An ANTLR 3 grammar for PCRE
Java GAP
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
src
.gitignore
LICENSE
PCREParser-0.3.2.jar
README.md
pom.xml

README.md

PCREParser

Introduction

An ANTLR 3 grammar that generates a parser able to parse PCRE (Perl compatible regular expressions) and produce an abstract syntax tree (AST) of such expressions.

For an ANTLR 4 grammar, have a look here: https://github.com/bkiers/pcre-parser

For a JavaScript version, checkout the js branch.

Download/get library

To get the library, checkout the project and run mvn clean install, or download the jar.

You can also try the parser online: pcreparser.appspot.com

Some examples

The main class of this library is the pcreparser.PCRE class. Below are some examples of supported functionality.

1. Get capture group-count

source:

PCRE pcre = new PCRE("((.)\\1+ (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2})) [^]-x]");
System.out.println(pcre.getGroupCount());

output:

3

Note that the named capture group, (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2}), also counts. Below is the list of groups:

  1. ((.)\\1+ (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2}))
  2. (.)
  3. (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2})

2. Get named group-count

source:

PCRE pcre = new PCRE("((.)\\1+ (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2})) [^]-x]");
System.out.println(pcre.getNamedGroupCount());

output:

1

3. Print ASCII tree of regex or group

source:

PCRE pcre = new PCRE("((.)\\1+ (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2})) [^]-x]");
System.out.println(pcre.toStringASCII()); // equivalent to: pcre.toStringASCII(0)

output:

'- ALTERNATIVE
   |- ELEMENT
   |  '- CAPTURING_GROUP
   |     '- ALTERNATIVE
   |        |- ELEMENT
   |        |  '- CAPTURING_GROUP
   |        |     '- ALTERNATIVE
   |        |        '- ELEMENT
   |        |           '- ANY
   |        |- ELEMENT
   |        |  |- NUMBERED_BACKREFERENCE
   |        |  |  '- NUMBER='1'
   |        |  '- QUANTIFIER
   |        |     |- NUMBER='1'
   |        |     |- NUMBER='2147483647'
   |        |     '- GREEDY
   |        |- ELEMENT
   |        |  '- LITERAL=' '
   |        '- ELEMENT
   |           '- NAMED_CAPTURING_GROUP_PERL
   |              |- NAME='YEAR'
   |              '- ALTERNATIVE
   |                 |- ELEMENT
   |                 |  '- NON_CAPTURING_GROUP
   |                 |     '- OR
   |                 |        |- ALTERNATIVE
   |                 |        |  |- ELEMENT
   |                 |        |  |  '- LITERAL='1'
   |                 |        |  '- ELEMENT
   |                 |        |     '- LITERAL='9'
   |                 |        '- ALTERNATIVE
   |                 |           |- ELEMENT
   |                 |           |  '- LITERAL='2'
   |                 |           '- ELEMENT
   |                 |              '- LITERAL='0'
   |                 '- ELEMENT
   |                    |- DecimalDigit='\d'
   |                    '- QUANTIFIER
   |                       |- NUMBER='2'
   |                       |- NUMBER='2'
   |                       '- GREEDY
   |- ELEMENT
   |  '- LITERAL=' '
   '- ELEMENT
      '- NEGATED_CHARACTER_CLASS
         '- RANGE
            |- LITERAL=']'
            '- LITERAL='x'

Or to print a specific group or named group:

source:

PCRE pcre = new PCRE("((.)\\1+ (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2})) [^]-x]");
System.out.println(pcre.toStringASCII(2));

output:

'- CAPTURING_GROUP
   '- ALTERNATIVE
      '- ELEMENT
         '- ANY

source:

PCRE pcre = new PCRE("((.)\\1+ (?<YEAR>(?:19|20)\\d{2})) [^]-x]");
System.out.println(pcre.toStringASCII("YEAR"));

output:

'- NAMED_CAPTURING_GROUP_PERL
   |- NAME='YEAR'
   '- ALTERNATIVE
      |- ELEMENT
      |  '- NON_CAPTURING_GROUP
      |     '- OR
      |        |- ALTERNATIVE
      |        |  |- ELEMENT
      |        |  |  '- LITERAL='1'
      |        |  '- ELEMENT
      |        |     '- LITERAL='9'
      |        '- ALTERNATIVE
      |           |- ELEMENT
      |           |  '- LITERAL='2'
      |           '- ELEMENT
      |              '- LITERAL='0'
      '- ELEMENT
         |- DecimalDigit='\d'
         '- QUANTIFIER
            |- NUMBER='2'
            |- NUMBER='2'
            '- GREEDY

Besides the toStringASCII() method demonstrated above, there are some other methods able to display the AST:

  • PCRE#toStringDOT(): creates a DOT-representation of group 0
  • PCRE#toStringDOT(int n): creates a DOT-representation of group n
  • PCRE#toStringDOT(String s): creates a DOT-representation of named group s

4. get the real AST

In order to get the actual AST from the pattern, use one of the following methods:

  • PCRE#getCommonTree(): get the AST of group 0
  • PCRE#getCommonTree(int n): get the AST of group n
  • PCRE#getCommonTree(String s): get the AST of named group s

All methods above return a CommonTree that has the following attributes:

  • CommonTree#getChildren(): List: a java.util.List of all child nodes/AST's
  • CommonTree#getType(): int: the token type of the AST (token types can be found as static ints in PCRELexer, once generated)
  • CommonTree#getText(): String: the text the token associated with this node matched during parsing
  • the API