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Laravel Development Environment

This is a Laravel Development Environment built on Docker. It strives to be a full service development environment, allowing quick and easy local development.


This docker-compose development environment provides the following services:

  • Nginx/PHP-FPM application server with php7.2
    • Port: 8080, override with PORT_APP
  • MySQL database
    • Port: 8036, override with PORT_MYSQL
  • Redis cache
    • No external ports
  • Queue worker
    • No external ports
  • phpMyAdmin - MySQL web administration tool
    • Port: 8081, override with PORT_PMA
  • Mailcatcher - SMTP mail catchall server for development
    • Port: 8082, override with PORT_MAIL
  • Redis Commander - redis admin interface
    • Port: 8083, override with PORT_REDISADMIN

Start/Stop Development Environment

This creates the container called 'app' (the application server) in the docker-compose.yml file, as well as all the containers listed in the app section's depends_on clause.

docker-compose up -d app

The main app/httpd container will not begin serving web requests immediately, as it first must install composer and NPM packages, etc. This will begin to respond to web requests 10-30 seconds after the container comes up.

By default, you can view your running container once it comes up by visiting http://localhost:8080/ in your browser.

Additionally, this can be run without the -d command, which will run in front-facing mode, bound to the current terminal, and displaying system logs. This can be useful for debugging, but not the desired behavior.

This will take several minutes to run the first time, as it downloads each container. After the first run, it completes in about 7 seconds.

To stop, run:

docker-compose down

This will stop and delete all the environment's containers. NOTE: This removes all transient state of the containers, such as the database.

Temporary Start/Stop

The stack can be paused and unpaused with the following commands:

docker-compose pause
docker-compose unpause

Additional Useful Commands

Port Override

To override one of the services' external port, specify an environment variable before the docker-compose up command. For example, to change the web frontend and phpMyAdmin to a different port:

PORT_APP=80 PORT_PMA=81 docker-compose up -d app

To avoid the inconvenience of having to add these every time, these can be made permanent on a systemwide basis by adding lines to ~/.bashrc:

export PORT_APP=80;
export PORT_PMA=81;

Run a command in a container

docker-compose exec [container name] [command]

Enter main app server with a bash shell

docker-compose exec app /bin/bash

View nginx access logs

docker-compose exec app tail -f /var/log/nginx/access.log


can also start bash, as above, then run from the container's shell

docker-compose exec app php /var/www/artisan

View a container's primary log

View container 'syslogs'. Additionally, omit container name to view all container's logs

docker-compose logs -f [container name]

When in doubt, run bash in a container and start looking around. For most intents and purposes, a container can be thought of like a VM, containing it's own userspace, filesystem (except shared mounted directories) and running processes.

Additional Notes

If you are experiencing odd issues, rebuilding the environment with new containers can typically be helpful.

docker-compose down; docker-compose up -d app


Easy docker-based laravel development environment






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