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Tiny REST client for Java and JSON.

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README.rst

Resty

Introduction

Resty is a small, convenient interface to talk to RESTful services from Java.

Its focus is on simplicity and ease-of-use, often requiring only two lines of code to access any web service. It supports chaining several requests which is very useful in RESTful application employing HATEOAS.

Basic usage is very simple: Create a Resty instance, use authenticate methode to add credentials, then call one of the content type specific methods. The idea is that the method name will convey the expected content type you can then operate on.

import static us.monoid.web.Resty.*;

GETting an URL (as JSON):

new Resty().json(url);

POSTing to an URL (using multipart/form-data) and expecting JSON back:

new Resty().json(url, form(data("name", "Don Draper"), data("occupation", "Ad Man")));

PUTting content and expecting JSON back:

new Resty().json(url, put(content(someJSON)));

DELETE a resource via URL expecting JSON back:

new Resty().json(url, delete());

Here is an example on how to use the geonames web service. It retrieves the JSON object (see json.org for details) and gets the name of a place from the zip code:

Resty r = new Resty();
Object name = r.json("http://ws.geonames.org/postalCodeLookupJSON?postalcode=66780&country=DE").get("postalcodes[0].placeName");

See more examples below.

Features

  • GET, POST, PUT, DELETE for text, XML, JSON, binary
  • Fluent-style API to follow hyperlinks easily
  • Complex path queries for JSON (simple tests on fields with operators >,=,< and full boolean expressions (&&,||,!))
  • Support for XPath expressions
  • Authentication with login/passwd
  • Automatic Cookie management: IMPORTANT: Currently Resty will store cookies in a single instance of CookieHandler. System-wide!
  • Full support for multipart/form-data
  • GAE compatible (no cookie support though)

Changes

see CHANGES.rst

Status

Growing

  • Some HTTP verbs still missing (HEAD, OPTIONS among them)
  • No explicit HTML support yet. Use text(...).toString() and feed it a parser like Jericho
  • No oauth support yet.

Installation

Either create the JAR yourself (see target directory or grab the rest-*.jar file and add it to your CLASSPATH. Or grab it from Maven central:

groupId: us.monoid.web
artifactId: resty
version: 0.3.2

Compile it yourself

Use Maven 2 or 3 to build.

Examples

See http://beders.github.com/Resty/Resty/Overview.html

Getting location information from the geonames web service, published as JSON:

Resty r = new Resty();
Object name = r.json("http://ws.geonames.org/postalCodeLookupJSON?postalcode=66780&country=DE").
        get("postalcodes[0].placeName");

This gets a JSON object from the specified URL and extracts the first place name.

Getting the Google Developer calendar feed as JSON and following the first entry, which is an XML resource, extracting the title tag:

Resty r = new Resty();
String title = r.json("http://www.google.com/calendar/feeds/developer-calendar@google.com/public/full?alt=json").
                xml(path("feed.entry[0].id.$t")).get("entry/title/text()", String.class);

The path(...) expression is used to extract a URL from the returned JSON object, which is then used to read an XML document.

Getting ATOM feed from Slashdot and printing article URLs:

Resty r = new Resty();
NodeList nl = r.xml("http://rss.slashdot.org/Slashdot/slashdotGamesatom").get("feed/entry/link");
for (int i = 0, len = nl.getLength(); i < len; i++) {
        System.out.println(((Element)nl.item(i)).getAttribute("href"));
}

Some supported JSON path constructs:

store.book[price>7 && price<12.999].author
store.book[!category='reference'].author

JSON Sample for paths above:

{ "store": {
   "book": [
     { "category": "reference",
       "author": "Nigel Rees",
       "title": "Sayings of the Century",
       "price": 8.95
     }, ... ]}}

Chaining calls to navigate JSON objects. This is useful if the JSON contains URIs to go down the rabbit hole so to say:

import static us.monoid.web.Resty.*;
import us.monoid.web.Resty;

JSONObject json = r.
       json("http://localhost:9999/rest/sc").
       json(path("serviceclients[displayName='Sample'].href")).
       json(path("workflows")).json(path("current")).json(path("levels[displayName='Incoming'].href")).
       json(path("ruleSets[1].EngageRouting")).object();

Developers

Contributors

Gabriel Falkenberg <gabriel.falkenberg@gmail.com> Remi Alvergnat <remi.alvergnat@gmail.com> Robert Fischer <robert.fischer@smokejumperit.com>

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