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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2018 The Bitcoin Core developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#if defined(HAVE_CONFIG_H)
#include <config/bitcoin-config.h>
#endif
#include <chainparamsbase.h>
#include <clientversion.h>
#include <fs.h>
#include <rpc/client.h>
#include <rpc/protocol.h>
#include <util.h>
#include <utilstrencodings.h>
#include <memory>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <event2/buffer.h>
#include <event2/keyvalq_struct.h>
#include <support/events.h>
#include <univalue.h>
const std::function<std::string(const char*)> G_TRANSLATION_FUN = nullptr;
static const char DEFAULT_RPCCONNECT[] = "127.0.0.1";
static const int DEFAULT_HTTP_CLIENT_TIMEOUT=900;
static const bool DEFAULT_NAMED=false;
static const int CONTINUE_EXECUTION=-1;
static void SetupCliArgs()
{
const auto defaultBaseParams = CreateBaseChainParams(CBaseChainParams::MAIN);
const auto testnetBaseParams = CreateBaseChainParams(CBaseChainParams::TESTNET);
const auto regtestBaseParams = CreateBaseChainParams(CBaseChainParams::REGTEST);
gArgs.AddArg("-?", "This help message", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-version", "Print version and exit", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-conf=<file>", strprintf("Specify configuration file. Relative paths will be prefixed by datadir location. (default: %s)", BITCOIN_CONF_FILENAME), false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-datadir=<dir>", "Specify data directory", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-getinfo", "Get general information from the remote server. Note that unlike server-side RPC calls, the results of -getinfo is the result of multiple non-atomic requests. Some entries in the result may represent results from different states (e.g. wallet balance may be as of a different block from the chain state reported)", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
SetupChainParamsBaseOptions();
gArgs.AddArg("-named", strprintf("Pass named instead of positional arguments (default: %s)", DEFAULT_NAMED), false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcclienttimeout=<n>", strprintf("Timeout in seconds during HTTP requests, or 0 for no timeout. (default: %d)", DEFAULT_HTTP_CLIENT_TIMEOUT), false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcconnect=<ip>", strprintf("Send commands to node running on <ip> (default: %s)", DEFAULT_RPCCONNECT), false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpccookiefile=<loc>", "Location of the auth cookie. Relative paths will be prefixed by a net-specific datadir location. (default: data dir)", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcpassword=<pw>", "Password for JSON-RPC connections", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcport=<port>", strprintf("Connect to JSON-RPC on <port> (default: %u, testnet: %u, regtest: %u)", defaultBaseParams->RPCPort(), testnetBaseParams->RPCPort(), regtestBaseParams->RPCPort()), false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcuser=<user>", "Username for JSON-RPC connections", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcwait", "Wait for RPC server to start", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-rpcwallet=<walletname>", "Send RPC for non-default wallet on RPC server (needs to exactly match corresponding -wallet option passed to bitcoind)", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-stdin", "Read extra arguments from standard input, one per line until EOF/Ctrl-D (recommended for sensitive information such as passphrases). When combined with -stdinrpcpass, the first line from standard input is used for the RPC password.", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
gArgs.AddArg("-stdinrpcpass", "Read RPC password from standard input as a single line. When combined with -stdin, the first line from standard input is used for the RPC password.", false, OptionsCategory::OPTIONS);
// Hidden
gArgs.AddArg("-h", "", false, OptionsCategory::HIDDEN);
gArgs.AddArg("-help", "", false, OptionsCategory::HIDDEN);
}
/** libevent event log callback */
static void libevent_log_cb(int severity, const char *msg)
{
#ifndef EVENT_LOG_ERR // EVENT_LOG_ERR was added in 2.0.19; but before then _EVENT_LOG_ERR existed.
# define EVENT_LOG_ERR _EVENT_LOG_ERR
#endif
// Ignore everything other than errors
if (severity >= EVENT_LOG_ERR) {
throw std::runtime_error(strprintf("libevent error: %s", msg));
}
}
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Start
//
//
// Exception thrown on connection error. This error is used to determine
// when to wait if -rpcwait is given.
//
class CConnectionFailed : public std::runtime_error
{
public:
explicit inline CConnectionFailed(const std::string& msg) :
std::runtime_error(msg)
{}
};
//
// This function returns either one of EXIT_ codes when it's expected to stop the process or
// CONTINUE_EXECUTION when it's expected to continue further.
//
static int AppInitRPC(int argc, char* argv[])
{
//
// Parameters
//
SetupCliArgs();
std::string error;
if (!gArgs.ParseParameters(argc, argv, error)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error parsing command line arguments: %s\n", error.c_str());
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
if (argc < 2 || HelpRequested(gArgs) || gArgs.IsArgSet("-version")) {
std::string strUsage = PACKAGE_NAME " RPC client version " + FormatFullVersion() + "\n";
if (!gArgs.IsArgSet("-version")) {
strUsage += "\n"
"Usage: bitcoin-cli [options] <command> [params] Send command to " PACKAGE_NAME "\n"
"or: bitcoin-cli [options] -named <command> [name=value]... Send command to " PACKAGE_NAME " (with named arguments)\n"
"or: bitcoin-cli [options] help List commands\n"
"or: bitcoin-cli [options] help <command> Get help for a command\n";
strUsage += "\n" + gArgs.GetHelpMessage();
}
fprintf(stdout, "%s", strUsage.c_str());
if (argc < 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: too few parameters\n");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
if (!fs::is_directory(GetDataDir(false))) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Specified data directory \"%s\" does not exist.\n", gArgs.GetArg("-datadir", "").c_str());
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
if (!gArgs.ReadConfigFiles(error, true)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error reading configuration file: %s\n", error.c_str());
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
// Check for -testnet or -regtest parameter (BaseParams() calls are only valid after this clause)
try {
SelectBaseParams(gArgs.GetChainName());
} catch (const std::exception& e) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", e.what());
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
return CONTINUE_EXECUTION;
}
/** Reply structure for request_done to fill in */
struct HTTPReply
{
HTTPReply(): status(0), error(-1) {}
int status;
int error;
std::string body;
};
static const char *http_errorstring(int code)
{
switch(code) {
#if LIBEVENT_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x02010300
case EVREQ_HTTP_TIMEOUT:
return "timeout reached";
case EVREQ_HTTP_EOF:
return "EOF reached";
case EVREQ_HTTP_INVALID_HEADER:
return "error while reading header, or invalid header";
case EVREQ_HTTP_BUFFER_ERROR:
return "error encountered while reading or writing";
case EVREQ_HTTP_REQUEST_CANCEL:
return "request was canceled";
case EVREQ_HTTP_DATA_TOO_LONG:
return "response body is larger than allowed";
#endif
default:
return "unknown";
}
}
static void http_request_done(struct evhttp_request *req, void *ctx)
{
HTTPReply *reply = static_cast<HTTPReply*>(ctx);
if (req == nullptr) {
/* If req is nullptr, it means an error occurred while connecting: the
* error code will have been passed to http_error_cb.
*/
reply->status = 0;
return;
}
reply->status = evhttp_request_get_response_code(req);
struct evbuffer *buf = evhttp_request_get_input_buffer(req);
if (buf)
{
size_t size = evbuffer_get_length(buf);
const char *data = (const char*)evbuffer_pullup(buf, size);
if (data)
reply->body = std::string(data, size);
evbuffer_drain(buf, size);
}
}
#if LIBEVENT_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x02010300
static void http_error_cb(enum evhttp_request_error err, void *ctx)
{
HTTPReply *reply = static_cast<HTTPReply*>(ctx);
reply->error = err;
}
#endif
/** Class that handles the conversion from a command-line to a JSON-RPC request,
* as well as converting back to a JSON object that can be shown as result.
*/
class BaseRequestHandler
{
public:
virtual ~BaseRequestHandler() {}
virtual UniValue PrepareRequest(const std::string& method, const std::vector<std::string>& args) = 0;
virtual UniValue ProcessReply(const UniValue &batch_in) = 0;
};
/** Process getinfo requests */
class GetinfoRequestHandler: public BaseRequestHandler
{
public:
const int ID_NETWORKINFO = 0;
const int ID_BLOCKCHAININFO = 1;
const int ID_WALLETINFO = 2;
/** Create a simulated `getinfo` request. */
UniValue PrepareRequest(const std::string& method, const std::vector<std::string>& args) override
{
if (!args.empty()) {
throw std::runtime_error("-getinfo takes no arguments");
}
UniValue result(UniValue::VARR);
result.push_back(JSONRPCRequestObj("getnetworkinfo", NullUniValue, ID_NETWORKINFO));
result.push_back(JSONRPCRequestObj("getblockchaininfo", NullUniValue, ID_BLOCKCHAININFO));
result.push_back(JSONRPCRequestObj("getwalletinfo", NullUniValue, ID_WALLETINFO));
return result;
}
/** Collect values from the batch and form a simulated `getinfo` reply. */
UniValue ProcessReply(const UniValue &batch_in) override
{
UniValue result(UniValue::VOBJ);
std::vector<UniValue> batch = JSONRPCProcessBatchReply(batch_in, 3);
// Errors in getnetworkinfo() and getblockchaininfo() are fatal, pass them on
// getwalletinfo() is allowed to fail in case there is no wallet.
if (!batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["error"].isNull()) {
return batch[ID_NETWORKINFO];
}
if (!batch[ID_BLOCKCHAININFO]["error"].isNull()) {
return batch[ID_BLOCKCHAININFO];
}
result.pushKV("version", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["version"]);
result.pushKV("protocolversion", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["protocolversion"]);
if (!batch[ID_WALLETINFO].isNull()) {
result.pushKV("walletversion", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["walletversion"]);
result.pushKV("balance", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["balance"]);
}
result.pushKV("blocks", batch[ID_BLOCKCHAININFO]["result"]["blocks"]);
result.pushKV("timeoffset", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["timeoffset"]);
result.pushKV("connections", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["connections"]);
result.pushKV("proxy", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["networks"][0]["proxy"]);
result.pushKV("difficulty", batch[ID_BLOCKCHAININFO]["result"]["difficulty"]);
result.pushKV("testnet", UniValue(batch[ID_BLOCKCHAININFO]["result"]["chain"].get_str() == "test"));
if (!batch[ID_WALLETINFO].isNull()) {
result.pushKV("walletversion", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["walletversion"]);
result.pushKV("balance", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["balance"]);
result.pushKV("keypoololdest", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["keypoololdest"]);
result.pushKV("keypoolsize", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["keypoolsize"]);
if (!batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["unlocked_until"].isNull()) {
result.pushKV("unlocked_until", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["unlocked_until"]);
}
result.pushKV("paytxfee", batch[ID_WALLETINFO]["result"]["paytxfee"]);
}
result.pushKV("relayfee", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["relayfee"]);
result.pushKV("warnings", batch[ID_NETWORKINFO]["result"]["warnings"]);
return JSONRPCReplyObj(result, NullUniValue, 1);
}
};
/** Process default single requests */
class DefaultRequestHandler: public BaseRequestHandler {
public:
UniValue PrepareRequest(const std::string& method, const std::vector<std::string>& args) override
{
UniValue params;
if(gArgs.GetBoolArg("-named", DEFAULT_NAMED)) {
params = RPCConvertNamedValues(method, args);
} else {
params = RPCConvertValues(method, args);
}
return JSONRPCRequestObj(method, params, 1);
}
UniValue ProcessReply(const UniValue &reply) override
{
return reply.get_obj();
}
};
static UniValue CallRPC(BaseRequestHandler *rh, const std::string& strMethod, const std::vector<std::string>& args)
{
std::string host;
// In preference order, we choose the following for the port:
// 1. -rpcport
// 2. port in -rpcconnect (ie following : in ipv4 or ]: in ipv6)
// 3. default port for chain
int port = BaseParams().RPCPort();
SplitHostPort(gArgs.GetArg("-rpcconnect", DEFAULT_RPCCONNECT), port, host);
port = gArgs.GetArg("-rpcport", port);
// Obtain event base
raii_event_base base = obtain_event_base();
// Synchronously look up hostname
raii_evhttp_connection evcon = obtain_evhttp_connection_base(base.get(), host, port);
evhttp_connection_set_timeout(evcon.get(), gArgs.GetArg("-rpcclienttimeout", DEFAULT_HTTP_CLIENT_TIMEOUT));
HTTPReply response;
raii_evhttp_request req = obtain_evhttp_request(http_request_done, (void*)&response);
if (req == nullptr)
throw std::runtime_error("create http request failed");
#if LIBEVENT_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x02010300
evhttp_request_set_error_cb(req.get(), http_error_cb);
#endif
// Get credentials
std::string strRPCUserColonPass;
bool failedToGetAuthCookie = false;
if (gArgs.GetArg("-rpcpassword", "") == "") {
// Try fall back to cookie-based authentication if no password is provided
if (!GetAuthCookie(&strRPCUserColonPass)) {
failedToGetAuthCookie = true;
}
} else {
strRPCUserColonPass = gArgs.GetArg("-rpcuser", "") + ":" + gArgs.GetArg("-rpcpassword", "");
}
struct evkeyvalq* output_headers = evhttp_request_get_output_headers(req.get());
assert(output_headers);
evhttp_add_header(output_headers, "Host", host.c_str());
evhttp_add_header(output_headers, "Connection", "close");
evhttp_add_header(output_headers, "Authorization", (std::string("Basic ") + EncodeBase64(strRPCUserColonPass)).c_str());
// Attach request data
std::string strRequest = rh->PrepareRequest(strMethod, args).write() + "\n";
struct evbuffer* output_buffer = evhttp_request_get_output_buffer(req.get());
assert(output_buffer);
evbuffer_add(output_buffer, strRequest.data(), strRequest.size());
// check if we should use a special wallet endpoint
std::string endpoint = "/";
if (!gArgs.GetArgs("-rpcwallet").empty()) {
std::string walletName = gArgs.GetArg("-rpcwallet", "");
char *encodedURI = evhttp_uriencode(walletName.c_str(), walletName.size(), false);
if (encodedURI) {
endpoint = "/wallet/"+ std::string(encodedURI);
free(encodedURI);
}
else {
throw CConnectionFailed("uri-encode failed");
}
}
int r = evhttp_make_request(evcon.get(), req.get(), EVHTTP_REQ_POST, endpoint.c_str());
req.release(); // ownership moved to evcon in above call
if (r != 0) {
throw CConnectionFailed("send http request failed");
}
event_base_dispatch(base.get());
if (response.status == 0) {
std::string responseErrorMessage;
if (response.error != -1) {
responseErrorMessage = strprintf(" (error code %d - \"%s\")", response.error, http_errorstring(response.error));
}
throw CConnectionFailed(strprintf("Could not connect to the server %s:%d%s\n\nMake sure the bitcoind server is running and that you are connecting to the correct RPC port.", host, port, responseErrorMessage));
} else if (response.status == HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED) {
if (failedToGetAuthCookie) {
throw std::runtime_error(strprintf(
"Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and RPC password is not set. See -rpcpassword and -stdinrpcpass. Configuration file: (%s)",
GetConfigFile(gArgs.GetArg("-conf", BITCOIN_CONF_FILENAME)).string().c_str()));
} else {
throw std::runtime_error("Authorization failed: Incorrect rpcuser or rpcpassword");
}
} else if (response.status >= 400 && response.status != HTTP_BAD_REQUEST && response.status != HTTP_NOT_FOUND && response.status != HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR)
throw std::runtime_error(strprintf("server returned HTTP error %d", response.status));
else if (response.body.empty())
throw std::runtime_error("no response from server");
// Parse reply
UniValue valReply(UniValue::VSTR);
if (!valReply.read(response.body))
throw std::runtime_error("couldn't parse reply from server");
const UniValue reply = rh->ProcessReply(valReply);
if (reply.empty())
throw std::runtime_error("expected reply to have result, error and id properties");
return reply;
}
static int CommandLineRPC(int argc, char *argv[])
{
std::string strPrint;
int nRet = 0;
try {
// Skip switches
while (argc > 1 && IsSwitchChar(argv[1][0])) {
argc--;
argv++;
}
std::string rpcPass;
if (gArgs.GetBoolArg("-stdinrpcpass", false)) {
if (!std::getline(std::cin, rpcPass)) {
throw std::runtime_error("-stdinrpcpass specified but failed to read from standard input");
}
gArgs.ForceSetArg("-rpcpassword", rpcPass);
}
std::vector<std::string> args = std::vector<std::string>(&argv[1], &argv[argc]);
if (gArgs.GetBoolArg("-stdin", false)) {
// Read one arg per line from stdin and append
std::string line;
while (std::getline(std::cin, line)) {
args.push_back(line);
}
}
std::unique_ptr<BaseRequestHandler> rh;
std::string method;
if (gArgs.GetBoolArg("-getinfo", false)) {
rh.reset(new GetinfoRequestHandler());
method = "";
} else {
rh.reset(new DefaultRequestHandler());
if (args.size() < 1) {
throw std::runtime_error("too few parameters (need at least command)");
}
method = args[0];
args.erase(args.begin()); // Remove trailing method name from arguments vector
}
// Execute and handle connection failures with -rpcwait
const bool fWait = gArgs.GetBoolArg("-rpcwait", false);
do {
try {
const UniValue reply = CallRPC(rh.get(), method, args);
// Parse reply
const UniValue& result = find_value(reply, "result");
const UniValue& error = find_value(reply, "error");
if (!error.isNull()) {
// Error
int code = error["code"].get_int();
if (fWait && code == RPC_IN_WARMUP)
throw CConnectionFailed("server in warmup");
strPrint = "error: " + error.write();
nRet = abs(code);
if (error.isObject())
{
UniValue errCode = find_value(error, "code");
UniValue errMsg = find_value(error, "message");
strPrint = errCode.isNull() ? "" : "error code: "+errCode.getValStr()+"\n";
if (errMsg.isStr())
strPrint += "error message:\n"+errMsg.get_str();
if (errCode.isNum() && errCode.get_int() == RPC_WALLET_NOT_SPECIFIED) {
strPrint += "\nTry adding \"-rpcwallet=<filename>\" option to bitcoin-cli command line.";
}
}
} else {
// Result
if (result.isNull())
strPrint = "";
else if (result.isStr())
strPrint = result.get_str();
else
strPrint = result.write(2);
}
// Connection succeeded, no need to retry.
break;
}
catch (const CConnectionFailed&) {
if (fWait)
MilliSleep(1000);
else
throw;
}
} while (fWait);
}
catch (const boost::thread_interrupted&) {
throw;
}
catch (const std::exception& e) {
strPrint = std::string("error: ") + e.what();
nRet = EXIT_FAILURE;
}
catch (...) {
PrintExceptionContinue(nullptr, "CommandLineRPC()");
throw;
}
if (strPrint != "") {
fprintf((nRet == 0 ? stdout : stderr), "%s\n", strPrint.c_str());
}
return nRet;
}
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
SetupEnvironment();
if (!SetupNetworking()) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Initializing networking failed\n");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
event_set_log_callback(&libevent_log_cb);
try {
int ret = AppInitRPC(argc, argv);
if (ret != CONTINUE_EXECUTION)
return ret;
}
catch (const std::exception& e) {
PrintExceptionContinue(&e, "AppInitRPC()");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
} catch (...) {
PrintExceptionContinue(nullptr, "AppInitRPC()");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
try {
ret = CommandLineRPC(argc, argv);
}
catch (const std::exception& e) {
PrintExceptionContinue(&e, "CommandLineRPC()");
} catch (...) {
PrintExceptionContinue(nullptr, "CommandLineRPC()");
}
return ret;
}