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/*
* Builtin "git clone"
*
* Copyright (c) 2007 Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>,
* 2008 Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
* Based on git-commit.sh by Junio C Hamano and Linus Torvalds
*
* Clone a repository into a different directory that does not yet exist.
*/
#include "cache.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "fetch-pack.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tree-walk.h"
#include "unpack-trees.h"
#include "transport.h"
#include "strbuf.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "pack-refs.h"
#include "sigchain.h"
#include "branch.h"
#include "remote.h"
#include "run-command.h"
/*
* Overall FIXMEs:
* - respect DB_ENVIRONMENT for .git/objects.
*
* Implementation notes:
* - dropping use-separate-remote and no-separate-remote compatibility
*
*/
static const char * const builtin_clone_usage[] = {
"git clone [options] [--] <repo> [<dir>]",
NULL
};
static int option_quiet, option_no_checkout, option_bare, option_mirror;
static int option_local, option_no_hardlinks, option_shared, option_recursive;
static char *option_template, *option_reference, *option_depth;
static char *option_origin = NULL;
static char *option_branch = NULL;
static char *option_upload_pack = "git-upload-pack";
static int option_verbose;
static int option_progress;
static struct option builtin_clone_options[] = {
OPT__QUIET(&option_quiet),
OPT__VERBOSE(&option_verbose),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "progress", &option_progress,
"force progress reporting"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "no-checkout", &option_no_checkout,
"don't create a checkout"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "bare", &option_bare, "create a bare repository"),
{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 0, "naked", &option_bare, NULL,
"create a bare repository",
PARSE_OPT_NOARG | PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN },
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "mirror", &option_mirror,
"create a mirror repository (implies bare)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('l', "local", &option_local,
"to clone from a local repository"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "no-hardlinks", &option_no_hardlinks,
"don't use local hardlinks, always copy"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "shared", &option_shared,
"setup as shared repository"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "recursive", &option_recursive,
"initialize submodules in the clone"),
OPT_STRING(0, "template", &option_template, "path",
"path the template repository"),
OPT_STRING(0, "reference", &option_reference, "repo",
"reference repository"),
OPT_STRING('o', "origin", &option_origin, "branch",
"use <branch> instead of 'origin' to track upstream"),
OPT_STRING('b', "branch", &option_branch, "branch",
"checkout <branch> instead of the remote's HEAD"),
OPT_STRING('u', "upload-pack", &option_upload_pack, "path",
"path to git-upload-pack on the remote"),
OPT_STRING(0, "depth", &option_depth, "depth",
"create a shallow clone of that depth"),
OPT_END()
};
static const char *argv_submodule[] = {
"submodule", "update", "--init", "--recursive", NULL
};
static char *get_repo_path(const char *repo, int *is_bundle)
{
static char *suffix[] = { "/.git", ".git", "" };
static char *bundle_suffix[] = { ".bundle", "" };
struct stat st;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(suffix); i++) {
const char *path;
path = mkpath("%s%s", repo, suffix[i]);
if (is_directory(path)) {
*is_bundle = 0;
return xstrdup(make_nonrelative_path(path));
}
}
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(bundle_suffix); i++) {
const char *path;
path = mkpath("%s%s", repo, bundle_suffix[i]);
if (!stat(path, &st) && S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
*is_bundle = 1;
return xstrdup(make_nonrelative_path(path));
}
}
return NULL;
}
static char *guess_dir_name(const char *repo, int is_bundle, int is_bare)
{
const char *end = repo + strlen(repo), *start;
char *dir;
/*
* Strip trailing spaces, slashes and /.git
*/
while (repo < end && (is_dir_sep(end[-1]) || isspace(end[-1])))
end--;
if (end - repo > 5 && is_dir_sep(end[-5]) &&
!strncmp(end - 4, ".git", 4)) {
end -= 5;
while (repo < end && is_dir_sep(end[-1]))
end--;
}
/*
* Find last component, but be prepared that repo could have
* the form "remote.example.com:foo.git", i.e. no slash
* in the directory part.
*/
start = end;
while (repo < start && !is_dir_sep(start[-1]) && start[-1] != ':')
start--;
/*
* Strip .{bundle,git}.
*/
if (is_bundle) {
if (end - start > 7 && !strncmp(end - 7, ".bundle", 7))
end -= 7;
} else {
if (end - start > 4 && !strncmp(end - 4, ".git", 4))
end -= 4;
}
if (is_bare) {
struct strbuf result = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addf(&result, "%.*s.git", (int)(end - start), start);
dir = strbuf_detach(&result, NULL);
} else
dir = xstrndup(start, end - start);
/*
* Replace sequences of 'control' characters and whitespace
* with one ascii space, remove leading and trailing spaces.
*/
if (*dir) {
char *out = dir;
int prev_space = 1 /* strip leading whitespace */;
for (end = dir; *end; ++end) {
char ch = *end;
if ((unsigned char)ch < '\x20')
ch = '\x20';
if (isspace(ch)) {
if (prev_space)
continue;
prev_space = 1;
} else
prev_space = 0;
*out++ = ch;
}
*out = '\0';
if (out > dir && prev_space)
out[-1] = '\0';
}
return dir;
}
static void strip_trailing_slashes(char *dir)
{
char *end = dir + strlen(dir);
while (dir < end - 1 && is_dir_sep(end[-1]))
end--;
*end = '\0';
}
static void setup_reference(const char *repo)
{
const char *ref_git;
char *ref_git_copy;
struct remote *remote;
struct transport *transport;
const struct ref *extra;
ref_git = make_absolute_path(option_reference);
if (is_directory(mkpath("%s/.git/objects", ref_git)))
ref_git = mkpath("%s/.git", ref_git);
else if (!is_directory(mkpath("%s/objects", ref_git)))
die("reference repository '%s' is not a local directory.",
option_reference);
ref_git_copy = xstrdup(ref_git);
add_to_alternates_file(ref_git_copy);
remote = remote_get(ref_git_copy);
transport = transport_get(remote, ref_git_copy);
for (extra = transport_get_remote_refs(transport); extra;
extra = extra->next)
add_extra_ref(extra->name, extra->old_sha1, 0);
transport_disconnect(transport);
free(ref_git_copy);
}
static void copy_or_link_directory(struct strbuf *src, struct strbuf *dest)
{
struct dirent *de;
struct stat buf;
int src_len, dest_len;
DIR *dir;
dir = opendir(src->buf);
if (!dir)
die_errno("failed to open '%s'", src->buf);
if (mkdir(dest->buf, 0777)) {
if (errno != EEXIST)
die_errno("failed to create directory '%s'", dest->buf);
else if (stat(dest->buf, &buf))
die_errno("failed to stat '%s'", dest->buf);
else if (!S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode))
die("%s exists and is not a directory", dest->buf);
}
strbuf_addch(src, '/');
src_len = src->len;
strbuf_addch(dest, '/');
dest_len = dest->len;
while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
strbuf_setlen(src, src_len);
strbuf_addstr(src, de->d_name);
strbuf_setlen(dest, dest_len);
strbuf_addstr(dest, de->d_name);
if (stat(src->buf, &buf)) {
warning ("failed to stat %s\n", src->buf);
continue;
}
if (S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode)) {
if (de->d_name[0] != '.')
copy_or_link_directory(src, dest);
continue;
}
if (unlink(dest->buf) && errno != ENOENT)
die_errno("failed to unlink '%s'", dest->buf);
if (!option_no_hardlinks) {
if (!link(src->buf, dest->buf))
continue;
if (option_local)
die_errno("failed to create link '%s'", dest->buf);
option_no_hardlinks = 1;
}
if (copy_file_with_time(dest->buf, src->buf, 0666))
die_errno("failed to copy file to '%s'", dest->buf);
}
closedir(dir);
}
static const struct ref *clone_local(const char *src_repo,
const char *dest_repo)
{
const struct ref *ret;
struct strbuf src = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf dest = STRBUF_INIT;
struct remote *remote;
struct transport *transport;
if (option_shared)
add_to_alternates_file(src_repo);
else {
strbuf_addf(&src, "%s/objects", src_repo);
strbuf_addf(&dest, "%s/objects", dest_repo);
copy_or_link_directory(&src, &dest);
strbuf_release(&src);
strbuf_release(&dest);
}
remote = remote_get(src_repo);
transport = transport_get(remote, src_repo);
ret = transport_get_remote_refs(transport);
transport_disconnect(transport);
return ret;
}
static const char *junk_work_tree;
static const char *junk_git_dir;
static pid_t junk_pid;
static void remove_junk(void)
{
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
if (getpid() != junk_pid)
return;
if (junk_git_dir) {
strbuf_addstr(&sb, junk_git_dir);
remove_dir_recursively(&sb, 0);
strbuf_reset(&sb);
}
if (junk_work_tree) {
strbuf_addstr(&sb, junk_work_tree);
remove_dir_recursively(&sb, 0);
strbuf_reset(&sb);
}
}
static void remove_junk_on_signal(int signo)
{
remove_junk();
sigchain_pop(signo);
raise(signo);
}
static struct ref *wanted_peer_refs(const struct ref *refs,
struct refspec *refspec)
{
struct ref *local_refs = NULL;
struct ref **tail = &local_refs;
get_fetch_map(refs, refspec, &tail, 0);
if (!option_mirror)
get_fetch_map(refs, tag_refspec, &tail, 0);
return local_refs;
}
static void write_remote_refs(const struct ref *local_refs)
{
const struct ref *r;
for (r = local_refs; r; r = r->next)
add_extra_ref(r->peer_ref->name, r->old_sha1, 0);
pack_refs(PACK_REFS_ALL);
clear_extra_refs();
}
int cmd_clone(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
int is_bundle = 0;
struct stat buf;
const char *repo_name, *repo, *work_tree, *git_dir;
char *path, *dir;
int dest_exists;
const struct ref *refs, *remote_head;
const struct ref *remote_head_points_at;
const struct ref *our_head_points_at;
struct ref *mapped_refs;
struct strbuf key = STRBUF_INIT, value = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf branch_top = STRBUF_INIT, reflog_msg = STRBUF_INIT;
struct transport *transport = NULL;
char *src_ref_prefix = "refs/heads/";
int err = 0;
struct refspec *refspec;
const char *fetch_pattern;
junk_pid = getpid();
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, builtin_clone_options,
builtin_clone_usage, 0);
if (argc > 2)
usage_msg_opt("Too many arguments.",
builtin_clone_usage, builtin_clone_options);
if (argc == 0)
usage_msg_opt("You must specify a repository to clone.",
builtin_clone_usage, builtin_clone_options);
if (option_mirror)
option_bare = 1;
if (option_bare) {
if (option_origin)
die("--bare and --origin %s options are incompatible.",
option_origin);
option_no_checkout = 1;
}
if (!option_origin)
option_origin = "origin";
repo_name = argv[0];
path = get_repo_path(repo_name, &is_bundle);
if (path)
repo = xstrdup(make_nonrelative_path(repo_name));
else if (!strchr(repo_name, ':'))
repo = xstrdup(make_absolute_path(repo_name));
else
repo = repo_name;
if (argc == 2)
dir = xstrdup(argv[1]);
else
dir = guess_dir_name(repo_name, is_bundle, option_bare);
strip_trailing_slashes(dir);
dest_exists = !stat(dir, &buf);
if (dest_exists && !is_empty_dir(dir))
die("destination path '%s' already exists and is not "
"an empty directory.", dir);
strbuf_addf(&reflog_msg, "clone: from %s", repo);
if (option_bare)
work_tree = NULL;
else {
work_tree = getenv("GIT_WORK_TREE");
if (work_tree && !stat(work_tree, &buf))
die("working tree '%s' already exists.", work_tree);
}
if (option_bare || work_tree)
git_dir = xstrdup(dir);
else {
work_tree = dir;
git_dir = xstrdup(mkpath("%s/.git", dir));
}
if (!option_bare) {
junk_work_tree = work_tree;
if (safe_create_leading_directories_const(work_tree) < 0)
die_errno("could not create leading directories of '%s'",
work_tree);
if (!dest_exists && mkdir(work_tree, 0755))
die_errno("could not create work tree dir '%s'.",
work_tree);
set_git_work_tree(work_tree);
}
junk_git_dir = git_dir;
atexit(remove_junk);
sigchain_push_common(remove_junk_on_signal);
setenv(CONFIG_ENVIRONMENT, mkpath("%s/config", git_dir), 1);
if (safe_create_leading_directories_const(git_dir) < 0)
die("could not create leading directories of '%s'", git_dir);
set_git_dir(make_absolute_path(git_dir));
init_db(option_template, option_quiet ? INIT_DB_QUIET : 0);
/*
* At this point, the config exists, so we do not need the
* environment variable. We actually need to unset it, too, to
* re-enable parsing of the global configs.
*/
unsetenv(CONFIG_ENVIRONMENT);
if (option_reference)
setup_reference(git_dir);
git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
if (option_bare) {
if (option_mirror)
src_ref_prefix = "refs/";
strbuf_addstr(&branch_top, src_ref_prefix);
git_config_set("core.bare", "true");
} else {
strbuf_addf(&branch_top, "refs/remotes/%s/", option_origin);
}
strbuf_addf(&value, "+%s*:%s*", src_ref_prefix, branch_top.buf);
if (option_mirror || !option_bare) {
/* Configure the remote */
strbuf_addf(&key, "remote.%s.fetch", option_origin);
git_config_set_multivar(key.buf, value.buf, "^$", 0);
strbuf_reset(&key);
if (option_mirror) {
strbuf_addf(&key, "remote.%s.mirror", option_origin);
git_config_set(key.buf, "true");
strbuf_reset(&key);
}
strbuf_addf(&key, "remote.%s.url", option_origin);
git_config_set(key.buf, repo);
strbuf_reset(&key);
}
fetch_pattern = value.buf;
refspec = parse_fetch_refspec(1, &fetch_pattern);
strbuf_reset(&value);
if (path && !is_bundle) {
refs = clone_local(path, git_dir);
mapped_refs = wanted_peer_refs(refs, refspec);
} else {
struct remote *remote = remote_get(argv[0]);
transport = transport_get(remote, remote->url[0]);
if (!transport->get_refs_list || !transport->fetch)
die("Don't know how to clone %s", transport->url);
transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_KEEP, "yes");
if (option_depth)
transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_DEPTH,
option_depth);
if (option_quiet)
transport->verbose = -1;
else if (option_verbose)
transport->verbose = 1;
if (option_progress)
transport->progress = 1;
if (option_upload_pack)
transport_set_option(transport, TRANS_OPT_UPLOADPACK,
option_upload_pack);
refs = transport_get_remote_refs(transport);
if (refs) {
mapped_refs = wanted_peer_refs(refs, refspec);
transport_fetch_refs(transport, mapped_refs);
}
}
if (refs) {
clear_extra_refs();
write_remote_refs(mapped_refs);
remote_head = find_ref_by_name(refs, "HEAD");
remote_head_points_at =
guess_remote_head(remote_head, mapped_refs, 0);
if (option_branch) {
struct strbuf head = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addstr(&head, src_ref_prefix);
strbuf_addstr(&head, option_branch);
our_head_points_at =
find_ref_by_name(mapped_refs, head.buf);
strbuf_release(&head);
if (!our_head_points_at) {
warning("Remote branch %s not found in "
"upstream %s, using HEAD instead",
option_branch, option_origin);
our_head_points_at = remote_head_points_at;
}
}
else
our_head_points_at = remote_head_points_at;
}
else {
warning("You appear to have cloned an empty repository.");
our_head_points_at = NULL;
remote_head_points_at = NULL;
remote_head = NULL;
option_no_checkout = 1;
if (!option_bare)
install_branch_config(0, "master", option_origin,
"refs/heads/master");
}
if (remote_head_points_at && !option_bare) {
struct strbuf head_ref = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addstr(&head_ref, branch_top.buf);
strbuf_addstr(&head_ref, "HEAD");
create_symref(head_ref.buf,
remote_head_points_at->peer_ref->name,
reflog_msg.buf);
}
if (our_head_points_at) {
/* Local default branch link */
create_symref("HEAD", our_head_points_at->name, NULL);
if (!option_bare) {
const char *head = skip_prefix(our_head_points_at->name,
"refs/heads/");
update_ref(reflog_msg.buf, "HEAD",
our_head_points_at->old_sha1,
NULL, 0, DIE_ON_ERR);
install_branch_config(0, head, option_origin,
our_head_points_at->name);
}
} else if (remote_head) {
/* Source had detached HEAD pointing somewhere. */
if (!option_bare) {
update_ref(reflog_msg.buf, "HEAD",
remote_head->old_sha1,
NULL, REF_NODEREF, DIE_ON_ERR);
our_head_points_at = remote_head;
}
} else {
/* Nothing to checkout out */
if (!option_no_checkout)
warning("remote HEAD refers to nonexistent ref, "
"unable to checkout.\n");
option_no_checkout = 1;
}
if (transport) {
transport_unlock_pack(transport);
transport_disconnect(transport);
}
if (!option_no_checkout) {
struct lock_file *lock_file = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
struct unpack_trees_options opts;
struct tree *tree;
struct tree_desc t;
int fd;
/* We need to be in the new work tree for the checkout */
setup_work_tree();
fd = hold_locked_index(lock_file, 1);
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof opts);
opts.update = 1;
opts.merge = 1;
opts.fn = oneway_merge;
opts.verbose_update = !option_quiet;
opts.src_index = &the_index;
opts.dst_index = &the_index;
tree = parse_tree_indirect(our_head_points_at->old_sha1);
parse_tree(tree);
init_tree_desc(&t, tree->buffer, tree->size);
unpack_trees(1, &t, &opts);
if (write_cache(fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
commit_locked_index(lock_file))
die("unable to write new index file");
err |= run_hook(NULL, "post-checkout", sha1_to_hex(null_sha1),
sha1_to_hex(our_head_points_at->old_sha1), "1",
NULL);
if (!err && option_recursive)
err = run_command_v_opt(argv_submodule, RUN_GIT_CMD);
}
strbuf_release(&reflog_msg);
strbuf_release(&branch_top);
strbuf_release(&key);
strbuf_release(&value);
junk_pid = 0;
return err;
}
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