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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2012 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef BITCOIN_UTIL_H
#define BITCOIN_UTIL_H

#include "uint256.h"

#ifndef WIN32
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#else
typedef int pid_t; /* define for Windows compatibility */
#endif
#include <map>
#include <vector>
#include <string>

#include <boost/thread.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/path.hpp>
#include <boost/date_time/gregorian/gregorian_types.hpp>
#include <boost/date_time/posix_time/posix_time_types.hpp>

#include <openssl/sha.h>
#include <openssl/ripemd.h>

#include "netbase.h" // for AddTimeData

typedef long long int64;
typedef unsigned long long uint64;

static const int64 COIN = 100000000;
static const int64 CENT = 1000000;

#define loop for (;;)
#define BEGIN(a) ((char*)&(a))
#define END(a) ((char*)&((&(a))[1]))
#define UBEGIN(a) ((unsigned char*)&(a))
#define UEND(a) ((unsigned char*)&((&(a))[1]))
#define ARRAYLEN(array) (sizeof(array)/sizeof((array)[0]))
#define printf OutputDebugStringF

#ifndef PRI64d
#if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__MSVCRT__)
#define PRI64d "I64d"
#define PRI64u "I64u"
#define PRI64x "I64x"
#else
#define PRI64d "lld"
#define PRI64u "llu"
#define PRI64x "llx"
#endif
#endif

// This is needed because the foreach macro can't get over the comma in pair<t1, t2>
#define PAIRTYPE(t1, t2) std::pair<t1, t2>

// Align by increasing pointer, must have extra space at end of buffer
template <size_t nBytes, typename T>
T* alignup(T* p)
{
    union
    {
        T* ptr;
        size_t n;
    } u;
    u.ptr = p;
    u.n = (u.n + (nBytes-1)) & ~(nBytes-1);
    return u.ptr;
}

#ifdef WIN32
#define MSG_NOSIGNAL 0
#define MSG_DONTWAIT 0

#ifndef S_IRUSR
#define S_IRUSR 0400
#define S_IWUSR 0200
#endif
#define unlink _unlink
#else
#define _vsnprintf(a,b,c,d) vsnprintf(a,b,c,d)
#define strlwr(psz) to_lower(psz)
#define _strlwr(psz) to_lower(psz)
#define MAX_PATH 1024
inline void Sleep(int64 n)
{
    /*Boost has a year 2038 problem— if the request sleep time is past epoch+2^31 seconds the sleep returns instantly.
So we clamp our sleeps here to 10 years and hope that boost is fixed by 2028.*/
    boost::thread::sleep(boost::get_system_time() + boost::posix_time::milliseconds(n>315576000000LL?315576000000LL:n));
}
#endif









extern std::map<std::string, std::string> mapArgs;
extern std::map<std::string, std::vector<std::string> > mapMultiArgs;
extern bool fDebug;
extern bool fDebugNet;
extern bool fPrintToConsole;
extern bool fPrintToDebugger;
extern bool fRequestShutdown;
extern bool fShutdown;
extern bool fDaemon;
extern bool fServer;
extern bool fCommandLine;
extern std::string strMiscWarning;
extern bool fTestNet;
extern bool fNoListen;
extern bool fLogTimestamps;
extern bool fReopenDebugLog;

void RandAddSeed();
void RandAddSeedPerfmon();
int OutputDebugStringF(const char* pszFormat, ...);
int my_snprintf(char* buffer, size_t limit, const char* format, ...);

/* It is not allowed to use va_start with a pass-by-reference argument.
(C++ standard, 18.7, paragraph 3). Use a dummy argument to work around this, and use a
macro to keep similar semantics.
*/
std::string real_strprintf(const std::string &format, int dummy, ...);
#define strprintf(format, ...) real_strprintf(format, 0, __VA_ARGS__)
std::string vstrprintf(const std::string &format, va_list ap);

bool error(const char *format, ...);
void LogException(std::exception* pex, const char* pszThread);
void PrintException(std::exception* pex, const char* pszThread);
void PrintExceptionContinue(std::exception* pex, const char* pszThread);
void ParseString(const std::string& str, char c, std::vector<std::string>& v);
std::string FormatMoney(int64 n, bool fPlus=false);
bool ParseMoney(const std::string& str, int64& nRet);
bool ParseMoney(const char* pszIn, int64& nRet);
std::vector<unsigned char> ParseHex(const char* psz);
std::vector<unsigned char> ParseHex(const std::string& str);
bool IsHex(const std::string& str);
std::vector<unsigned char> DecodeBase64(const char* p, bool* pfInvalid = NULL);
std::string DecodeBase64(const std::string& str);
std::string EncodeBase64(const unsigned char* pch, size_t len);
std::string EncodeBase64(const std::string& str);
std::vector<unsigned char> DecodeBase32(const char* p, bool* pfInvalid = NULL);
std::string DecodeBase32(const std::string& str);
std::string EncodeBase32(const unsigned char* pch, size_t len);
std::string EncodeBase32(const std::string& str);
void ParseParameters(int argc, const char*const argv[]);
bool WildcardMatch(const char* psz, const char* mask);
bool WildcardMatch(const std::string& str, const std::string& mask);
void FileCommit(FILE *fileout);
int GetFilesize(FILE* file);
bool RenameOver(boost::filesystem::path src, boost::filesystem::path dest);
boost::filesystem::path GetDefaultDataDir();
const boost::filesystem::path &GetDataDir(bool fNetSpecific = true);
boost::filesystem::path GetConfigFile();
boost::filesystem::path GetPidFile();
void CreatePidFile(const boost::filesystem::path &path, pid_t pid);
void ReadConfigFile(std::map<std::string, std::string>& mapSettingsRet, std::map<std::string, std::vector<std::string> >& mapMultiSettingsRet);
#ifdef WIN32
boost::filesystem::path GetSpecialFolderPath(int nFolder, bool fCreate = true);
#endif
void ShrinkDebugFile();
int GetRandInt(int nMax);
uint64 GetRand(uint64 nMax);
uint256 GetRandHash();
int64 GetTime();
void SetMockTime(int64 nMockTimeIn);
int64 GetAdjustedTime();
std::string FormatFullVersion();
std::string FormatSubVersion(const std::string& name, int nClientVersion, const std::vector<std::string>& comments);
void AddTimeData(const CNetAddr& ip, int64 nTime);
void runCommand(std::string strCommand);









inline std::string i64tostr(int64 n)
{
    return strprintf("%"PRI64d, n);
}

inline std::string itostr(int n)
{
    return strprintf("%d", n);
}

inline int64 atoi64(const char* psz)
{
#ifdef _MSC_VER
    return _atoi64(psz);
#else
    return strtoll(psz, NULL, 10);
#endif
}

inline int64 atoi64(const std::string& str)
{
#ifdef _MSC_VER
    return _atoi64(str.c_str());
#else
    return strtoll(str.c_str(), NULL, 10);
#endif
}

inline int atoi(const std::string& str)
{
    return atoi(str.c_str());
}

inline int roundint(double d)
{
    return (int)(d > 0 ? d + 0.5 : d - 0.5);
}

inline int64 roundint64(double d)
{
    return (int64)(d > 0 ? d + 0.5 : d - 0.5);
}

inline int64 abs64(int64 n)
{
    return (n >= 0 ? n : -n);
}

template<typename T>
std::string HexStr(const T itbegin, const T itend, bool fSpaces=false)
{
    std::vector<char> rv;
    static char hexmap[16] = { '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7',
                               '8', '9', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f' };
    rv.reserve((itend-itbegin)*3);
    for(T it = itbegin; it < itend; ++it)
    {
        unsigned char val = (unsigned char)(*it);
        if(fSpaces && it != itbegin)
            rv.push_back(' ');
        rv.push_back(hexmap[val>>4]);
        rv.push_back(hexmap[val&15]);
    }

    return std::string(rv.begin(), rv.end());
}

inline std::string HexStr(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vch, bool fSpaces=false)
{
    return HexStr(vch.begin(), vch.end(), fSpaces);
}

template<typename T>
void PrintHex(const T pbegin, const T pend, const char* pszFormat="%s", bool fSpaces=true)
{
    printf(pszFormat, HexStr(pbegin, pend, fSpaces).c_str());
}

inline void PrintHex(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vch, const char* pszFormat="%s", bool fSpaces=true)
{
    printf(pszFormat, HexStr(vch, fSpaces).c_str());
}

inline int64 GetPerformanceCounter()
{
    int64 nCounter = 0;
#ifdef WIN32
    QueryPerformanceCounter((LARGE_INTEGER*)&nCounter);
#else
    timeval t;
    gettimeofday(&t, NULL);
    nCounter = (int64) t.tv_sec * 1000000 + t.tv_usec;
#endif
    return nCounter;
}

inline int64 GetTimeMillis()
{
    return (boost::posix_time::ptime(boost::posix_time::microsec_clock::universal_time()) -
            boost::posix_time::ptime(boost::gregorian::date(1970,1,1))).total_milliseconds();
}

inline std::string DateTimeStrFormat(const char* pszFormat, int64 nTime)
{
    time_t n = nTime;
    struct tm* ptmTime = gmtime(&n);
    char pszTime[200];
    strftime(pszTime, sizeof(pszTime), pszFormat, ptmTime);
    return pszTime;
}

template<typename T>
void skipspaces(T& it)
{
    while (isspace(*it))
        ++it;
}

inline bool IsSwitchChar(char c)
{
#ifdef WIN32
    return c == '-' || c == '/';
#else
    return c == '-';
#endif
}

/**
* Return string argument or default value
*
* @param strArg Argument to get (e.g. "-foo")
* @param default (e.g. "1")
* @return command-line argument or default value
*/
std::string GetArg(const std::string& strArg, const std::string& strDefault);

/**
* Return integer argument or default value
*
* @param strArg Argument to get (e.g. "-foo")
* @param default (e.g. 1)
* @return command-line argument (0 if invalid number) or default value
*/
int64 GetArg(const std::string& strArg, int64 nDefault);

/**
* Return boolean argument or default value
*
* @param strArg Argument to get (e.g. "-foo")
* @param default (true or false)
* @return command-line argument or default value
*/
bool GetBoolArg(const std::string& strArg, bool fDefault=false);

/**
* Set an argument if it doesn't already have a value
*
* @param strArg Argument to set (e.g. "-foo")
* @param strValue Value (e.g. "1")
* @return true if argument gets set, false if it already had a value
*/
bool SoftSetArg(const std::string& strArg, const std::string& strValue);

/**
* Set a boolean argument if it doesn't already have a value
*
* @param strArg Argument to set (e.g. "-foo")
* @param fValue Value (e.g. false)
* @return true if argument gets set, false if it already had a value
*/
bool SoftSetBoolArg(const std::string& strArg, bool fValue);









// Randomize the stack to help protect against buffer overrun exploits
#define IMPLEMENT_RANDOMIZE_STACK(ThreadFn) \
{ \
static char nLoops; \
if (nLoops <= 0) \
nLoops = GetRand(20) + 1; \
if (nLoops-- > 1) \
{ \
ThreadFn; \
return; \
} \
}


template<typename T1>
inline uint256 Hash(const T1 pbegin, const T1 pend)
{
    static unsigned char pblank[1];
    uint256 hash1;
    SHA256((pbegin == pend ? pblank : (unsigned char*)&pbegin[0]), (pend - pbegin) * sizeof(pbegin[0]), (unsigned char*)&hash1);
    uint256 hash2;
    SHA256((unsigned char*)&hash1, sizeof(hash1), (unsigned char*)&hash2);
    return hash2;
}

class CHashWriter
{
private:
    SHA256_CTX ctx;

public:
    int nType;
    int nVersion;

    void Init() {
        SHA256_Init(&ctx);
    }

    CHashWriter(int nTypeIn, int nVersionIn) : nType(nTypeIn), nVersion(nVersionIn) {
        Init();
    }

    CHashWriter& write(const char *pch, size_t size) {
        SHA256_Update(&ctx, pch, size);
        return (*this);
    }

    // invalidates the object
    uint256 GetHash() {
        uint256 hash1;
        SHA256_Final((unsigned char*)&hash1, &ctx);
        uint256 hash2;
        SHA256((unsigned char*)&hash1, sizeof(hash1), (unsigned char*)&hash2);
        return hash2;
    }

    template<typename T>
    CHashWriter& operator<<(const T& obj) {
        // Serialize to this stream
        ::Serialize(*this, obj, nType, nVersion);
        return (*this);
    }
};


template<typename T1, typename T2>
inline uint256 Hash(const T1 p1begin, const T1 p1end,
                    const T2 p2begin, const T2 p2end)
{
    static unsigned char pblank[1];
    uint256 hash1;
    SHA256_CTX ctx;
    SHA256_Init(&ctx);
    SHA256_Update(&ctx, (p1begin == p1end ? pblank : (unsigned char*)&p1begin[0]), (p1end - p1begin) * sizeof(p1begin[0]));
    SHA256_Update(&ctx, (p2begin == p2end ? pblank : (unsigned char*)&p2begin[0]), (p2end - p2begin) * sizeof(p2begin[0]));
    SHA256_Final((unsigned char*)&hash1, &ctx);
    uint256 hash2;
    SHA256((unsigned char*)&hash1, sizeof(hash1), (unsigned char*)&hash2);
    return hash2;
}

template<typename T1, typename T2, typename T3>
inline uint256 Hash(const T1 p1begin, const T1 p1end,
                    const T2 p2begin, const T2 p2end,
                    const T3 p3begin, const T3 p3end)
{
    static unsigned char pblank[1];
    uint256 hash1;
    SHA256_CTX ctx;
    SHA256_Init(&ctx);
    SHA256_Update(&ctx, (p1begin == p1end ? pblank : (unsigned char*)&p1begin[0]), (p1end - p1begin) * sizeof(p1begin[0]));
    SHA256_Update(&ctx, (p2begin == p2end ? pblank : (unsigned char*)&p2begin[0]), (p2end - p2begin) * sizeof(p2begin[0]));
    SHA256_Update(&ctx, (p3begin == p3end ? pblank : (unsigned char*)&p3begin[0]), (p3end - p3begin) * sizeof(p3begin[0]));
    SHA256_Final((unsigned char*)&hash1, &ctx);
    uint256 hash2;
    SHA256((unsigned char*)&hash1, sizeof(hash1), (unsigned char*)&hash2);
    return hash2;
}

template<typename T>
uint256 SerializeHash(const T& obj, int nType=SER_GETHASH, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
    CHashWriter ss(nType, nVersion);
    ss << obj;
    return ss.GetHash();
}

inline uint160 Hash160(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vch)
{
    uint256 hash1;
    SHA256(&vch[0], vch.size(), (unsigned char*)&hash1);
    uint160 hash2;
    RIPEMD160((unsigned char*)&hash1, sizeof(hash1), (unsigned char*)&hash2);
    return hash2;
}


/** Median filter over a stream of values.
* Returns the median of the last N numbers
*/
template <typename T> class CMedianFilter
{
private:
    std::vector<T> vValues;
    std::vector<T> vSorted;
    unsigned int nSize;
public:
    CMedianFilter(unsigned int size, T initial_value):
        nSize(size)
    {
        vValues.reserve(size);
        vValues.push_back(initial_value);
        vSorted = vValues;
    }
    
    void input(T value)
    {
        if(vValues.size() == nSize)
        {
            vValues.erase(vValues.begin());
        }
        vValues.push_back(value);

        vSorted.resize(vValues.size());
        std::copy(vValues.begin(), vValues.end(), vSorted.begin());
        std::sort(vSorted.begin(), vSorted.end());
    }

    T median() const
    {
        int size = vSorted.size();
        assert(size>0);
        if(size & 1) // Odd number of elements
        {
            return vSorted[size/2];
        }
        else // Even number of elements
        {
            return (vSorted[size/2-1] + vSorted[size/2]) / 2;
        }
    }

    int size() const
    {
        return vValues.size();
    }

    std::vector<T> sorted () const
    {
        return vSorted;
    }
};










// Note: It turns out we might have been able to use boost::thread
// by using TerminateThread(boost::thread.native_handle(), 0);
#ifdef WIN32
typedef HANDLE pthread_t;

inline pthread_t CreateThread(void(*pfn)(void*), void* parg, bool fWantHandle=false)
{
    DWORD nUnused = 0;
    HANDLE hthread =
        CreateThread(
            NULL, // default security
            0, // inherit stack size from parent
            (LPTHREAD_START_ROUTINE)pfn, // function pointer
            parg, // argument
            0, // creation option, start immediately
            &nUnused); // thread identifier
    if (hthread == NULL)
    {
        printf("Error: CreateThread() returned %d\n", GetLastError());
        return (pthread_t)0;
    }
    if (!fWantHandle)
    {
        CloseHandle(hthread);
        return (pthread_t)-1;
    }
    return hthread;
}

inline void SetThreadPriority(int nPriority)
{
    SetThreadPriority(GetCurrentThread(), nPriority);
}
#else
inline pthread_t CreateThread(void(*pfn)(void*), void* parg, bool fWantHandle=false)
{
    pthread_t hthread = 0;
    int ret = pthread_create(&hthread, NULL, (void*(*)(void*))pfn, parg);
    if (ret != 0)
    {
        printf("Error: pthread_create() returned %d\n", ret);
        return (pthread_t)0;
    }
    if (!fWantHandle)
    {
        pthread_detach(hthread);
        return (pthread_t)-1;
    }
    return hthread;
}

#define THREAD_PRIORITY_LOWEST PRIO_MAX
#define THREAD_PRIORITY_BELOW_NORMAL 2
#define THREAD_PRIORITY_NORMAL 0
#define THREAD_PRIORITY_ABOVE_NORMAL 0

inline void SetThreadPriority(int nPriority)
{
    // It's unclear if it's even possible to change thread priorities on Linux,
    // but we really and truly need it for the generation threads.
#ifdef PRIO_THREAD
    setpriority(PRIO_THREAD, 0, nPriority);
#else
    setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS, 0, nPriority);
#endif
}

inline void ExitThread(size_t nExitCode)
{
    pthread_exit((void*)nExitCode);
}
#endif

void RenameThread(const char* name);

inline uint32_t ByteReverse(uint32_t value)
{
    value = ((value & 0xFF00FF00) >> 8) | ((value & 0x00FF00FF) << 8);
    return (value<<16) | (value>>16);
}

#endif
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