the cmdlet is run.
'GMSA_Acount' | Use-ServiceAccount -Add
  • Queries the specified service account from the local computer.
'GMSA_Acount' | Use-ServiceAccount -Query
  • Queries the specified service account from the local computer and return MSA_INFO_STATE enumeration containing detailed information on (G)MSA state.
'GMSA_Acount' | Use-ServiceAccount -Query -Detailed

Use-Object

PowerShell-style version of C# using statement.

I felt that C# syntax is no quite fit for PowerShell, so I've made a "pipelined" version.

The object is passed via the pipeline and scriptblock is passed as parameter. The object is available to the scriptblock via $_ variable, similarly to ForEach-Obect.

More details here: Yet another Using statement

Usage examples

  • Use StreamWriter to write text to file. Stream will be disposed and closed after scriptblock is executed.
New-Object -TypeName System.IO.StreamWriter -ArgumentList 'c:\foo.txt' | Use-Object {$_.WriteLine('BAR')}
  • Use Internet Explorer to show website and release IE COM object afterwards.
New-Object -ComObject InternetExplorer.Application | Use-Object {
  $_.Visible = $true
  $_.navigate('https://bing.com')
  Start-Sleep -Seconds 10
  $_.Quit()
}

Add-ClusterMsmqRole

Creates clustered MSMQ role with correct group type and dependencies. Can optionally add services to the created group.

Usage examples

  • Create new MSMQ role with network name MSMQ and IP address 10.20.30.40 using Cluster Disk 1 for shared storage. Start MSMQ group after it`s been created.
  Add-ClusterMsmqRole -Name 'MSMQ' -Disk 'Cluster Disk 1' -StaticAddress '10.20.30.40' -Start
  • Create new MSMQ role with network name MSMQ and IP address 10.20.30.40 using Cluster Disk 1 for shared storage. Add windows service SomeService to MSMQ group. Do not start MSMQ group.
  Add-ClusterMsmqRole -Name 'MSMQ' -Disk 'Cluster Disk 1' -StaticAddress '10.20.30.40' -Service 'SomeService'

Scripts

New-GitSvnAuthorsFile

Generate authors file for one or more SVN repositories to assist SVN to Git migrations. Can map SVN authors to domain accounts and get full names and emails from Active Directory. Requires Subversion binaries and Get-SvnAuthor function.

Features

  • Generate authors file for one or more SVN repositories
  • Map SVN authors to domain accounts and get full names and emails from Active Directory
  • Full comment-based help and usage examples.

Usage examples

  • Create authors file for SVN repository http://svnserver/svn/project. New authors file will be created as c:\authors.txt
'http://svnserver/svn/project' | New-GitSvnAuthorsFile -Path c:\authors.txt