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import abc
import collections
from itertools import permutations
import pickle
from random import choice
import sys
from test import support
import unittest
from weakref import proxy
import functools
py_functools = support.import_fresh_module('functools', blocked=['_functools'])
c_functools = support.import_fresh_module('functools', fresh=['_functools'])
decimal = support.import_fresh_module('decimal', fresh=['_decimal'])
def capture(*args, **kw):
"""capture all positional and keyword arguments"""
return args, kw
def signature(part):
""" return the signature of a partial object """
return (part.func, part.args, part.keywords, part.__dict__)
class TestPartial:
def test_basic_examples(self):
p = self.partial(capture, 1, 2, a=10, b=20)
self.assertTrue(callable(p))
self.assertEqual(p(3, 4, b=30, c=40),
((1, 2, 3, 4), dict(a=10, b=30, c=40)))
p = self.partial(map, lambda x: x*10)
self.assertEqual(list(p([1,2,3,4])), [10, 20, 30, 40])
def test_attributes(self):
p = self.partial(capture, 1, 2, a=10, b=20)
# attributes should be readable
self.assertEqual(p.func, capture)
self.assertEqual(p.args, (1, 2))
self.assertEqual(p.keywords, dict(a=10, b=20))
def test_argument_checking(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.partial) # need at least a func arg
try:
self.partial(2)()
except TypeError:
pass
else:
self.fail('First arg not checked for callability')
def test_protection_of_callers_dict_argument(self):
# a caller's dictionary should not be altered by partial
def func(a=10, b=20):
return a
d = {'a':3}
p = self.partial(func, a=5)
self.assertEqual(p(**d), 3)
self.assertEqual(d, {'a':3})
p(b=7)
self.assertEqual(d, {'a':3})
def test_arg_combinations(self):
# exercise special code paths for zero args in either partial
# object or the caller
p = self.partial(capture)
self.assertEqual(p(), ((), {}))
self.assertEqual(p(1,2), ((1,2), {}))
p = self.partial(capture, 1, 2)
self.assertEqual(p(), ((1,2), {}))
self.assertEqual(p(3,4), ((1,2,3,4), {}))
def test_kw_combinations(self):
# exercise special code paths for no keyword args in
# either the partial object or the caller
p = self.partial(capture)
self.assertEqual(p.keywords, {})
self.assertEqual(p(), ((), {}))
self.assertEqual(p(a=1), ((), {'a':1}))
p = self.partial(capture, a=1)
self.assertEqual(p.keywords, {'a':1})
self.assertEqual(p(), ((), {'a':1}))
self.assertEqual(p(b=2), ((), {'a':1, 'b':2}))
# keyword args in the call override those in the partial object
self.assertEqual(p(a=3, b=2), ((), {'a':3, 'b':2}))
def test_positional(self):
# make sure positional arguments are captured correctly
for args in [(), (0,), (0,1), (0,1,2), (0,1,2,3)]:
p = self.partial(capture, *args)
expected = args + ('x',)
got, empty = p('x')
self.assertTrue(expected == got and empty == {})
def test_keyword(self):
# make sure keyword arguments are captured correctly
for a in ['a', 0, None, 3.5]:
p = self.partial(capture, a=a)
expected = {'a':a,'x':None}
empty, got = p(x=None)
self.assertTrue(expected == got and empty == ())
def test_no_side_effects(self):
# make sure there are no side effects that affect subsequent calls
p = self.partial(capture, 0, a=1)
args1, kw1 = p(1, b=2)
self.assertTrue(args1 == (0,1) and kw1 == {'a':1,'b':2})
args2, kw2 = p()
self.assertTrue(args2 == (0,) and kw2 == {'a':1})
def test_error_propagation(self):
def f(x, y):
x / y
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.partial(f, 1, 0))
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.partial(f, 1), 0)
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.partial(f), 1, 0)
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.partial(f, y=0), 1)
def test_weakref(self):
f = self.partial(int, base=16)
p = proxy(f)
self.assertEqual(f.func, p.func)
f = None
self.assertRaises(ReferenceError, getattr, p, 'func')
def test_with_bound_and_unbound_methods(self):
data = list(map(str, range(10)))
join = self.partial(str.join, '')
self.assertEqual(join(data), '0123456789')
join = self.partial(''.join)
self.assertEqual(join(data), '0123456789')
@unittest.skipUnless(c_functools, 'requires the C _functools module')
class TestPartialC(TestPartial, unittest.TestCase):
if c_functools:
partial = c_functools.partial
def test_attributes_unwritable(self):
# attributes should not be writable
p = self.partial(capture, 1, 2, a=10, b=20)
self.assertRaises(AttributeError, setattr, p, 'func', map)
self.assertRaises(AttributeError, setattr, p, 'args', (1, 2))
self.assertRaises(AttributeError, setattr, p, 'keywords', dict(a=1, b=2))
p = self.partial(hex)
try:
del p.__dict__
except TypeError:
pass
else:
self.fail('partial object allowed __dict__ to be deleted')
def test_repr(self):
args = (object(), object())
args_repr = ', '.join(repr(a) for a in args)
kwargs = {'a': object(), 'b': object()}
kwargs_reprs = ['a={a!r}, b={b!r}'.format_map(kwargs),
'b={b!r}, a={a!r}'.format_map(kwargs)]
if self.partial is c_functools.partial:
name = 'functools.partial'
else:
name = self.partial.__name__
f = self.partial(capture)
self.assertEqual('{}({!r})'.format(name, capture),
repr(f))
f = self.partial(capture, *args)
self.assertEqual('{}({!r}, {})'.format(name, capture, args_repr),
repr(f))
f = self.partial(capture, **kwargs)
self.assertIn(repr(f),
['{}({!r}, {})'.format(name, capture, kwargs_repr)
for kwargs_repr in kwargs_reprs])
f = self.partial(capture, *args, **kwargs)
self.assertIn(repr(f),
['{}({!r}, {}, {})'.format(name, capture, args_repr, kwargs_repr)
for kwargs_repr in kwargs_reprs])
def test_pickle(self):
f = self.partial(signature, 'asdf', bar=True)
f.add_something_to__dict__ = True
for proto in range(pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
f_copy = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(f, proto))
self.assertEqual(signature(f), signature(f_copy))
# Issue 6083: Reference counting bug
def test_setstate_refcount(self):
class BadSequence:
def __len__(self):
return 4
def __getitem__(self, key):
if key == 0:
return max
elif key == 1:
return tuple(range(1000000))
elif key in (2, 3):
return {}
raise IndexError
f = self.partial(object)
self.assertRaisesRegex(SystemError,
"new style getargs format but argument is not a tuple",
f.__setstate__, BadSequence())
class TestPartialPy(TestPartial, unittest.TestCase):
partial = staticmethod(py_functools.partial)
if c_functools:
class PartialSubclass(c_functools.partial):
pass
@unittest.skipUnless(c_functools, 'requires the C _functools module')
class TestPartialCSubclass(TestPartialC):
if c_functools:
partial = PartialSubclass
class TestPartialMethod(unittest.TestCase):
class A(object):
nothing = functools.partialmethod(capture)
positional = functools.partialmethod(capture, 1)
keywords = functools.partialmethod(capture, a=2)
both = functools.partialmethod(capture, 3, b=4)
nested = functools.partialmethod(positional, 5)
over_partial = functools.partialmethod(functools.partial(capture, c=6), 7)
static = functools.partialmethod(staticmethod(capture), 8)
cls = functools.partialmethod(classmethod(capture), d=9)
a = A()
def test_arg_combinations(self):
self.assertEqual(self.a.nothing(), ((self.a,), {}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.nothing(5), ((self.a, 5), {}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.nothing(c=6), ((self.a,), {'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.nothing(5, c=6), ((self.a, 5), {'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.positional(), ((self.a, 1), {}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.positional(5), ((self.a, 1, 5), {}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.positional(c=6), ((self.a, 1), {'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.positional(5, c=6), ((self.a, 1, 5), {'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.keywords(), ((self.a,), {'a': 2}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.keywords(5), ((self.a, 5), {'a': 2}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.keywords(c=6), ((self.a,), {'a': 2, 'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.keywords(5, c=6), ((self.a, 5), {'a': 2, 'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.both(), ((self.a, 3), {'b': 4}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.both(5), ((self.a, 3, 5), {'b': 4}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.both(c=6), ((self.a, 3), {'b': 4, 'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.both(5, c=6), ((self.a, 3, 5), {'b': 4, 'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.A.both(self.a, 5, c=6), ((self.a, 3, 5), {'b': 4, 'c': 6}))
def test_nested(self):
self.assertEqual(self.a.nested(), ((self.a, 1, 5), {}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.nested(6), ((self.a, 1, 5, 6), {}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.nested(d=7), ((self.a, 1, 5), {'d': 7}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.nested(6, d=7), ((self.a, 1, 5, 6), {'d': 7}))
self.assertEqual(self.A.nested(self.a, 6, d=7), ((self.a, 1, 5, 6), {'d': 7}))
def test_over_partial(self):
self.assertEqual(self.a.over_partial(), ((self.a, 7), {'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.over_partial(5), ((self.a, 7, 5), {'c': 6}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.over_partial(d=8), ((self.a, 7), {'c': 6, 'd': 8}))
self.assertEqual(self.a.over_partial(5, d=8), ((self.a, 7, 5), {'c': 6, 'd': 8}))
self.assertEqual(self.A.over_partial(self.a, 5, d=8), ((self.a, 7, 5), {'c': 6, 'd': 8}))
def test_bound_method_introspection(self):
obj = self.a
self.assertIs(obj.both.__self__, obj)
self.assertIs(obj.nested.__self__, obj)
self.assertIs(obj.over_partial.__self__, obj)
self.assertIs(obj.cls.__self__, self.A)
self.assertIs(self.A.cls.__self__, self.A)
def test_unbound_method_retrieval(self):
obj = self.A
self.assertFalse(hasattr(obj.both, "__self__"))
self.assertFalse(hasattr(obj.nested, "__self__"))
self.assertFalse(hasattr(obj.over_partial, "__self__"))
self.assertFalse(hasattr(obj.static, "__self__"))
self.assertFalse(hasattr(self.a.static, "__self__"))
def test_descriptors(self):
for obj in [self.A, self.a]:
with self.subTest(obj=obj):
self.assertEqual(obj.static(), ((8,), {}))
self.assertEqual(obj.static(5), ((8, 5), {}))
self.assertEqual(obj.static(d=8), ((8,), {'d': 8}))
self.assertEqual(obj.static(5, d=8), ((8, 5), {'d': 8}))
self.assertEqual(obj.cls(), ((self.A,), {'d': 9}))
self.assertEqual(obj.cls(5), ((self.A, 5), {'d': 9}))
self.assertEqual(obj.cls(c=8), ((self.A,), {'c': 8, 'd': 9}))
self.assertEqual(obj.cls(5, c=8), ((self.A, 5), {'c': 8, 'd': 9}))
def test_overriding_keywords(self):
self.assertEqual(self.a.keywords(a=3), ((self.a,), {'a': 3}))
self.assertEqual(self.A.keywords(self.a, a=3), ((self.a,), {'a': 3}))
def test_invalid_args(self):
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
class B(object):
method = functools.partialmethod(None, 1)
def test_repr(self):
self.assertEqual(repr(vars(self.A)['both']),
'functools.partialmethod({}, 3, b=4)'.format(capture))
def test_abstract(self):
class Abstract(abc.ABCMeta):
@abc.abstractmethod
def add(self, x, y):
pass
add5 = functools.partialmethod(add, 5)
self.assertTrue(Abstract.add.__isabstractmethod__)
self.assertTrue(Abstract.add5.__isabstractmethod__)
for func in [self.A.static, self.A.cls, self.A.over_partial, self.A.nested, self.A.both]:
self.assertFalse(getattr(func, '__isabstractmethod__', False))
class TestUpdateWrapper(unittest.TestCase):
def check_wrapper(self, wrapper, wrapped,
assigned=functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
updated=functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES):
# Check attributes were assigned
for name in assigned:
self.assertIs(getattr(wrapper, name), getattr(wrapped, name))
# Check attributes were updated
for name in updated:
wrapper_attr = getattr(wrapper, name)
wrapped_attr = getattr(wrapped, name)
for key in wrapped_attr:
if name == "__dict__" and key == "__wrapped__":
# __wrapped__ is overwritten by the update code
continue
self.assertIs(wrapped_attr[key], wrapper_attr[key])
# Check __wrapped__
self.assertIs(wrapper.__wrapped__, wrapped)
def _default_update(self):
def f(a:'This is a new annotation'):
"""This is a test"""
pass
f.attr = 'This is also a test'
f.__wrapped__ = "This is a bald faced lie"
def wrapper(b:'This is the prior annotation'):
pass
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, f)
return wrapper, f
def test_default_update(self):
wrapper, f = self._default_update()
self.check_wrapper(wrapper, f)
self.assertIs(wrapper.__wrapped__, f)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'f')
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__qualname__, f.__qualname__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.attr, 'This is also a test')
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__annotations__['a'], 'This is a new annotation')
self.assertNotIn('b', wrapper.__annotations__)
@unittest.skipIf(sys.flags.optimize >= 2,
"Docstrings are omitted with -O2 and above")
def test_default_update_doc(self):
wrapper, f = self._default_update()
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__doc__, 'This is a test')
def test_no_update(self):
def f():
"""This is a test"""
pass
f.attr = 'This is also a test'
def wrapper():
pass
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, f, (), ())
self.check_wrapper(wrapper, f, (), ())
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'wrapper')
self.assertNotEqual(wrapper.__qualname__, f.__qualname__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__doc__, None)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__annotations__, {})
self.assertFalse(hasattr(wrapper, 'attr'))
def test_selective_update(self):
def f():
pass
f.attr = 'This is a different test'
f.dict_attr = dict(a=1, b=2, c=3)
def wrapper():
pass
wrapper.dict_attr = {}
assign = ('attr',)
update = ('dict_attr',)
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, f, assign, update)
self.check_wrapper(wrapper, f, assign, update)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'wrapper')
self.assertNotEqual(wrapper.__qualname__, f.__qualname__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__doc__, None)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.attr, 'This is a different test')
self.assertEqual(wrapper.dict_attr, f.dict_attr)
def test_missing_attributes(self):
def f():
pass
def wrapper():
pass
wrapper.dict_attr = {}
assign = ('attr',)
update = ('dict_attr',)
# Missing attributes on wrapped object are ignored
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, f, assign, update)
self.assertNotIn('attr', wrapper.__dict__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.dict_attr, {})
# Wrapper must have expected attributes for updating
del wrapper.dict_attr
with self.assertRaises(AttributeError):
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, f, assign, update)
wrapper.dict_attr = 1
with self.assertRaises(AttributeError):
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, f, assign, update)
@support.requires_docstrings
@unittest.skipIf(sys.flags.optimize >= 2,
"Docstrings are omitted with -O2 and above")
def test_builtin_update(self):
# Test for bug #1576241
def wrapper():
pass
functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, max)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'max')
self.assertTrue(wrapper.__doc__.startswith('max('))
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__annotations__, {})
class TestWraps(TestUpdateWrapper):
def _default_update(self):
def f():
"""This is a test"""
pass
f.attr = 'This is also a test'
f.__wrapped__ = "This is still a bald faced lie"
@functools.wraps(f)
def wrapper():
pass
return wrapper, f
def test_default_update(self):
wrapper, f = self._default_update()
self.check_wrapper(wrapper, f)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'f')
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__qualname__, f.__qualname__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.attr, 'This is also a test')
@unittest.skipIf(sys.flags.optimize >= 2,
"Docstrings are omitted with -O2 and above")
def test_default_update_doc(self):
wrapper, _ = self._default_update()
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__doc__, 'This is a test')
def test_no_update(self):
def f():
"""This is a test"""
pass
f.attr = 'This is also a test'
@functools.wraps(f, (), ())
def wrapper():
pass
self.check_wrapper(wrapper, f, (), ())
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'wrapper')
self.assertNotEqual(wrapper.__qualname__, f.__qualname__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__doc__, None)
self.assertFalse(hasattr(wrapper, 'attr'))
def test_selective_update(self):
def f():
pass
f.attr = 'This is a different test'
f.dict_attr = dict(a=1, b=2, c=3)
def add_dict_attr(f):
f.dict_attr = {}
return f
assign = ('attr',)
update = ('dict_attr',)
@functools.wraps(f, assign, update)
@add_dict_attr
def wrapper():
pass
self.check_wrapper(wrapper, f, assign, update)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__name__, 'wrapper')
self.assertNotEqual(wrapper.__qualname__, f.__qualname__)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.__doc__, None)
self.assertEqual(wrapper.attr, 'This is a different test')
self.assertEqual(wrapper.dict_attr, f.dict_attr)
class TestReduce(unittest.TestCase):
func = functools.reduce
def test_reduce(self):
class Squares:
def __init__(self, max):
self.max = max
self.sofar = []
def __len__(self):
return len(self.sofar)
def __getitem__(self, i):
if not 0 <= i < self.max: raise IndexError
n = len(self.sofar)
while n <= i:
self.sofar.append(n*n)
n += 1
return self.sofar[i]
def add(x, y):
return x + y
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, ['a', 'b', 'c'], ''), 'abc')
self.assertEqual(
self.func(add, [['a', 'c'], [], ['d', 'w']], []),
['a','c','d','w']
)
self.assertEqual(self.func(lambda x, y: x*y, range(2,8), 1), 5040)
self.assertEqual(
self.func(lambda x, y: x*y, range(2,21), 1),
2432902008176640000
)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, Squares(10)), 285)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, Squares(10), 0), 285)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, Squares(0), 0), 0)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, 42, 42)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, 42, 42, 42)
self.assertEqual(self.func(42, "1"), "1") # func is never called with one item
self.assertEqual(self.func(42, "", "1"), "1") # func is never called with one item
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, 42, (42, 42))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, add, []) # arg 2 must not be empty sequence with no initial value
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, add, "")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, add, ())
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, add, object())
class TestFailingIter:
def __iter__(self):
raise RuntimeError
self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, self.func, add, TestFailingIter())
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, [], None), None)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, [], 42), 42)
class BadSeq:
def __getitem__(self, index):
raise ValueError
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.func, 42, BadSeq())
# Test reduce()'s use of iterators.
def test_iterator_usage(self):
class SequenceClass:
def __init__(self, n):
self.n = n
def __getitem__(self, i):
if 0 <= i < self.n:
return i
else:
raise IndexError
from operator import add
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, SequenceClass(5)), 10)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, SequenceClass(5), 42), 52)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.func, add, SequenceClass(0))
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, SequenceClass(0), 42), 42)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, SequenceClass(1)), 0)
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, SequenceClass(1), 42), 42)
d = {"one": 1, "two": 2, "three": 3}
self.assertEqual(self.func(add, d), "".join(d.keys()))
class TestCmpToKey:
def test_cmp_to_key(self):
def cmp1(x, y):
return (x > y) - (x < y)
key = self.cmp_to_key(cmp1)
self.assertEqual(key(3), key(3))
self.assertGreater(key(3), key(1))
self.assertGreaterEqual(key(3), key(3))
def cmp2(x, y):
return int(x) - int(y)
key = self.cmp_to_key(cmp2)
self.assertEqual(key(4.0), key('4'))
self.assertLess(key(2), key('35'))
self.assertLessEqual(key(2), key('35'))
self.assertNotEqual(key(2), key('35'))
def test_cmp_to_key_arguments(self):
def cmp1(x, y):
return (x > y) - (x < y)
key = self.cmp_to_key(mycmp=cmp1)
self.assertEqual(key(obj=3), key(obj=3))
self.assertGreater(key(obj=3), key(obj=1))
with self.assertRaises((TypeError, AttributeError)):
key(3) > 1 # rhs is not a K object
with self.assertRaises((TypeError, AttributeError)):
1 < key(3) # lhs is not a K object
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
key = self.cmp_to_key() # too few args
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
key = self.cmp_to_key(cmp1, None) # too many args
key = self.cmp_to_key(cmp1)
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
key() # too few args
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
key(None, None) # too many args
def test_bad_cmp(self):
def cmp1(x, y):
raise ZeroDivisionError
key = self.cmp_to_key(cmp1)
with self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError):
key(3) > key(1)
class BadCmp:
def __lt__(self, other):
raise ZeroDivisionError
def cmp1(x, y):
return BadCmp()
with self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError):
key(3) > key(1)
def test_obj_field(self):
def cmp1(x, y):
return (x > y) - (x < y)
key = self.cmp_to_key(mycmp=cmp1)
self.assertEqual(key(50).obj, 50)
def test_sort_int(self):
def mycmp(x, y):
return y - x
self.assertEqual(sorted(range(5), key=self.cmp_to_key(mycmp)),
[4, 3, 2, 1, 0])
def test_sort_int_str(self):
def mycmp(x, y):
x, y = int(x), int(y)
return (x > y) - (x < y)
values = [5, '3', 7, 2, '0', '1', 4, '10', 1]
values = sorted(values, key=self.cmp_to_key(mycmp))
self.assertEqual([int(value) for value in values],
[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10])
def test_hash(self):
def mycmp(x, y):
return y - x
key = self.cmp_to_key(mycmp)
k = key(10)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, hash, k)
self.assertNotIsInstance(k, collections.Hashable)
@unittest.skipUnless(c_functools, 'requires the C _functools module')
class TestCmpToKeyC(TestCmpToKey, unittest.TestCase):
if c_functools:
cmp_to_key = c_functools.cmp_to_key
class TestCmpToKeyPy(TestCmpToKey, unittest.TestCase):
cmp_to_key = staticmethod(py_functools.cmp_to_key)
class TestTotalOrdering(unittest.TestCase):
def test_total_ordering_lt(self):
@functools.total_ordering
class A:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __lt__(self, other):
return self.value < other.value
def __eq__(self, other):
return self.value == other.value
self.assertTrue(A(1) < A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) > A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(1) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(2) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(2))
self.assertFalse(A(1) > A(2))
def test_total_ordering_le(self):
@functools.total_ordering
class A:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __le__(self, other):
return self.value <= other.value
def __eq__(self, other):
return self.value == other.value
self.assertTrue(A(1) < A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) > A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(1) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(2) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(2))
self.assertFalse(A(1) >= A(2))
def test_total_ordering_gt(self):
@functools.total_ordering
class A:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __gt__(self, other):
return self.value > other.value
def __eq__(self, other):
return self.value == other.value
self.assertTrue(A(1) < A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) > A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(1) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(2) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(2))
self.assertFalse(A(2) < A(1))
def test_total_ordering_ge(self):
@functools.total_ordering
class A:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __ge__(self, other):
return self.value >= other.value
def __eq__(self, other):
return self.value == other.value
self.assertTrue(A(1) < A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) > A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(1) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(2) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(2))
self.assertFalse(A(2) <= A(1))
def test_total_ordering_no_overwrite(self):
# new methods should not overwrite existing
@functools.total_ordering
class A(int):
pass
self.assertTrue(A(1) < A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) > A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(1) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(1))
self.assertTrue(A(2) <= A(2))
self.assertTrue(A(2) >= A(2))
def test_no_operations_defined(self):
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
@functools.total_ordering
class A:
pass
def test_type_error_when_not_implemented(self):
# bug 10042; ensure stack overflow does not occur
# when decorated types return NotImplemented
@functools.total_ordering
class ImplementsLessThan:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __eq__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsLessThan):
return self.value == other.value
return False
def __lt__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsLessThan):
return self.value < other.value
return NotImplemented
@functools.total_ordering
class ImplementsGreaterThan:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __eq__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsGreaterThan):
return self.value == other.value
return False
def __gt__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsGreaterThan):
return self.value > other.value
return NotImplemented
@functools.total_ordering
class ImplementsLessThanEqualTo:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __eq__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsLessThanEqualTo):
return self.value == other.value
return False
def __le__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsLessThanEqualTo):
return self.value <= other.value
return NotImplemented
@functools.total_ordering
class ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __eq__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo):
return self.value == other.value
return False
def __ge__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo):
return self.value >= other.value
return NotImplemented
@functools.total_ordering
class ComparatorNotImplemented:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = value
def __eq__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, ComparatorNotImplemented):
return self.value == other.value
return False
def __lt__(self, other):
return NotImplemented
with self.subTest("LT < 1"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsLessThan(-1) < 1
with self.subTest("LT < LE"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsLessThan(0) < ImplementsLessThanEqualTo(0)
with self.subTest("LT < GT"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsLessThan(1) < ImplementsGreaterThan(1)
with self.subTest("LE <= LT"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsLessThanEqualTo(2) <= ImplementsLessThan(2)
with self.subTest("LE <= GE"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsLessThanEqualTo(3) <= ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo(3)
with self.subTest("GT > GE"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsGreaterThan(4) > ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo(4)
with self.subTest("GT > LT"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsGreaterThan(5) > ImplementsLessThan(5)
with self.subTest("GE >= GT"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo(6) >= ImplementsGreaterThan(6)
with self.subTest("GE >= LE"), self.assertRaises(TypeError):
ImplementsGreaterThanEqualTo(7) >= ImplementsLessThanEqualTo(7)
with self.subTest("GE when equal"):
a = ComparatorNotImplemented(8)
b = ComparatorNotImplemented(8)
self.assertEqual(a, b)
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
a >= b
with self.subTest("LE when equal"):
a = ComparatorNotImplemented(9)
b = ComparatorNotImplemented(9)
self.assertEqual(a, b)
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
a <= b
class TestLRU(unittest.TestCase):
def test_lru(self):
def orig(x, y):
return 3 * x + y
f = functools.lru_cache(maxsize=20)(orig)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(maxsize, 20)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 0)
self.assertEqual(hits, 0)
self.assertEqual(misses, 0)
domain = range(5)
for i in range(1000):
x, y = choice(domain), choice(domain)
actual = f(x, y)
expected = orig(x, y)
self.assertEqual(actual, expected)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertTrue(hits > misses)
self.assertEqual(hits + misses, 1000)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 20)
f.cache_clear() # test clearing
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(hits, 0)
self.assertEqual(misses, 0)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 0)
f(x, y)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(hits, 0)
self.assertEqual(misses, 1)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 1)
# Test bypassing the cache
self.assertIs(f.__wrapped__, orig)
f.__wrapped__(x, y)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(hits, 0)
self.assertEqual(misses, 1)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 1)
# test size zero (which means "never-cache")
@functools.lru_cache(0)
def f():
nonlocal f_cnt
f_cnt += 1
return 20
self.assertEqual(f.cache_info().maxsize, 0)
f_cnt = 0
for i in range(5):
self.assertEqual(f(), 20)
self.assertEqual(f_cnt, 5)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(hits, 0)
self.assertEqual(misses, 5)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 0)
# test size one
@functools.lru_cache(1)
def f():
nonlocal f_cnt
f_cnt += 1
return 20
self.assertEqual(f.cache_info().maxsize, 1)
f_cnt = 0
for i in range(5):
self.assertEqual(f(), 20)
self.assertEqual(f_cnt, 1)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(hits, 4)
self.assertEqual(misses, 1)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 1)
# test size two
@functools.lru_cache(2)
def f(x):
nonlocal f_cnt
f_cnt += 1
return x*10
self.assertEqual(f.cache_info().maxsize, 2)
f_cnt = 0
for x in 7, 9, 7, 9, 7, 9, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 9, 8, 8, 8, 7:
# * * * *
self.assertEqual(f(x), x*10)
self.assertEqual(f_cnt, 4)
hits, misses, maxsize, currsize = f.cache_info()
self.assertEqual(hits, 12)
self.assertEqual(misses, 4)
self.assertEqual(currsize, 2)
def test_lru_with_maxsize_none(self):
@functools.lru_cache(maxsize=None)
def fib(n):
if n < 2:
return n
return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2)
self.assertEqual([fib(n) for n in range(16)],
[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610])
self.assertEqual(fib.cache_info(),
functools._CacheInfo(hits=28, misses=16, maxsize=None, currsize=16))
fib.cache_clear()
self.assertEqual(fib.cache_info(),
functools._CacheInfo(hits=0, misses=0, maxsize=None, currsize=0))
def test_lru_with_exceptions(self):
# Verify that user_function exceptions get passed through without
# creating a hard-to-read chained exception.
# http://bugs.python.org/issue13177
for maxsize in (None, 128):
@functools.lru_cache(maxsize)
def func(i):
return 'abc'[i]
self.assertEqual(func(0), 'a')
with self.assertRaises(IndexError) as cm:
func(15)
self.assertIsNone(cm.exception.__context__)
# Verify that the previous exception did not result in a cached entry
with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
func(15)
def test_lru_with_types(self):
for maxsize in (None, 128):
@functools.lru_cache(maxsize=maxsize, typed=True)
def square(x):
return x * x
self.assertEqual(square(3), 9)
self.assertEqual(type(square(3)), type(9))
self.assertEqual(square(3.0), 9.0)
self.assertEqual(type(square(3.0)), type(9.0))
self.assertEqual(square(x=3), 9)
self.assertEqual(type(square(x=3)), type(9))
self.assertEqual(square(x=3.0), 9.0)
self.assertEqual(type(square(x=3.0)), type(9.0))
self.assertEqual(square.cache_info().hits, 4)
self.assertEqual(square.cache_info().misses, 4)
def test_lru_with_keyword_args(self):
@functools.lru_cache()
def fib(n):
if n < 2:
return n
return fib(n=n-1) + fib(n=n-2)
self.assertEqual(
[fib(n=number) for number in range(16)],
[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610]
)
self.assertEqual(fib.cache_info(),
functools._CacheInfo(hits=28, misses=16, maxsize=128, currsize=16))
fib.cache_clear()
self.assertEqual(fib.cache_info(),
functools._CacheInfo(hits=0, misses=0, maxsize=128, currsize=0))
def test_lru_with_keyword_args_maxsize_none(self):
@functools.lru_cache(maxsize=None)
def fib(n):
if n < 2:
return n
return fib(n=n-1) + fib(n=n-2)
self.assertEqual([fib(n=number) for number in range(16)],
[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610])
self.assertEqual(fib.cache_info(),
functools._CacheInfo(hits=28, misses=16, maxsize=None, currsize=16))
fib.cache_clear()
self.assertEqual(fib.cache_info(),
functools._CacheInfo(hits=0, misses=0, maxsize=None, currsize=0))
def test_need_for_rlock(self):
# This will deadlock on an LRU cache that uses a regular lock
@functools.lru_cache(maxsize=10)
def test_func(x):
'Used to demonstrate a reentrant lru_cache call within a single thread'
return x
class DoubleEq:
'Demonstrate a reentrant lru_cache call within a single thread'
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __hash__(self):
return self.x
def __eq__(self, other):
if self.x == 2:
test_func(DoubleEq(1))
return self.x == other.x
test_func(DoubleEq(1)) # Load the cache
test_func(DoubleEq(2)) # Load the cache
self.assertEqual(test_func(DoubleEq(2)), # Trigger a re-entrant __eq__ call
DoubleEq(2)) # Verify the correct return value
def test_early_detection_of_bad_call(self):
# Issue #22184
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
@functools.lru_cache
def f():
pass
class TestSingleDispatch(unittest.TestCase):
def test_simple_overloads(self):
@functools.singledispatch
def g(obj):
return "base"
def g_int(i):
return "integer"
g.register(int, g_int)
self.assertEqual(g("str"), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(1), "integer")
self.assertEqual(g([1,2,3]), "base")
def test_mro(self):
@functools.singledispatch
def g(obj):
return "base"
class A:
pass
class C(A):
pass
class B(A):
pass
class D(C, B):
pass
def g_A(a):
return "A"
def g_B(b):
return "B"
g.register(A, g_A)
g.register(B, g_B)
self.assertEqual(g(A()), "A")
self.assertEqual(g(B()), "B")
self.assertEqual(g(C()), "A")
self.assertEqual(g(D()), "B")
def test_register_decorator(self):
@functools.singledispatch
def g(obj):
return "base"
@g.register(int)
def g_int(i):
return "int %s" % (i,)
self.assertEqual(g(""), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(12), "int 12")
self.assertIs(g.dispatch(int), g_int)
self.assertIs(g.dispatch(object), g.dispatch(str))
# Note: in the assert above this is not g.
# @singledispatch returns the wrapper.
def test_wrapping_attributes(self):
@functools.singledispatch
def g(obj):
"Simple test"
return "Test"
self.assertEqual(g.__name__, "g")
if sys.flags.optimize < 2:
self.assertEqual(g.__doc__, "Simple test")
@unittest.skipUnless(decimal, 'requires _decimal')
@support.cpython_only
def test_c_classes(self):
@functools.singledispatch
def g(obj):
return "base"
@g.register(decimal.DecimalException)
def _(obj):
return obj.args
subn = decimal.Subnormal("Exponent < Emin")
rnd = decimal.Rounded("Number got rounded")
self.assertEqual(g(subn), ("Exponent < Emin",))
self.assertEqual(g(rnd), ("Number got rounded",))
@g.register(decimal.Subnormal)
def _(obj):
return "Too small to care."
self.assertEqual(g(subn), "Too small to care.")
self.assertEqual(g(rnd), ("Number got rounded",))
def test_compose_mro(self):
# None of the examples in this test depend on haystack ordering.
c = collections
mro = functools._compose_mro
bases = [c.Sequence, c.MutableMapping, c.Mapping, c.Set]
for haystack in permutations(bases):
m = mro(dict, haystack)
self.assertEqual(m, [dict, c.MutableMapping, c.Mapping, c.Sized,
c.Iterable, c.Container, object])
bases = [c.Container, c.Mapping, c.MutableMapping, c.OrderedDict]
for haystack in permutations(bases):
m = mro(c.ChainMap, haystack)
self.assertEqual(m, [c.ChainMap, c.MutableMapping, c.Mapping,
c.Sized, c.Iterable, c.Container, object])
# If there's a generic function with implementations registered for
# both Sized and Container, passing a defaultdict to it results in an
# ambiguous dispatch which will cause a RuntimeError (see
# test_mro_conflicts).
bases = [c.Container, c.Sized, str]
for haystack in permutations(bases):
m = mro(c.defaultdict, [c.Sized, c.Container, str])
self.assertEqual(m, [c.defaultdict, dict, c.Sized, c.Container,
object])
# MutableSequence below is registered directly on D. In other words, it
# preceeds MutableMapping which means single dispatch will always
# choose MutableSequence here.
class D(c.defaultdict):
pass
c.MutableSequence.register(D)
bases = [c.MutableSequence, c.MutableMapping]
for haystack in permutations(bases):
m = mro(D, bases)
self.assertEqual(m, [D, c.MutableSequence, c.Sequence,
c.defaultdict, dict, c.MutableMapping,
c.Mapping, c.Sized, c.Iterable, c.Container,
object])
# Container and Callable are registered on different base classes and
# a generic function supporting both should always pick the Callable
# implementation if a C instance is passed.
class C(c.defaultdict):
def __call__(self):
pass
bases = [c.Sized, c.Callable, c.Container, c.Mapping]
for haystack in permutations(bases):
m = mro(C, haystack)
self.assertEqual(m, [C, c.Callable, c.defaultdict, dict, c.Mapping,
c.Sized, c.Iterable, c.Container, object])
def test_register_abc(self):
c = collections
d = {"a": "b"}
l = [1, 2, 3]
s = {object(), None}
f = frozenset(s)
t = (1, 2, 3)
@functools.singledispatch
def g(obj):
return "base"
self.assertEqual(g(d), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "base")
g.register(c.Sized, lambda obj: "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sized")
g.register(c.MutableMapping, lambda obj: "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sized")
g.register(c.ChainMap, lambda obj: "chainmap")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping") # irrelevant ABCs registered
self.assertEqual(g(l), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sized")
g.register(c.MutableSequence, lambda obj: "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sized")
g.register(c.MutableSet, lambda obj: "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sized")
g.register(c.Mapping, lambda obj: "mapping")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping") # not specific enough
self.assertEqual(g(l), "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sized")
g.register(c.Sequence, lambda obj: "sequence")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "sized")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sequence")
g.register(c.Set, lambda obj: "set")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "set")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sequence")
g.register(dict, lambda obj: "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "mutablesequence")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "set")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sequence")
g.register(list, lambda obj: "list")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "mutableset")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "set")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sequence")
g.register(set, lambda obj: "concrete-set")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "concrete-set")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "set")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sequence")
g.register(frozenset, lambda obj: "frozen-set")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "concrete-set")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "frozen-set")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "sequence")
g.register(tuple, lambda obj: "tuple")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(g(s), "concrete-set")
self.assertEqual(g(f), "frozen-set")
self.assertEqual(g(t), "tuple")
def test_c3_abc(self):
c = collections
mro = functools._c3_mro
class A(object):
pass
class B(A):
def __len__(self):
return 0 # implies Sized
@c.Container.register
class C(object):
pass
class D(object):
pass # unrelated
class X(D, C, B):
def __call__(self):
pass # implies Callable
expected = [X, c.Callable, D, C, c.Container, B, c.Sized, A, object]
for abcs in permutations([c.Sized, c.Callable, c.Container]):
self.assertEqual(mro(X, abcs=abcs), expected)
# unrelated ABCs don't appear in the resulting MRO
many_abcs = [c.Mapping, c.Sized, c.Callable, c.Container, c.Iterable]
self.assertEqual(mro(X, abcs=many_abcs), expected)
def test_false_meta(self):
# see issue23572
class MetaA(type):
def __len__(self):
return 0
class A(metaclass=MetaA):
pass
class AA(A):
pass
@functools.singledispatch
def fun(a):
return 'base A'
@fun.register(A)
def _(a):
return 'fun A'
aa = AA()
self.assertEqual(fun(aa), 'fun A')
def test_mro_conflicts(self):
c = collections
@functools.singledispatch
def g(arg):
return "base"
class O(c.Sized):
def __len__(self):
return 0
o = O()
self.assertEqual(g(o), "base")
g.register(c.Iterable, lambda arg: "iterable")
g.register(c.Container, lambda arg: "container")
g.register(c.Sized, lambda arg: "sized")
g.register(c.Set, lambda arg: "set")
self.assertEqual(g(o), "sized")
c.Iterable.register(O)
self.assertEqual(g(o), "sized") # because it's explicitly in __mro__
c.Container.register(O)
self.assertEqual(g(o), "sized") # see above: Sized is in __mro__
c.Set.register(O)
self.assertEqual(g(o), "set") # because c.Set is a subclass of
# c.Sized and c.Container
class P:
pass
p = P()
self.assertEqual(g(p), "base")
c.Iterable.register(P)
self.assertEqual(g(p), "iterable")
c.Container.register(P)
with self.assertRaises(RuntimeError) as re_one:
g(p)
self.assertIn(
str(re_one.exception),
(("Ambiguous dispatch: <class 'collections.abc.Container'> "
"or <class 'collections.abc.Iterable'>"),
("Ambiguous dispatch: <class 'collections.abc.Iterable'> "
"or <class 'collections.abc.Container'>")),
)
class Q(c.Sized):
def __len__(self):
return 0
q = Q()
self.assertEqual(g(q), "sized")
c.Iterable.register(Q)
self.assertEqual(g(q), "sized") # because it's explicitly in __mro__
c.Set.register(Q)
self.assertEqual(g(q), "set") # because c.Set is a subclass of
# c.Sized and c.Iterable
@functools.singledispatch
def h(arg):
return "base"
@h.register(c.Sized)
def _(arg):
return "sized"
@h.register(c.Container)
def _(arg):
return "container"
# Even though Sized and Container are explicit bases of MutableMapping,
# this ABC is implicitly registered on defaultdict which makes all of
# MutableMapping's bases implicit as well from defaultdict's
# perspective.
with self.assertRaises(RuntimeError) as re_two:
h(c.defaultdict(lambda: 0))
self.assertIn(
str(re_two.exception),
(("Ambiguous dispatch: <class 'collections.abc.Container'> "
"or <class 'collections.abc.Sized'>"),
("Ambiguous dispatch: <class 'collections.abc.Sized'> "
"or <class 'collections.abc.Container'>")),
)
class R(c.defaultdict):
pass
c.MutableSequence.register(R)
@functools.singledispatch
def i(arg):
return "base"
@i.register(c.MutableMapping)
def _(arg):
return "mapping"
@i.register(c.MutableSequence)
def _(arg):
return "sequence"
r = R()
self.assertEqual(i(r), "sequence")
class S:
pass
class T(S, c.Sized):
def __len__(self):
return 0
t = T()
self.assertEqual(h(t), "sized")
c.Container.register(T)
self.assertEqual(h(t), "sized") # because it's explicitly in the MRO
class U:
def __len__(self):
return 0
u = U()
self.assertEqual(h(u), "sized") # implicit Sized subclass inferred
# from the existence of __len__()
c.Container.register(U)
# There is no preference for registered versus inferred ABCs.
with self.assertRaises(RuntimeError) as re_three:
h(u)
self.assertIn(
str(re_three.exception),
(("Ambiguous dispatch: <class 'collections.abc.Container'> "
"or <class 'collections.abc.Sized'>"),
("Ambiguous dispatch: <class 'collections.abc.Sized'> "
"or <class 'collections.abc.Container'>")),
)
class V(c.Sized, S):
def __len__(self):
return 0
@functools.singledispatch
def j(arg):
return "base"
@j.register(S)
def _(arg):
return "s"
@j.register(c.Container)
def _(arg):
return "container"
v = V()
self.assertEqual(j(v), "s")
c.Container.register(V)
self.assertEqual(j(v), "container") # because it ends up right after
# Sized in the MRO
def test_cache_invalidation(self):
from collections import UserDict
class TracingDict(UserDict):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(TracingDict, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
self.set_ops = []
self.get_ops = []
def __getitem__(self, key):
result = self.data[key]
self.get_ops.append(key)
return result
def __setitem__(self, key, value):
self.set_ops.append(key)
self.data[key] = value
def clear(self):
self.data.clear()
_orig_wkd = functools.WeakKeyDictionary
td = TracingDict()
functools.WeakKeyDictionary = lambda: td
c = collections
@functools.singledispatch
def g(arg):
return "base"
d = {}
l = []
self.assertEqual(len(td), 0)
self.assertEqual(g(d), "base")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 1)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict])
self.assertEqual(td.data[dict], g.registry[object])
self.assertEqual(g(l), "base")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 2)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list])
self.assertEqual(td.data[dict], g.registry[object])
self.assertEqual(td.data[list], g.registry[object])
self.assertEqual(td.data[dict], td.data[list])
self.assertEqual(g(l), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "base")
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list])
g.register(list, lambda arg: "list")
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict])
self.assertEqual(len(td), 0)
self.assertEqual(g(d), "base")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 1)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict])
self.assertEqual(td.data[dict],
functools._find_impl(dict, g.registry))
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 2)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict, list])
self.assertEqual(td.data[list],
functools._find_impl(list, g.registry))
class X:
pass
c.MutableMapping.register(X) # Will not invalidate the cache,
# not using ABCs yet.
self.assertEqual(g(d), "base")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict, dict, list])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict, list])
g.register(c.Sized, lambda arg: "sized")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 0)
self.assertEqual(g(d), "sized")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 1)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict, dict, list])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict, list, dict])
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 2)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict, dict, list])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict, list, dict, list])
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "sized")
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict, dict, list, list, dict])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict, list, dict, list])
g.dispatch(list)
g.dispatch(dict)
self.assertEqual(td.get_ops, [list, dict, dict, list, list, dict,
list, dict])
self.assertEqual(td.set_ops, [dict, list, dict, list, dict, list])
c.MutableSet.register(X) # Will invalidate the cache.
self.assertEqual(len(td), 2) # Stale cache.
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 1)
g.register(c.MutableMapping, lambda arg: "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 0)
self.assertEqual(g(d), "mutablemapping")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 1)
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
self.assertEqual(len(td), 2)
g.register(dict, lambda arg: "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(d), "dict")
self.assertEqual(g(l), "list")
g._clear_cache()
self.assertEqual(len(td), 0)
functools.WeakKeyDictionary = _orig_wkd
def test_main(verbose=None):
test_classes = (
TestPartialC,
TestPartialPy,
TestPartialCSubclass,
TestPartialMethod,
TestUpdateWrapper,
TestTotalOrdering,
TestCmpToKeyC,
TestCmpToKeyPy,
TestWraps,
TestReduce,
TestLRU,
TestSingleDispatch,
)
support.run_unittest(*test_classes)
# verify reference counting
if verbose and hasattr(sys, "gettotalrefcount"):
import gc
counts = [None] * 5
for i in range(len(counts)):
support.run_unittest(*test_classes)
gc.collect()
counts[i] = sys.gettotalrefcount()
print(counts)
if __name__ == '__main__':
test_main(verbose=True)
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