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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2018 The Bitcoin Core developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include <chain.h>
/**
* CChain implementation
*/
void CChain::SetTip(CBlockIndex *pindex) {
if (pindex == nullptr) {
vChain.clear();
return;
}
vChain.resize(pindex->nHeight + 1);
while (pindex && vChain[pindex->nHeight] != pindex) {
vChain[pindex->nHeight] = pindex;
pindex = pindex->pprev;
}
}
CBlockLocator CChain::GetLocator(const CBlockIndex *pindex) const {
int nStep = 1;
std::vector<uint256> vHave;
vHave.reserve(32);
if (!pindex)
pindex = Tip();
while (pindex) {
vHave.push_back(pindex->GetBlockHash());
// Stop when we have added the genesis block.
if (pindex->nHeight == 0)
break;
// Exponentially larger steps back, plus the genesis block.
int nHeight = std::max(pindex->nHeight - nStep, 0);
if (Contains(pindex)) {
// Use O(1) CChain index if possible.
pindex = (*this)[nHeight];
} else {
// Otherwise, use O(log n) skiplist.
pindex = pindex->GetAncestor(nHeight);
}
if (vHave.size() > 10)
nStep *= 2;
}
return CBlockLocator(vHave);
}
const CBlockIndex *CChain::FindFork(const CBlockIndex *pindex) const {
if (pindex == nullptr) {
return nullptr;
}
if (pindex->nHeight > Height())
pindex = pindex->GetAncestor(Height());
while (pindex && !Contains(pindex))
pindex = pindex->pprev;
return pindex;
}
CBlockIndex* CChain::FindEarliestAtLeast(int64_t nTime) const
{
std::vector<CBlockIndex*>::const_iterator lower = std::lower_bound(vChain.begin(), vChain.end(), nTime,
[](CBlockIndex* pBlock, const int64_t& time) -> bool { return pBlock->GetBlockTimeMax() < time; });
return (lower == vChain.end() ? nullptr : *lower);
}
/** Turn the lowest '1' bit in the binary representation of a number into a '0'. */
int static inline InvertLowestOne(int n) { return n & (n - 1); }
/** Compute what height to jump back to with the CBlockIndex::pskip pointer. */
int static inline GetSkipHeight(int height) {
if (height < 2)
return 0;
// Determine which height to jump back to. Any number strictly lower than height is acceptable,
// but the following expression seems to perform well in simulations (max 110 steps to go back
// up to 2**18 blocks).
return (height & 1) ? InvertLowestOne(InvertLowestOne(height - 1)) + 1 : InvertLowestOne(height);
}
const CBlockIndex* CBlockIndex::GetAncestor(int height) const
{
if (height > nHeight || height < 0) {
return nullptr;
}
const CBlockIndex* pindexWalk = this;
int heightWalk = nHeight;
while (heightWalk > height) {
int heightSkip = GetSkipHeight(heightWalk);
int heightSkipPrev = GetSkipHeight(heightWalk - 1);
if (pindexWalk->pskip != nullptr &&
(heightSkip == height ||
(heightSkip > height && !(heightSkipPrev < heightSkip - 2 &&
heightSkipPrev >= height)))) {
// Only follow pskip if pprev->pskip isn't better than pskip->pprev.
pindexWalk = pindexWalk->pskip;
heightWalk = heightSkip;
} else {
assert(pindexWalk->pprev);
pindexWalk = pindexWalk->pprev;
heightWalk--;
}
}
return pindexWalk;
}
CBlockIndex* CBlockIndex::GetAncestor(int height)
{
return const_cast<CBlockIndex*>(static_cast<const CBlockIndex*>(this)->GetAncestor(height));
}
void CBlockIndex::BuildSkip()
{
if (pprev)
pskip = pprev->GetAncestor(GetSkipHeight(nHeight));
}
arith_uint256 GetBlockProof(const CBlockIndex& block)
{
arith_uint256 bnTarget;
bool fNegative;
bool fOverflow;
bnTarget.SetCompact(block.nBits, &fNegative, &fOverflow);
if (fNegative || fOverflow || bnTarget == 0)
return 0;
// We need to compute 2**256 / (bnTarget+1), but we can't represent 2**256
// as it's too large for an arith_uint256. However, as 2**256 is at least as large
// as bnTarget+1, it is equal to ((2**256 - bnTarget - 1) / (bnTarget+1)) + 1,
// or ~bnTarget / (bnTarget+1) + 1.
return (~bnTarget / (bnTarget + 1)) + 1;
}
int64_t GetBlockProofEquivalentTime(const CBlockIndex& to, const CBlockIndex& from, const CBlockIndex& tip, const Consensus::Params& params)
{
arith_uint256 r;
int sign = 1;
if (to.nChainWork > from.nChainWork) {
r = to.nChainWork - from.nChainWork;
} else {
r = from.nChainWork - to.nChainWork;
sign = -1;
}
r = r * arith_uint256(params.nPowTargetSpacing) / GetBlockProof(tip);
if (r.bits() > 63) {
return sign * std::numeric_limits<int64_t>::max();
}
return sign * r.GetLow64();
}
/** Find the last common ancestor two blocks have.
* Both pa and pb must be non-nullptr. */
const CBlockIndex* LastCommonAncestor(const CBlockIndex* pa, const CBlockIndex* pb) {
if (pa->nHeight > pb->nHeight) {
pa = pa->GetAncestor(pb->nHeight);
} else if (pb->nHeight > pa->nHeight) {
pb = pb->GetAncestor(pa->nHeight);
}
while (pa != pb && pa && pb) {
pa = pa->pprev;
pb = pb->pprev;
}
// Eventually all chain branches meet at the genesis block.
assert(pa == pb);
return pa;
}