Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
branch: master
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

499 lines (442 sloc) 13.686 kb
/*
* GIT - The information manager from hell
*
* Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005
*/
#include "cache.h"
#include "builtin.h"
#include "exec_cmd.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#ifndef DEFAULT_GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR
#define DEFAULT_GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR "/usr/share/git-core/templates"
#endif
#ifdef NO_TRUSTABLE_FILEMODE
#define TEST_FILEMODE 0
#else
#define TEST_FILEMODE 1
#endif
static int init_is_bare_repository = 0;
static int init_shared_repository = -1;
static void safe_create_dir(const char *dir, int share)
{
if (mkdir(dir, 0777) < 0) {
if (errno != EEXIST) {
perror(dir);
exit(1);
}
}
else if (share && adjust_shared_perm(dir))
die("Could not make %s writable by group", dir);
}
static void copy_templates_1(char *path, int baselen,
char *template, int template_baselen,
DIR *dir)
{
struct dirent *de;
/* Note: if ".git/hooks" file exists in the repository being
* re-initialized, /etc/core-git/templates/hooks/update would
* cause "git init" to fail here. I think this is sane but
* it means that the set of templates we ship by default, along
* with the way the namespace under .git/ is organized, should
* be really carefully chosen.
*/
safe_create_dir(path, 1);
while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
struct stat st_git, st_template;
int namelen;
int exists = 0;
if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
continue;
namelen = strlen(de->d_name);
if ((PATH_MAX <= baselen + namelen) ||
(PATH_MAX <= template_baselen + namelen))
die("insanely long template name %s", de->d_name);
memcpy(path + baselen, de->d_name, namelen+1);
memcpy(template + template_baselen, de->d_name, namelen+1);
if (lstat(path, &st_git)) {
if (errno != ENOENT)
die_errno("cannot stat '%s'", path);
}
else
exists = 1;
if (lstat(template, &st_template))
die_errno("cannot stat template '%s'", template);
if (S_ISDIR(st_template.st_mode)) {
DIR *subdir = opendir(template);
int baselen_sub = baselen + namelen;
int template_baselen_sub = template_baselen + namelen;
if (!subdir)
die_errno("cannot opendir '%s'", template);
path[baselen_sub++] =
template[template_baselen_sub++] = '/';
path[baselen_sub] =
template[template_baselen_sub] = 0;
copy_templates_1(path, baselen_sub,
template, template_baselen_sub,
subdir);
closedir(subdir);
}
else if (exists)
continue;
else if (S_ISLNK(st_template.st_mode)) {
char lnk[256];
int len;
len = readlink(template, lnk, sizeof(lnk));
if (len < 0)
die_errno("cannot readlink '%s'", template);
if (sizeof(lnk) <= len)
die("insanely long symlink %s", template);
lnk[len] = 0;
if (symlink(lnk, path))
die_errno("cannot symlink '%s' '%s'", lnk, path);
}
else if (S_ISREG(st_template.st_mode)) {
if (copy_file(path, template, st_template.st_mode))
die_errno("cannot copy '%s' to '%s'", template,
path);
}
else
error("ignoring template %s", template);
}
}
static void copy_templates(const char *template_dir)
{
char path[PATH_MAX];
char template_path[PATH_MAX];
int template_len;
DIR *dir;
const char *git_dir = get_git_dir();
int len = strlen(git_dir);
if (!template_dir)
template_dir = getenv(TEMPLATE_DIR_ENVIRONMENT);
if (!template_dir)
template_dir = system_path(DEFAULT_GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR);
if (!template_dir[0])
return;
template_len = strlen(template_dir);
if (PATH_MAX <= (template_len+strlen("/config")))
die("insanely long template path %s", template_dir);
strcpy(template_path, template_dir);
if (template_path[template_len-1] != '/') {
template_path[template_len++] = '/';
template_path[template_len] = 0;
}
dir = opendir(template_path);
if (!dir) {
warning("templates not found %s", template_dir);
return;
}
/* Make sure that template is from the correct vintage */
strcpy(template_path + template_len, "config");
repository_format_version = 0;
git_config_from_file(check_repository_format_version,
template_path, NULL);
template_path[template_len] = 0;
if (repository_format_version &&
repository_format_version != GIT_REPO_VERSION) {
warning("not copying templates of "
"a wrong format version %d from '%s'",
repository_format_version,
template_dir);
closedir(dir);
return;
}
memcpy(path, git_dir, len);
if (len && path[len - 1] != '/')
path[len++] = '/';
path[len] = 0;
copy_templates_1(path, len,
template_path, template_len,
dir);
closedir(dir);
}
static int create_default_files(const char *template_path)
{
const char *git_dir = get_git_dir();
unsigned len = strlen(git_dir);
static char path[PATH_MAX];
struct stat st1;
char repo_version_string[10];
char junk[2];
int reinit;
int filemode;
if (len > sizeof(path)-50)
die("insane git directory %s", git_dir);
memcpy(path, git_dir, len);
if (len && path[len-1] != '/')
path[len++] = '/';
/*
* Create .git/refs/{heads,tags}
*/
safe_create_dir(git_path("refs"), 1);
safe_create_dir(git_path("refs/heads"), 1);
safe_create_dir(git_path("refs/tags"), 1);
/* First copy the templates -- we might have the default
* config file there, in which case we would want to read
* from it after installing.
*/
copy_templates(template_path);
git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
is_bare_repository_cfg = init_is_bare_repository;
/* reading existing config may have overwrote it */
if (init_shared_repository != -1)
shared_repository = init_shared_repository;
/*
* We would have created the above under user's umask -- under
* shared-repository settings, we would need to fix them up.
*/
if (shared_repository) {
adjust_shared_perm(get_git_dir());
adjust_shared_perm(git_path("refs"));
adjust_shared_perm(git_path("refs/heads"));
adjust_shared_perm(git_path("refs/tags"));
}
/*
* Create the default symlink from ".git/HEAD" to the "master"
* branch, if it does not exist yet.
*/
strcpy(path + len, "HEAD");
reinit = (!access(path, R_OK)
|| readlink(path, junk, sizeof(junk)-1) != -1);
if (!reinit) {
if (create_symref("HEAD", "refs/heads/master", NULL) < 0)
exit(1);
}
/* This forces creation of new config file */
sprintf(repo_version_string, "%d", GIT_REPO_VERSION);
git_config_set("core.repositoryformatversion", repo_version_string);
path[len] = 0;
strcpy(path + len, "config");
/* Check filemode trustability */
filemode = TEST_FILEMODE;
if (TEST_FILEMODE && !lstat(path, &st1)) {
struct stat st2;
filemode = (!chmod(path, st1.st_mode ^ S_IXUSR) &&
!lstat(path, &st2) &&
st1.st_mode != st2.st_mode);
}
git_config_set("core.filemode", filemode ? "true" : "false");
if (is_bare_repository())
git_config_set("core.bare", "true");
else {
const char *work_tree = get_git_work_tree();
git_config_set("core.bare", "false");
/* allow template config file to override the default */
if (log_all_ref_updates == -1)
git_config_set("core.logallrefupdates", "true");
if (prefixcmp(git_dir, work_tree) ||
strcmp(git_dir + strlen(work_tree), "/.git")) {
git_config_set("core.worktree", work_tree);
}
}
if (!reinit) {
/* Check if symlink is supported in the work tree */
path[len] = 0;
strcpy(path + len, "tXXXXXX");
if (!close(xmkstemp(path)) &&
!unlink(path) &&
!symlink("testing", path) &&
!lstat(path, &st1) &&
S_ISLNK(st1.st_mode))
unlink(path); /* good */
else
git_config_set("core.symlinks", "false");
/* Check if the filesystem is case-insensitive */
path[len] = 0;
strcpy(path + len, "CoNfIg");
if (!access(path, F_OK))
git_config_set("core.ignorecase", "true");
}
return reinit;
}
int init_db(const char *template_dir, unsigned int flags)
{
const char *sha1_dir;
char *path;
int len, reinit;
safe_create_dir(get_git_dir(), 0);
init_is_bare_repository = is_bare_repository();
/* Check to see if the repository version is right.
* Note that a newly created repository does not have
* config file, so this will not fail. What we are catching
* is an attempt to reinitialize new repository with an old tool.
*/
check_repository_format();
reinit = create_default_files(template_dir);
sha1_dir = get_object_directory();
len = strlen(sha1_dir);
path = xmalloc(len + 40);
memcpy(path, sha1_dir, len);
safe_create_dir(sha1_dir, 1);
strcpy(path+len, "/pack");
safe_create_dir(path, 1);
strcpy(path+len, "/info");
safe_create_dir(path, 1);
if (shared_repository) {
char buf[10];
/* We do not spell "group" and such, so that
* the configuration can be read by older version
* of git. Note, we use octal numbers for new share modes,
* and compatibility values for PERM_GROUP and
* PERM_EVERYBODY.
*/
if (shared_repository < 0)
/* force to the mode value */
sprintf(buf, "0%o", -shared_repository);
else if (shared_repository == PERM_GROUP)
sprintf(buf, "%d", OLD_PERM_GROUP);
else if (shared_repository == PERM_EVERYBODY)
sprintf(buf, "%d", OLD_PERM_EVERYBODY);
else
die("oops");
git_config_set("core.sharedrepository", buf);
git_config_set("receive.denyNonFastforwards", "true");
}
if (!(flags & INIT_DB_QUIET))
printf("%s%s Git repository in %s/\n",
reinit ? "Reinitialized existing" : "Initialized empty",
shared_repository ? " shared" : "",
get_git_dir());
return 0;
}
static int guess_repository_type(const char *git_dir)
{
char cwd[PATH_MAX];
const char *slash;
/*
* "GIT_DIR=. git init" is always bare.
* "GIT_DIR=`pwd` git init" too.
*/
if (!strcmp(".", git_dir))
return 1;
if (!getcwd(cwd, sizeof(cwd)))
die_errno("cannot tell cwd");
if (!strcmp(git_dir, cwd))
return 1;
/*
* "GIT_DIR=.git or GIT_DIR=something/.git is usually not.
*/
if (!strcmp(git_dir, ".git"))
return 0;
slash = strrchr(git_dir, '/');
if (slash && !strcmp(slash, "/.git"))
return 0;
/*
* Otherwise it is often bare. At this point
* we are just guessing.
*/
return 1;
}
static int shared_callback(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
{
*((int *) opt->value) = (arg) ? git_config_perm("arg", arg) : PERM_GROUP;
return 0;
}
static const char *const init_db_usage[] = {
"git init [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template-directory>] [--shared[=<permissions>]] [directory]",
NULL
};
/*
* If you want to, you can share the DB area with any number of branches.
* That has advantages: you can save space by sharing all the SHA1 objects.
* On the other hand, it might just make lookup slower and messier. You
* be the judge. The default case is to have one DB per managed directory.
*/
int cmd_init_db(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
const char *git_dir;
const char *template_dir = NULL;
unsigned int flags = 0;
const struct option init_db_options[] = {
OPT_STRING(0, "template", &template_dir, "template-directory",
"provide the directory from which templates will be used"),
OPT_SET_INT(0, "bare", &is_bare_repository_cfg,
"create a bare repository", 1),
{ OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "shared", &init_shared_repository,
"permissions",
"specify that the git repository is to be shared amongst several users",
PARSE_OPT_OPTARG | PARSE_OPT_NONEG, shared_callback, 0},
OPT_BIT('q', "quiet", &flags, "be quiet", INIT_DB_QUIET),
OPT_END()
};
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, init_db_options, init_db_usage, 0);
if (argc == 1) {
int mkdir_tried = 0;
retry:
if (chdir(argv[0]) < 0) {
if (!mkdir_tried) {
int saved;
/*
* At this point we haven't read any configuration,
* and we know shared_repository should always be 0;
* but just in case we play safe.
*/
saved = shared_repository;
shared_repository = 0;
switch (safe_create_leading_directories_const(argv[0])) {
case -3:
errno = EEXIST;
/* fallthru */
case -1:
die_errno("cannot mkdir %s", argv[0]);
break;
default:
break;
}
shared_repository = saved;
if (mkdir(argv[0], 0777) < 0)
die_errno("cannot mkdir %s", argv[0]);
mkdir_tried = 1;
goto retry;
}
die_errno("cannot chdir to %s", argv[0]);
}
} else if (0 < argc) {
usage(init_db_usage[0]);
}
if (is_bare_repository_cfg == 1) {
static char git_dir[PATH_MAX+1];
setenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT,
getcwd(git_dir, sizeof(git_dir)), 0);
}
if (init_shared_repository != -1)
shared_repository = init_shared_repository;
/*
* GIT_WORK_TREE makes sense only in conjunction with GIT_DIR
* without --bare. Catch the error early.
*/
git_dir = getenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT);
if ((!git_dir || is_bare_repository_cfg == 1)
&& getenv(GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT))
die("%s (or --work-tree=<directory>) not allowed without "
"specifying %s (or --git-dir=<directory>)",
GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT,
GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT);
/*
* Set up the default .git directory contents
*/
if (!git_dir)
git_dir = DEFAULT_GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT;
if (is_bare_repository_cfg < 0)
is_bare_repository_cfg = guess_repository_type(git_dir);
if (!is_bare_repository_cfg) {
if (git_dir) {
const char *git_dir_parent = strrchr(git_dir, '/');
if (git_dir_parent) {
char *rel = xstrndup(git_dir, git_dir_parent - git_dir);
git_work_tree_cfg = xstrdup(make_absolute_path(rel));
free(rel);
}
}
if (!git_work_tree_cfg) {
git_work_tree_cfg = xcalloc(PATH_MAX, 1);
if (!getcwd(git_work_tree_cfg, PATH_MAX))
die_errno ("Cannot access current working directory");
}
if (access(get_git_work_tree(), X_OK))
die_errno ("Cannot access work tree '%s'",
get_git_work_tree());
}
set_git_dir(make_absolute_path(git_dir));
return init_db(template_dir, flags);
}
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.