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INSTALL
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MANIFEST
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META.yml
Makefile.PL
README

README

NAME
    RT::Extension::LDAPImport - Import Users from an LDAP store

SYNOPSIS
    In "RT_SiteConfig.pm":

        Set($LDAPHost,'my.ldap.host')
        Set($LDAPUser,'me');
        Set($LDAPPassword,'mypass');
        Set($LDAPFilter, '(&(cn = users))');
        Set($LDAPMapping, {Name         => 'uid', # required
                           EmailAddress => 'mail',
                           RealName     => 'cn',
                           WorkPhone    => 'telephoneNumber',
                           Organization => 'departmentName'});
    
        # Add to any existing plugins
        Set(@Plugins, qw(RT::Extension::LDAPImport));
    
        # If you want to sync Groups RT <-> LDAP
    
        Set($LDAPGroupBase, 'ou=Groups,o=Our Place');
        Set($LDAPGroupFilter, '(&(cn = Groups))');
        Set($LDAPGroupMapping, {Name               => 'cn',
                                Member_Attr        => 'member',
                                Member_Attr_Value  => 'dn' });

    Running the import:

        # Run a test import
        /opt/rt4/local/plugins/RT-Extension-LDAPImport/bin/rtldapimport \
        --debug > ldapimport.debug 2>&1
    
        # Run for real, possibly put in cron
        /opt/rt4/local/plugins/RT-Extension-LDAPImport/bin/rtldapimport \
        --import

CONFIGURATION
    All of the configuration for the importer goes your "RT_SiteConfig.pm"
    file. Some of these values pass through to Net::LDAP so you can check
    there for valid values and more advanced options.

    "Set($LDAPHost,'our.ldap.host');"
        Hostname or ldap(s):// uri:

    "Set($LDAPUser, 'uid=foo,ou=users,dc=example,dc=com');"
        Your LDAP username or DN. If unset, we'll attempt an anonymous bind.

    "Set($LDAPPassword, 'ldap pass');"
        Your LDAP password.

    "Set($LDAPBase, 'ou=People,o=Our Place');"
        Base object to search from.

    "Set($LDAPFilter, '(&(cn = users))');"
        The LDAP search filter to apply (in this case, find all the users).

    "Set($LDAPMapping..."
            Set($LDAPMapping, {Name         => 'uid',
                               EmailAddress => 'mail',
                               RealName     => 'cn',
                               WorkPhone    => 'telephoneNumber',
                               Organization => 'departmentName'});

        This provides the mapping of attributes in RT to attribute in LDAP.
        Only Name is required for RT.

        The LDAP attributes can also be an arrayref of LDAP fields

            WorkPhone => [qw/CompanyPhone Extension/]

        which will be concatenated together with a space.

        The LDAP attribute can also be a subroutine reference that returns
        either an arrayref or a list of attributes.

        The keys in the mapping (i.e. the RT fields, the left hand side) may
        be a user custom field name prefixed with "UserCF.", for example
        "'UserCF.Employee Number' => 'employeeId'". Note that this only adds
        values at the moment, which on single value CFs will remove any old
        value first. Multiple value CFs may behave not quite how you expect.
        If the attribute no longer exists on a user in LDAP, it will be
        cleared on the RT side as well.

        You may also prefix any RT custom field name with "CF." inside your
        mapping to add available values to a Select custom field. This
        effectively takes user attributes in LDAP and adds the values as
        selectable options in a CF. It does not set a CF value on any RT
        object (User, Ticket, Queue, etc). You might use this to populate a
        ticket Location CF with all the locations of your users so that
        tickets can be associated with the locations in use.

    "Set($LDAPCreatePrivileged, 1);"
        By default users are created as Unprivileged, but you can change
        this by setting $LDAPCreatePrivileged to 1.

    "Set($LDAPGroupName,'My Imported Users');"
        The RT Group new and updated users belong to. By default, all users
        added or updated by the importer will belong to the 'Imported from
        LDAP' group.

    "Set($LDAPSkipAutogeneratedGroup, 1);"
        Set this to true to prevent users from being automatically added to
        the group configured by $LDAPGroupName.

    "Set($LDAPUpdateUsers, 1);"
        By default, existing users are skipped. If you turn on
        LDAPUpdateUsers, we will clobber existing data with data from LDAP.

    "Set($LDAPUpdateOnly, 1);"
        By default, we create users who don't exist in RT but do match your
        LDAP filter and obey $LDAPUpdateUsers for existing users. This
        setting updates existing users, overriding $LDAPUpdateUsers, but
        won't create new users who are found in LDAP but not in RT.

    "Set($LDAPGroupBase, 'ou=Groups,o=Our Place');"
        Where to search for groups to import.

    "Set($LDAPGroupFilter, '(&(cn = Groups))');"
        The search filter to apply.

    "Set($LDAPGroupMapping..."
            Set($LDAPGroupMapping, {Name               => 'cn',
                                    Member_Attr        => 'member',
                                    Member_Attr_Value  => 'dn' });

        A mapping of RT attributes to LDAP attributes to identify group
        members. Name will become the name of the group in RT, in this case
        pulling from the cn attribute on the LDAP group record returned.

        "Member_Attr" is the field in the LDAP group record the importer
        should look at for group members. These values (there may be
        multiple members) will then be compared to the RT user name, which
        came from the LDAP user record.

        "Member_Attr_Value", which defaults to 'dn', specifies where on the
        LDAP user record the importer should look to compare the member
        value. A match between the member field on the group record and this
        identifier (dn or other LDAP field) on a user record means the user
        will be added to that group in RT.

        You can provide a "Description" key which will be added as the group
        description in RT. The default description is 'Imported from LDAP'.

    "Set($LDAPSizeLimit, 1000);"
        You can set this value if your LDAP server has result size limits.

Mapping Groups Between RT and LDAP
    If you are using the importer, you likely want to manage access via LDAP
    by putting people in groups like 'DBAs' and 'IT Support', but also have
    groups for other non-RT related things. In this case, you won't want to
    create all of your LDAP groups in RT. To limit the groups that get
    mirrored, construct your $LDAPGroupFilter as an OR (|) with all of the
    RT groups you want to mirror from LDAP. For example:

        Set($LDAPGroupBase, 'OU=Groups,OU=Company,DC=COM');
        Set($LDAPGroupFilter, '(|(CN=DBAs)(CN=IT Support))');

    The importer will then import only the groups that match. In this case,
    import means:

    *   Verifying the group is in AD;

    *   Creating the group in RT if it doesn't exist;

    *   Populating the group with the members identified in AD;

    The import script will also issue a warning if a user isn't found in RT,
    but this should only happen when testing. When running with --import on,
    users are created before groups are processed, so all users (group
    members) should exist unless there are inconsistencies in your LDAP
    configuration.

Running the Import
    Executing "rtldapimport" will run a test that connects to your LDAP
    server and prints out a list of the users found. To see more about these
    users, and to see more general debug information, include the "--debug"
    flag.

    That debug information is also sent to the RT log with the debug level.
    Errors are logged to the screen and to the RT log.

    Executing "rtldapimport" with the "--import" flag will cause it to
    import users into your RT database. It is recommended that you make a
    database backup before doing this. If your filters aren't set properly
    this could create a lot of users or groups in your RT instance.

RT Versions
    The importer works with RT 3.8 and newer including RT 4.

    It may work with RT 3.6.

LDAP Filters
    The ldapsearch
    <http://www.openldap.org/software/man.cgi?query=ldapsearch&manpath=OpenL
    DAP+2.0-Release> utility in openldap can be very helpful while refining
    your filters.

METHODS
  connect_ldap
    Relies on the config variables $RT::LDAPHost, $RT::LDAPUser and
    $RT::LDAPPassword being set in your RT Config files.

     Set($LDAPHost,'my.ldap.host')
     Set($LDAPUSER,'me');
     Set($LDAPPassword,'mypass');

    LDAPUser and LDAPPassword can be blank, which will cause an anonymous
    bind.

    LDAPHost can be a hostname or an ldap:// ldaps:// uri.

  run_user_search
    Set up the appropriate arguments for a listing of users.

  _run_search
    Executes a search using the provided base and filter.

    Will connect to LDAP server using "connect_ldap".

    Returns an array of Net::LDAP::Entry objects, possibly consolidated from
    multiple LDAP pages.

  import_users import => 1|0
    Takes the results of the search from run_search and maps attributes from
    LDAP into "RT::User" attributes using $RT::LDAPMapping. Creates RT users
    if they don't already exist.

    With no arguments, only prints debugging information. Pass "--import" to
    actually change data.

    $RT::LDAPMapping> should be set in your "RT_SiteConfig.pm" file and look
    like this.

     Set($LDAPMapping, { RTUserField => LDAPField, RTUserField => LDAPField });

    RTUserField is the name of a field on an "RT::User" object LDAPField can
    be a simple scalar and that attribute will be looked up in LDAP.

    It can also be an arrayref, in which case each of the elements will be
    evaluated in turn. Scalars will be looked up in LDAP and concatenated
    together with a single space.

    If the value is a sub reference, it will be executed. The sub should
    return a scalar, which will be examined. If it is a scalar, the value
    will be looked up in LDAP. If it is an arrayref, the values will be
    concatenated together with a single space.

    By default users are created as Unprivileged, but you can change this by
    setting $LDAPCreatePrivileged to 1.

  _import_user
    The user has run us with --import, so bring data in.

  _cache_user ldap_entry => Net::LDAP::Entry, [user => { ... }]
    Adds the user to a global cache which is used when importing groups
    later.

    Optionally takes a second argument which is a user data object returned
    by _build_user_object. If not given, _cache_user will call
    _build_user_object itself.

    Returns the user Name.

  _check_ldap_mapping
    Returns true is there is an "LDAPMapping" configured, returns false,
    logs an error and disconnects from ldap if there is no mapping.

  _build_user_object
    Utility method which wraps "_build_object" to provide sane defaults for
    building users. It also tries to ensure a Name exists in the returned
    object.

  _build_object
    Builds up data from LDAP for importing Returns a hash of user or group
    data ready for "RT::User::Create" or "RT::Group::Create".

   _parse_ldap_mapping
    Internal helper function for "import_user". If we're passed an arrayref,
    it will recurse over each of the elements in case one of them is another
    arrayref or subroutine.

    If we're passed a subref, it executes the code and recurses over each of
    the returned values so that a returned array or arrayref will work.

    If we're passed a scalar, returns that.

    Returns a list of values that need to be concatenated together.

  create_rt_user
    Takes a hashref of args to pass to "RT::User::Create" Will try loading
    the user and will only create a new user if it can't find an existing
    user with the "Name" or "EmailAddress" arg passed in.

    If the $LDAPUpdateUsers variable is true, data in RT will be clobbered
    with data in LDAP. Otherwise we will skip to the next user.

    If $LDAPUpdateOnly is true, we will not create new users but we will
    update existing ones.

  add_user_to_group
    Adds new users to the group specified in the $LDAPGroupName variable
    (defaults to 'Imported from LDAP'). You can avoid this if you set
    $LDAPSkipAutogeneratedGroup.

  setup_group
    Pulls the $LDAPGroupName object out of the DB or creates it if we need
    to do so.

   add_custom_field_value
    Adds values to a Select (one|many) Custom Field. The Custom Field should
    already exist, otherwise this will throw an error and not import any
    data.

    This could probably use some caching.

   update_object_custom_field_values
    Adds CF values to an object (currently only users). The Custom Field
    should already exist, otherwise this will throw an error and not import
    any data.

    Note that this code only adds values at the moment, which on single
    value CFs will remove any old value first. Multiple value CFs may behave
    not quite how you expect.

  import_groups import => 1|0
    Takes the results of the search from "run_group_search" and maps
    attributes from LDAP into "RT::Group" attributes using
    $RT::LDAPGroupMapping.

    Creates groups if they don't exist.

    Removes users from groups if they have been removed from the group on
    LDAP.

    With no arguments, only prints debugging information. Pass "--import" to
    actually change data.

   run_group_search
    Set up the appropriate arguments for a listing of users.

  _import_group
    The user has run us with "--import", so bring data in.

  create_rt_group
    Takes a hashref of args to pass to "RT::Group::Create" Will try loading
    the group and will only create a new group if it can't find an existing
    group with the "Name" or "EmailAddress" arg passed in.

    If $LDAPUpdateOnly is true, we will not create new groups but we will
    update existing ones.

    There is currently no way to prevent Group data from being clobbered
    from LDAP.

   add_group_members
    Iterate over the list of values in the "Member_Attr" LDAP entry. Look up
    the appropriate username from LDAP. Add those users to the group. Remove
    members of the RT Group who are no longer members of the LDAP group.

  _show_group
    Show debugging information about the group record we're going to import
    when the groups reruns us with "--import".

   disconnect_ldap
    Disconnects from the LDAP server.

    Takes no arguments, returns nothing.

Utility Functions
   screendebug
    We always log to the RT log file with level 'debug'. This duplicates the
    messages to the screen.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
    No bugs have been reported.

    Please report any bugs or feature requests to
    "bug-rt-extension-ldapimport@rt.cpan.org", or through the web interface
    at <http://rt.cpan.org>.

AUTHOR
    Kevin Falcone "<falcone@bestpractical.com>"

LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT
    Copyright (c) 2007, Best Practical Solutions, LLC. All rights reserved.

    This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
    BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY
    FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
    OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES
    PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
    EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
    WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE
    ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH
    YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL
    NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

    IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
    WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR
    REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE LIABLE
    TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
    CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE
    SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING
    RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A
    FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF
    SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
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