Business::Tax::VAT::Validation - a Perl module to validate EU VAT numbers
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    Business::Tax::VAT::Validation - Validate EU VAT numbers against VIES


      use Business::Tax::VAT::Validation;
      my $hvatn=Business::Tax::VAT::Validation->new();
      # Check number
      if ($hvatn->check($VAT, [$member_state])){
            print "OK\n";
      } else {
            print $hvatn->get_last_error;


    This class provides an easy API to check European VAT numbers' syntax,
    and if they has been registered by the competent authorities.

    It asks the EU database (VIES) for this, using its SOAP API. Basic
    checks that the supplied VAT number fit the expected format for the
    specified EU member state are performed first, to avoid unnecessarily
    sending queries to VIES for input that could never be valid.


    new Class constructor.

          If your system is located behind a proxy :
          $hvatn=Business::Tax::VAT::Validation->new(-proxy => ['http', '']);
          Note : See LWP::UserAgent for proxy options.


    member_states Returns all member states 2-digit codes as array


    regular_expressions - Returns a hash list containing one regular
    expression for each country

      If you want to test a VAT number format ouside this module, e.g.
      embedded as javascript in a web form.



          AT      =>  'U[0-9]{8}',
          SK        =>  '[0-9]{10}',


    check - Checks if a VAT number exists in the VIES database

          $ok=$hvatn->check($vatNumber, [$countryCode]);

      You may either provide the VAT number under its complete form (e.g.
      BE-123456789, BE123456789) or specify the VAT and MSC (vatNumber and
      countryCode) individually.

      Valid MS values are :

       AT, BE, BG, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, EL, ES,
       FI, FR, GB, HU, IE, IT, LU, LT, LV, MT,
       NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK

    local_check - Checks if a VAT number format is valid This method is
    based on regexps only and DOES NOT ask the VIES database

          $ok=$hvatn->local_check($VAT, [$member_state]);

    informations - Returns informations related to the last validated VAT


    get_last_error_code - Returns the last recorded error code

    get_last_error - Returns the last recorded error

          my $err = $hvatn->get_last_error_code();
          my $txt = $hvatn->get_last_error();

      Possible errors are :

	* -1 The provided VAT number is valid.

	* 0 Unknown MS code : Internal checkup failed (Specified Member
	State does not exist)

	* 1 Invalid VAT number format : Internal checkup failed (bad

	* 2 This VAT number doesn't exist in EU database : distant checkup

	* 3 This VAT number contains errors : distant checkup

	* 17 Time out connecting to the database : Temporary error when the
	connection to the database times out

	* 18 Member Sevice Unavailable: The EU database is unable to reach
	the requested member's database.

	* 19 The EU database is too busy.

	* 20 Connexion to the VIES database failed.

	* 21 The VIES interface failed to parse a stream. This error occurs
	unpredictabely, so you should retry your validation request.

	* 257 Invalid response, please contact the author of this module. :
	This normally only happens if this software doesn't recognize any
	valid pattern into the response document: this generally means that
	the database interface has been modified, and you'll make the
	author happy by submitting the returned response !!!

	* 500 The VIES server encountered an internal server error. Error
	500 : soap:Server TIMEOUT Error 500 : soap:Server MS_UNAVAILABLE

      If error_code > 16, you should temporarily accept the provided
      number, and periodically perform new checks until response is OK or
      error < 17 If error_code > 256, you should temporarily accept the
      provided number, contact the author, and perform a new check when the
      software is updated.


    LWP::UserAgent for the FAQs
    related to the VIES service.


    If you find this module useful, or have any comments, suggestions or
    improvements, feel free to let me know.


    Original author: Bernard Nauwelaerts <>

    Maintainership since 2015: David Precious (BIGPRESH)


    Many thanks to the following people, actively involved in the
    development of this software by submitting patches, bug reports, new
    members regexps, VIES interface changes,... (sorted by last
    intervention) :

      * Gregor Herrmann, Debian.

      * Graham Knop.

      * Bart Heupers, Netherlands.

      * Martin H. Sluka, noris network AG, Germany.

      * Simon Williams, UK2 Limited, United Kingdom & Benoît Galy,
      Greenacres, France & Raluca Boboia, Evozon, Romania

      * Dave O., POBox, U.S.A.

      * Kaloyan Iliev, Digital Systems, Bulgaria.

      * Tom Kirkpatrick, Virus Bulletin, United Kingdom.

      * Andy Wardley, individual, United Kingdom.

      * Robert Alloway, Service Centre, United Kingdom.

      * Torsten Mueller, Archesoft, Germany


    GPL. Enjoy! See COPYING for further information on the GPL.


    See to known the
    limitations of the EU validation service.

      This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
      without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.