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Cross-platform rendering library.

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README.md

bgfx - Cross-platform rendering library

What is it?

Cross-platform rendering library (API documentation).

Supported rendering backends:

  • Direct3D 9
  • Direct3D 11
  • OpenGL 2.1
  • OpenGL 3.1
  • OpenGL ES 2
  • OpenGL ES 3

Platforms:

  • Android
  • asm.js/Emscripten
  • iOS
  • Linux
  • Native Client
  • OSX
  • Windows

Who is using it?

http://airmech.com/ AirMech is a free-to-play futuristic action real-time strategy video game developed and published by Carbon Games.

http://theengine.co/ Loom Game Engine developed by The Engine Company. Loom is a powerful 2D game engine with live reloading of code and assets, a friendly scripting language, and an efficient command-line workflow. Here is video where they explain why they choose bgfx over alternatives:
Why did you choose bgfx?

Examples

Most of the examples require shader/texture/mesh data to be loaded. When running examples your current directory should be examples/runtime.

<bgfx_path>/examples/runtime $ ../../.build/<config>/bin/example-00-helloworldDebug

00-helloworld

Initialization and debug text.

01-cubes

Rendering simple static mesh.

example-01-cubes

02-metaballs

Rendering with transient buffers and embedding shaders.

example-02-metaballs

03-raymarch

Updating shader uniforms.

example-03-raymarch

04-mesh

Loading meshes.

example-04-mesh

05-instancing

Geometry instancing.

example-05-instancing

06-bump

Loading textures.

example-06-bump

07-callback

Implementing application specific callbacks for taking screen shots, caching OpenGL binary shaders, and video capture.

08-update

Updating textures.

09-hdr

Using multiple views and render targets.

example-09-hdr

10-font

Use the font system to display text and styled text.

example-10-font

11-fontsdf

Use a single distance field font to render text of various size.

example-11-fontsdf

12-lod

Mesh LOD transitions.

example-12-lod

13-stencil

Stencil reflections and shadows.

example-13-stencil

14-shadowvolumes

Shadow volumes.

example-14-shadowvolumes

15-shadowmaps-simple

example-15-shadowmaps-simple

16-shadowmaps

example-16-shadowmaps

17-drawstress

60Hz

Draw stress is CPU stress test to show what is the maximimum number of draw calls while maintaining 60Hz frame rate. bgfx currently has limit of maximum 64K draw calls per frame.

CPU Renderer GPU Compiler Arch OS Dim Calls
i5-3570 3.8 NV 331.49 GTX560Ti GCC x64 Linux 40 64000+
i7-920 2.66 GL2.1 GTX650Ti VS2008 x64 Windows7 38 54872
i7-920 2.66 GL2.1 GTX650Ti VS2008 x86 Windows7 38 54872
i7-920 2.66 DX9 GTX650Ti GCC x64 Windows7 32 32768
i7-920 2.66 DX9 GTX650Ti VS2008 x64 Windows7 32 32768
i7-920 2.66 DX9 GTX650Ti GCC x86 Windows7 30 27000
i7-920 2.66 DX9 GTX650Ti VS2008 x86 Windows7 30 27000
i5-4250U 1.3 GL2.1 HD5000 Clang x64 OSX 10.9 28 21852
Q8200 2.33 NV 319.32 GTX260 GCC x64 Linux 27 19683
i7-4770R 3.2 Mesa 10.0.1 HD5200 GCC x64 SteamOS 25 15625
i7-920 2.66 ES2-ANGLE GTX650Ti VS2008 x86 Windows7 21 9261
Q8200 2.33 Gallium 0.4 AMD5770 GCC x64 Linux 21 9261
i5-4250U 1.3 ES2 HD5000 Clang JIT PNaCl 31 21 9261
i5-4250U 1.3 ES2 HD5000 GCC x86 NaCl 31 20 8000
Q8200 2.33 Gallium 0.4 GTX260 GCC x64 Linux 19 6859
i5-2450M 2.5 Mesa 10.2.0 HD3000 GCC x64 Linux 19 6859
i7-920 2.66 ES2-PowerVR GTX650Ti VS2008 x86 Windows7 18 5832
i7-920 2.66 FF27-GL GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 17 4913
i7-920 2.66 ES2-Qualcomm GTX650Ti VS2008 x86 Windows7 15 3375
i7-920 2.66 ES2 GTX650Ti GCC x64 NaCl 31 15 3375
i7-920 2.66 ES2 GTX650Ti Clang JIT PNaCl 31 15 3375
Q8200 2.33 NV 319.32 GTX260 GCC x64 NaCl 31 15 3375
Q8200 2.33 NV 319.32 GTX260 GCC x64 PNaCl 31 15 3375
'12 Nexus 7 ES2 Tegra3 GCC ARM Android 15 3375
i5-4250U 1.3 ES2-FF27 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-asm.js 15 3375
i5-4250U 1.3 Chrome33 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-asm.js 15 3375
iPad mini 2 ES2 PVR G6430 Clang ARM64 iOS7 15 3375
i7-920 2.66 Chrome33 GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 14 2744
i7-920 2.66 FF27-ANGLE GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 12 2744
'13 Nexus 10 ES2 Mali T604 GCC ARM Android 13 2197
iPhone 5 ES2 PVR SGX543 Clang ARM iOS7 13 2197
'13 Nexus 7 ES2 S4 Pro GCC ARM Android 12 1728
iPad 2 ES2 PVR SGX543 Clang ARM iOS6 12 1728
Xperia Z ES2 Adreno320 GCC ARM Android 11 1331
iPod 4 ES2 PVR SGX535 Clang ARM iOS6 7 343
i7-920 2.66 ES2-Mali GTX650Ti VS2008 x86 Windows7 6 216

To test browsers in 60Hz mode following changes were made:

  • Firefox 27 about:config adjustments: webgl.prefer-native-gl true (on Windows), and layout.frame_rate 500.
  • Chrome 33 command line option: --disable-gpu-vsync.

30Hz (test for browsers)

By default browsers are using vsync, and don't have option to turn it off programatically.

CPU Renderer GPU Compiler Arch OS Dim Calls
i7-920 2.66 GL2.1 GTX650Ti VS2008 x64 Windows7 38 64000+
i5-4250U 1.3 GL2.1 HD5000 Clang x64 OSX 10.9 36 46656
i5-4250U 1.3 Chrome34 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-PNaCl 31 28 21952
i5-4250U 1.3 Chrome33 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-PNaCl 31 27 19683
i5-4250U 1.3 FF28 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-asm.js 25 15625
i5-4250U 1.3 FF27 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-asm.js 20 8000
i7-920 2.66 Chrome33 GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-PNaCl 31 20 8000
i7-920 2.66 Chrome34 GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 18 5832
i7-920 2.66 Chrome33 GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 18 5832
i7-920 2.66 FF28 GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 18 5832
i7-920 2.66 FF27 GTX650Ti Clang JIT W7-asm.js 18 5832
i5-4250U 1.3 Safari7 HD5000 Clang JIT OSX-asm.js 15 3375

18-ibl

Image based lighting.

example-18-ibl

19-oit

Weighted, Blended Order-Independent Transparency

example-19-oit

Dependencies

https://github.com/bkaradzic/bx

Building

Prerequisites

Premake 4.4 beta5 (prebuilt binaries are part of bx)
http://industriousone.com/premake/download

GNU make and CoreUtils
Windows users download GNU utilities from:
http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/make.htm
http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/coreutils.htm

Getting source

git clone git://github.com/bkaradzic/bx.git
git clone git://github.com/bkaradzic/bgfx.git
cd bgfx
make

After calling make, .build/projects/* directory will be generated. All intermediate files generated by compiler will be inside .build directory structure. Deleting .build directory at any time is safe.

Prerequisites for Android

Download AndroidNDK from:
https://developer.android.com/tools/sdk/ndk/index.html

setx ANDROID_NDK_ROOT <path to AndroidNDK directory>
setx ANDROID_NDK_ARM <path to AndroidNDK directory>\toolchains\arm-linux-androideabi-4.7\prebuilt\windows-x86_64
setx ANDROID_NDK_MIPS <path to AndroidNDK directory>\toolchains\mipsel-linux-android-4.7\prebuilt\windows-x86_64
setx ANDROID_NDK_X86 <path to AndroidNDK directory>\toolchains\x86-4.7\prebuilt\windows-x86_64

Prerequisites for Linux

sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev

Prerequisites for Native Client

Download Native Client SDK from:
https://developers.google.com/native-client/sdk/download

setx NACL_SDK_ROOT <path to Native Client SDK directory>

Prerequisites for Windows

When building on Windows, you have to set DXSDK_DIR environment variable to point to DirectX SDK directory.

setx DXSDK_DIR <path to DirectX SDK directory>

If you're building with Visual Studio 2008, you'll need TR1 support from:
Visual C++ 2008 Feature Pack Release

If you're building with MinGW/TDM compiler on Windows make DirectX SDK directory link to directory without spaces in the path.

mklink /D c:\dxsdk <path to DirectX SDK directory>
setx DXSDK_DIR c:\dxsdk

Apply this patch to DXSDK from June 2010 to be able to use it with MinGW/TDM.

Building

Visual Studio 2008 command line:

make vs2008-release64

Visual Studio 2008 IDE:

start .build/projects/vs2008/bgfx.sln

Linux 64-bit:

make linux-release64

Other platforms:

make <configuration>

Configuration is <platform>-<debug/release>[32/64]. For example:

linux-release32, nacl-debug64, nacl-arm-debug, pnacl-release, 
android-release, etc.

Internals

bgfx is using sort-based draw call bucketing. This means that submission order doesn't necessarily match the rendering order, but on the low-level they will be sorted and ordered correctly. On the high level this allows more optimal way of submitting draw calls for all passes at one place, and on the low-level this allows better optimization of rendering order. This sometimes creates undesired results usually for GUI rendering, where draw order should usually match submit order. bgfx provides way to enable sequential rendering for these cases (see bgfx::setViewSeq).

Internally all low-level rendering draw calls are issued inside single function Context::rendererSubmit. This function exist inside each renderer backend implementation.

More detailed description of sort-based draw call bucketing can be found at:
Order your graphics draw calls around!

Customization

By default each platform has sane default values. For example on Windows default renderer is DirectX9, and on Linux it is OpenGL 2.1. On Windows platform all rendering backends are available. For OpenGL ES on desktop you can find more information at:- OpenGL ES 2.0 and EGL on desktop

If you're targeting specific mobile hardware, you can find GLES support in their official SDKs: Adreno SDK, Mali SDK, PowerVR SDK.

All configuration settings are located inside src/config.h.

Every BGFX_CONFIG_* setting can be changed by passing defines thru compiler switches. For example setting preprocessor define BGFX_CONFIG_RENDERER_OPENGL=1 will change backend renderer to OpenGL 2.1. on Windows. Since rendering APIs are platform specific, this obviously won't work nor make sense in all cases. Certain platforms have only single choice, for example the Native Client works only with OpenGL ES 2.0 renderer, using anything other than that will result in build errors.

SDL, GLFW, etc.

It is possible to use bgfx with SDL, GLFW and similar cross platform windowing libraries. The main requirement is that windowing library provides access to native window handle that's used to create Direct3D device or OpenGL context.

Using bgfx with SDL example:

#include <SDL.h>
#include <bgfxplatform.h> // it must be included after SDL to enable SDL
                          // integration code path.

#include <bgfx.h>
...

int main(...
{
    SDL_window* window = SDL_CreateWindow(...
    bgfx::sdlSetWindow(window);

    ...
    bgfx::init();

Tools

Shader Compiler (shaderc)

bgfx cross-platform shader language is based on GLSL syntax. It's uses ANSI C preprocessor to transform GLSL like language syntax into HLSL. This technique has certain drawbacks, but overall it's simple and allows quick authoring of cross-platform shaders.

Texture Compiler (texturec)

This tool doesn't currently exist. To produce DDS, KTX or PVR textures use:

.dds - nVidia Texture Tools - DDS Utilities
.ktx - Mali GPU Texture Compression Tool
.pvr - PowerVR Insider SDK

Geometry Compiler (geometryc)

Converts Wavefront .obj mesh file to format optimal for using with bgfx.

Todo

  • Blit between textures.
  • Occlusion queries.
  • Fullscreen mode.
  • ETC2, PVRTC1/2 decoding fallback for targets that don't support it natively.

Contact

@bkaradzic
http://www.stuckingeometry.com

Project page
https://github.com/bkaradzic/bgfx

3rd Party Libraries

All required 3rd party libraries are included in bgfx repository in 3rdparty/ directory.

edtaa3 (MIT)

Contour Rendering by Distance Fields

https://github.com/OpenGLInsights/OpenGLInsightsCode/tree/master/Chapter%2012%202D%20Shape%20Rendering%20by%20Distance%20Fields

fcpp (BSD)

Frexx C preprocessor

https://github.com/bagder/fcpp

Forsyth Triangle Order Optimizer (Public Domain)

http://gameangst.com/?p=9

FreeType

http://www.freetype.org/

glsl-optimizer (MIT)

GLSL optimizer based on Mesa's GLSL compiler. Used in Unity for mobile shader optimization.

https://github.com/aras-p/glsl-optimizer

stb_image (Public Domain)

http://nothings.org/stb_image.c

Assets

Bunny
Stanford University Computer Graphics Laboratory

Uffizi
Light Probe Image Gallery

Wells
Bernhard Vogl Light probes

Pisa, Ennis, Grace
High-Resolution Light Probe Image Gallery

Droid Sans Font
http://www.fontsquirrel.com/license/Droid-Sans

Bleeding Cowboys Font
http://www.dafont.com/bleeding-cowboys.font

Cheap Fire Font
http://www.dafont.com/cheap-fire.font

Five Minutes Font
http://www.fonts2u.com/fiveminutes.font

Mias Scribblings Font
http://www.dafont.com/mias-scribblings.font

Ruritania Font
http://www.dafont.com/ruritania.font

Signika Font
http://fontfabric.com/signika-font/

Visitor Font
http://www.dafont.com/visitor.font

Special-Elite Font
http://www.fontspace.com/astigmatic-one-eye-typographic-institute/special-elite

FontAwesome Font
http://fontawesome.io/

Sherlock Holmes text
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1661

Tree Pack 1
http://www.turbosquid.com/3d-models/free-obj-mode-tree-pack/506851

Getting involved

Everyone is welcome to contribute to bgfx by submitting bug reports, testing on different platforms, writing examples, improving documentation, profiling and optimizing, etc.

When contributing to the bgfx project you must agree to the BSD 2-clause licensing terms.

Contributors

Garett Bass (@gtbass) - OSX port.
Jeremie Roy (@jeremieroy) - Font system and examples.
Milos Tosic (@milostosic) - 12-lod example.
Dario Manesku (@dariomanesku) - 13-stencil, 14-shadowvolumes, 15-shadowmaps-simple, 16-shadowmaps, 18-ibl

License (BSD 2-clause)

Copyright 2010-2014 Branimir Karadzic. All rights reserved.

https://github.com/bkaradzic/bgfx

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

   1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
      this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

   2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
      this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
      and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY COPYRIGHT HOLDER ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO
EVENT SHALL COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE
OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
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