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Merge pull request #7105

9ac63d6 Keep track of explicit wallet conflicts instead of using mempool (Pieter Wuille)
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laanwj committed Dec 1, 2015
2 parents 1b5118b + 9ac63d6 commit 30c2d8c635c41149b7184ea8471121c53042444c
Showing with 124 additions and 26 deletions.
  1. +18 −0 doc/release-notes.md
  2. +1 −1 qa/rpc-tests/txn_clone.py
  3. +5 −4 qa/rpc-tests/txn_doublespend.py
  4. +5 −1 src/wallet/rpcwallet.cpp
  5. +83 −14 src/wallet/wallet.cpp
  6. +12 −6 src/wallet/wallet.h
View
@@ -215,6 +215,24 @@ of just announcing the hash. In a reorganization, all new headers are sent,
instead of just the new tip. This can often prevent an extra roundtrip before
the actual block is downloaded.
Negative confirmations and conflict detection
---------------------------------------------
The wallet will now report a negative number for confirmations that indicates
how deep in the block chain the conflict is found. For example, if a transaction
A has 5 confirmations and spends the same input as a wallet transaction B, B
will be reported as having -5 confirmations. If another wallet transaction C
spends an output from B, it will also be reported as having -5 confirmations.
To detect conflicts with historical transactions in the chain a one-time
`-rescan` may be needed.
Unlike earlier versions, unconfirmed but non-conflicting transactions will never
get a negative confirmation count. They are not treated as spendable unless
they're coming from ourself (change) and accepted into our local mempool,
however. The new "trusted" field in the `listtransactions` RPC output
indicates whether outputs of an unconfirmed transaction are considered
spendable.
0.12.0 Change log
=================
@@ -136,7 +136,7 @@ def run_test(self):
tx2 = self.nodes[0].gettransaction(txid2)
# Verify expected confirmations
assert_equal(tx1["confirmations"], -1)
assert_equal(tx1["confirmations"], -2)
assert_equal(tx1_clone["confirmations"], 2)
assert_equal(tx2["confirmations"], 1)
@@ -99,22 +99,23 @@ def run_test(self):
# Now give doublespend and its parents to miner:
self.nodes[2].sendrawtransaction(fund_foo_tx["hex"])
self.nodes[2].sendrawtransaction(fund_bar_tx["hex"])
self.nodes[2].sendrawtransaction(doublespend["hex"])
doublespend_txid = self.nodes[2].sendrawtransaction(doublespend["hex"])
# ... mine a block...
self.nodes[2].generate(1)
# Reconnect the split network, and sync chain:
connect_nodes(self.nodes[1], 2)
self.nodes[2].generate(1) # Mine another block to make sure we sync
sync_blocks(self.nodes)
assert_equal(self.nodes[0].gettransaction(doublespend_txid)["confirmations"], 2)
# Re-fetch transaction info:
tx1 = self.nodes[0].gettransaction(txid1)
tx2 = self.nodes[0].gettransaction(txid2)
# Both transactions should be conflicted
assert_equal(tx1["confirmations"], -1)
assert_equal(tx2["confirmations"], -1)
assert_equal(tx1["confirmations"], -2)
assert_equal(tx2["confirmations"], -2)
# Node0's total balance should be starting balance, plus 100BTC for
# two more matured blocks, minus 1240 for the double-spend, plus fees (which are
View
@@ -65,6 +65,8 @@ void WalletTxToJSON(const CWalletTx& wtx, UniValue& entry)
entry.push_back(Pair("blockhash", wtx.hashBlock.GetHex()));
entry.push_back(Pair("blockindex", wtx.nIndex));
entry.push_back(Pair("blocktime", mapBlockIndex[wtx.hashBlock]->GetBlockTime()));
} else {
entry.push_back(Pair("trusted", wtx.IsTrusted()));
}
uint256 hash = wtx.GetHash();
entry.push_back(Pair("txid", hash.GetHex()));
@@ -1421,7 +1423,9 @@ UniValue listtransactions(const UniValue& params, bool fHelp)
" \"fee\": x.xxx, (numeric) The amount of the fee in " + CURRENCY_UNIT + ". This is negative and only available for the \n"
" 'send' category of transactions.\n"
" \"confirmations\": n, (numeric) The number of confirmations for the transaction. Available for 'send' and \n"
" 'receive' category of transactions.\n"
" 'receive' category of transactions. Negative confirmations indicate the\n"
" transation conflicts with the block chain\n"
" \"trusted\": xxx (bool) Whether we consider the outputs of this unconfirmed transaction safe to spend.\n"
" \"blockhash\": \"hashvalue\", (string) The block hash containing the transaction. Available for 'send' and 'receive'\n"
" category of transactions.\n"
" \"blockindex\": n, (numeric) The block index containing the transaction. Available for 'send' and 'receive'\n"
View
@@ -608,6 +608,14 @@ bool CWallet::AddToWallet(const CWalletTx& wtxIn, bool fFromLoadWallet, CWalletD
wtx.BindWallet(this);
wtxOrdered.insert(make_pair(wtx.nOrderPos, TxPair(&wtx, (CAccountingEntry*)0)));
AddToSpends(hash);
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, wtx.vin) {
if (mapWallet.count(txin.prevout.hash)) {
CWalletTx& prevtx = mapWallet[txin.prevout.hash];
if (prevtx.nIndex == -1 && !prevtx.hashBlock.IsNull()) {
MarkConflicted(prevtx.hashBlock, wtx.GetHash());
}
}
}
}
else
{
@@ -727,6 +735,20 @@ bool CWallet::AddToWalletIfInvolvingMe(const CTransaction& tx, const CBlock* pbl
{
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_wallet);
if (pblock) {
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin) {
std::pair<TxSpends::const_iterator, TxSpends::const_iterator> range = mapTxSpends.equal_range(txin.prevout);
while (range.first != range.second) {
if (range.first->second != tx.GetHash()) {
LogPrintf("Transaction %s (in block %s) conflicts with wallet transaction %s (both spend %s:%i)\n", tx.GetHash().ToString(), pblock->GetHash().ToString(), range.first->second.ToString(), range.first->first.hash.ToString(), range.first->first.n);
MarkConflicted(pblock->GetHash(), range.first->second);
}
range.first++;
}
}
}
bool fExisted = mapWallet.count(tx.GetHash()) != 0;
if (fExisted && !fUpdate) return false;
if (fExisted || IsMine(tx) || IsFromMe(tx))
@@ -747,9 +769,57 @@ bool CWallet::AddToWalletIfInvolvingMe(const CTransaction& tx, const CBlock* pbl
return false;
}
void CWallet::MarkConflicted(const uint256& hashBlock, const uint256& hashTx)
{
LOCK2(cs_main, cs_wallet);
CBlockIndex* pindex;
assert(mapBlockIndex.count(hashBlock));
pindex = mapBlockIndex[hashBlock];
int conflictconfirms = 0;
if (chainActive.Contains(pindex)) {
conflictconfirms = -(chainActive.Height() - pindex->nHeight + 1);
}
assert(conflictconfirms < 0);
// Do not flush the wallet here for performance reasons
CWalletDB walletdb(strWalletFile, "r+", false);
std::deque<uint256> todo;
std::set<uint256> done;
todo.push_back(hashTx);
while (!todo.empty()) {
uint256 now = todo.front();
todo.pop_front();
done.insert(now);
assert(mapWallet.count(now));
CWalletTx& wtx = mapWallet[now];
int currentconfirm = wtx.GetDepthInMainChain();
if (conflictconfirms < currentconfirm) {
// Block is 'more conflicted' than current confirm; update.
// Mark transaction as conflicted with this block.
wtx.nIndex = -1;
wtx.hashBlock = hashBlock;
wtx.MarkDirty();
wtx.WriteToDisk(&walletdb);
// Iterate over all its outputs, and mark transactions in the wallet that spend them conflicted too
TxSpends::const_iterator iter = mapTxSpends.lower_bound(COutPoint(now, 0));
while (iter != mapTxSpends.end() && iter->first.hash == now) {
if (!done.count(iter->second)) {
todo.push_back(iter->second);
}
iter++;
}
}
}
}
void CWallet::SyncTransaction(const CTransaction& tx, const CBlock* pblock)
{
LOCK2(cs_main, cs_wallet);
if (!AddToWalletIfInvolvingMe(tx, pblock, true))
return; // Not one of ours
@@ -1089,7 +1159,7 @@ void CWallet::ReacceptWalletTransactions()
int nDepth = wtx.GetDepthInMainChain();
if (!wtx.IsCoinBase() && nDepth < 0) {
if (!wtx.IsCoinBase() && nDepth == 0) {
mapSorted.insert(std::make_pair(wtx.nOrderPos, &wtx));
}
}
@@ -1303,6 +1373,14 @@ bool CWalletTx::IsTrusted() const
if (!bSpendZeroConfChange || !IsFromMe(ISMINE_ALL)) // using wtx's cached debit
return false;
// Don't trust unconfirmed transactions from us unless they are in the mempool.
{
LOCK(mempool.cs);
if (!mempool.exists(GetHash())) {
return false;
}
}
// Trusted if all inputs are from us and are in the mempool:
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, vin)
{
@@ -1879,6 +1957,7 @@ bool CWallet::CreateTransaction(const vector<CRecipient>& vecSend, CWalletTx& wt
//a chance at a free transaction.
//But mempool inputs might still be in the mempool, so their age stays 0
int age = pcoin.first->GetDepthInMainChain();
assert(age >= 0);
if (age != 0)
age += 1;
dPriority += (double)nCredit * age;
@@ -2814,9 +2893,9 @@ int CMerkleTx::SetMerkleBranch(const CBlock& block)
return chainActive.Height() - pindex->nHeight + 1;
}
int CMerkleTx::GetDepthInMainChainINTERNAL(const CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const
int CMerkleTx::GetDepthInMainChain(const CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const
{
if (hashBlock.IsNull() || nIndex == -1)
if (hashBlock.IsNull())
return 0;
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
@@ -2829,17 +2908,7 @@ int CMerkleTx::GetDepthInMainChainINTERNAL(const CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const
return 0;
pindexRet = pindex;
return chainActive.Height() - pindex->nHeight + 1;
}
int CMerkleTx::GetDepthInMainChain(const CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
int nResult = GetDepthInMainChainINTERNAL(pindexRet);
if (nResult == 0 && !mempool.exists(GetHash()))
return -1; // Not in chain, not in mempool
return nResult;
return ((nIndex == -1) ? (-1) : 1) * (chainActive.Height() - pindex->nHeight + 1);
}
int CMerkleTx::GetBlocksToMaturity() const
View
@@ -156,11 +156,14 @@ struct COutputEntry
/** A transaction with a merkle branch linking it to the block chain. */
class CMerkleTx : public CTransaction
{
private:
int GetDepthInMainChainINTERNAL(const CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const;
public:
uint256 hashBlock;
/* An nIndex == -1 means that hashBlock (in nonzero) refers to the earliest
* block in the chain we know this or any in-wallet dependency conflicts
* with. Older clients interpret nIndex == -1 as unconfirmed for backward
* compatibility.
*/
int nIndex;
CMerkleTx()
@@ -193,16 +196,15 @@ class CMerkleTx : public CTransaction
int SetMerkleBranch(const CBlock& block);
/**
* Return depth of transaction in blockchain:
* -1 : not in blockchain, and not in memory pool (conflicted transaction)
* <0 : conflicts with a transaction this deep in the blockchain
* 0 : in memory pool, waiting to be included in a block
* >=1 : this many blocks deep in the main chain
*/
int GetDepthInMainChain(const CBlockIndex* &pindexRet) const;
int GetDepthInMainChain() const { const CBlockIndex *pindexRet; return GetDepthInMainChain(pindexRet); }
bool IsInMainChain() const { const CBlockIndex *pindexRet; return GetDepthInMainChainINTERNAL(pindexRet) > 0; }
bool IsInMainChain() const { const CBlockIndex *pindexRet; return GetDepthInMainChain(pindexRet) > 0; }
int GetBlocksToMaturity() const;
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(bool fLimitFree=true, bool fRejectAbsurdFee=true);
};
@@ -481,6 +483,10 @@ class CWallet : public CCryptoKeyStore, public CValidationInterface
void AddToSpends(const COutPoint& outpoint, const uint256& wtxid);
void AddToSpends(const uint256& wtxid);
/* Mark a transaction (and its in-wallet descendants) as conflicting with a particular block. */
void MarkConflicted(const uint256& hashBlock, const uint256& hashTx);
void SyncMetaData(std::pair<TxSpends::iterator, TxSpends::iterator>);
public:

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