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Email::Address::List - RFC close address list parsing
use Email::Address::List;
my $header = <<'END';
Foo Bar <>, (an obsolete comment),,,
a group:
a . weird . address @
for-real .biz
; invalid thingy, <
my @list = Email::Address::List->parse($header);
foreach my $e ( @list ) {
if ($e->{'type'} eq 'mailbox') {
print "an address: ", $e->{'value'}->format ,"\n";
else {
print $e->{'type'}, "\n"
# prints:
# an address: "Foo Bar" <>
# comment
# group start
# an address:
# group end
# unknown
# an address:
Parser for From, To, Cc, Bcc, Reply-To, Sender and previous prefixed
with Resent- (eg Resent-From) headers.
Email::Address is good at parsing addresses out of any text even
mentioned headers and this module is derived work from Email::Address.
However, mentioned headers are structured and contain lists of
addresses. Most of the time you want to parse such field from start to
end keeping everything even if it's an invalid input.
A class method that takes a header value (w/o name and :) and a set of
named options, for example:
my @list = Email::Address::List->parse( $line, option => 1 );
Returns list of hashes. Each hash at least has 'type' key that describes
the entry. Types:
A mailbox entry with Email::Address object under value key.
If mailbox has obsolete parts then 'obsolete' is true.
If address (not display-name/phrase or comments, but
local-part@domain) contains not ASCII chars then 'not_ascii' is set
to true. According to RFC 5322 not ASCII chars are not allowed
within mailbox. However, there are no big problems if those are used
and actually RFC 6532 extends a few rules from 5322 with
UTF8-non-ascii. Either use the feature or just skip such addresses
with skip_not_ascii option.
group start
Some headers with mailboxes may contain groupped addresses. This
element is returned for position where group starts. Under value key
you find name of the group. NOTE that value is not post processed at
the moment, so it may contain spaces, comments, quoted strings and
other noise. Author willing to take patches and warns that this will
be changed at some point without additional notifications, so if you
need groups info then you better send a patch :)
Groups can not be nested, but one field may have multiple groups or
mix of addresses that are in a group and not in any.
See skip_groups option.
group end
Returned when a group ends.
Obsolete syntax allows one to use standalone comments between
mailboxes that can not be addressed to any mailbox. In such
situations a comment returned as an entry of this type. Comment
itself is under value.
Returned if parser met something that shouldn't be there. Parser
tries to recover by jumping over to next comma (or semicolon if
inside group) that is out quoted string or comment, so "foo, bar,
baz" string results in three unknown entries. Jumping over comments
and quoted strings means that parser is very sensitive to unbalanced
quotes and parens, but it's on purpose.
It can be controlled which elements are skipped, for example:
Email::Address::List->parse($line, skip_unknown => 1, ...);
Skips comments between mailboxes. Comments inside and next to a
mailbox are not skipped, but returned as part of mailbox entry.
Skips mailboxes where address part has not ASCII characters.
Skips group starts and end elements, however emails within groups
are still returned.
Skip anything that is not recognizable. It still tries to recover as
described earlier.
Ruslan Zakirov <>
Under the same terms as Perl itself.