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# $Id$ bioperl-network README 1. Installation 2. Introduction 3. Status 4. History 1. Installation See the accompanying INSTALL file for details on installing bioperl-network. 2. Introduction A ProteinNet is a representation of a protein-protein interaction network. Its functionality derives from the Graph module of Perl and from BioPerl. These sorts of networks, or graphs, can be modeled as nodes, or vertices, connected by edges. A node is one or more BioPerl sequence objects, a Bio::Seq or Bio::Seq::RichSeq object. Since a node can contain more than one Sequence object it can represent protein complexes as well as proteins. Essentially the node can be any Bioperl object that implements the Bio::AnnotatableI and Bio::IdentifiableI interfaces. This is relevant since the identities of nodes are determined by their identifiers. The bioperl-network modules use Perl's Graph::Undirected module and inherit its formal model as well. An edge corresponds to a pair of nodes, and there is only one edge per pair. An interaction is an attribute of an edge, and there can be 1 or more interactions per edge. An interaction can be thought of as one experiment or one experimental observation. The formats that can be parsed are DIP (tab-delimited) and PSI MI (XML), either version 1 or version 2.5. Capabilities include the ability to merge networks, select nodes and interactions by identifier, add and delete components (nodes, interactions, and edges), count all components of a certain type, get all components of a certain type, and get subgraphs. Then you have all the functionality of Perl's Graph in addition such as traversal using different algorithms, getting interior and exterior nodes, and getting all connected subgraphs. Graph is quite rich in functionality, this list is only a small subset of available methods, see the documentation for Graph for more detail (http://search.cpan.org/~jhi/Graph/lib/Graph.pod). For more detailed documentation also see the Bio::Network::ProteinNet module. 3. Status This package should be considered a preliminary piece of work. Although the code is tested and stable it lacks functionality. Not all fields in the PSI MI standard are parsed into a network, for example. The BioPAX format is not parsed, arguably as important a format as PSI MI. In addition useful functions such as searching by sequence or ontology term aren't yet implemented. If you are interested in contributing please contact Brian Osborne at firstname.lastname@example.org. 4. History Modules similar to these were first released as part of the core BioPerl package and were called Bio::Graph*. Bio::Graph was copied to a separate package, bioperl-network, and renamed Bio::Network. All of the modules were revised and a new module, Interaction.pm, was added. The functionality of the PSI MI 1.0 parser was enhanced and a version 2.5 parser was added. Graph manipulation in the predecessor Bio::Graph was based on the Bio::Graph::SimpleGraph module by Nat Goodman. The first release as a separate package, bioperl-network, replaced SimpleGraph with the Perl Graph package. Other API changes were also made, partly to keep nomenclature consistent with BioPerl, partly to use the terms used by the public protein interaction databases, and partly to accommodate the differences between Graph and Bio::Graph::SimpleGraph. The advantages to using Graph are that Bioperl developers are not responsible for maintaining the code that actually handles graph manipulation and there is more functionality in Graph than in SimpleGraph. You must install version .86 of Graph, or greater.