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/*
* kernel userspace event delivery
*
* Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (C) 2004 Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (C) 2004 IBM, Inc. All rights reserved.
*
* Licensed under the GNU GPL v2.
*
* Authors:
* Robert Love <rml@novell.com>
* Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
* Arjan van de Ven <arjanv@redhat.com>
* Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
*/
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
u64 uevent_seqnum;
char uevent_helper[UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN] = CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER_PATH;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sequence_lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
struct uevent_sock {
struct list_head list;
struct sock *sk;
};
static LIST_HEAD(uevent_sock_list);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(uevent_sock_mutex);
#endif
/* the strings here must match the enum in include/linux/kobject.h */
static const char *kobject_actions[] = {
[KOBJ_ADD] = "add",
[KOBJ_REMOVE] = "remove",
[KOBJ_CHANGE] = "change",
[KOBJ_MOVE] = "move",
[KOBJ_ONLINE] = "online",
[KOBJ_OFFLINE] = "offline",
};
/**
* kobject_action_type - translate action string to numeric type
*
* @buf: buffer containing the action string, newline is ignored
* @len: length of buffer
* @type: pointer to the location to store the action type
*
* Returns 0 if the action string was recognized.
*/
int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
enum kobject_action *type)
{
enum kobject_action action;
int ret = -EINVAL;
if (count && (buf[count-1] == '\n' || buf[count-1] == '\0'))
count--;
if (!count)
goto out;
for (action = 0; action < ARRAY_SIZE(kobject_actions); action++) {
if (strncmp(kobject_actions[action], buf, count) != 0)
continue;
if (kobject_actions[action][count] != '\0')
continue;
*type = action;
ret = 0;
break;
}
out:
return ret;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
static int kobj_bcast_filter(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data)
{
struct kobject *kobj = data;
const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops;
ops = kobj_ns_ops(kobj);
if (ops) {
const void *sock_ns, *ns;
ns = kobj->ktype->namespace(kobj);
sock_ns = ops->netlink_ns(dsk);
return sock_ns != ns;
}
return 0;
}
#endif
static int kobj_usermode_filter(struct kobject *kobj)
{
const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *ops;
ops = kobj_ns_ops(kobj);
if (ops) {
const void *init_ns, *ns;
ns = kobj->ktype->namespace(kobj);
init_ns = ops->initial_ns();
return ns != init_ns;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* kobject_uevent_env - send an uevent with environmental data
*
* @action: action that is happening
* @kobj: struct kobject that the action is happening to
* @envp_ext: pointer to environmental data
*
* Returns 0 if kobject_uevent_env() is completed with success or the
* corresponding error when it fails.
*/
int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action,
char *envp_ext[])
{
struct kobj_uevent_env *env;
const char *action_string = kobject_actions[action];
const char *devpath = NULL;
const char *subsystem;
struct kobject *top_kobj;
struct kset *kset;
const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops;
u64 seq;
int i = 0;
int retval = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;
#endif
pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s\n",
kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__);
/* search the kset we belong to */
top_kobj = kobj;
while (!top_kobj->kset && top_kobj->parent)
top_kobj = top_kobj->parent;
if (!top_kobj->kset) {
pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: attempted to send uevent "
"without kset!\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj,
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
kset = top_kobj->kset;
uevent_ops = kset->uevent_ops;
/* skip the event, if uevent_suppress is set*/
if (kobj->uevent_suppress) {
pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: uevent_suppress "
"caused the event to drop!\n",
kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__);
return 0;
}
/* skip the event, if the filter returns zero. */
if (uevent_ops && uevent_ops->filter)
if (!uevent_ops->filter(kset, kobj)) {
pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: filter function "
"caused the event to drop!\n",
kobject_name(kobj), kobj, __func__);
return 0;
}
/* originating subsystem */
if (uevent_ops && uevent_ops->name)
subsystem = uevent_ops->name(kset, kobj);
else
subsystem = kobject_name(&kset->kobj);
if (!subsystem) {
pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: unset subsystem caused the "
"event to drop!\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj,
__func__);
return 0;
}
/* environment buffer */
env = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kobj_uevent_env), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!env)
return -ENOMEM;
/* complete object path */
devpath = kobject_get_path(kobj, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!devpath) {
retval = -ENOENT;
goto exit;
}
/* default keys */
retval = add_uevent_var(env, "ACTION=%s", action_string);
if (retval)
goto exit;
retval = add_uevent_var(env, "DEVPATH=%s", devpath);
if (retval)
goto exit;
retval = add_uevent_var(env, "SUBSYSTEM=%s", subsystem);
if (retval)
goto exit;
/* keys passed in from the caller */
if (envp_ext) {
for (i = 0; envp_ext[i]; i++) {
retval = add_uevent_var(env, "%s", envp_ext[i]);
if (retval)
goto exit;
}
}
/* let the kset specific function add its stuff */
if (uevent_ops && uevent_ops->uevent) {
retval = uevent_ops->uevent(kset, kobj, env);
if (retval) {
pr_debug("kobject: '%s' (%p): %s: uevent() returned "
"%d\n", kobject_name(kobj), kobj,
__func__, retval);
goto exit;
}
}
/*
* Mark "add" and "remove" events in the object to ensure proper
* events to userspace during automatic cleanup. If the object did
* send an "add" event, "remove" will automatically generated by
* the core, if not already done by the caller.
*/
if (action == KOBJ_ADD)
kobj->state_add_uevent_sent = 1;
else if (action == KOBJ_REMOVE)
kobj->state_remove_uevent_sent = 1;
/* we will send an event, so request a new sequence number */
spin_lock(&sequence_lock);
seq = ++uevent_seqnum;
spin_unlock(&sequence_lock);
retval = add_uevent_var(env, "SEQNUM=%llu", (unsigned long long)seq);
if (retval)
goto exit;
#if defined(CONFIG_NET)
/* send netlink message */
mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(ue_sk, &uevent_sock_list, list) {
struct sock *uevent_sock = ue_sk->sk;
struct sk_buff *skb;
size_t len;
/* allocate message with the maximum possible size */
len = strlen(action_string) + strlen(devpath) + 2;
skb = alloc_skb(len + env->buflen, GFP_KERNEL);
if (skb) {
char *scratch;
/* add header */
scratch = skb_put(skb, len);
sprintf(scratch, "%s@%s", action_string, devpath);
/* copy keys to our continuous event payload buffer */
for (i = 0; i < env->envp_idx; i++) {
len = strlen(env->envp[i]) + 1;
scratch = skb_put(skb, len);
strcpy(scratch, env->envp[i]);
}
NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = 1;
retval = netlink_broadcast_filtered(uevent_sock, skb,
0, 1, GFP_KERNEL,
kobj_bcast_filter,
kobj);
/* ENOBUFS should be handled in userspace */
if (retval == -ENOBUFS || retval == -ESRCH)
retval = 0;
} else
retval = -ENOMEM;
}
mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
#endif
/* call uevent_helper, usually only enabled during early boot */
if (uevent_helper[0] && !kobj_usermode_filter(kobj)) {
char *argv [3];
argv [0] = uevent_helper;
argv [1] = (char *)subsystem;
argv [2] = NULL;
retval = add_uevent_var(env, "HOME=/");
if (retval)
goto exit;
retval = add_uevent_var(env,
"PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin");
if (retval)
goto exit;
retval = call_usermodehelper(argv[0], argv,
env->envp, UMH_WAIT_EXEC);
}
exit:
kfree(devpath);
kfree(env);
return retval;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_uevent_env);
/**
* kobject_uevent - notify userspace by sending an uevent
*
* @action: action that is happening
* @kobj: struct kobject that the action is happening to
*
* Returns 0 if kobject_uevent() is completed with success or the
* corresponding error when it fails.
*/
int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action)
{
return kobject_uevent_env(kobj, action, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kobject_uevent);
/**
* add_uevent_var - add key value string to the environment buffer
* @env: environment buffer structure
* @format: printf format for the key=value pair
*
* Returns 0 if environment variable was added successfully or -ENOMEM
* if no space was available.
*/
int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...)
{
va_list args;
int len;
if (env->envp_idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(env->envp)) {
WARN(1, KERN_ERR "add_uevent_var: too many keys\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
va_start(args, format);
len = vsnprintf(&env->buf[env->buflen],
sizeof(env->buf) - env->buflen,
format, args);
va_end(args);
if (len >= (sizeof(env->buf) - env->buflen)) {
WARN(1, KERN_ERR "add_uevent_var: buffer size too small\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
env->envp[env->envp_idx++] = &env->buf[env->buflen];
env->buflen += len + 1;
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_uevent_var);
#if defined(CONFIG_NET)
static int uevent_net_init(struct net *net)
{
struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;
ue_sk = kzalloc(sizeof(*ue_sk), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ue_sk)
return -ENOMEM;
ue_sk->sk = netlink_kernel_create(net, NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT,
1, NULL, NULL, THIS_MODULE);
if (!ue_sk->sk) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"kobject_uevent: unable to create netlink socket!\n");
kfree(ue_sk);
return -ENODEV;
}
mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
list_add_tail(&ue_sk->list, &uevent_sock_list);
mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
return 0;
}
static void uevent_net_exit(struct net *net)
{
struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;
mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(ue_sk, &uevent_sock_list, list) {
if (sock_net(ue_sk->sk) == net)
goto found;
}
mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
return;
found:
list_del(&ue_sk->list);
mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
netlink_kernel_release(ue_sk->sk);
kfree(ue_sk);
}
static struct pernet_operations uevent_net_ops = {
.init = uevent_net_init,
.exit = uevent_net_exit,
};
static int __init kobject_uevent_init(void)
{
netlink_set_nonroot(NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT, NL_NONROOT_RECV);
return register_pernet_subsys(&uevent_net_ops);
}
postcore_initcall(kobject_uevent_init);
#endif
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