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README.md

WebWorks Build Script

This is an Ant build script for building BlackBerry WebWorks applications for BlackBerry Java smartphones, BlackBerry PlayBook tablets, and BlackBerry 10 devices. With some basic set up, the script can sign and create both test and production builds, deploy to the file system for Ripple, and support optimization with JSLint, JSHint, CSSLint, as well as JS and CSS concatenation and minification.

Watch a video showing how to setup the script.

Script Setup

The project is designed to work in two parts:

  1. a build script with project specific properties that goes in the project directory.

  2. a set of common build tasks and associated tools (including ant) that go in a central location.

Project specific build.xml

The build.xml file is meant to be placed in the project's main directory and modified with settings specific to the project. These settings should only change based on the project's needs.

When setting up a project to use this build script, add the build.xml file to the project and change these properties in the script:

  • Project name: change this from the default to the name you wish to use for the project build files (zip, bar, jad/cod files and ripple directory).

  • jsconcat, cssconcat: update these if you want a specific name for your combined and minified files.

  • lintfail: defaults to false, but can be set to true if you want to fail the build on errors with JSLint, JSHint, and CSSLint.

  • build target: Set to a list of targets you want to build

  • For Windows you are then set, but the default path for including the buildTasks.xml file will not work on MacOS or Linux which contain Ant already and put it in a different directory. Change this path to wherever you placed buildTasks.xml.

Common Build Tasks and Tools

In the /tools directory of the repository is a buildTasks.xml file plus some tools and script files. This folder is meant to be placed in one location and be accessed by the project build scripts. These are common settings and tasks that should change when your build environment changes, not individual projects.

  1. To use these tools, create a directory with all the contents somewhere on your system, like c:\BuildTools.

  2. If you've got Ant installed already, then that simplifies things. If not, create an %ANT_HOME% environment variable and point it at the apache-ant-1.8.2 directory. Then add %ANT_HOME%/bin to your system PATH variable.

  3. Open buildTasks.xml and edit the following properties:

sign.pw: Code signing password.

file.excludes: add any additional files that shouldn't be zipped, like project files from your editor.

bbwp.xxx.dir: update the locations of the the SDKs that should be used.

ripple.dir: update the location of your local webserver (or Ripple localhost) so that projects can be pushed out to the webserver.

tools.dir: update if you put the tools in a different location than the directory above %ANT_HOME%.

paramsfile: Set this value to a params.json file if you need to send parameters to downstream tools in the build process, such as the blackberry-signer (ie: proxy setup), or blackberry-nativepackager tools. Leave the value empty to not use a params file.

review the other properties, but they shouldn't need changing.

Build Targets

build.test (build in all SDKs+Ripple with WebInspector, source output, and debug token for Tablet and BB10)

build.prod (build in all SDKs+Ripple with signing and no debugging, and a build id number for Tablet and BB10)

build.beta (build in all SDKs+Ripple with signing and debugging, and a build id number for Tablet and BB10)

build.ripple (deploy to your file system for serving up in Ripple)

Specific builds follow the pattern: build.[bbos, tablet, bb10].[test, prod, beta]

  • use bbos for BlackBerry 5 through 7.x smartphones
  • tablet for PlayBook 1.x through 2.x
  • bb10 for BlackBerry 10
  • use test for WebInspector, source output, and debug tokens. Will still sign the app for Java Smartphones.
  • use prod for regular signing with a build id and no debugging
  • use beta for regular signing with a build id and WebInspector turned on.

Lint/Hint and Minify targets can be included before the build:

build.optimize runs both lint and minify tasks

build.lint runs jslint, jshint and csslint

build.minify concatenates and minifies the JS and CSS files

Deploy Targets

Besides building and linting projects, you can also use this script to deploy to your device, or simulator.

Deployment commands follow the pattern:

build.deploy.[bb10.[device, sim], tablet, bbos].[test, prod, beta]

  • bb10, tablet, bbos for each platform as defined above
  • only for bb10 builds, use device for real devices and sim for VMWare based simulators
  • test, prod, beta to load the matching build created above

Build a Project

Try it out by copying build.xml into a project, editing the script as above and then running ant build in the directory.

This script should work well with IDE's like Eclipse and Sublime Text and others too.

Dependencies

The script is dependent on several tools:

Credits

This project was inspired by and based on the work of Addy Osmani and the HTML5 Boilerplate Ant Script project. It's really just a tweaking of their work with the addition of BlackBerry WebWorks targets.

License

The build script aside from the 3rd party tools is covered under the Apache 2.0 License

Disclaimer

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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