Bitnami Docker Image for Joomla!
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README.md

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What is Joomla?

Joomla is a PHP content management system (CMS) for publishing web content. It includes features such as page caching, RSS feeds, printable versions of pages, news flashes, blogs, search, and support for non-english languages.

https://www.joomla.org/

TL;DR;

$ curl -LO https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-joomla/master/docker-compose.yml
$ docker-compose up

Prerequisites

To run this application you need Docker Engine 1.10.0. Docker Compose is recomended with a version 1.6.0 or later.

How to use this image

Run Joomla with a Database Container

Running Joomla with a database server is the recommended way. You can either use docker-compose or run the containers manually.

Run the application using Docker Compose

This is the recommended way to run Joomla. You can use the following docker-compose.yml template:

version: '2'

services:
  mariadb:
    image: 'bitnami/mariadb:latest'
    volumes:
      - 'mariadb_data:/bitnami/mariadb'
  joomla:
    image: 'bitnami/joomla:latest'
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - 'joomla_data:/bitnami/joomla'
      - 'apache_data:/bitnami/apache'
      - 'php_data:/bitnami/php'
    depends_on:
      - mariadb

volumes:
  mariadb_data:
    driver: local
  joomla_data:
    driver: local
  apache_data:
    driver: local
   php_data:
    driver: local

Run the application manually

If you want to run the application manually instead of using docker-compose, these are the basic steps you need to run:

  1. Create a new network for the application and the database:

    $ docker network create joomla-tier
  2. Start a MariaDB database in the network generated:

    $ docker run -d --name mariadb --net joomla-tier bitnami/mariadb

    Note: You need to give the container a name in order to Joomla to resolve the host

  3. Run the Joomla container:

    $ docker run -d -p 80:80 -p 443:443 --name joomla --net joomla-tier bitnami/joomla

Then you can access your application at http://your-ip/

Persisting your application

If you remove every container and volume all your data will be lost, and the next time you run the image the application will be reinitialized. To avoid this loss of data, you should mount a volume that will persist even after the container is removed.

For persistence of the Joomla deployment, the above examples define docker volumes namely mariadb_data, joomla_data, apache_data and php_data. The Joomla application state will persist as long as these volumes are not removed.

To avoid inadvertent removal of these volumes you can mount host directories as data volumes. Alternatively you can make use of volume plugins to host the volume data.

Note! If you have already started using your application, follow the steps on backing up to pull the data from your running container down to your host.

Mount host directories as data volumes with Docker Compose

This requires a minor change to the docker-compose.yml template previously shown:

version: '2'

services:
  mariadb:
    image: 'bitnami/mariadb:latest'
    volumes:
      - '/path/to/mariadb_persistence:/bitnami/mariadb'
  joomla:
    image: 'bitnami/joomla:latest'
    depends_on:
      - mariadb
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - '/path/to/joomla-persistence:/bitnami/joomla'
      - '/path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami/apache'
      - '/path/to/php-persistence:/bitnami/php'

Mount host directories as data volumes using the Docker command line

In this case you need to specify the directories to mount on the run command. The process is the same than the one previously shown:

  1. Create a network (if it does not exist):

    $ docker network create joomla-tier
  2. Create a MariaDB container with host volume:

    $ docker run -d --name mariadb \
      --net joomla-tier \
      --volume /path/to/mariadb-persistence:/bitnami/mariadb \
      bitnami/mariadb:latest

    Note: You need to give the container a name in order to Joomla to resolve the host

  3. Create the Joomla container with host volumes:

    $ docker run -d --name joomla -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
      --net joomla-tier \
      --volume /path/to/joomla-persistence:/bitnami/joomla \
      --volume /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami/apache \
      --volume /path/to/php-persistence:/bitnami/php \
      bitnami/joomla:latest

Upgrade this application

Bitnami provides up-to-date versions of MariaDB and Joomla, including security patches, soon after they are made upstream. We recommend that you follow these steps to upgrade your container. We will cover here the upgrade of the Joomla container. For the MariaDB upgrade see https://github.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-mariadb/blob/master/README.md#upgrade-this-image

  1. Get the updated images:

    $ docker pull bitnami/joomla:latest
  2. Stop your container

    • For docker-compose: $ docker-compose stop joomla
    • For manual execution: $ docker stop joomla
  3. (For non-compose execution only) Create a backup if you have not mounted the joomla folder in the host.

  4. Remove the currently running container

    • For docker-compose: $ docker-compose rm -v joomla
    • For manual execution: $ docker rm -v joomla
  5. Run the new image

    • For docker-compose: $ docker-compose start joomla
    • For manual execution (mount the directories if needed): docker run --name joomla bitnami/joomla:latest
  6. You need to complete the upgrade from the browser to get latest Joomla version.

Configuration

Environment variables

When you start the joomla image, you can adjust the configuration of the instance by passing one or more environment variables either on the docker-compose file or on the docker run command line. If you want to add a new environment variable:

  • For docker-compose add the variable name and value under the application section:
joomla:
  image: bitnami/joomla:latest
  ports:
    - 80:80
    - 443:443B
  environment:
    - JOOMLA_PASSWORD=my_password
  volumes_from:
    - joomla_data
    - apache_data
    - php_data
  • For manual execution add a -e option with each variable and value:

    $ docker run -d --name joomla -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
      -e JOOMLA_PASSWORD=my_password
      --net joomla-tier \
      --volume /path/to/joomla-persistence:/bitnami/joomla \
      --volume /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami/apache \
      --volume /path/to/php-persistence:/bitnami/php \
      bitnami/joomla:latest

Available variables:

  • JOOMLA_USERNAME: Joomla application username. Default: user
  • JOOMLA_PASSWORD: Joomla application password. Default: bitnami
  • JOOMLA_EMAIL: Joomla application email. Default: user@example.com
  • MARIADB_USER: Root user for the MariaDB database. Default: root
  • MARIADB_PASSWORD: Root password for the MariaDB.
  • MARIADB_HOST: Hostname for MariaDB server. Default: mariadb
  • MARIADB_PORT: Port used by MariaDB server. Default: 3306

SMTP Configuration

To configure Joomla to send email using SMTP you can set the following environment variables:

  • SMTP_HOST: SMTP host.
  • SMTP_PORT: SMTP port.
  • SMTP_USER: SMTP account user.
  • SMTP_PASSWORD: SMTP account password.
  • SMTP_PROTOCOL: SMTP protocol.

This would be an example of SMTP configuration using a GMail account:

  • docker-compose:
  joomla:
    image: bitnami/joomla:latest
    ports:
      - 80:80
      - 443:443
    environment:
      - SMTP_HOST=smtp.gmail.com
      - SMTP_PORT=587
      - SMTP_USER=your_email@gmail.com
      - SMTP_PASSWORD=your_password
    volumes_from:
     - joomla_data
     - apache_data
     - php_data
  • For manual execution:

    $ docker run -d --name joomla -p 80:80 -p 443:443 \
      -e SMTP_HOST=smtp.gmail.com \
      -e SMTP_PORT=587 \
      -e SMTP_USER=your_email@gmail.com \
      -e SMTP_PASSWORD=your_password
      --net joomla-tier \
      --volume /path/to/joomla-persistence:/bitnami/joomla \
      --volume /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami/apache \
      --volume /path/to/php-persistence:/bitnami/php \
      bitnami/joomla:latest

Backing up your application

To backup your application data follow these steps:

  1. Stop the running container:

    • For docker-compose: $ docker-compose stop joomla
    • For manual execution: $ docker stop joomla
  2. Copy the Joomla data folder in the host:

    $ docker cp /path/to/joomla-persistence:/bitnami/joomla
    $ docker cp /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami/apache
    $ docker cp /path/to/php-persistence:/bitnami/php
    

Restoring a backup

To restore your application using backed up data simply mount the folder with Joomla data in the container. See persisting your application section for more info.

Contributing

We'd love for you to contribute to this container. You can request new features by creating an issue, or submit a pull request with your contribution.

Issues

If you encountered a problem running this container, you can file an issue. For us to provide better support, be sure to include the following information in your issue:

  • Host OS and version
  • Docker version ($ docker version)
  • Output of $ docker info
  • Version of this container ($ echo $BITNAMI_IMAGE_VERSION inside the container)
  • The command you used to run the container, and any relevant output you saw (masking any sensitive information)

License

Copyright (c) 2017 Bitnami

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.