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List of Nonviolent Protests

Tenshi Hinanawi edited this page Apr 28, 2012 · 1 revision

On non-violent protests (compiled from:

Formal Statements

Symbolic Public Acts

Public Speeches

Displays of flags and symbolic colors

Letters of opposition or support

Wearing of symbols

Declarations by organizations and institutions

Prayer and worship

Signed public statements

Delivering symbolic objects

Declarations of indictment and intention

Protest disrobings

Group or mass petitions

Destruction of own property

Symbolic lights

Communications with a Wider Audience

Displays of portraits

Slogans, caricatures, and symbols

Paint as protest

Banners, posters, and displayed communications

New signs and names

Leaflets, pamphlets, and books

Symbolic sounds

Newspapers and journals

Symbolic reclamations

Records, radio, and television

Rude gestures

Skywriting and earthwriting

Group Representations

Pressures on Individuals


"Haunting" officials

Mock awards

Taunting officials

Group lobbying




Mock elections

Drama and Music

Honoring the Dead

Humorous skits and pranks

Political mourning

Performances of plays and music

Mock funerals


Demonstrative funerals

Homage at burial places



Public Assemblies


Assemblies of protest or support

Religious processions

Protest meetings


Camouflaged meetings of protest



Withdrawal and Renunciation



Renouncing honors

Turning one's back

The methods of social noncooperation

Ostracism of Persons

Withdrawal from the Social System

Social boycott


Selective social boycott

Total personal noncooperation

Lysistratic nonaction

"Flight" of workers




Collective disappearance

Protest emigration (hijrat)

Noncooperation with Social Events, Customs,

and Institutions

Suspension of social and sports activities

Boycott of social affairs

Student strike

Social disobedience

Withdrawal from social institutions

The methods of economic noncooperation: (1) Economic boycotts

Actions by Consumers

Action by Owners and Management

Consumers' boycott

Traders' boycott

Nonconsumption of boycotted goods

Refusal to let or sell property

Policy of austerity


Rent withholding

Refusal of industrial assistance

Refusal to rent

Merchants' "general strike"

National consumers' boycott

International consumers' boycott

Action by Holders of Financial Resources

Withdrawal of bank deposits

Action by Workers and Producers

Refusal to pay fees, dues, and assessments

Workmen's boycott

Refusal to pay debts or interest

Producers' boycott

Severance of funds and credit

Revenue refusal

Action by Middlemen

Refusal of a government's money

Suppliers' and handlers' boycott

Action by Governments

Domestic embargo

Blacklisting of traders

International sellers' embargo

International buyers' embargo

International trade embargo

The methods of economic noncooperation: (2) The strike

Symbolic Strikes

Restricted Strikes

Protest strike

Detailed strike

Quickie walkout (lightning strike)

Bumper strike

Slowdown strike

Agricultural Strikes

Working-to-rule strike

Peasant strike

Reporting "sick" (sick-in)

Farm Workers' strike

Strike by resignation

Limited strike

Strikes by Special Groups

Selective strike

Refusal of impressed labor

Prisoners' strike

Multi-Industry Strikes

Craft strike

Generalized strike

Professional strike

General strike

Ordinary Industrial Strikes

Combination of Strikes and Economic Closures

Establishment strike


Industry strike

Economic shutdown

Sympathetic strike

The methods of political noncooperation

Rejection of Authority

Citizens' Alternatives to Obedience

Withholding or withdrawal of allegiance

Reluctant and slow compliance

Refusal of public support

Nonobedience in absence of direct supervision

Literature and speeches advocating resistance

Popular nonobedience

Disguised disobedience

Citizens' Noncooperation with Government

Refusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperse

Boycott of legislative bodies


Boycott of elections

Noncooperation with conscription and deportation

Boycott of govt employment and positions

Hiding, escape, and false identities

Boycott of govt depts., agencies, and other bodies

Civil disobedience of "illegitimate" laws

Withdrawal from govt educational institutions

Boycott of government-supported organizations

Action by Government Personnel

Refusal of assistance to enforcement agents

Selective refusal of assistance by government aides

Removal of own signs and placemarks

Blocking of lines of command and information

Refusal to accept appointed officials

Stalling and obstruction

Refusal to dissolve existing institutions

General administrative noncooperation

Judicial noncooperation

Domestic Governmental Action

Deliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation

Quasi-legal evasions and delays

by enforcement agents

Noncooperation by constituent governmental units Mutiny

International Governmental Action

Changes in diplomatic and other representations

Delay and cancellation of diplomatic events

Withholding of diplomatic recognition

Severance of diplomatic relations

Withdrawal from international organizations

Refusal of membership in international bodies

Expulsion from international organizations

The methods of nonviolent intervention

Psychological Intervention

Self-exposure to the elements

Political Intervention

The fast

Overloading of administrative systems

  • Fast of moral pressure

Disclosing identities of secret agents

  • Hunger strike

Seeking imprisonment

  • Satyagrahic fast

Civil disobedience of "neutral" laws

Reverse trial

Work-on without collaboration

Nonviolent harassment

Dual sovereignty and parallel government

Economic Intervention

Physical Intervention

Reverse strike


Stay-in strike


Nonviolent land seizure


Defiance of blockades


Politically motivated counterfeiting


Preclusive purchasing


Seizure of assets

Nonviolent raids


Nonviolent air raids

Selective patronage

Nonviolent invasion

Alternative markets

Nonviolent interjection

Alternative transportation systems

Alternative economic institutions

Social Intervention

Nonviolent obstruction

Establishing new social patterns

Nonviolent occupation

Overloading of facilities



Guerrilla theater

Alternative social institutions

Alternative communication system

Bibliotheca Anonoma

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