Voight-Kampff relies on a user agent list for its detection. It can easily tell you if a request is coming from a crawler, spider or bot. This can be especially helpful in analytics such as page hit tracking.
gem install voight_kampff
A JSON file is used to match user agent strings to a list of known bots.
If you'd like to use an updated list or make your own customizations, run
rake voight_kampff:import_user_agents. This will download a
crawler-user-agents.json file into the
Note: The pattern entries in the JSON file are evaluated as regular expressions.
There are three ways to use Voight-Kampff
Through Rack::Request such as in your Ruby on Rails controllers:
VoightKampff.bot? 'your user agent string'
VoightKampff::Test.new('your user agent string').bot?
All of the above examples accept
bot? methods. All of these methods will return
Upgrading to version 1.0
Version 1.0 uses a new source for a list of bot user agent strings since the old source was no longer maintained. This new source, unfortuately, does not include as much detail. Therefore the following methods have been deprecated:
In general the
#bot? command tends to include all of these and I'm sure it's unlikely that anybody was getting this granular with their bot checking. So I see it as a small price to pay for an open and up to date bot list.
Also, the gem no longer extends
ActionDispatch::Request instead it extends
ActionDispatch::Request inherits from. This allows the same functionality for Rails while opening the gem up to other rack-based projects.
Q: What's with the name?
A: It's the machine in Blade Runner that is used to test whether someone is a human or a replicant.
Q: I've found a bot that isn't being matched
A: The list is being pulled from github.com/monperrus/crawler-user-agents. If you'd like to have entries added to the list, please create a pull request with that project. Once that pull request is merged, feel free to create an issue here and I'll release a new gem version with the updated list. In the meantime you can always run
rake voight_kampff:import_user_agents on your project to get that updated list.
Q: Why don't you use the user agent list from ____________ If you know of a better source for a list of bot user agent strings, please create an issue and let me know. I'm open to switching to a better source or supporting multiple sources. There are others out there but I like the openness of monperrus' list.
Thanks to github.com/monperrus/crawler-user-agents for providing an open and easily updatable list of bot user agents.
PR without tests will not get merged, Make sure you write tests for api and rails app. Feel free to ask for help, if you do not know how to write a determined test.
bundle exec rspec