Fast Python Collaborative Filtering for Implicit Datasets.
This project provides fast Python implementations of several different popular recommendation algorithms for implicit feedback datasets:
Alternating Least Squares as described in the papers Collaborative Filtering for Implicit Feedback Datasets and Applications of the Conjugate Gradient Method for Implicit Feedback Collaborative Filtering.
Item-Item Nearest Neighbour models using Cosine, TFIDF or BM25 as a distance metric.
All models have multi-threaded training routines, using Cython and OpenMP to fit the models in parallel among all available CPU cores. In addition, the ALS and BPR models both have custom CUDA kernels - enabling fitting on compatible GPU's. Approximate nearest neighbours libraries such as Annoy, NMSLIB and Faiss can also be used by Implicit to speed up making recommendations.
Implicit can be installed from pypi with:
pip install implicit
Installing with pip will use prebuilt binary wheels on x86_64 Linux, Windows and OSX. These wheels include GPU support on Linux.
Implicit can also be installed with conda:
# CPU only package conda install -c conda-forge implicit # CPU+GPU package conda install -c conda-forge implicit implicit-proc=*=gpu
import implicit # initialize a model model = implicit.als.AlternatingLeastSquares(factors=50) # train the model on a sparse matrix of user/item/confidence weights model.fit(user_item_data) # recommend items for a user recommendations = model.recommend(userid, user_item_data[userid]) # find related items related = model.similar_items(itemid)
The examples folder has a program showing how to use this to compute similar artists on the last.fm dataset.
For more information see the documentation.
Articles about Implicit
These blog posts describe the algorithms that power this library:
- Finding Similar Music with Matrix Factorization
- Faster Implicit Matrix Factorization
- Implicit Matrix Factorization on the GPU
- Approximate Nearest Neighbours for Recommender Systems
- Distance Metrics for Fun and Profit
There are also several other articles about using Implicit to build recommendation systems:
- H&M Personalized Fashion Recommendations Kaggle Competition
- Yandex Cup 2022: Like Prediction
- Recommending GitHub Repositories with Google BigQuery and the implicit library
- Intro to Implicit Matrix Factorization: Classic ALS with Sketchfab Models
- A Gentle Introduction to Recommender Systems with Implicit Feedback.
This library requires SciPy version 0.16 or later and Python version 3.6 or later.
GPU Support requires at least version 11 of the NVidia CUDA Toolkit.
This library is tested with Python 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10 and 3.11 on Ubuntu, OSX and Windows.
Simple benchmarks comparing the ALS fitting time versus Spark can be found here.
I'd recommend configuring SciPy to use Intel's MKL matrix libraries. One easy way of doing this is by installing the Anaconda Python distribution.
For systems using OpenBLAS, I highly recommend setting 'export OPENBLAS_NUM_THREADS=1'. This disables its internal multithreading ability, which leads to substantial speedups for this package. Likewise for Intel MKL, setting 'export MKL_NUM_THREADS=1' should also be set.
Released under the MIT License