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Do not use third party services for IP detection.

This is a simplified re-do of closed pull #3088.

This patch eliminates the privacy and reliability problematic use
of centralized web services for discovering the node's addresses
for advertisement.

The Bitcoin protocol already allows your peers to tell you what
IP they think you have, but this data isn't trustworthy since
they could lie. So the challenge is using it without creating a
DOS vector.

To accomplish this we adopt an approach similar to the one used
by P2Pool: If we're announcing and don't have a better address
discovered (e.g. via UPNP) or configured we just announce to
each peer the address that peer told us. Since peers could
already replace, forge, or drop our address messages this cannot
create a new vulnerability... but if even one of our peers is
giving us a good address we'll eventually make a useful
advertisement.

We also may randomly use the peer-provided address for the
daily rebroadcast even if we otherwise have a seemingly routable
address, just in case we've been misconfigured (e.g. by UPNP).

To avoid privacy problems, we only do these things if discovery
is enabled.
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gmaxwell committed Jul 21, 2014
1 parent 06037f3 commit 845c86d128fb97d55d125e63653def38729bd2ed
Showing with 61 additions and 148 deletions.
  1. +3 −0 src/init.cpp
  2. +20 −21 src/main.cpp
  3. +36 −125 src/net.cpp
  4. +2 −2 src/net.h
@@ -574,6 +574,9 @@ bool AppInit2(boost::thread_group& threadGroup)
// to protect privacy, do not listen by default if a default proxy server is specified
if (SoftSetBoolArg("-listen", false))
LogPrintf("AppInit2 : parameter interaction: -proxy set -> setting -listen=0\n");
// to protect privacy, do not discover addresses by default
if (SoftSetBoolArg("-discover", false))
LogPrintf("AppInit2 : parameter interaction: -proxy set -> setting -discover=0\n");
}

if (!GetBoolArg("-listen", true)) {
@@ -3474,12 +3474,6 @@ bool static ProcessMessage(CNode* pfrom, string strCommand, CDataStream& vRecv,
else
pfrom->fRelayTxes = true;

if (pfrom->fInbound && addrMe.IsRoutable())
{
pfrom->addrLocal = addrMe;
SeenLocal(addrMe);
}

// Disconnect if we connected to ourself
if (nNonce == nLocalHostNonce && nNonce > 1)
{
@@ -3488,6 +3482,12 @@ bool static ProcessMessage(CNode* pfrom, string strCommand, CDataStream& vRecv,
return true;
}

pfrom->addrLocal = addrMe;
if (pfrom->fInbound && addrMe.IsRoutable())
{
SeenLocal(addrMe);
}

// Be shy and don't send version until we hear
if (pfrom->fInbound)
pfrom->PushVersion();
@@ -3508,7 +3508,12 @@ bool static ProcessMessage(CNode* pfrom, string strCommand, CDataStream& vRecv,
{
CAddress addr = GetLocalAddress(&pfrom->addr);
if (addr.IsRoutable())
{
pfrom->PushAddress(addr);
} else if (IsPeerAddrLocalGood(pfrom)) {
addr.SetIP(pfrom->addrLocal);
pfrom->PushAddress(addr);
}
}

// Get recent addresses
@@ -4371,24 +4376,18 @@ bool SendMessages(CNode* pto, bool fSendTrickle)
static int64_t nLastRebroadcast;
if (!IsInitialBlockDownload() && (GetTime() - nLastRebroadcast > 24 * 60 * 60))
{
LOCK(cs_vNodes);
BOOST_FOREACH(CNode* pnode, vNodes)
{
LOCK(cs_vNodes);
BOOST_FOREACH(CNode* pnode, vNodes)
{
// Periodically clear setAddrKnown to allow refresh broadcasts
if (nLastRebroadcast)
pnode->setAddrKnown.clear();
// Periodically clear setAddrKnown to allow refresh broadcasts
if (nLastRebroadcast)
pnode->setAddrKnown.clear();

// Rebroadcast our address
if (fListen)
{
CAddress addr = GetLocalAddress(&pnode->addr);
if (addr.IsRoutable())
pnode->PushAddress(addr);
}
}
// Rebroadcast our address
AdvertizeLocal(pnode);
}
nLastRebroadcast = GetTime();
if (!vNodes.empty())
nLastRebroadcast = GetTime();
}

//
@@ -142,16 +142,19 @@ bool GetLocal(CService& addr, const CNetAddr *paddrPeer)
}

// get best local address for a particular peer as a CAddress
// Otherwise, return the unroutable 0.0.0.0 but filled in with
// the normal parameters, since the IP may be changed to a useful
// one by discovery.
CAddress GetLocalAddress(const CNetAddr *paddrPeer)
{
CAddress ret(CService("0.0.0.0",0),0);
CAddress ret(CService("0.0.0.0",GetListenPort()),0);
CService addr;
if (GetLocal(addr, paddrPeer))
{
ret = CAddress(addr);
ret.nServices = nLocalServices;
ret.nTime = GetAdjustedTime();
}
ret.nServices = nLocalServices;
ret.nTime = GetAdjustedTime();
return ret;
}

@@ -205,21 +208,38 @@ bool RecvLine(SOCKET hSocket, string& strLine)
}
}

// used when scores of local addresses may have changed
// pushes better local address to peers
void static AdvertizeLocal()
int GetnScore(const CService& addr)
{
LOCK(cs_vNodes);
BOOST_FOREACH(CNode* pnode, vNodes)
LOCK(cs_mapLocalHost);
if (mapLocalHost.count(addr) == LOCAL_NONE)
return 0;
return mapLocalHost[addr].nScore;
}

// Is our peer's addrLocal potentially useful as an external IP source?
bool IsPeerAddrLocalGood(CNode *pnode)
{
return fDiscover && pnode->addr.IsRoutable() && pnode->addrLocal.IsRoutable() &&
!IsLimited(pnode->addrLocal.GetNetwork());
}

// pushes our own address to a peer
void AdvertizeLocal(CNode *pnode)
{
if (fListen && pnode->fSuccessfullyConnected)
{
if (pnode->fSuccessfullyConnected)
CAddress addrLocal = GetLocalAddress(&pnode->addr);
// If discovery is enabled, sometimes give our peer the address it
// tells us that it sees us as in case it has a better idea of our
// address than we do.
if (IsPeerAddrLocalGood(pnode) && (!addrLocal.IsRoutable() ||
GetRand((GetnScore(addrLocal) > LOCAL_MANUAL) ? 8:2) == 0))
{
CAddress addrLocal = GetLocalAddress(&pnode->addr);
if (addrLocal.IsRoutable() && (CService)addrLocal != (CService)pnode->addrLocal)
{
pnode->PushAddress(addrLocal);
pnode->addrLocal = addrLocal;
}
addrLocal.SetIP(pnode->addrLocal);
}
if (addrLocal.IsRoutable())
{
pnode->PushAddress(addrLocal);
}
}
}
@@ -257,8 +277,6 @@ bool AddLocal(const CService& addr, int nScore)
SetReachable(addr.GetNetwork());
}

AdvertizeLocal();

return true;
}

@@ -296,12 +314,10 @@ bool SeenLocal(const CService& addr)
return false;
mapLocalHost[addr].nScore++;
}

AdvertizeLocal();

return true;
}


/** check whether a given address is potentially local */
bool IsLocal(const CService& addr)
{
@@ -323,114 +339,12 @@ bool IsReachable(const CNetAddr& addr)
return IsReachable(net);
}

bool GetMyExternalIP2(const CService& addrConnect, const char* pszGet, const char* pszKeyword, CNetAddr& ipRet)
{
SOCKET hSocket;
if (!ConnectSocket(addrConnect, hSocket))
return error("GetMyExternalIP() : connection to %s failed", addrConnect.ToString());

send(hSocket, pszGet, strlen(pszGet), MSG_NOSIGNAL);

string strLine;
while (RecvLine(hSocket, strLine))
{
if (strLine.empty()) // HTTP response is separated from headers by blank line
{
while (true)
{
if (!RecvLine(hSocket, strLine))
{
CloseSocket(hSocket);
return false;
}
if (pszKeyword == NULL)
break;
if (strLine.find(pszKeyword) != string::npos)
{
strLine = strLine.substr(strLine.find(pszKeyword) + strlen(pszKeyword));
break;
}
}
CloseSocket(hSocket);
if (strLine.find("<") != string::npos)
strLine = strLine.substr(0, strLine.find("<"));
strLine = strLine.substr(strspn(strLine.c_str(), " \t\n\r"));
while (strLine.size() > 0 && isspace(strLine[strLine.size()-1]))
strLine.resize(strLine.size()-1);
CService addr(strLine,0,true);
LogPrintf("GetMyExternalIP() received [%s] %s\n", strLine, addr.ToString());
if (!addr.IsValid() || !addr.IsRoutable())
return false;
ipRet.SetIP(addr);
return true;
}
}
CloseSocket(hSocket);
return error("GetMyExternalIP() : connection closed");
}

bool GetMyExternalIP(CNetAddr& ipRet)
{
CService addrConnect;
const char* pszGet;
const char* pszKeyword;

for (int nLookup = 0; nLookup <= 1; nLookup++)
for (int nHost = 1; nHost <= 1; nHost++)
{
// We should be phasing out our use of sites like these. If we need
// replacements, we should ask for volunteers to put this simple
// php file on their web server that prints the client IP:
// <?php echo $_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"]; ?>
if (nHost == 1)
{
addrConnect = CService("91.198.22.70", 80); // checkip.dyndns.org

if (nLookup == 1)
{
CService addrIP("checkip.dyndns.org", 80, true);
if (addrIP.IsValid())
addrConnect = addrIP;
}

pszGet = "GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n"
"Host: checkip.dyndns.org\r\n"
"User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)\r\n"
"Connection: close\r\n"
"\r\n";

pszKeyword = "Address:";
}

if (GetMyExternalIP2(addrConnect, pszGet, pszKeyword, ipRet))
return true;
}

return false;
}

void ThreadGetMyExternalIP()
{
CNetAddr addrLocalHost;
if (GetMyExternalIP(addrLocalHost))
{
LogPrintf("GetMyExternalIP() returned %s\n", addrLocalHost.ToStringIP());
AddLocal(addrLocalHost, LOCAL_HTTP);
}
}





void AddressCurrentlyConnected(const CService& addr)
{
addrman.Connected(addr);
}




uint64_t CNode::nTotalBytesRecv = 0;
uint64_t CNode::nTotalBytesSent = 0;
CCriticalSection CNode::cs_totalBytesRecv;
@@ -1687,9 +1601,6 @@ void static Discover(boost::thread_group& threadGroup)
}
#endif

// Don't use external IPv4 discovery, when -onlynet="IPv6"
if (!IsLimited(NET_IPV4))
threadGroup.create_thread(boost::bind(&TraceThread<void (*)()>, "ext-ip", &ThreadGetMyExternalIP));
}

void StartNode(boost::thread_group& threadGroup)
@@ -60,7 +60,6 @@ unsigned int SendBufferSize();

void AddOneShot(std::string strDest);
bool RecvLine(SOCKET hSocket, std::string& strLine);
bool GetMyExternalIP(CNetAddr& ipRet);
void AddressCurrentlyConnected(const CService& addr);
CNode* FindNode(const CNetAddr& ip);
CNode* FindNode(const std::string& addrName);
@@ -96,12 +95,13 @@ enum
LOCAL_IF, // address a local interface listens on
LOCAL_BIND, // address explicit bound to
LOCAL_UPNP, // address reported by UPnP
LOCAL_HTTP, // address reported by whatismyip.com and similar
LOCAL_MANUAL, // address explicitly specified (-externalip=)

LOCAL_MAX
};

bool IsPeerAddrLocalGood(CNode *pnode);
void AdvertizeLocal(CNode *pnode);
void SetLimited(enum Network net, bool fLimited = true);
bool IsLimited(enum Network net);
bool IsLimited(const CNetAddr& addr);

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