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Last Resource Commit optimization for JDBC

Be Careful

There is one caveat with Last Resource Commit. There is a small chance that a transaction ends up with inconsistent results across participating resources if BTM crashes while a transaction is in-flight. The chance is small but it exists so be careful when using that feature. This is in no way a limitation of BTM but of the concept itself.

Please note that if you only intend to run transactions against a single database using Last Resource Commit this scenario is 100% safe, otherwise not.

In theory, only databases supporting XA and providing a javax.sql.XADataSource implementation can be used with transaction managers. In practice, there is a way around this limitation.

The Last Resource Commit optimization (sometimes referred to as Last Resource Gambit or Last Agent optimization) allows a single non-XA database to participate in a XA transaction by cleverly ordering the resources.

Maximum one non-XA resource

There can be at most one datasource emulating XA with Last Resource Commit participating in a transaction. If it happens that you’re trying to use a second emulating datasource while one has already been used, BTM will throw an exception. Again, this is not a limitation of BTM but of the concept itself.

To enable it, you just have to create a PoolingDataSource using the as the XADataSource implementation.

Here’s an example of code configuring a HSQLDB datasource:

PoolingDataSource myDataSource = new PoolingDataSource();
myDataSource.getDriverProperties().setProperty("driverClassName", "org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver");
myDataSource.getDriverProperties().setProperty("url", "jdbc:hsqldb:/the/db/path");
myDataSource.getDriverProperties().setProperty("user", "sa");
myDataSource.getDriverProperties().setProperty("password", "theSaPassword");

and the same example viewed as a Resource Loader configuration
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